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And So Much 

Living Legacies of North Carolina 
Women on Mission 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 

And So Much More 

And So Much More 

Living Legacies of North 
Carolina Women on Mission 

Baptist History and Heritage Society 
Brentwood, Tennessee 

Fields Publishing Inc. 
Nashville, Tennessee 

Dorothy AUred 

Copyright 2002 by Woman's Missionary Union, 
North Carolina 

All rights reserved. Written permission must be secured from the 
publishers to use or reproduce any part of this book, except for brief 
quotations in critical reviews or articles. 

Printed in the United States of America 

Library of Congress Card Number: 2002101926 

ISBN: 1-57843-013-5 

Published by 

Baptist History and Heritage Society 
P .0. Box 728 • Brentwood, Tennessee 37024-0728 

Fields Publishing Inc. 
917 Harpeth Valley Place • Nashville, Tennessee 37221 

Prologue 7 

Acknowledgements 10 

1. Go and Tell Prior to 1886 12 

2. For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 1886-1915 22 

3. New Sense of High Calling 1915-1936 39 

4. All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 1936-1956 52 

5. An Offering in the Hand of God 1956-1971 68 

6. Not Idle Strollers 1971-1981 89 

7. Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 1981-1991 102 

8. Women, Learning to Lean 122 

9. Camp Mundo Vista 128 

10. In Christ's Name: Love, Give, Serve, Go 1991-1995 142 

11. For I Know the Plans I Have For You 1995-1999 150 

12. Top of the Millennium 2000 164 

13. Dreamers and Weavers 175 

14. They Celebrate Missions: WMU and the Baptist State 

Convention 191 

15. By His Power: Infinitely More 195 

Epilogue 212 

Appendix 1 214 

Appendix 2 220 

Appendix 3 221 

Bibliography 236 

Index 237 

About the Author 240 

Several ideas expressed by others have influenced my work on this 
book. They either initiated ideas for me or confirmed thoughts I had 
embraced in the process of gathering information and writing. 

There is a common Christian sensibility, elegantly expressed 
by a priest who lived 1844-89. He said, Time has three dimen- 
sions and one positive pitch or direction. It is therefore not so 
much like any river or any sea as like the Sea of Galilee, which 
has the Jordan running through it and giving a current to the 
whole.' (George F. Will's syndicated column, Gaston Gazette, 
Gastonia, NC, December 23, 1999) 

I see an analogy here. Women were present before denominational 
structures were formed. They were present responding to God's com- 
mand to be on mission in the world, stirring the larger body of believ- 
ers even as they organized, to "go and tell" everybody about Jesus. 

Thus, flowing through and out of the denomination, and continuing 
on and on with their individual and collective mission lifestyles, the 
women of Woman's Missionary Union in North Carolina have continu- 
ally made a difference in the state and in the world. Although chal- 
lenged by the larger body, they have never lost sight of their call and 
their source of empowerment through the Holy Spirit. 

In one of his books, Dr. Mackay of Princeton says there are two points 
of view from which we may study Christ. One is the view from the bal- 
cony. It is that of the interested, but detached, spectator who studies 
Christ without any effort to follow Him and with no commitment to His 
claims. The other point of view is that of the man who has taken the 
road with Christ and is following where He leads. (James Reid, Where 



And So Much More 

the New World Begins, Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, New York/Nashville, 
1947, 21. Copyright by Stone and Pierce.) 

Some will not understand the importance of certain things recorded 
in this book. It may depend on whether their observations are from the 
"balcony" or from "the road." I personally fail to have the words to 
communicate the powerful relationship with the Lord that comes with 
the involvement that is possible as laborers together with Him. 

"There is no history - only biography," is a statement credited to 
Emerson (Hoyt's New Encyclopedia of Practical Quotations, Somerset 
Books, 362). I believe this. I have come to see that His Story is told by 
the lived-out faith of His followers. This includes those who make up 
Woman's Missionary Union. There really is nothing to tell apart from 
that. The Bible is the best example of this truth. 

My late husband, Dr. Hoyle Allred, said he believed we will all be sur- 
prised to discover who the "greats" in the Kingdom are; there will be 
included those who have never stood on a platform or had their names 
and pictures in the newspapers, nor received recognition or acclaim 
here on earth. The really "greats" in WMU will be those women who 
faithfully, week after week, amidst busy, demanding lives in the home 
and in the business world took the time to be there for children: 
Mission Friends, GAs, Acteens, and the like. There will be those who did 
not have the support and understanding of other members of their fam- 
ilies. But with joy they used their limited resources to help children and 
youth have life changing experiences in such places as camps, retreats 
and sleep-overs. There they studied about and heard called-out women 
with a commitment to missions. Some of them are included in this his- 

There is considerable risk in identifying only a few of the many who 
need to be included in this roll call of the faithful. Since it is not possi- 
ble to include all the faithful you or I know personally, I hope you will 
realize those who are mentioned are just a few examples of the many, 
many, faithful women who have done much for missions in the church- 
es and associations throughout the state. Being named here does not 
make a person more important. Not being named here does not make a 
person less important. Each one is important and essential in God's 
plan for His world. 

During the rather long period I worked on the history, one scripture 
has been brought to mind many times, Ephesians 3:20. In the nine 
translations I checked, one key thought stands out: " his power 



within us God is able to do far more than we ever dare to ask or imag- 
ine" (Phillips); "...unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly 
above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in 
us..." (King James); "By his mighty power at work within us, he is able 
to accomplish infinitely more than we would ever dare to ask or hope" 
(New Living Translation); "With God's power working in us, God can do 
much, much more than anything we can ask or think of. To Him be 
glory in the church and in Jesus Christ for all time forever and ever" 
(New Century Version). 

A contemporary translation by Eugene Peterson in The Message 
(NavPress Publishing) states: 

God can do anything, you know — far more than you could 

ever imagine or guess or request in your wildest dreams! He 

does it not by pushing us around but by working within us, 

his Spirit deeply and gently within us. 

Glory to God in the church! 

Glory to God in the Messiah, in Jesus! 

Glory down all the generations! 

Glory through all millennia! Oh, Yes! 

Thus the name of this book was chosen: And So Much More: Living 
Legacies of North Carolina Women on Mission. 

To research files, reports, and records, to conduct interviews and oth- 
erwise attempt to gather information for a book on how God has 
moved in and through Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina 
for over 114 years is an overwhelming task. It would have been an impos- 
sible task without the assistance of so many, without number, who assist- 
ed me in so many ways. 
I am indebted to: 

• Bernice Cross for her research in preparation for the 1986 
Centennial Observance of North Carolina WMU, for the unpub- 
lished brief history she wrote, and for her wise counsel until the 
time of her death. 

• The many women who recorded the WMU history of their 
church and association and forwarded them to the state WMU 
office in connection with the 1986 Centennial observance. These 
histories contained invaluable information, much not available 
anywhere else. 

• The many people who responded to letters and other appeals 
for stories that needed to be told, those I knew about and those 
I didn't. I regret space did not permit all of them to be included. 

• Pat Liles and Judy Branch for research conducted in the WMU 
office; to the helpfulness of the entire staff who responded to 
requests for information. 

• Kay Bissette, without whom the book would not look like it 
does, for her expertise in formatting the original manuscript en 
route to the publisher, and the hours spent doing it. 

• The History Committee: Bernice Cross, Betty Gilreath, 
Kathryn Greene, Pina Maynard, Sara Parker, Suthell Walker 
(and originally Dot Allred). Added, following the deaths of 
Bernice Cross and Kathryn Greene, were: Kay Bissette, Bea 




McRae, and Ann Smith, chairman. Ruby Fulbright, WMU 
President, and Katharine Bryan, Interim Executive Director, 
were ex officio members. 

• To Katharine Bryan who brought added expertise, wise coun- 
seling, and contacts for publishing. 

And gratitude to God for an understanding, helpful family who encour- 
aged and overlooked my absence from many family events, who gave me 
space and equipment to work, and who helped me stay at the task until it 
was completed. Daughter Susan, the educator and grammar guru in the 
family, gave me much time and help along the way, while realizing at 
times, "that is just the way Mom expresses it." 

Chapter One 

Prior to 1886 
Where It All Began 

To find out how women got started in missions, we need to go to 
the garden tomb that early resurrection morning long ago. It was 
there the first command of Jesus was given, instructing the 
women to "Go and Tell." The gospel accounts differ regarding who the 
women were and how many were there. John and Mark report that, 
"when Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to 
Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons." 

In the softly breaking dawn of that new day Jesus commanded her to 
"...go to my brethren and say unto them, 'I ascend to my Father and 
your Father, and My God and your God'" (John 20:17). Mary Magdalene 
went to the disciples with the news, "I have seen the Lord," and she told 
them what He had said. 

Jesus referred to His disciples as His brethren. In spite of their 
unfaithfulness to Him during His trial and crucifixion, He still loved 
them and wanted them to have the good news of the resurrection. Thus 
He commanded Mary to bear His message to the disciples. 

Mary did as He instructed. To her everlasting credit, Mary was the 
first person to tell others of seeing the risen Lord. What Mary did was 
in keeping with the spirit of the Great Commission Jesus gave a short 
time later. The Great Commission, recorded in Matthew 28:19-20, was 
given to the disciples when they went to the mountain where Jesus told 
them to meet Him. "I have been given complete authority in heaven 
and on earth. Therefore, go and make disciples of all the nations, bap- 
tizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. 
Teach these new disciples to obey all the commands I have given you. 
And be sure of this: I am with you always, even to the end of the age" 
(New Living Translation, Tyndale House). 


Go and Tell 


This is where it all began! This is where we received our instructions, 
our marching orders. Women have been going and telling about their 
encounters with the risen, reigning Lord ever since. God has clearly led 
and empowered men and women in every generation to spread the 
Good News of Jesus and His love and His power to save. 

In the book of Acts we have the first chapter in the history of 
Christian missions and there we can read about women used in God's 

Dorcas, a seamstress, who was "full of good works and alms deeds." 

Lydia, a business woman, a seller of purple — a merchant. Her home 
was opened to neighbors and friends for the purpose of teaching about 
Jesus and her new found faith. Because she helped Paul, the gospel did 
not stop at Philippi but spread throughout Europe and westward. 

Phoebe, from the wicked port city of Cenchrea, is referred to as a ser- 
vant of the church; the same Greek word is used for deacon. Many feel 
she carried out some of Paul's toughest assignments. He had a letter to 
be delivered to the Roman Christians. It must be delivered by a trusted 
bearer. It appears he asked Phoebe to carry it. No flights to schedule, no 
cars to drive, Cenchrea was a long way from Rome — over land and sea 
and land again. We don't know how Phoebe did it. We just know the let- 
ter was delivered. 

Priscilla, and her husband Aquila, were tentmakers and teachers. 
Priscilla taught Apollos, who became a great leader. The couple's home 
became a church house in Ephesus and later in Rome. 

Phillip had four unmarried daughters. They had the honor and priv- 
ilege of working with their father and other great Christians of their 
time in Jerusalem, Samaria and Caesarea. They were referred to as 
prophetesses. They became church planters in their day. They reached. 
They taught. They ministered. 

William Carey from Modern History 

Centuries passed. In England William Carey worked at his cobbler's 
bench, day after day. With a crude map made from scraps of leather 
before him, he became concerned for the heathen in far off India. He 
tried to find support for sending a missionary there to tell people about 
Jesus, but his message fell on deaf ears. The church leaders of the day 
rebuked him, insisting that if God wanted the people of India saved He 
would do it Himself. 

But there was a woman, the Widow Wallis, of Kettering, England, 


And So Much More 

who opened her home to a small group of thirteen people who were con- 
cerned for the "heathen" in India. At that meeting an offering was taken 
in a snuff box, and $65 was received toward the expense of sending 
William Carey to India to preach the gospel. This woman encourager was 
used of God in her day, and thus began the modern missionary move- 
ment as we know it today — the continuation of the Book of Acts. 

The reality of God's presence in the lives of women, their careful 
study of His commands recorded in the pages of their New Testaments, 
along with the strong, unmistakable leading of the Holy Spirit, gave rise 
to a mighty moving force for missions. 

The first response of American Baptists to foreign mission needs awak- 
ened by William Carey was an increased interest in the unsaved people 
who lived near at hand — the Indians (Native Americans). Among the 
early societies organized for this purpose was the Baptist Philanthropic 
Missionary Society of North Carolina, begun in 1805. (Fannie E. S. Heck, 
In Royal Service, Richmond, Virginia: Educational Department, Southern 
Baptist Convention Foreign Mission Board, 1928, 30.) 

Mary Webb 

In 1800 Mary Webb was a young woman in Boston confined to a 
wheelchair. She read a sermon based on 2 Chronicles 15:7, "Be ye 
strong therefore, and let not your hands be weak; for your work shall be 
rewarded." Her handicap did not stop her. She enlisted other women to 
share her vision for missions. She was a member of Second Baptist 
Church of Boston, and seven other Baptist women joined her, along 
with six Congregationalist women, to form the Boston Female Society 
for Missionary Purposes. 

She stirred the women of Boston to pray, to give money, to knit socks 
and to sew barrels of clothing for the mission fields. William Carey was 
among those who received their aid. In time, the Baptist members out 
gave the Congregationalists and the organization became a Baptist 
organization. (Catherine B. Allen, A Century to Celebrate: History of 
Woman's Missionary Union, Birmingham, Alabama: Woman's 
Missionary Union, 1987, 16.) 

The influence of Mary Webb reached down the East Coast, informing 
and teaching women about missions, reaching them for mission 
involvement at home and encouraging their support for missions away 
from home. Letters were written, and word was spread through inter- 
ested friends from state to state. 

Go and Tell 


Luther Rice 

The State of North Carolina was included in the travels of Luther 
Rice, a foreign missionary turned "circuit rider" seeking missions sup- 
port in the early 1800s. 

Adoniram and Ann Judson 

Adoniram and Ann Hasseltine Judson, as well as Luther Rice who 
traveled separately, had gone to Burma in 1812 under the support of the 
Congregationalists. Driven by strong conviction "that is almost beyond 
comprehension," the three separated themselves from that support and 
became Baptists. (Fannie E. S. Heck, In Royal Service, Richmond, 
Virginia: Educational Department, Southern Baptist Convention 
Foreign Mission Board, 1928, 31.) 

Left without support of the Congregationalists, Rice returned to 
America to gather support for missions for the Judsons and others 
whom he felt would need to follow them. 

He traveled 8,000 miles a year up and down the Eastern Seaboard in 
a horse-drawn vehicle known as a gig. Rice saw the tremendous poten- 
tial in organizations of women and children who responded to his mes- 
sages with interest and enthusiasm. 

Rice began organizing and encouraging the organization of 
Children's Cent Societies and Female Mite Societies, "suiting their 
names to the ability of the women, who did not hold the purse-strings 
of the day." (Fannie E. S. Heck, In Royal Service, Richmond, Virginia: 
Educational Department, Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission 
Board, 1928, 18.) 

God did more than Luther Rice ever dreamed or imagined in the days 
and years that followed. 

Fannie E. S. Heck wrote in Royal Service: 

On some unmarked mile between Richmond and Petersburg 
over which Mr. Rice passed during his first missionary tour, he 
dreamed a wonderful dream of a missionary future. It was no 
less than the plan which today exists in our mission work: the 
Church — the Association — the State Convention — all inter- 
ested in missions, each appointing delegates to an ever-widen- 
ing organization until the whole culminates in a great society or 
convention for missions." (Fannie E. S. Heck, In Royal Service, 


And So Much More 

Richmond, Virginia: Educational Department, Southern Baptist 
Convention Foreign Mission Board, 1928, 39.) 

Few records were kept of women's work in the early years, although 
we do have evidence of the existence of organized wprk for missions. 
Perhaps the first organized society in North Carolina was in Beulah 
Association, known then as County Line Association, called the Hyco 
Female Cent Society. According to the History of Woman's Missionary 
Union of Beulah Association, by Mrs. W. 0. Garrett, this society was 
organized in 1792, only a few years after William Carey had gone to 
India. Mrs. Garrett recorded: 

Carrying on this society took great courage and prayer, as the 
brethren were still in the dark as to whether the call to work open- 
ly in the Master's Vineyard was meant for females as well as males. 
This opposition brought these dear women to their knees in prayer 
for divine guidance, strength and courage to continue. It would be 
a tremendous value to us to have the names of these early pioneers 
who courageously blazed the trail in that far off day. (Mrs. W. 0. 
Garrett, History of Woman s Missionary Union of Beulah 
Association, Unpublished, 1951, 1.) 

Beulah Association originally embraced Caswell, Person, Orange, 
Rockingham, Stokes, and Forsyth counties and part of Guilford County. 

Seventy-two organizations were reported in North Carolina in 1816. 
Also listed at that time was the Female Baptist Missions Society near 
Fayetteville, one of the earliest. 

Luther Rice reported in a letter from Washington, dated April 25, 1822: 

A female society has been formed in Richmond (now Scotland) 
County, North Carolina, under circumstances that promise 
usefulness. This was effected by the zeal and piety of a solitary 
female, and if but one such female could be found in every 
church, hundreds of similar societies might be originated. 
(Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, Raleigh, North Carolina: Woman's 
Missionary Union of North Carolina, 1952). 

Catharine Campbell White 

The "solitary female" was Mrs. Catharine Campbell White, wife of 

Go and Tell 


Daniel White, a self-appointed and self-supported missionary from 
Scotland. Catharine was the daughter of wealthy Scotch parents with 
a generous dowry. The couple bought land, built a home and had their 
family in Richmond County. Having felt called to preach and minister 
among the many people who had come from Scotland and settled in 
North Carolina, David White preached and organized churches. 

Catharine organized a Female Mite Society and a Children's Cent 
Society, inspired by a visit from Luther Rice. These groups met regu- 
larly for study and prayer. In order that the women might have money 
to give, Catharine sold whatever they brought: butter, eggs, milk, fruit, 
and garden produce. A hotel in the nearest town bought the products. 
From the children she bought the walnuts and broom straw they gath- 
ered, and she paid them for doing odd jobs in her house and yard. 

This women's society, known as the Spring Hill Female Mite Society, 
was credited on April 2, 1822, by the treasurer of the Triennial 
Convention with a contribution of $18.30. The society at Edenton con- 
tributed $25.00 per year. 

The names of only a few women appear in early records. Perhaps 
that is well since there would never be any way to know the unnum- 
bered, unrecognized, and often unknown participants throughout the 
new world who from their limited resources managed to fund support 
for missions. Many of these may well be the "greats" in the Kingdom, 
with the full extent of their sacrifices and ministry and witness known 
only to God. 

In Eastern Association, Wells Chapel, Route 1, Wallace organized a 
Women's Society in 1824. The church records indicate the church had 
always been focused on missions, starting new churches and training 
its young people, and that the women were prayerful supporters "of all 
work done by each man." 

The church history recorded in 1824 that the ladies were anxious to 
be heard and the conference that year included a vote to "give privilege 
of having a Woman's Missionary Society at this place." The women got 
busy in 1825. The men gave the reports to the church and association 
each year, but women were praised for acts of missions. (Mary Jane 
Bland, History of Wells Chapel Church, Unpublished, 1985). 

In 1829, according to the History of Grassy Creek Church, by R. I. 
Davis, a missionary society was formed in Grassy Creek Baptist 
Church in the Flat River Association. It gave $100 for missions that 


And So Much More 

First Convention of North Carolina Baptists 

In the first annual session of the North Carolina Baptist Convention, 
1831, the Female Benevolent Society of Raleigh, comprised of women 
who never lost the missionary spirit from the days of Luther Rice's vis- 
its, the societies of Bethel and Cape Fear were represented by 37 dele- 
gates. Patrick W. Dowde, representative of the Raleigh Society, was pres- 
ident of the Convention. 

In recalling the work of the women in those early days, Miss Heck 
wrote, "We must not fail to speak of the greatest mission work ever done 
by any class of American women — the work of Southern women 
among their slaves." (R. I. Davis, History of Grassy Creek Church, the 
book is in the public library in Oxford, North Carolina and in the library 
of the Oxford Baptist Church.) 

In a convention of Southern white men, an African American, seated in 
the rear of the building asked to speak. "I will tell you who were the first 
missionaries to the Negroes. They were their white mistresses." (Fannie E. 
S. Heck, In Royal Service, Richmond, Virginia: Educational Department, 
Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission Board, 1928, 63.) 

Interest in the conversion of the African Americans antedates any form 
of missionary society. Nineteenth century Priscillas, by the thousands, 
quietly but persistently provided examples of Christian living in word and 
deed, spending many Sunday afternoons teaching both children and 
adults. Along with the Christian masters for whom they worked, millions 
of African Americans in the South came to the day of their freedom as 
Christians. Several older churches in Eastern North Carolina set aside 
areas in the church or balcony to provide seating for them. (Fannie E. S. 
Heck, In Royal Service, Richmond, Virginia: Educational Department, 
Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission Board, 1928, 64.) 

Mattie Heck 

In April 1877, the Foreign Mission Board, Dr. H. A. Tupper, president, 
appointed a Woman's Central Committee of North Carolina. Mrs. J. M. 
Heck, mother of Fannie E. S. Heck, was elected president; Mrs. A. M. 
Lewis, vice-president; Mrs. T. F. Mahler, secretary; Mrs. J. C. 
Scarborough, corresponding secretary; Mrs. T. H. Pritchard, treasurer. 

Mrs. J. M. (Mattie) Heck, a very able person, was the wife of Colonel 
Jonathan Heck. Colonel Heck had been a successful young attorney in 
Morgantown, West Virginia. During the Civil War, Morgantown citizens 

Go and Tell 


sympathized with the United States while Jonathan Heck leaned toward 
the South. He joined the Confederate troops as a lieutenant colonel and 
was sent by Robert E. Lee to equip a Virginia regiment. He made busi- 
ness and manufacturing contacts throughout the South and proved the 
skill that made him a wealthy man. After the war he saw opportunities 
in the New South and took his family to Raleigh, North Carolina. 

In Raleigh, Colonel Heck built a fine house for $45,000 on Blount 
Street. Mattie Heck was recognized as a leader among the women. 
Being a woman of financial means, she always had help in the home to 
meet the needs of her rapidly growing family. Her husband encouraged 
her to enjoy public life and provided her with a handsome enclosed car- 
riage for all-weather travel. 

In 1876 she was named Regent to represent North Carolina at the 
United States Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, the government's 
first recognition of woman's work as a factor in public welfare. 

It was also in 1876 that Dr. H. A. Tupper visited in the Heck home and 
secured Mattie to head the first attempt at a statewide woman's central 
committee for the promotion of foreign missions among Baptists in 
North Carolina. 

At the meeting of the North Carolina Baptist State Convention in 
November 1877, Dr. T. H. Pritchard, pastor of First Baptist Church, 
Raleigh, presented a resolution commending the work of the Woman's 
Committee. At the end of seven or eight months of work, there were 
seventeen societies and more than $300 raised. The approval the 
women anticipated never came. Instead, Miss Heck wrote: 

A very storm of discussion between the brethren who favored 
encouraging women in mission endeavor and those who 
opposed rose to such a height that the little bark, the unwitting 
cause of the storm, was crippled and sank out of sight. (Fannie 
E. S. Heck, In Royal Service, Richmond, Virginia: Educational 
Department, Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission 
Board, 1928, 105.) 

The women in North Carolina continued to meet and work as they 
had before: to pray, to study, to bring their gifts, and to minister. Money 
received was given to the church treasurers to send to the boards of the 


And So Much More 

The Work Grows 

Women throughout the South were continuing to respond to mis- 
sions needs as they understood God's call to their lives. There was an 
early hint of a coordinating organization or a Central Committee, as 
suggested by the Committee on Women's Work. The^purpose of such a 
person or organization would be to combine their efforts, to stimulate 
the work, and to give a permanent record to their successes. In 1881 the 
Committee on Women's Work suggested to the Foreign Mission Board 
that they appoint a woman as superintendent of Women's Work. When 
this was not done the request was made the next year to both the Home 
and Foreign Mission Boards. When this had not been done by the third 
year, the request was made to the Home Mission Board. The Home 
Mission Board responded, asking that the work among women on 
behalf of missions be strengthened in every way possible. 12 

What seemed like a reasonable request to the Convention brought on 
a storm of debate. 

One man said, "I do believe it is the entering wedge to women's 
rights or platform speaking, therefore, I am opposed." (Fannie E. S. 
Heck, In Royal Service, Richmond, Virginia: Educational Department, 
Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission Board, 1928, 111.) One 
speaker declared that if "they did not permit the women to work with 
them they would work without them." 

An editor, reporting on the meeting, wrote: 

It was claimed that this would lead to the establishment of a 
separate organization and conduce to women's rights. It is far 
more likely that such an organization will be formed in case 
this measure is not carried out. They have started this great 
work and no power under heaven can stop them. (Fannie E. S. 
Heck, In Royal Service, Richmond, Virginia: Educational 
Department, Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission 
Board, 1928, 112.) 

The following poem was found in the 1986 files: 

'Those women don't know what they are doing." 
Some said it. 

Even more let it pass through their heads. 

"It won't work! (at least, I hope not) others thought. 

o and Tell 

Others wouldn't even admit such an idea existed. 
And on and on it went. 

The year was 1886. 

Those women never dreamed 

People would still be talking about it today. 

All they did was meet and form an organization 

To unite the women of North Carolina in a worldwide cause: 

That at the name of Jesus 

Every knee should bow and every tongue confess 

That Jesus Christ is Lord. 

They really didn't know what they did that day. 
But many people today do, 
And thank them for it. 

Because those women had a heart for the world, 
All these years later 

Women are still carrying on the tradition 
Of prayer, involvement, sacrifice, stewardship. 
But it is more than a tradition. 
It's a way of life 

That reflects that the message of Jesus 
Is important enough to go to the nations 
And nooks and crannies of the world. 

Sometimes we really don't know what we're doing. 
We may not ever know 

About the life that changes because we prayed: 
The missionary who decides to try once more; 
The woman who hears about Christ 
And decides not to give up; 

The family that struggles to stay together... and does; 
The hungry person who eats because we care. 

God doesn't call us to keep records on ourselves. 
He calls us to go, and He keeps the records. 
He calls us to pray, and He brings the results. 
He calls us to give, and He multiplies it. 
He said it! We do it! 

Author Unknown 

Chapter Two 


Fannie E. S. Heck 

Dr. Theodore Whitfield, vice president of the Foreign Mission 
Board and pastor of First Baptist Church, New Bern, N.C., con- 
tinued to feel women should be organized for missions. He went 
to Raleigh on January 5, 1886, to talk with officers of the State Board of 

Dr. Whitfield stayed in the home of Dr. C. T. Bailey, editor of the 
Biblical Recorder. The next morning they went together to the home of 
Colonel and Mrs. J. M. Heck for the purpose of asking Miss Fannie Heck, 
the 24-year-old daughter in the home, for her consent to be the presi- 
dent of a Woman's Central Committee of Missions, this committee to be 
appointed by the State Missions Board. Miss Heck consented to serve 
and suggested Sallie Bailey, the 16-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. 
T. Bailey, be asked to serve as corresponding secretary. Miss Bailey con- 
sented to serve as requested in the new organization. 

The State Mission Board made the following appointments to the 
committee: Fannie E. S. Heck, President; Sallie Bailey, Corresponding 
Secretary and Treasurer; Lida McDaniel, Recording Secretary. Ladies 
from two churches in Raleigh, First Baptist and Tabernacle Baptist, 
were appointed: Mrs. T. E. Skinner, wife of pastor of First Baptist 
Church, Mrs. W. A. Nelson, wife of pastor of Tabernacle Church, Mrs. 
John E. Ray, Mrs. T. H. Briggs, Mrs. N. B. Broughton, Mrs. R. G. Lewis, 
Mrs. G. W. Swepson, Mrs. W. H. Pace (Miss Heck's sister), Mrs. J. M. 
Barbee, Miss Maggie Perry, Mrs. M. T. Norris and Mrs. T. D. Ray. 

January 8, 1886, proved to be an historic day. The Woman's Central 


For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


Committee of Missions held its initial meeting in the office of the edi- 
tor of the Biblical Recorder on Fayetteville Street in Raleigh. Dr. Bailey 
kindly vacated his office to provide room for the meeting. There are no 
minutes of this meeting or other meetings before 1905. 

It should be noted the history of Woman's Missionary Union and 
Biblical Recorder have been entwined, with much of the information 
about the progress of missions through women's organizations being 
faithfully reported and encouraged on the pages of the Biblical 

Fannie E. S. Heck was the second of ten children who grew to adult- 
hood in the family of Colonel Jonathan McGee Heck and Mattie A. 
Callendine Heck. During the war years, probably because of Colonel 
Heck's status, his beloved wife was allowed to move closer to him in sev- 
eral locations where he was serving. While they were at Buffalo Lithia 
Springs, a Virginia resort, Fannie was born June 16, 1862. Mattie Heck 
gave her daughter the middle name of Exile because of the circum- 
stances of her birth. Fannie later added another name, Scudder, in 
recognition of missionaries in another branch of her family. 

Fannie Exile Heck grew up in Raleigh and attended Professor 
Hobgood's Seminary for young women and Hollins College in Virginia. 
Until she responded to the challenges of mission leadership, Fannie had 
led an ornamental life. She was a crack shot; an expert horsewoman; an 
accomplished needle woman; a skilled wood carver; an artist with 

brush, pen and scissors; and inventor of at 
least two items. (Ethlene Boone Cox, 
Following In His Train, Nashville: 
Convention Press, 1938, 64.) During her late 
teen years, Fannie Heck responded to God's 
call and became a member of First Baptist 
Church, Raleigh. 

Fannie and her neighbor-friend, Sallie 
Bailey, became involved in working together 
in a little mission Sunday School of their 
church located across the railroad tracks. 
They visited house to house, inviting and 
encouraging attendance. Observing the needs 
of the people, they solicited clothing from 
friends in their church. The mission Sunday 
School grew in numbers, and fathers and 

Fannie Heck, President, 


And So Much More 

mothers came with the children. There were many conversions. 
Colonel Heck was so impressed by the work the young ladies were doing 
that he provided a co-worker to drive one of his fine carriage horses for 
their "community missions" efforts. 

The ministry of these young women spread to the "red-light district" of 
the city. Amid protests of those concerned for their safety, the young 
women continued to minister materially and spiritually to the people in 
that disreputable part of the city. The two were unharmed and the people 
were blessed. The friends had no idea God would use them to reach peo- 
ple for Him through ministry and witness beyond the boundaries of 
Raleigh, North Carolina. Their commitment to God and His purposes for 
their lives meant there were no limits to what God might be doing in His 
world. Only God could know His larger purposes for them and the thou- 
sands of women who would follow their leadership. 

Following the historic January 8, 1886 meeting of the Women's 
Central Committee of Missions, Miss Heck asked the 16-year-old Sallie 
Bailey to select a motto for the new organization. After a prayerful search 
of the Scriptures, Miss Bailey was led to Colossians 3:24: "For ye serve the 
Lord Christ." 

This watchword expressed the supreme motive for the women of that 
day and has been the North Star to guide women through misunder- 
standings and opposition since that day. 

In an annual address delivered by Miss Heck, she said fourteen of the 
societies of the first organizations started in 1877 were successfully con- 
tinued in the newly approved work of the women. Excerpts from that 
message follow: 

Then began a vigorous campaign of organization, and at the 
close of the Convention year in November 1886, the Committee 
reported seventy-four societies organized... and in 1887 when 
our second report was made, seventy-one more societies had 
been added.... Growth in contributions kept pace with growth 
in numbers. By reference to the reports of the treasurer of the 
State Convention for the year 1884-85 it was found that $500 
had been acknowledged as received from Woman's Missionary 
Societies. The first year's report of the Central Committee 
(November 1886) shows this amount doubled, the Societies 
having given $1,000.95. The next year the increase was nearly 
as great... $1,718.46. But here, for a time, the great advance 

For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


from year to year rested... Though apparent growth was not so 
great the years 1887 to 1891, the work was casting deep roots 
into the affections of the Baptists of North Carolina. Some had 
feared this movement among the women, and more had stood 
aside to see it work itself out. Gradually those who had feared 
became those who encouraged, and those who had been 
onlookers became those who aided. (Mrs. W. C. James, Fannie 
E. S. Heck: A Study of the Hidden Springs in a Rarely Useful 
and Victorious Life, Nashville: Broadman Press, 1939, 41.) 

The State Mission Board provided a modest sum for printing and 
postage. The organization did not have office space or equipment. All cor- 
respondence was written by hand. The addressing, wrapping and mailing 
of quarterly material, such as letters from Miss Heck, leaflets, samples of 
mite boxes, envelopes and special program materials were done in the 
homes of the officers. Several young girls assisted at such busy times, 
among them Miss Susan Clark (Mrs. J. E. Erwin), Miss Bertha Hicks (Mrs. 
J. Clyde Turner), and Miss Susan Heck (Mrs. D. Alphonso Smith). Miss 
Heck and the committee began a small monthly publication, Missionary 
Talk, which carried program outlines, an editorial, announcements, let- 
ters from societies, and a list of new societies. Miss Heck felt the necessi- 
ty of providing this monthly help. There were no prepared programs, no 
mission study books, and little source for missionary information. This 
publication served its purpose. In 1895 Missionary Talk was discontinued 
when the Biblical Recorder allotted a column to the Woman's Missionary 

The history of First Baptist Church in Raleigh relates that in 
November 1886, Mrs. J. A. Briggs organized in her home a Children's 
Band called Mission Workers. In 1888 the name was changed to Sunbeam 
Band and Mrs. T. H. Briggs had charge of the missionary programs. In 
1894 the Band was reorganized under the name of Yates Mission Band 
with 28 boys and girls enrolled as members. The report of the Board 
showed the rules adopted: 

1. Good behavior in God's house. 

2. Attendance and attention at the meeting. 

3. Be willing workers. 

In North Carolina the Central Committee had promoted the work of 
the Children's Societies, or Sunbeam Bands, so there was no change 
when Woman's Missionary Union, Southern Baptist Convention, 


And So Much More 

assumed responsibility for Sunbeam Band work in 1896 at the request of 
the Foreign Mission Board. Sunbeam Bands in the state for a number of 
years had a wide range of ages. Some people today remember being in the 
Sunbeam Band until well into their teens. They learned to pray for mis- 
sions, studied about missions, and had a part in giving to help spread the 
gospel. "Dollar Sunbeams" were sometimes listed in the Biblical 
Recorder. These were Sunbeams who had given a dollar during a three 
month period. Among those appeared the names of two who would later 
become president of Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina: Mrs. 
Mabel Claire H. Maddrey and Mrs. Bernice A. Cross. 

Another celebrated date is May 11, 1888. On that date Woman's 
Missionary Union, Auxiliary to the Southern Baptist Convention was 
organized in Broad Street Methodist Church in Richmond, Virginia. The 
two-year-old North Carolina Committee was not one of the "ten heroic 
and historic states" that voted for the organization on that day. According 
to Miss Heck's writings, 

North Carolina is represented by two lookers-on. They have 
been instructed by the State Board of Missions to take no part 
in the counsels nor to ally themselves with this new movement, 
which may prove a danger... thus instructed and warned they 
sit silent, while the Woman's Missionary Union of the Southern 
Baptist Convention, soon to be the praise of all lovers of mis- 
sions, comes into being. (Foy Johnson Farmer, Hitherto, 
Raleigh, North Carolina: Woman's Missionary Union of North 
Carolina Auxiliary to the Baptist State Convention, 1939, 10.) 

Two years later the North Carolina Committee was instructed, and 
given permission, to fall into line. In a letter written by Annie W. 
Armstrong, .Corresponding Secretary, Miss Heck was notified of action 
taken that day, December 11, 1890, welcoming the Central Committee of 
North Carolina, "completing the whole number of states comprised with- 
in the bounds of the Southern Baptist Convention." Since that time 
North Carolina women have kept steady step with Baptist women of the 
South and have often given the out front leadership that has clearly influ- 
enced the direction and decisions that have impacted the world for 
Christ. The Biblical Recorder of April 22, 1891 carried this note: 

The Woman's Missionary Union holds its annual meeting in 
Birmingham, Ala., during the meeting of the Southern Baptist 

For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


Convention. This is the first year of North Carolina's union with 
this body, and this meeting is, therefore, of especial interest to 
us. We are entitled to four delegates to the meeting to be 
appointed by the Central Committee. (Foy Johnson Farmer, 
Hitherto, 12.) 

The delegates appointed reflect the effort to have representation from 
different areas of the state: Mrs. N. F. Williams, Wilmington; Miss Hattie 
Mitchell, Henderson; Mrs. S. P. Smith, Charlotte; and Miss Fannie E. 
Heck, Raleigh. 

At the Birmingham meeting North Carolina reported the following: 
148 societies; total gifts to missions $2,054.81. 

The first Annual Meeting of the Woman's Missionary Societies of North 
Carolina was held in St. Paul Methodist Church, Goldsboro, November 
11-12, 1891. Publicity for this meeting was given in the Biblical Recorder 
and included the following information: 

For the entertainment of the ladies coming as representatives 
to this meeting, the Hospitality Committee has kindly provided 
fifty homes, and made especial rates of $1 per day at the hotels 
and boarding houses. Each society is entitled to but one. (Foy 
Johnson Farmer, Hitherto, 21.) 

Three missions emphases appeared in the report of that meeting: sup- 
port of the Cuban School Fund, boxes for Home Missionaries, and the 
expense fund of the Central Committee for postage, printing, report 
blanks, and publication of Missionary Talk. It was recommended that a 
nickel per member per year be given. 

The annual meeting in 1892 was held at Tabernacle Baptist Church in 
Raleigh. It was a meeting celebrating the Centennial year of modern mis- 
sions, William Carey having gone to India one hundred years earlier. The 
meeting was in sharp contrast to the first annual meeting, which had a 
limited number of representatives in attendance. The church was crowd- 
ed and "the women gave as they had never dreamed of giving before, spar- 
ing neither money nor jewels" in response to the pleas of Dr. F. M. Ellis. 
One young woman came forward to accept Christ. (Foy Johnson Farmer, 
Hitherto, 19.) 

Response to the annual meetings varied from year to year, some 
years with joy and others with disappointment. However, the women 
under Miss Heck's leadership continued to move with dignity and firm 


And So Much More 

purpose. In the 1896 annual meeting Miss Heck introduced Miss Lizzie 
(Elizabeth) Briggs of Raleigh as Children's Mission Band 
Superintendent. Miss Briggs took over the "Children's Corner" (later 
called Sunbeam Corner) in the Biblical Recorder, her first column 
appearing November 15, 1896. This column contained outlines for pro- 
grams for monthly meetings, appropriate stories and poems, letters 
from missionaries, and other helps. 

In this tenth year of work, more than 250 societies reported an 
increase in giving. A marked feature of this tenth year was the com- 
pletion of the Yates Memorial Fund, an extra offering of more than 
$1,200 to send a new missionary to China as a living memorial to Dr. 
and Mrs. Matthew T. Yates. Mrs. Eliza Mooring (Matthew T.) Yates was 
the first woman from North Carolina to be appointed a missionary by 
the Foreign Mission Board, having been appointed in 1846. Mr. T. C. 
Britton, accompanied by his wife, left for China on January 12, 1897, 
as the Yates Memorial Missionary. Two years later, the North Carolina 
Baptist women, with another extra fund, returned Miss Lottie Price to 
her field in China as the "Mrs. Yates Memorial Missionary." (Bernice A. 
Cross, History of North Carolina WMU, Written for 1986 WMU 
Centennial observance, 1986, 3.) 

Just as Rice had suggested, the Baptist associations became the link 
between the state organization and the churches. Associational vice- 
presidents (now called WMU Directors), have been of immeasurable 
importance in the growth of the missionary work in North Carolina. 

In 1894 the State Board of Missions, at the request of the Central 
Committee, appointed 35 vice presidents whose duties were to organ- 
ize new societies and maintain the old ones throughout their associa- 
tions. In the Biblical Recorder of February 22, 1899, Miss Heck wrote: 

Let me say again, as I have often said before, that an earnest 
active associational vice-president may accomplish a mighty 
work for good. What she does is not determined by her field so 
much as by earnestness and perseverance. 

Again, on October 5, 1904, she emphasized their value: "The first duty 
of a vice-president who cannot work is to resign." (Bernice A. Cross, 
History of North Carolina WMU, Written for 1986 WMU Centennial 
observance, 1986, 3.) 

For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


Baptist Female University (Meredith College) 

The year 1899 was highly significant as it marked the opening of the 
long anticipated, prayed for, and worked for, senior college for women, 
the Baptist Female University (now Meredith College) in Raleigh. Miss 
Heck had been an encourager and moving force back of the establish- 
ment of the school, working long and hard to help bring it about. 
However, she refused to accept the official position which was offered her 
with the new school. She stated that she would instead continue to focus 
her energies on missions. She continued to stay close to the school and 
involved in its activities, often participating both on campus and through 
inviting students to her home. As soon as the college was opened a 
Woman's Missionary Society was organized with Miss Margaret Shields 
(Mrs. S. J. Everett) of Scotland Neck as president. 

As an expression of appreciation for the new school, the Baptist State 
Convention of 1899 passed a resolution: 

That the Baptist State Convention express its high appreciation 
of the faithful and efficient and self-denying service rendered by 
Miss Fannie S. Heck in securing funds for the Baptist Female 
University, and that we heartily commend her to the sympathy 
and cooperation of all our people. (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 25) 

In 1928 the Woman's Missionary Union placed a fountain in the center of the court at 
Meredith College in memory of Fannie E. S. Heck and her efforts on behalf of the college. 


And So Much More 

In 1928 the Woman's Missionary Union placed a fountain in the cen- 
ter of the court at Meredith College in memory of Fannie E. S. Heck and 
her efforts on behalf of the college. In 1986 North Carolina Woman's 
Missionary Union (NCWMU) refurbished and revisited the fountain as a 
part of its Centennial Celebration. 

Volunteer Teachers Sent to Mountain Areas 

At the Annual WMU Meeting in Asheville in December 1899, the 
women adopted a resolution to send volunteer teachers to the mountain 
areas where educational opportunities were very limited because of bad 
roads and few schools. In the summer of 1900, seventeen volunteer 
teachers, serving without financial compensation, taught in churches, in 
school rooms where available, or under the trees. There were 772 
enrolled in sixteen schools in eight counties: Cherokee, Alexander, 
Madison, Buncombe, Allegheny, Ashe, Wake and Wilkes, with an average 
attendance per school of thirty. The traveling expenses, averaging about 
$15 per teacher, were paid by the Union. The communities furnished 
room and board. The volunteers taught regular studies of primary and 
elementary grades during the week and used every opportunity to 
engage the women and children in Christian service. Two Sunday 
Schools and seven women and children's societies were organized. 

The results were so gratifying that the Central Committee called for 
fifty volunteers for the summer of 1901. When the public schools 
became available in the communities, the volunteer teachers were no 
longer needed. In a personal note before the script for "A Woman of 
Character," a playlet about Miss Heck that was written by Miriam 
Robinson, Miss Robinson said, "My mother (from Wake County) was one 
of the summer school teachers working under Miss Heck's supervision 
in Yancey County... where she met and married my father. Mother's 
diary records some of the mountain school experiences. She told me 

Central Committee/Baptist State Convention 

A note attached to the Constitution in 1900 clearly defined the rela- 
tionship of the Central Committee to the Baptist State Convention. 

The Central Committee is appointed by the State Board of 
Missions, which is appointed by the Baptist State Convention. 

For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


The Central Committee is thus a Committee of the 
Convention, and as such reports to it. 

It is recorded in many places where officers are listed that "all these 
ladies serve without compensation, the only expense of the Committee 
being for postage and stationery." 

Calendar of Prayer 

In 1903, under Miss Heck's leadership, Woman's Missionary Union of 
North Carolina began a missionary calendar. This plan, used in the state, 
developed into the Calendar of Prayer published in 1908 by the Southern 
Union. Four years later the Calendar of Prayer became a regular feature 
in Royal Service. 

Separate Annual Meetings 

The Annual Meeting of the Societies in North Carolina was held at the 
same time and in the same city as the Baptist State Convention meeting 
until 1906. The first separate Annual Meeting was held in First Baptist 
Church of Durham, April 10-12, 1906, twenty years after the appointment 
of the Woman's Central Committee of Missions. 

In preparation for this anniversary meeting, each member of the 
Committee had been asked to bring a written suggestion of one thing she 
felt would add most to the success of the first separate annual meeting. 
Mrs. Walter Clarke wrote: 

The suggestion that I would make is that this shall be a meet- 
ing in which especial emphasis shall be placed on the fact that 
the ultimate end and object of all plans shall be the saving of 
souls... Shall we not more than ever make prayer the key note 
of the coming meeting... prayer that each woman in each mis- 
sionary society shall feel herself in the coming year a self-con- 
stituted missionary... first in her own home, then to her neigh- 
bors and those around her, then to the church, the State and 
the world." (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 28) 

The long anticipated day arrived. Pastors and deacons of the Baptist 
churches in Durham waited at the railroad station to welcome between 
125-150 delegates. The report of the meeting said: "Eight o'clock saw the 


And So Much More 

large church more than full, the citizens at large being invited to the 
night sessions that were turned over to the brethren, no women taking 

At this 1906 meeting the name of the North Carolina organization was 
officially changed from "Annual Meeting of the Woman's Missionary 
Societies of the Baptist Churches in North Carolina" to "Woman's 
Missionary Union, Auxiliary to the Baptist State Convention." Until this 
time the officers of the Central Committee had been appointed by the 
State Board of Missions and were elected on the first day of the meeting 
to serve only during that Annual Meeting. The new constitution provided 
that the officers of the Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina be 
elected on the last day to serve for one year. It was an historic meeting, 
and it was reported as being one of deep spiritual power. 

Even in the early days Miss Heck had felt the need for more help in 
organizing for missions, and expressed the conviction of the Woman's 
Central Committee: "For a long time the Central Committee had felt that 
the women's mission would be greatly advanced if someone could give 
her entire time to visiting, encouraging old societies, and organizing new 

In 1905, Mrs. C. M. V. Follett of Durham, vice president of Mt. Zion 
Association, was asked to give full time to the work although the Central 
Committee did not know how her salary would be met. Mrs. Follett 
agreed for her expenses to be paid, but she would not accept a salary. Her 
traveling expenses were met by special contributions from the societies. 
At the end of the year she reported 1,600 miles of travel in North Carolina 
by rail, steamer, launch, buggy and stage, and the organization of ninety 
new societies. Mrs. Follett served less than two years. Another year passed 
before a full time salaried field worker was employed. Four young women, 
all graduates of the Woman's Missionary Union Training School in 
Louisville, Kentucky, served in succession for brief periods. 

In 1907, Mrs. Hight C. Moore was elected corresponding secretary, 
with a microscopic salary. She also assumed responsibility for editing the 
WMU page in the Biblical Recorder, which until that time had been done 
by Miss Heck. After serving as corresponding secretary for four years she 
resigned, but continued as editor another eight years, until 1915. At that 
time "editor" became part of the secretary's assignment. 

Interest in missions increased steadily with more women and children, 
including boys, becoming involved. Young women who felt they were too 
old for Sunbeams began to meet separately in some churches for study, 

For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


prayer and service. In 1907, when an organization called Young Woman's 
Auxiliary was officially made a member of Southern Union, North 
Carolina already had a fine group of Young Ladies' Societies. A few boys' 
bands existed at this time. 

Because of her interest and vision, Miss Heck was appointed chairman 
of a committee on Work for Boys. As a result, the Order of Royal 
Ambassadors came into being in the Annual Meeting of WMU, SBC, in 
May 1908. Mrs. Pettway, from Goldsboro, North Carolina was present at 
the meeting. She cut short her trip and hurried home to organize the 
first Royal Ambassador chapter in the Southern Baptist Convention, at 
Goldsboro, and named it the Carey Newton Chapter. 

The younger members of Young Woman's Auxiliary soon wanted to 
have an organization of their own. Therefore, Junior YWA'S became Girls' 
Auxiliary. At this point Woman's Missionary Union was fully graded with 
mission opportunities for all ages. North Carolina provided leadership 
and encouragement to the churches and associations in their efforts to 
provide expanding missionary education. 

Blanche Barrus 

In 1911 Miss Blanche Barrus, newly graduated from Meredith College, 
was elected corresponding secretary of North Carolina WMU. After five 
years she resigned to prepare herself as a physician to work in India, hav- 
ing clearly felt God's call to that country. Because Southern Baptists had 
no work in India she applied and was appointed to a responsible position 
in a women's medical college in India. It was said of her, "she was radi- 
antly happy." After graduating from the Women's Medical College in 
Philadelphia, she was completing her internship when she became seri- 
ously ill. She completed her medical requirements, but returned to her 
home in Eastern North Carolina before she died. She said, "It is all in our 
Father's hands, and I know it is for some good purpose." A friend who 
knew her from childhood paid tribute: 

She was beautiful, without vanity; learned, without conceit; 
cultured, without pride; and a Christian in the fullness of faith 
and love... As she looked into the busy world, she saw not what 
her wonderful talents would bring her, but how much of self she 
could give. (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, Raleigh, North Carolina: 
Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina, 1952, 67) 


And So Much More 

In 1913 WMU, SBC, celebrated its 25th anniversary— the Jubilate. Miss 
Heck was asked to write a hymn especially for the women. 

On a train between Petersburg and Raleigh, on the back of a used enve- 
lope, Miss Heck wrote the words of The Woman's Hymn, much loved by 
the women through the years. 

The Woman's Hymn 

(Tune: Italian Hymn) 
Come, women, wide proclaim 
Life through your Saviour slain; 
Sing evermore. 

Christ, God's effulgence bright, 

Christ, who arose in might, 

Christ who crowns you with light, 

Praise and adore. 

Come, clasping children's hands, 

Sisters from many lands, 

Teach to adore, 

For the sinsick and worn, 

All who in darkness mourn, 

Pray, work, yet more. 

Work with your courage high, 

Sing of the daybreak nigh, 

Your love outpour. 

Stars shall your crown adorn 

Your hearts leap with the morn 

And, by His love up-borne, 

Hope and adore. 

Then when the garnered field 

Shall to our Master yield 

A bounteous store, 

Christ, hope of all the meek, 

Christ, whom all earth should seek, 

Christ your reward shall speak, 

Joy ever more. 

(Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 31) 

For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


Jubilate meetings were held in local societies and associations 
throughout the state. At the 1913 annual meeting 600 delegates were 
present, with increases being noted in all areas of work. 

Fannie Heck served as president of Woman's Missionary Union of 
North Carolina for 29 years. During that time she also served fifteen years 
as president of Woman's Missionary Union, SBC. North Carolina benefit- 
ed from the trail-blazing leadership of Miss Heck while providing a prov- 
ing ground for her ideas, many of which she found could be used in the 
bigger arena. Indeed, history records that North Carolina was the first 
state to initiate numerous new emphases and efforts that were later 
adopted by Southern Union. 

In the book, Laborers Together With God, Catherine Allen refers to an 
undated manuscript and the following characterization by Mrs. C. 
Alphonso Smith, of her sister, Fannie Heck: 

Miss Heck had the following of a charismatic leader... She was 
a skilled and graceful presiding officer, with a resonant voice 
which carried across large audiences. Her mellow tones could 
touch the emotions, while her strong content and clever deliv- 
ery touched the intellect. She gestured gracefully with beauti- 
ful hands. (Catherine Allen, Laborers Together With God, 
Birmingham, Alabama: Woman's Missionary Union, 1987, 30.) 

North Carolina WMU, as well as the Southern Union, reelected Miss 
Heck as president in the spring of 1915, even though they knew she 
would not be able physically to assume the burden of the office. They felt 
no other leader could be chosen "as long as Miss Heck lived on earth." 

From her hospital bed in Richmond, Virginia, Miss Heck sent white 
roses to the women meeting in annual session in New Bern, April 1915, 
to remind them of her love. Miss Blanche Barrus, then serving as corre- 
sponding secretary, read her last message to them. The original copy 
hangs in the WMU office in Cary. Following are excerpts from the letter: 

I can see your faces now shining with tears of joy, as I have 
seen them often in the past. I can hear your voices ring as I 
have heard them ring with praise until they seemed to mingle 
with an invisible choir. I can feel your handclasp as of old, 
warm with our love to our Master. They have been the indis- 
soluble bonds of our Union. 


And So Much More 

Since this is so, I do not fear to leave you. I can dream of 
your future with a trusting heart. 

Changes will come: new faces take the place of old; new and 
broader plans succeed those of today, but our beloved Union is 
safe in our Master's care. 

See to it, only, that you listen to His voice and follow where 
Christ leads. 

Be gentle in your personal lives, faithful and shining. 
Be joyful, knowing His purposes are good, not evil, to His 

Be prayerful in your planning. 
Be patient and persistent in your fulfillment. 
Endeavor to see the needs of the world from God's standpoint. 
Plan not for the year, but for the years. 
Think long thoughts. 

Strive for the conversion of those around you as faithfully as 

for the heathen. 
Train the children for worldwide service. 
Lead the young women gently into places of joyous 


Bring all your powers into the best service of the best King. 
Thus shall your work abide and be abundantly blessed of God 

to your own joy and the joy of the world. . . 
(Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 33-34) 

In the summer of 1915 Miss Heck was brought back from Richmond, 
where she had been hospitalized, to her home in Raleigh. Here her fam- 
ily and close friends surrounded her and she was "upborne by prayers of 
Christians in every land in which the influence of Woman's Missionary 
Union had been felt." Her own heartfelt prayer seemed to be expressed in 
one of the last of many poems which she wrote: 

Lord, grant me if thou wilt 

To slip away 

As slips the night 

Into the dawning gray, 

So soft 

For Ye Serve the Lord Christ 


That e'en the watchers watching 

Cannot say: 

"Here ends the night 

And here begins the day." 

But only know 

The night's Thy night, 

The day, Thy day. 

(Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 38-39) 

Many tributes were paid to this first, inimitable leader: 

She lives in the hearts of women whom she led into paths of 
larger service, in the lives of young women to whom she gave a 
vision of the eternal and unseen things that were the inspira- 
tion of her life. . .The wonderful growth of the Union today is an 
evidence of the wisdom and skill with which the foundations 
were being laid. (A person who had worked closely with her.) 

If God should raise up some man who could do for his Southern 
brothers what Fannie Heck did for her sisters in enlightening 
them concerning the world work of Christ's churches, the ends 
of the earth would soon feel a new thrill imparted by the 
enlightened and vitalized churches at home. (Dr. J. F. Love, 
Foreign Mission Board) 

In deliberations about a seemingly hard undertaking we said (to 
Miss Heck) "How can it be done?"... We met her long, thought- 
ful gaze, and with deliberate voice she replied, "We will find a 
way." And so she did, then and always; not simply pointing it 
out, but leading into it. To her we owe the high standards and 
better development of all our work. (Miss Ethel Winfield, secre- 
tary of literature department, Southern Union) 

Miss Mattie Heck, writing in her autobiography, Cloud and Sunshine, 
said of her daughter's leadership, "No minister would now have the 
courage to take a stand against the Woman's work, in view of what has 
been accomplished, and the manner in which it has been done. (Mattie A. 
Heck, Cloud and Sunshine, Heck papers, Smith Reynolds Library, Wake 
Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 1910-1912.) 


And So Much More 

Mrs. Foy Farmer, writing in Hitherto, said: a Miss Heck guided 
Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina with sure, unerring hand. 
She planned not for the year, but for the years." Mrs. W. J. Cox wrote of 
her, "panting time toiled after her in vain." Mrs. Farmer, forty years later, 
expressed her feeling that the Union had not yet attained all of Miss 
Heck's dreams and prophecies. 

Chapter Three 


Sallic Bailey Jones 

Sallie Bailey Jones (Mrs. Walter N.) was elected to the presidency of 
Woman's Missionary Union North Carolina in the 1916 annual 
session held in Winston-Salem. Mrs. Jones had been well groomed 
for the office of president. She had served alongside Miss Heck for 29 
years, beginning as 16-year-old Sallie Bailey in the office of correspon- 
ding secretary of the Woman's Central Committee of Missions, and as 
treasurer much of the time. She served on the executive committee 
from 1886 until her death in 1943. Mrs. Jones was the first to be iden- 
tified with the dual responsibilities of 

Mrs. Jones's formal education had 
ended at Richmond Female Institute 
(now Westhampton College) when she 
was sixteen, but she never stopped 
learning. She continued to study and 
to read. Her father, Dr. C. T. Bailey, 
editor of the Biblical Recorder, often 
discussed denominational matters 
with her and personally directed her 
reading. He impressed upon her the 
importance of clear thinking and of 
quick and sure decisions. These traits 
helped to equip her for her many years 
of leadership. 
A friend described the appearance of 

Sallie Bailey Jones (Mrs. Walter N.), 
President, 1916-1939 



And So Much More 

young Sallie Bailey. "She was good-looking, not beautiful . . . but really 
pretty, and her face showed great intelligence. Her heavy braids of 
blonde hair were carefully arranged. She dressed in good taste and was 
always well groomed." (Foy Johnson Farmer, Sallie Bailey Jones, 
Raleigh, North Carolina: Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina, 
1949, p. 18.) 

A young attorney, Walter N. Jones, returned to Raleigh from Wake 
Forest College accompanied by high praise and academic success to 
begin his career in law. He was soon attracted to the lovely Sallie Bailey 
whom he had met earlier. They were married when she was eighteen 
years old. Mr. Jones reached a level of success that was rare, while at the 
same time giving so much of himself to his wife and family and to his 
church, First Baptist Church of Raleigh. 

This is the man who claimed the heart of young Sallie Bailey and it 
was said that the deep interest and wise counsel of these two extended 
to every branch of church life and their names will always stand for spir- 
itual development. 

How could this new president do all that would be hers to do as she 
succeeded Miss Heck? With a husband, a fine home always open to 
guests, and eventually three children, she faced a tremendous chal- 
lenge. Mrs. Farmer wrote that Mrs. Jones never allowed her extensive 
mission work and church activities to interfere with her home duties. 

Mrs. Jones said she must be more careful than others, for so often 
women in mission work are accused of neglecting their homes and fam- 
ilies. In addition to being a gracious hostess, Mrs. Farmer recorded that 
the Jones' house was always perfectly kept, even when it was overflow- 
ing with children and guests. 

It must be said here, women through the years have struggled with 
these matters, but Mrs. Jones was fortunate enough to always have help. 
There were admittedly two things she could not do: cook and drive a 
car. But there was always help in the kitchen and eventually "a house 
full of car drivers." These limitations were not handicaps to her under 
these circumstances. 

At the annual meeting held in New Bern in 1915, before the death of 
Miss Heck, Mrs. Jones presented a "Brief History of the Woman's 
Missionary Union." A year later she presided over the annual meeting 
and the subject of her address was, "A Forward Look." Although she had 
a profound appreciation for the past of the Union, it was clear she con- 
tinually challenged the women to look ahead and look up. She was con- 

New Sense of High Calling 


cerned that she personally would stay close to the Lord for her sense of 
direction, and this was reflected in her leadership. 

Mrs. Jones patterned her years as president in some respects after the 
role model she had worked under, that is, personally doing a major part 
of the planning and promotion. Miss Heck and Mrs. Jones had shared a 
common commitment to missions and the involvement of women. Miss 
Heck, however, thought long and carefully before making up her mind. 
She was involved in many civic and cultural organizations and was a pro- 
lific writer, producing tracts, leaflets, programs, poetry, and books. 

Unlike Miss Heck, Mrs. Jones had heavier home responsibilities. 
However, she was focused and could say with Paul, "This one thing I 
do." Under the tutelage and guiding hand of her father she had learned 
to see through a situation rapidly and arrive quickly at a conclusion. 
She projected her influence through personal contacts, addresses, 
counseling, and teaching with an occasional article written for the 
Biblical Recorder. 

Not long after Mrs. Jones became president, Southern Baptists 
launched the 75 Million Campaign — a plan for the expansion of all mis- 
sion work, at home and overseas. North Carolina WMU was apportioned 
$1.1 million to be given over a period of five years. The women of the 
state pledged more than $2 million and paid $1,683,885 within the 
allotted period, eventually exceeding the goal they had set for them- 
selves. (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, Raleigh, North Carolina: Woman's 
Missionary Union of North Carolina, 1952, 43.) 

The themes chosen each year for the annual meetings seemed to 
reflect or focus on events taking place not only in Baptist life but also 
in the world. Theme for the 1917 meeting in Greensboro was "A World- 
wide Missionary Crisis." Mrs. Jones said: 

Much of the prosperity that has come in the past has come as 
the direct result of the godliness and simple faith of our fore- 
fathers... If we would meet this crisis (following World War I), 
we must go back to their simple faith and high ideals — the 
plain living and high thinking, the absolute trust in God and 
devotion to His cause. We must be in the world but not of it 
and must let the light that has come into our own hearts and 
lives shine so brightly that all may see and know the divine 
source. May there come to each of us in these days in which 
we shall talk and plan for the things of the kingdom a new 


And So Much More 

sense of the privileges of our high calling in Christ Jesus a 
new determination to spend and be spent in his services, and 
a greater realization of His Abiding Presence! (Foy Johnson 
Farmer, Sallie Bailey Jones, Raleigh, North Carolina: 
Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina, 1949, p. 18.) 

Sallie Bailey Jones had a deep, heartfelt desire for growth among the 
women and children and more effective work in missions. Study was 
important to this leader. She said, "We must inform our people . . . sto- 
ries of missionary interest and activity . . . never anything in the histo- 
ry of the world equal to it." (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, Raleigh, North 
Carolina: Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina, 1952, 43.) 

She encouraged the women to give their best thought to the month- 
ly program in the societies, mission study classes, reading circles, 
denominational paper and missionary magazines. She asked the leaders 
to see that the information was circulated, read and studied, and gave 
them ideas for making this happen. 

To encourage the work in the associations, which she felt essential, 
she embroidered a white silk banner with yellow thread: "North 
Carolina WMU— 1886, For Ye Serve the Lord Christ." The banner was 
to be awarded at each annual meeting to the association judged to have 
made the greatest progress along all lines. This banner was awarded for 
the first time at the 1918 annual meeting in Asheville. 

Eastern Association received the banner for three years, then Central 
Association (Raleigh, Wake Forest, Youngsville....), South Fork, Mount 
Zion, Piedmont (twice), Roanoke (twice), Kings Mountain (twice), Tar 
River and Liberty. This banner was used until Mrs. Jones felt it had 
served its purpose. Mysteriously, the banner was lost. Miss Annie Bailey 
Jones, Sallie Bailey Jones' daughter, embroidered a replica to be used at 
the Golden-Jubilee. 

In 1919, the president set forth with clarity the relationship of WMU 
and the church: 

No longer can we be satisfied with a church which is 25 per- 
cent active in church affairs, and 75 percent inactive, recep- 
tive of unnumbered blessings and content to have no part in 

bringing the world to Christ In this new day we must have 

a churchmanship whose faith is a living, glowing reality and 
we must bring to the careless and indifferent the realization 

New Sense of High Calling 


that they may have a part in God's great plan for the redemption 
of mankind One life filled with the power of His Spirit, dom- 
inated with a purpose to serve, can transform her own church 
and community. The greatest influence of my life is the influence 
of example. (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, Raleigh, North Carolina: 
Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina, 1952, 49.) 

Mrs. Jones often spoke of gifts of substance, tithes and offerings, as 
God's plan for giving. In her 1921 annual address she spoke forcefully 
about stewardship. She felt the spiritual needs of people were so much 
greater than their physical needs, but spiritual needs were to be met 
largely through the use of material gifts, building churches, sending 
missionaries, equipping schools. She said, "Our ability to consecrate 
our material possessions is a test of our Christian character." (Foy J. 
Farmer, Hitherto, 51.) 

She gave leadership in prayer to the women through her ongoing 
reliance on prayer in her own life. She said, "Only by listening to His 
voice can we get the guidance that we need in solving the problems and 
perplexities that often times are ours. The knowledge of His will comes 
to us only through prayers." (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 54.) 

Mrs. Jones knew that the work of the women had been built in prayer. 
She felt it was only through prayer that there would come power in serv- 
ice. It was only through prayer that lives could be brought into harmony 
with the Father in heaven and that His Spirit could come into the hearts 
of the women and equip them for the tasks before them. "Always it has 
been our experience that the results were largest, not when we are most 
active, but when we prayed the most." (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 54.) 

Evidence of a Missions Lifestyle 

The women continued faithfully in the study of their Bibles and mis- 
sions, in giving, in praying and in serving. It became more and more a 
chosen lifestyle. 

The work grew in churches in the open country, the hamlets, vil- 
lages, towns and cities. No one location or area of the state was more 
important than the others. 

Histories of the churches and associations provide much information 
to evidence the response of the women. All these cannot be shared, but 
a few instances can be cited as reminders of what was happening in ever 
widening circles. 


And So Much More 

In the First Baptist Church, Whiteville (Columbus Association), the 
women organized for missions on August 22, 1879, with three charter 
members: Mrs. S. E. Memory, Mrs. Pink Inman, and Miss Fannnie 
Memory. When the Southern Baptist Convention met in Wilmington in 
1897, the women from the Whiteville church attended the missionary 
meetings which were held in another auditorium, with Miss Fannie E. 
S. Heck serving as president and Miss Annie Armstrong serving as sec- 
retary. According to the "Brief History of the W.M.S. of Whiteville 
Baptist Church," on file in the state office of Woman's Missionary Union 
of North Carolina, the gathering made quite an impression on the 

This was the greatest inspiration we had ever known. We had 
a world vision of being co-laborers with God in sending the 
gospel to heathen lands. We learned better ways of conducting 
our meetings. No one of us had ever prayed aloud except the 
Lord's prayer. At our first meeting after coming back from the 
convention our president, Mrs. J. L. Williamson, led in prayer 
and said later that she could hear her heart beating, it was 
such an effort. But by having the chain of prayer in each meet- 
ing we all were soon able to pray when called on. 

From the same history we learned the following: Mrs. Livingston 
Johnson (Fannie Memory) gave her choicest corner lot in Whiteville for 
a parsonage and adjoining this lot she gave two whole blocks on 
Washington Street to foreign missions, the entire amount of her father's 
dowry to her. Some thought she should have kept this to educate her 
children who were all small at the time. However, it was proven in her 
case that those who put their all in the Lord's treasury never lack for any 
good thing, Her children all became college graduates — her oldest son, 
Dr. Wingate N. Johnson of Winston-Salem; Mrs. J. S. Farmer of Raleigh; 
Mrs. Elbert N. Johnson, Mt. Olive; and Dr. Mary Lynch Johnson of the 
English Department, Meredith College. The history states: 

Not one of our society has measured up to the inspiring faith 
of this one of our charter members. Her influence for Foreign 
Missions and all the Lord's work grows steadily with the years. 

The Ladies Aid Society of Rosemary Baptist Church in North 

New Sense of High Calling 


Roanoke Association (according to its history in the files of North 
Carolina WMU) reported on its local ministries in 1891: 

. . . nineteen quarts of milk, clothing for three, five talks with 
unconverted, visits to three Russian families in Patterson 
Town; octagon soap coupons saved to buy spoons for the 
church; made up deficiency in church loan; young people sent 
to retreats and camps and [a] Negro girl sent to Shaw 
University for a week's training. 

Some common threads run through the histories of church and asso- 
ciational WMU organizations from the sea to the mountains: the leader- 
ship of a pastor's wife blessed many. When one moved to another church, 
God in His providence seemed to bring along another pastor and wife 
with the same feelings of commitment to missions and a willingness to 
serve. They were respected, loved, and supported by their husbands and 
in many instances made great contributions to the ministry of the total 
church, more than history books will record, and that was all right with 
the women. Their motto was: "For ye serve the Lord Christ." 

During these early years, when the state was poor, God led the 
women to respond in different ways according to the needs they saw and 
their resources. The Waughtown Ladies Aid Society, (Pilot Mountain 
Association), in 1922 had as its stated purpose that they were to make 
money and help pay for Waughtown Baptist Church. They served and 
baked. Mrs. R. 0. Bullard made eighteen dresses and Mrs. Lena Johnson 
sold them for $1 each. 

In 1922 First Baptist Church, Wadesboro, (Anson Association) estab- 
lished the Old Dutch Tea Room. The women operated the tea room for 
several years with proceeds going to the new church building. A busi- 
nessman in the church, H. B. Allen, donated the building for the tearoom 
after he was told what good work the women were doing. Mrs. Bray, the 
pastor's wife, organized the first Associational Girls' Auxiliary Conference 
in North Carolina and it was held in this church in 1929. At the time of 
the Great Depression, the women of this church, with the church in debt 
and the Southern Baptist mission boards in distress, responded to the call 
for a "Crucible Offering" for the mission offerings. They brought precious 
pieces, wedding rings, watches, and all kinds of jewelry. Many indifferent 
Christians were touched and there developed throughout the South 
determination to pay every cent of their indebtedness. 


And So Much More 

In 1918 the New Britton Baptist Church (Dock Association, former- 
ly Brunswick), organized a WMU with all organizations meeting once a 
month on Saturday afternoon. Everyone walked to church. The women 
saved Sunday eggs and sold them for mission work. 

In 1922 Mrs. John Wacaster gave a report of the Women's Work to 
the meeting of the general association (Kings Mountain Association). 
She was the first woman to speak in the general meeting. She reported 
forty active organizations, with women and children having given 

In Bladen Association in 1922, the associational WMU organization 
reported they had furnished one room at the Baptist hospital and made 
quilts for the Baptist orphanage. This was done by the associational 
WMU organization. 

At the Galeed Baptist Church, which seems to have had the first 
organization in Bladen Association, the women evidently had planted a 
cotton patch with records indicating proceeds from cotton projects 
were $52.01. The women were asked to "set a hen and sell baby chicks," 
and bring the money from them for the church debt. The women 
cleaned the church building and raised money earned from that for 
Home and Foreign mission offerings. Galeed adults still remember the 
little yellow "sunshine bags" for saving pennies and tithing boxes from 
Mrs. Mattie Lennon's Sunbeam Band. 

In the western part of the state, West Asheville Baptist Church 
women were first led to minister to World War I veterans who were in 
the nearby hospital at Oteen. Mission giving increased steadily in the 
church, beginning with 10 percent and eventually reaching about 50 
percent of total gifts. 

Canton Baptist Church (in the same association — Buncombe), 
amended their church constitution to the effect "that every woman, by 
reason of her membership in the church shall be a member of the 
Woman's Missionary Society." They had a very strong emphasis on 
tithing. At one time, out of 90 WMU members, 89 were tithers. 

All across the state the women were studying and praying, giving and 
serving. The footprints of Mrs. Sallie Bailey Jones can be traced from 
east to west as reports and histories from the church and association are 
read. Her influence was far-reaching. 

Mrs. Jones was known for her meticulous preparation for every 
speaking opportunity. At any meeting where she was to speak, her mes- 
sage was a highlight. In her own executive committee meetings she pre- 

New Sense of High Calling 


pared carefully and presented devotional thoughts based on the scrip- 
tures, missionary stories and literary readings. One member of the 
committee said: 

The devotions were short, deeply spiritual and aroused in each 
of us a desire to be more perfectly fitted into the plan He has for 
our lives. She inspired confidence: she was a godly woman; her 
very appearance was that of strength expressed in her quiet 
reserved manner and her firm reliance on God... Even during 
the darkest days of depression she continually reminded the 
women of God's promises and that "the battle is the Lord's. (Foy 
J. Farmer, Hitherto, 59.) 

Even as her predecessor had done, Sallie Bailey Jones continually 
urged training of young people in mission thought, information and 
activity. She wanted quality work done by leaders in all of the age- 
level organizations, even as the organizations continued to multiply 

Young People's Work 

Work among the young people grew, and in 1924 Miss Dorothy 
Kellam, recent graduate of the WMU Training School, from Georgia, 
was employed as the first young people's secretary. She served four 
years and was followed in 1928 by Miss Alva Lawrence, who came from 
the staff at Baptist Children's Home in Thomasville. She served until 
her marriage to Mr. Earl C. James of Elkin, but continued her service 
through WMU as a vice president and in many other capacities. 

Miss Mary Currin was named young people's secretary in 1935 and 
served in that capacity until she was named executive secretary. She 
was succeeded by Miss Kathryn Abee of Hickory. Miss Abee served until 
she resigned in 1946 to marry Rev. A. T. Greene. Nine months later 
Miss Hilda Mayo of Rocky Mount was named young people's secretary. 
Each of the women who served in this strategic position for the edu- 
cation of young people for missions was fully trained and committed to 
youth and missions. Each was a graduate of the WMU Training School. 
Each made a distinct contribution to strengthening enlisting and 
involving more young people through their work with leaders, camps 
and rallies. They served admirably and untiringly until the office was 
omitted in 1957 when age-level directors were secured. 


And So Much More 

Associational Girls Auxiliary (GA) and Royal Ambassador (RA) 
camps were promoted with a major emphasis on mission study. In 
1930 the first statewide GA camp was held at Meredith College where 
the first North Carolina GA queens were crowned. They were Shirley 
Mae Stallings of Durham, Edna Claire Stroud of Greenville, Mary 
Claire Stokes of Wilson, Katie Lee Stewart of Mebane, and Mary 
Elizabeth Stanton of Red Springs. Three years later Ethel Lockey of 
Allen Street Baptist Church, Charlotte, was the first reported Queen- 

In 1944, with an increase in the involvement of boys in the missions 
organization, Mr. A. T. Greene became Royal Ambassador secretary for 
North and South Carolina. When he left to live in South Carolina, 
another forward step was taken on September 1, 1946 when Mr. B. W. 
(Bill) Jackson, graduate of Wake Forest College and Southern 
Seminary, became full time secretary for North Carolina Royal 
Ambassadors. He joined the young people's secretary in efforts for 
training leadership, providing camps and other opportunities, with pri- 
mary responsibility for the boys. 


In 1924, almost ten years after Miss Heck's death, Miss Mary Cox of 
Magnolia, long-time superintendent of Wilmington Division, recom- 
mended that a special offering be established in memory of Fannie E. S. 
Heck. The suggestion was made that it be given on or near her birth- 
day, June 16, with the name being the "Heck Memorial Offering." The 
first offering was allocated to the Foreign Mission Board with future 
offerings to be allocated by the WMU Executive Board. The program 
used in promoting the first offering contained a summary of Miss 
Heck's life, her last letter, a poem, and helps to celebrate her birthday. 
In the years following, programs and helps were provided to promote 
the celebration and offering, and a proposed budget for expenditure of 
the funds given. 

Mrs. Edna R. Harris was elected to serve as executive secretary in 1926. 
A teacher, homemaker, mother and WMU worker in local societies and 
associations in both South Carolina and North Carolina, she was well 
qualified for this leadership role. Mrs. Jones characterized her as follows: 

Mrs. Harris... has brought to the work unusual qualifications 
and ability. Her love of people and her untiring energy as she 

New Sense of High Calling 


has traveled from one section of the State to another have 
brought large returns in awakened interest and enthusiasm. 
The field of the Union has greatly developed through her serv- 
ice, as many as forty-five or fifty Association meetings have 
been attended by her in one year. (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 69.) 

On May 7, 1939, Mrs. Harris was preparing to attend the Southern 
Baptist Convention in Oklahoma City, happy to be carrying with her 
glowing reports of the successes in North Carolina during the Golden 
Jubilee celebration. She worked late on Saturday afternoon, putting her 
office in order before leaving. In the evening, she became ill and died 
shortly thereafter. 

Miss Mary Currin, young people's secretary, wrote about her friend: 

Her unswerving loyalty to Christ, her aggressive, intelligent 
interest in missions around the world, her yearning for the 
unsaved in home community and to the uttermost parts, her 
loving sacrificial service, her genuine love for individuals of 
every age and condition, all these made her a leader. She loved 
every phase of our great W.M.U. work. Especially did she 
believe that our W.M.U. Training School was a powerful 
instrument in God's hand for carrying out the Great 
Commission. Thus, we believe it was Divinely planned that 
the North Carolina Woman's Missionary Union, in 
Wilmington, March 1940, adopted the following resolution: 
That we establish a scholarship at the W.M.U. Training School 
as a memorial to Mrs. Edna R. Harris, this scholarship to be 
awarded to students of outstanding scholarship, ability, and 
Christian character. This living, perpetual memorial she 
would have, rather than a building of brick or stone. (Foy J. 
Farmer, Hitherto, 70.) 

The Edna R. Harris Scholarship Fund was moved from the WMU 
Training School in 1963 (after its merger with Southern Seminary) to 
the Baptist Foundation of North Carolina which was authorized to send 
receipts from the fund to Southeastern Seminary annually (action of 
the WMU executive board April 9, 1963). At the May 15, 1994 meeting 
of the executive board, instructions were given that the Harris fund be 
held intact and that North Carolina WMU be the recipient for the pur- 


And So Much More 

pose of granting scholarships in accordance with its original intent. 
Countless North Carolina women, and some men, have benefited from 
the action taken in 1940 to establish the scholarship fund, among 
them one who later served as president, Sara Kanoy Parker (Mrs. A. L.). 

Mission Studies 

A plan was adopted to issue Mission Study Certificates to all age lev- 
els of mission societies, and reading cards for Sunbeam Band mem- 
bers for mission books read. Mabel Beeker, Leaksville (now Eden), was 
the recipient of the first Sunbeam Band Certificate for study of a mis- 
sion book and a reading card with five stamps. 

In 1935 the plan of a special Focus Week for each age-level organi- 
zation came into being. In the second Sunbeam Band Focus Week the 
Golden Goals included the goal of 700 Sunbeam Bands and a gift from 
every person who was ever a member of a Sunbeam Band. It was noted 
that Mrs. Maude Burke Dozier, serving at that time in Fukuoka, Japan, 
was the first North Carolina Sunbeam Band member to be appointed 
as a foreign missionary. Mrs. Foy J. Farmer, reporting on the annual 
session held in March 1936, said: 

A big birthday cake with fifty burning candles, white and yel- 
low flowers, palms and ferns made the platform beautiful, 
but fifty Sunbeams, dressed in yellow and white, who sang 
their Sunbeam song and told of their goals for the year 
added far more beauty. 

In some of her later messages, Mrs. Jones, still serving as president, 
emphasized the importance of Personal Service, later called 
Community Missions. She felt social problems such as child labor, 
temperance legislation, welfare work and prison reforms must be 
solved, not by human methods, but only when we put into practice the 
teachings of Jesus. Christ's prayer for His disciples was not that they 
should be taken out of the world but that they might be kept while in 

Mrs. Jones had a deep concern for all mission work and used her 
energies and financial support for all the Boards. However, Mrs. Foy J. 
Farmer, writing in her book about Sallie Bailey Jones, said "Foreign 
Missions had her deepest love... through her liberal gifts, her prayers, 
personal kindness to missionaries and to national Christians who 

New Sense of High Calling 


came to this country, she sowed fertile seeds of truth by many waters 
in far away lands." (Foy J. Farmer, Hitherto, 82.) 

Missionary H. H. McMillan of Soochow, China, knew firsthand how 
important those seeds were that were sown by Mrs. Jones and the women 
of North Carolina. In 1913, Dr. Maddry and Dr. Weatherspoon were visit- 
ing in China with the newly elected Secretary for the Orient, Dr. M. 
Theron Rankin. In one of the buildings the floor gave way under Dr. 
Maddry's foot. The three agreed there was a real need for a new building 
in that place. 

Soon after, Dr. McMillan was furloughing in North Carolina and was 
traveling by bus to Wilmington with Miss Mary Currin, then Young 
People's Secretary for North Carolina WMU. As he showed her some pic- 
tures of the work at Sisang Ming Zen, Miss Currin was impressed. When 
she saw the old buildings in the background she turned to him and said, 
"What would you think if we gave some of the Heck Memorial Fund to 
erect a building for this work in Soochow? The women of North Carolina 
have never done anything in a special way for the work there, while we 
have had many North Carolina missionaries in Central China." (Foy J. 
Farmer, Hitherto, 83-84.) 

Dr. McMillan said he would never forget the day Mrs. Edna R. Harris, 
executive secretary, and Mrs. Jones, president of North Carolina WMU, 
called him to Raleigh for a conference. The women had decided to put the 
Soochow need first on the list for the Heck Memorial Fund in 1936. He 
returned to the field with the assurance of $12,500. 

Later, in Mrs. Jones's absence, the executive committee decided to 
make the gift to China in honor of Mrs. Jones, who was retiring from the 
presidency after serving through the organization for a total of fifty years. 
In 1947, at the annual meeting in Asheville, the name of the annual offer- 
ing for mission causes known as the Heck Memorial Offering, established 
in 1924, was changed at the suggestions of Mrs. R. N. Simms, Jr. to the 
Heck-Jones Memorial Offering. 

All of the memorials for these early leaders were deserved and appro- 
priate. But by far the worthiest ones are found in the "broad and deep 
foundations of the North Carolina Woman's Missionary Union — founda- 
tions that they have laid, and inspiration, which they have given to inspire 
and encourage other women to such faithful and devoted service." (Foy J. 
Farmer, Hitherto, 96.) 

Chapter Four 


Bertha Turner 

Mrs. J. Clyde Turner, wife of the pastor of the First Baptist Church 
of Greensboro, succeeded Mrs. Jones as president. To the 
Christian historian it is clear that all that had gone before in 
her life was God's way of preparing her for her important role as the 
leader in missions for Baptist women of North Carolina. As a young girl 
(then Bertha Hicks), she had been one of the faithful volunteers in 
Raleigh who had assisted in the quarterly mailing of letters from Miss 
Heck to the women of the state, as well as 
the distribution of leaflets, special pro- 
grams, envelopes, and samples of mite 
boxes. Because of her interest she had 
attended district and state meetings regu- 
larly. She knew the work of Woman's 
Missionary Union. 

Some thought Mrs. Turner was at a dis- 
advantage from never having attended a 
meeting of the executive committee before 
she became president. That being true, 
however, she brought to the position a 
fresh outlook and a new leadership style 
which called for increased participation 
and discussion by members of the board. 

She was a leader who delegated responsi- ^ ^ ^ (Mr$ L 
bihties and created smaller committees to Clyde), President, 1936-1942, 
bring recommendations. The executive 1945-1946 


All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


committee met monthly, and one member is reported to have said she 
made inestimable contributions to the work. 

There were many far-reaching and effective changes made under 
Mrs. Turner's leadership. The constitution underwent a complete revi- 
sion. One significant change was to limit the term of service for execu- 
tive board members to four years without eligibility for re-election until 
a year had passed. This was in keeping with Mrs. Turner's wisdom and 
strong desire to lead WMU to be a democracy. It was her firm conviction 
that volunteer (non-salaried) workers should not continue in office for 
unlimited years. 

In another change, the five districts, called Institute Divisions, and 
later Missionary Conference Divisions, increased in number to ten. 

By 1910 a vice president had been named for each division and in 
1911 annual meetings were planned in each of the divisions. The Baptist 
State Convention divided the associations into ten districts (later called 
regions), and Mrs. Turner led the women to follow that plan, with prop- 
er action being taken at the meeting in Asheville on March 7, 1939. 
Superintendents were named for the ten districts, as follows: 

Elizabeth City, Mrs. A. D. Ward 
Rocky Mount, Mrs. E. B. Beasley 
Wilmington, Miss Macy Cox 
Raleigh, Mrs. W R. Stone 
Hickory, Mrs. R. K. Redwine 
Greensboro, Mrs. B. K. Mason 
Charlotte, Mrs. Mott B. Blair 
Wilkesboro, Mrs. Earl C. James 
Asheville, Mrs. J. R. Morgan 
Bryson City, Mrs. Sam Gibson 

As attendance at divisional meetings grew, serious problems developed 
finding churches large enough to host the meetings for even one day. The 
meetings were informational and inspirational. Throughout the year the 
divisional officers and chairmen were busy responding to the needs of the 
associational leaders in their divisions, as well as to invitations from some 
of the local churches. There was a oneness of purpose, shared encourage- 
ment and excitement about what God was doing in their churches and 
among their counterparts in the larger area. 

An outstanding accomplishment and evidence of Mrs. Turner's wise 


And So Much More 

and consecrated leadership was the inauguration of an annual executive 
council meeting. At that time associational and divisional leaders came 
together for two days spent in prayer, hard study, practical planning and 
inspiring leadership. The first such council was held in November 1942, 
in First Baptist Church, Raleigh. It was clear the response was gratify- 
ing and interest grew from year to year. 

During these years quality work was done in the established organi- 
zations and many of them were asked or volunteered to organize 
women and age-level organizations in neighboring churches. 
Enthusiasm for the work spread as members shared what they were 
doing with school and neighborhood friends. 

It seems clear now that God was doing so much more with the faith- 
ful efforts of the women who started the small, struggling organizations 
under unlikely conditions, than any of them even dreamed or imagined 
(Ephesians 3:20). 

Further evidence of Mrs. Turner's wisdom, and desire to lead WMU to 
be a democracy and to limit the term of service of officers and 
unsalaried leadership, was her own desire to resign in 1941, having 
been elected in 1936. Although her resignation was not accepted until 
1942, this implemented for the first time a process she felt would 
strengthen and draw out more leaders for Woman's Missionary Union. 

Personal Service — Mission Action 

Evidence that the women were following the leading of the Holy 
Spirit could be seen in their many personal service and mission action 
efforts, depending on the needs they could see where they lived. 

During the war years homes were opened to soldiers and many times 
to their family members. The women cooperated with many Red Cross 
efforts. In addition, whole churches would become involved in reaching 
out to military personnel, either on their way to an overseas assignment 
or returning stateside. This was particularly true near the military bases 
in the state, but not restricted to these. 

In Ashe Association's Warrensville Baptist Church the associational 
missionary, Virginia Teague, helped to organize a WMU in 1936. The 
women challenged the church, saying if the men would build the 
church building the women would buy the pews. They did, and much 
more. Mrs. Myrtis Shoaf drew the plans for the church. While the men 
built, women raised money: sold cards, made flowers from nylon hose, 
made quilts, sold aprons, cakes and flavorings. 

All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


Women in Carolina Association stayed busy. In 1938 they voted to 
furnish a room at Baptist Hospital in Winston-Salem at a cost of 
$150,000. Mrs. 0. J. Smith, superintendent, visited the churches and 
made an appeal for contributions to furnish the room. One pastor told 
her she could speak at the end of the service. When the time came, he 
only asked her to give the benediction. But the money was raised and 
the room furnished in honor of Miss Martha Frances Sullinger who had 
served the boys and girls of Fruitland for 35 years, where her Christian 
influence had made a difference in classrooms and dormitory. Linens 
and canned items were also sent to the hospital. Local histories record 
that support came from missions groups across the state to help make 
the new Baptist Hospital a place of ongoing ministry for everyone. 

The WMU made a concerted effort to encourage tithing, with the 
number of tithers being requested in the regular reports. The elected 
stewardship chairmen creatively promoted good stewardship. One exam- 
ple was a speech contest among the GAs. The speeches were given first 
in local churches, with the winner in each church competing in the 
association and the first place GA in each association giving her speech 
again in a state meeting. Winners were recognized, with the state win- 
ner making her speech on stewardship at one of the state-wide meetings. 

Every girl who prepared and delivered a speech learned something 
about speech-making, but even more about stewardship of life. Mrs. J. 
Ben Eller of Greensboro, state stewardship chairman, was one of the 
many encouragers for this successful effort for several years. 

New President — Foy J. Farmer 

Mrs. Foy J. Farmer was chosen in March 1942, to succeed Mrs. 
Turner as president. The work of Woman's Missionary Union was not 
new to her. A graduate of the Baptist Female University (now Meredith 
College), she taught school for a few years and then became the wife of 
Rev. Calder T. Willingham while he was home on furlough from Japan. 
They both went to Japan as missionaries. She told her mother she was 
called to marry Mr. Willingham. History proves that her call to missions 
and to Japan was true. 

Mr. Willingham died in America during the dreadful influenza epi- 
demic of 1918. She returned to Japan alone and served in Shimonseki 
in charge of the book store and the program of evangelism. She was 
forced to return home because of some health problems of her own. 
However, all she did in later years was enriched and of increased worth 


And So Much More 

because of her commitment to missions. 
Her firsthand knowledge of missions, and 
the ability to communicate, especially dur- 
ing her ongoing service in North Carolina, 
through Woman's Missionary Union, was 
extremely helpful. 

In 1922 Foy Willingham was married to 
Rev. James S. Farmer, business manager 
and later editor of the Biblical Recorder, 
and faithful pastor. Their children, Fannie 
Memory and James had a rich heritage. Foy 
Farmer had continued to be involved in 

WMU work through the years, having Foy Johmo Z Farmer (Mr s. J. S.) 
served as state mission study chairmen p res ident, 1942-1945, 1946- 
from 1939 to 1942. She had lifted the 1951. 
awareness of the women to what God was 

doing through our missionaries at home and abroad, and through their 
own direct efforts near at hand. She authored several books: Publishing 
Glad Tidings; At the Gate of Asia; Mrs. Maynard's House; Sallie Bailey 
Jones, and Hitherto (history of NC WMU, 1952). 

World War II brought travel restrictions by the government and no 
annual meeting could be held in 1945. To meet known needs, the exec- 
utive committee and the ten division superintendents met in an all day 
session to make plans for the year. A goal of 500 new organizations was 
set. The 1946 report showed an increase of 657 new organizations, 72 
being Women's Missionary Societies. 

Plans made by former leaders were continued under the leadership 
of Mrs. Farmer as interim executive secretary. 

Ruth Provence — Executive Secretary 

Miss Ruth Provence followed God's leadership for her life in respond- 
ing to the call of North Carolina Woman's Missionary Union to join the 
staff as executive secretary in September 1946. Years earlier, while 
attending a YWA conference at Ridgecrest led by Miss Juliette Mather, 
she had received and responded to God's call to missions. 

"I felt the touch of God's hand in a very real way. I knew without a 
doubt that He wanted my life and before I left the mountaintop, I expe- 
rienced joy and peace in a complete yielding of my life to Him." (Written 
testimony on file in WMU office in Cary.) 

All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


Early State WMU Staff outside State WMU Offices in Raleigh 

Miss Provence had graduated from Peabody College and the WMU 
Training School. She had served as religious director at Bethel 
Woman's College in Kentucky where she had worked with YWAs on 
campus. It was from that position that she was called to be young peo- 
ple's secretary for South Carolina WMU. With commitment and experi- 
ence she responded to the challenge as executive secretary in North 
Carolina. The only other professional staff position at the time was for 
a young people's secretary. A vacancy existed in this position for nine 
months until Miss Hilda Mayo graduated from the WMU Training 

Miss Provence reflected on her years as executive secretary (in inter- 
view and correspondence): 

One incident with Mrs. Farmer I have never forgotten, and the 
memory of this has eased my mind time and time again... My 
first annual meeting in North Carolina was to be held at First 
Baptist Church, Greensboro. For weeks I had planned and 
worked with an earnest desire that everything would move 
smoothly and effectively. The evening came and with it down- 


And So Much More 

pours of rain! I was greatly disturbed and deeply concerned. Mrs. 
Farmer... spoke to me in gentle tones: "Remember, Ruth, this is 
the Lord's work and the Lord's weather. He will take care of 
things. . .We can trust Him. Just leave it all to Him." And we had 
a wonderful attendance and response. 

Miss Provence recalled her desire to give attention to the work of the 
women in the churches across the entire state. She did hesitate to trav- 
el in the mountains in the wintertime since all roads were two lanes or 
less. On one occasion, when she was to meet with the women in one of 
the mountain communities, she recalled snow began to fall in the night 
and continued to fall. A woman came into the church building after 
walking three miles in the blowing wind and snow in order to come to 
the meeting. When asked why she had come through such difficult 
weather conditions, she replied, "I just wanted to be a part of missions, 
but I might not have come if I hadn't had to bring the beans!" 

Under the leadership of Mrs. Farmer and Miss Provence the state 
WMU executive council with its overnight fall meeting continued to 
play a key role in planning and implementing the work. Women from 
every area of the state contributed to the planning and decision making. 
Miss Provence remembers the late night editing she did to be ready for 
a typist early the next morning so copies of actions taken and plans laid 
could be placed in the hands of the women that day. The hard work was 
worth it. The WMU executive council had ownership from the begin- 
ning for suggested plans for the next year. 

Recognizing the need for training at all levels, and in response to 
requests for it, a leadership effort was launched in the form of overnight 
institute training for WMU leadership for the local church. The first 
such Institute was held at Fruitland Institute in 1950 with attendance 
overflowing. Some 600 women had sought advance registration and 
only 350 could be accommodated! This kind of training opened the door 
for hundreds of women to improve the quality of their leadership in the 
churches. Their willingness and commitment were there. Now the 
training had been made available. The women, state leadership and 
those attending, felt the Lord had led in the idea and establishment of 
the Institutes. Subsequent Institutes were held at Fruitland, Campbell 
College and Chowan College. The numbers kept growing. Miss 
Provence felt the idea for and work with the Institutes was perhaps her 
most valuable contribution. 

All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


In North Carolina, and nationally, there was an increased interest in 
family camping and group camping, providing opportunities for many 
learning experiences. Soon state and divisional camps for junior and 
intermediate GAs and RAs and weekends for YWAs were just "happen- 
ing" as leaders realized the quality time they provided for exposure to 
Bible study, getting to know missionaries and to hear first hand how 
they were telling people about Jesus. Recreation and craft activities 
were a part of the total experience, but the driving force was missions. 

Regional and associational leaders secured use of college campuses, 
local civic club campsites, school buildings, public parks, wherever they 
could find a place to safely provide for eager children and youth. State 
personnel assisted with planning and securing missionaries but, for the 
most part, promotion and carrying out the camp program was done by 
local and associational leadership. Again, God did so much more with 
their efforts and in the lives of those who attended than any of them 
could even imagine. Many young people who later served on home and 
foreign mission fields, and many local leaders, have pointed to those 
early camp experiences as turning points in their lives. 

The Baptist State Convention purchased two assembly grounds, 
Fruitland Baptist Institute in the mountains and Caswell Baptist 
Assembly near Southport. These provided locations for week-long 
camping programs. 

Under the fine leadership of Mrs. Farmer and Miss Provence growth 
in involvement and quality of leadership for the children continued to 
be a thrust that would have pleased Miss Heck who had admonished the 

Train the children for worldwide service, 
Lead the young women gently into places of joyous 

Bring all your powers into the best service of the best King. 
Thus shall your work abide and be abundantly blessed of God 
to your own joy and the joy of the world. 

Many GAs completed work in Forward Steps, a program for addi- 
tional individual and voluntary study and memorization of scriptures 
and missions information. Maude Pow of Cramerton in Gaston 
Association, having completed her work as Queen-Regent, was the first 
girl in North Carolina to request that additional work be given her, 


And So Much More 

since she wasn't old enough to become a member of Young Woman's 
Auxiliary. On October 23, 1949, she was recognized as Queen-in- 
Service. At that time no such step was recognized by WMU, SBC, but 
was an additional step in North Carolina under the direction of the 
young people's secretary, Miss Hilda Mayo. 

In 1953 North Carolina provided the step of Honor Queen for junior 
GAs who had completed the work of Queen but were not old enough to 
work on the intermediate step, Queen-with-Scepter. By this time these 
needs became evident in other places and were recognized by WMU, 
SBC leadership. In 1957 North Carolina fell in line with their provisions 
for these groups. The step Queen-in-Service replaced the North 
Carolina's Queen, and Queen-Regent-in-Service replaced North 
Carolina's Queen-in-Service. 

Interest in Forward Steps continued to increase and many more girls 
completed steps in the program. This program discipled many who 
might never have known how God gives spiritual gifts and calls people 
to accomplish His purposes in the world. Here they learned how to pray 
for people they did not know, how to share their Christian witness with 
those near at hand, and how to return to God a tithe of what He had 
entrusted to them. Through memorization of scripture and hands-on 
ministries in a wide variety of settings they could see God's plans and 
purposes in their lives and in the world. The program helped provide a 
corps of young women interested in missions and committed to mis- 
sions wherever God led them. The histories of the local churches and 
Home and Foreign Mission Boards give evidence of the results brought 
about through such training and faithful leadership. 

Business Women — Night Meetings 

With the war years many women went to work for the first time out- 
side the home. Those who had attended day meetings of their missions 
organizations could no longer do so, and many young women had never 
been enlisted. Miss Mary Currin, executive secretary, had encouraged the 
businesswomen to organize and invest their lives in Kingdom services 
through the many avenues open to them. In the late 40's and early 50's, 
the BWCs (Business Women's Circles) grew in number and interest. 

Mrs. Maddrey and Miss Provence have pleasant memories of working 
with the BWCs and the organization in 1950 of the State Federation of 
Baptist Business Women at a statewide banquet held at Meredith 

All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


The officers were: Mrs. Virginia Simmons, Charlotte, chairman; Mrs. 
Hugh Page, Greensboro and Miss Elvira Tyson, Farmville, vice chair- 
men; Mrs. Clara Courts, Winston-Salem, secretary. Mrs. R. B. Wilkins of 
Durham, second vice president of the WMU of North Carolina, was cho- 
sen as representative from the executive committee to work as advisor 
for the Federation. The State Federation chairman was later made a 
member of the state WMU executive committee. 

When the writer was interviewing Miss Provence for this history, 
Miss Provence recalled Mrs. Hugh Page of Greensboro as being an effec- 
tive president of the state group and of making a valuable contribution 
to its resounding success. 

Interracial Institutes 

Mrs. Farmer's deep concern and wise guidance led to the Interracial 
Institutes as a way of speaking to and acting to meet the needs of the 
times. The Institutes were a joint effort of the Baptist Women's Home 
and Foreign Missionary Convention and Woman's Missionary Union of 
North Carolina. They were held annually, alternating between white 
and black churches in different locations each year from 1941 through 
1963. WMU has continued to make financial gifts to be used for student 
work, summer camp, and general work with the Baptist Women's Home 
and Foreign Missionary Convention. Some years there has been an 
exchange of speakers for various events and scholarships for various 
study opportunities. 

In addition, many associations determined ways they could assist in 
training leadership for the black churches in their areas: sometimes 
taking leadership training into their churches, other times extending 
invitations and encouraging participation in their own scheduled lead- 
ership training. Some very successful prayer retreats have been jointly 
planned and participated in by both women's groups at the association- 
al level. This cooperative effort has been more successful in some geo- 
graphical areas of the state than in others, more successful some years 
than in others. 

Five-Year Term Limit — Officers and Chairmen 

The year 1947 brought changes through constitutional revisions. 
The number of delegates to the annual session was then limited to three 
from each church. Acting on recommendation of the state nominating 


And So Much More 

committee, the WMU voted to establish a five-year term limit for all 
non-salaried officers and for the chairman of each of the fundamental 
committees. The five-year term of service proved wise, and continued. 
Mrs. Farmer's five-year term expired in 1951. During her tenure and the 
leadership of the Farmer-Provence team, there was evidence of spiritu- 
al growth, enlarged missionary vision and increased membership. 

Mabel Claire Maddrey Elected President 

In 1951 Mabel Claire Maddrey, from Ahoskie, West Chowan 
Association, was elected president of Woman's Missionary Union of 
North Carolina. A graduate of Meredith College, she had always been 
active in her own church and association. In the state organization she 
had served as Mission Study Chairman for 
five years. 

Having come from families actively 
involved in Baptist life, community and 
political affairs, Mrs. Maddrey thrust her- 
self fully into her new role and responsi- 
bilities as president of North Carolina 
WMU. She was fortunate to always have 
help in the home to relieve her of many 
household duties and was freed for 
involvement outside the home. Later, she 
began to spend three or more days a week > 
in Raleigh and was provided a room in the I 

home of Miss Ora Olford. She began to A . , . nl . ., , , ... 

& Mabel Claire Maddrey (Mrs. 

receive many requests for speaking Gordon), President, 1951-1956 
engagements throughout the state, and 
although she had the support of her busy 

husband, when she was out of town she needed her mother to be there 
for the two growing boys, Charles and Joseph. The speaking opportu- 
nities continued to increase and Mrs. Maddrey's mother just moved 
into the home with the family. 

As the work grew steadily during these years, many changes and 
challenges became opportunities. 

When WMU, SBC made the decision to change the organizational 
year to October 1 through September 30, North Carolina WMU adopted 
the same calendar structure. With a continuing emphasis on growth 
and enlistment, the first vice president was asked to serve as enlistment 

All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


chairman. Mrs. Leland Kitchen, Sr., of Scotland Neck, was elected to 
that office and began immediately to focus on encouraging the training 
of women for enlistment. 

In January 1952, at the suggestion of Miss Provence, $3,000 was 
transferred from the Training School Fund to the Baptist Foundation 
endowment of Edna R. Harris Honor Scholarship in order to increase 
annual income for scholarships for young women. 

Four Missionary Fundamentals 

Mission Study, Stewardship, Community Missions and Prayer were 
the four fundamentals that helped the women focus on their purposes. 
The plans and methods used were those published in the WMU Guide 
Book for Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina. This publica- 
tion was designed to supplement the Year Book and the Manual of 
Woman's Missionary Union. State leadership provided training for divi- 
sional and associational chairmen. Departmental Institutes were held, 
beginning January 29-30, 1952 and continuing through 1958. In 1950 
the executive council was authorized to adopt the Woman's Missionary 
Union, SBC plan. The Guide Book was continued and incorporated the 
spirit of the plan until 1958 when it was felt the state book was no 
longer needed. 

The significance of the Seasons of Prayer became evident. As the 
number of missionary organizations observing the Seasons of Prayer 
increased, a large increase in special offerings could be seen. 

Work with young people continued to thrive, highlighted by many 
exciting events. 

In 1952 the first state Royal Ambassador Congress was held April 
4-5, in First Baptist Church, Charlotte, with 460 in attendance. 

In June 1954 the Southern Baptist Convention voted for the promo- 
tion of Royal Ambassadors to come under the joint sponsorship of WMU 
and Brotherhood for a period of three years, looking toward transfer of 
Royal Ambassadors to the Brotherhood. In cooperation, Mrs. Maddrey 
appointed a committee to study the matter for North Carolina, naming 
Sara (Mrs. A. L.) Parker, Greensboro, as chairman. The full transfer was 
completed October 1, 1957. 

In 1955 Young Woman's Auxiliary held the first YWA Houseparty at 
Campbell College. The same year the first Grand Mission Tour by YWAs 
from North Carolina was made to Glorieta Baptist Assembly in New 
Mexico, with visits made to mission points along the way. 


And So Much More 

The year 1957 marked the observance of the Golden Anniversary of 
YWAs and the organization was featured at the annual session, March 
12. Janet Wilson, young people's secretary, directed a dramatic presen- 
tation, which she had written to record the fifty years of growth of the 
Young Woman's Auxiliary. 


Excitement in Growth 

Excitement grew in the missions organizations from East to West, 
North to South in the state. In almost every association enthusiasm 
spread from one church to another and women placed great emphasis 
on the annual meetings of the organization in the association and in the 
state. Great strength and ideas were shared when the women got 
together. For some local church leadership the annual state meeting 
became the one time a year when their husbands assumed home 
responsibilities to enable them to be away from home overnight. They 
returned home refreshed and inspired and filled with dreams of what 
could be done in their own churches. 

Church to church the women helped each other. New organizations 
came into being due to a neighbor's testimony of the organizations in 
her church. The following are some examples. 

The women in Goldsboro's First Baptist Church assisted and encour- 
aged leaders in several missions and organized churches in the Neuse- 
Atlantic Association. A Woman's Missionary Union was organized in the 
Madison Avenue Baptist Church, January 30, 1954. On a cold, snowy 
night the women met at First Baptist Church. The Rev. Roy Beals was 
the speaker and Roy Sasser the first chairman of deacons. They asked 
Mrs. B. H. (Mildred) Bell to come to this new church to organize the 
women. Literature was provided by the women from First Baptist until 
such time as they could secure their own subscriptions. 

Mildred. Bell said it was one of the most rewarding things she ever 
did. Strong organizations were developed for all age groups, with prayer 
and hands-on missions being important from the beginning. Mission 
study, prayer retreats, and ministry in every identified area of need has 
continued through the years. These included cooperation with United 
Church Ministries, Salvation Army, soup kitchen and migrant workers, 
books and furniture to Cherry Hospital, work with a child care center, 
Half-Way House, O'Berry Center and the Development School. These 
women then assisted with the organization of WMU in a new church 
being sponsored by the Madison Avenue Baptist Church. Mildred Bell is 

All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


reported to have said that the national, state and local WMU were the 
best planned organizations one could find anywhere. They were God- 
inspired! They believed what they did made a difference. 

State Leadership 

Miss Provence served with both Mrs. Farmer and Mrs. Maddrey. Each 
relied on the executive secretary in differing degrees, according to her 
own leadership style. This was a time when the work began to merge 
the two roles: the elected president and the employed executive secre- 

Mrs. Maddrey felt the lay people elected should do the job. 
"And I did," she said. "I planned and invited the people for the 
annual sessions and that kind of thing. Miss Provence and I 
were very different people. She was such a good person. I have 
to work at being good. I don't think she ever had a bad 
thought. She had Mrs. Farmer's gentleness. We worked 
together well but we did think out our responsibilities. Miss 
Provence had been doing everything about the convention but 
I know I did most of the arrangements for my conventions." 
(From oral interview in 1997) 

Mrs. Maddrey reflected on her years with appreciation for the support 
from pastors and laymen in denominational life. She said she never 
received cross words or a put-down from the brethren. In speaking of her 
leadership she felt "most people had rather be followers than thinkers: I 
had ideas, I just let the men think they had thought of an idea and just 
appreciated and bragged on them, and thanked them." (Interview by 
Dorothy Allred) 

Mrs. Maddrey, always poised and gracious, served enthusiastically for 
five years, stimulating the vision for missions and encouraging mission- 
ary support and involvement through the total program of Woman's 
Missionary Union. Beautiful in personal appearance, with her gentle, gra- 
cious spirit, she was sometimes introduced as the "Queen of North 
Carolina Baptist Women." Resistant to such remarks, she was a worthy 
role model, bringing great dignity to the annual sessions with her minute 
planning of every detail, including where each participant was to stand on 
the platform and for how long. 

She said her mother was responsible for her expectations of perfection 


And So Much More 

since childhood days. Her mother would not let her settle for less than 
her best. One outstanding thing remembered by those attending annual 
sessions was her presidential speeches. She wrote them out first, but she 
always delivered verbatim without the manuscript or notes! 

Miss Ruth Provence, who was so well received and loved by the women, 
and whose work had been so effective, left big shoes to be filled when she 
resigned as executive secretary in 1955. 

Miriam Robinson, Executive Secretary 

The committee given the responsibility for recommending another 
person for this position listed the qualities needed, including: ideas, orig- 
inality, creativity, and administrative ability. The committee spent much 
time seeking God's direction in being led to 
the right person and felt divinely guided to 
Miriam Robinson. Miss Robinson was serving 
as a professor of speech and missionary educa- 
tion at Carver School of Missions. She had all 
of the identified qualities and brought to her 
new assignment so much more. Those who 
had been students under her were ecstatic. 
They had already benefited from the great 
spiritual depth of this new leader, recalling 
prayer time at the beginning of her classes as 
the most anticipated experience of their 
Carver School days. She was presented to 
North Carolina women at the annual meeting 
in 1955. Miriam Robinson, Executive 

As reported elsewhere in this history, her Secretary, 1955-1968 
great spiritual depth and daily walk with the 

Master was evident in her leadership. In conferences she led, and in the 
public messages she delivered in churches, associations and the conven- 
tion, participants felt this was a woman who had been and was continually 
being moved and empowered by the Holy Spirit. 

One of her early concerns was there needed to be a continuing and 
accelerated emphasis on training leadership. In her work with local 
churches she realized some youth were promoted out of one organization 
into "nothing," since there was not available trained leadership to take 
them to the next level of missions education. Particularly this was true 
when the girls finished intermediate GAs and were ready for YWAs. She 

All Your Powers, Best Service, Best King 


realized in many associations not enough time was given to train the 
WMU leadership for the churches. She gave focused attention to trying to 
close this leadership gap with the combined efforts of the staff, knowing 
the leadership in the local church was where the work was accomplished. 

For the next thirteen years Miss Robinson served as executive secre- 
tary, always dignified, poised, and with a contagious Christian spirit, set- 
ting high expectations for herself and those around her. 

Chapter Five 


Vclma McGcc 

In 1956 Mrs. W. K. McGee (Velma), of 
Winston-Salem, was elected the sixth 
president of North Carolina Woman's 
Missionary Union. She was already known 
and loved by the women in the state, having 
served as state stewardship chairman. 
Gentle in spirit, elegant in appearance and 
personality, Mrs. McGee brought to the 
office her sincere and humble dedication to 
the Lord and to the cause of missions. She 
was well received and appreciated in the 
state and in her expanded responsibilities in 
Woman's Missionary Union, SBC. 

Miss Miriam Robinson, executive secre- 
tary, and Mrs. McGee became partners in leadership for North Carolina 
women. They provided "know how," inspiration and encouragement, 
with an increased emphasis on stewardship, enlistment and leadership 
training. They challenged the women to greater efficiency in promotion 
and planning to fulfill the short-term goals and overall purposes of the 

The president had a love for missions instilled by her mother in her 
early years. This led to the acceleration of her involvement in the organ- 
ization when she became the wife of a pastor and the mother to four 
daughters. She became a role model for other wives of ministers and 

Velma McGee (Mrs. W.K.), 
President, 1956-1961 


An Offering in the Hand of God 


their involvement in the missions organizations, both adult and other 

During 1957 the women marked anniversaries, inaugurated organi- 
zational changes and instituted new plans for promoting missions. 
Among these were anniversary celebrations for fifty years of Royal 
Service, the Carver School of Missions (name changed from "WMU 
Training School" in 1953), and Young Woman's Auxiliary. 

The observance of "Fifty Years of Golden Service" of Carver School of 
Missions and Social Work was marked with a luncheon during the 
annual session in 1957. Mrs. A. T. Green, Jr., president of the North 
Carolina Alumni Association was in charge. She reported, during the 
fifty years of its existence, 4,000 students had studied at Carver School 
and were serving in 43 states and 33 countries, with approximately 300 
alumna living and serving in North Carolina, the largest number in any 

The first fifty years of Young Woman's Auxiliary was marked at the 
annual meeting with a dramatic presentation (pageant) that was writ- 
ten to record the fifty years of growth of YWA. It was written and direct- 
ed by Janet Wilson, young people's director for North Carolina WMU. 

At the 1957 meeting the By-laws (formerly called the Constitution) 
were revised to provide for an executive board composed of officers, 
chairmen of committees and twelve members at large, and for age-level 
directors for Sunbeams, Girls Auxiliary, Young Woman's Auxiliary and 
Woman's Missionary Society. 

First World Missions Week 

For the week of July 1-7, 1957, WMU and Brotherhood joined togeth- 
er to sponsor the first World Missions Week. This event was the realiza- 
tion of a long-time dream of the leadership of Woman's Missionary 
Union in North Carolina and leadership of the Baptist State 
Convention's Brotherhood Department. This was a week planned for all 
ages at the Baptist Assembly at Caswell, near Southport. It was an effort 
to involve the whole family in an awareness of missions and ways to be 
involved in missions. 

Programming was provided for adults, with YWA and GA housepar- 
ties held under the direction of Sara Ann Hobbs, YWA Director, and 
Barbara Rodman, GA Director. RAs were directed by Bill Jackson, RA 
Secretary. This was a highly successful effort from the beginning and 
became an annual event for several years, with many families planning 


And So Much More 

their vacations to include this week. Many people accepted Christ, oth- 
ers found new meaning and direction for their lives. Some felt God's call 
to missions as junior age boys and girls, and stayed their course for 
preparation, appointment and service with one or more of the Baptist 
mission boards. 

Others took their commitment to missions into* the local church and 
responded to the challenge of work with the young people in their 
church and association. 

Volumes could be written about those who have felt God's call to live 
up to their potential and to be responsive to His leading wherever it 
might be. Histories of local churches and associations bear out the 
importance of the influence on those who experienced "World Missions 
Week at Caswell." 

In 1983, during Home Missions Week at Ridgecrest, Hoyle and Dot 
Allred of Gastonia were in the dining room when a couple came up to 
speak to them. The Allreds did not recognize them. The young man said 
as a boy he had accepted Christ at World Missions Week at Caswell in 
the 1960s. The woman had felt God's call to missions during the same 
week. The two young people had not known each other until that week, 
but in God's plan for their lives they had continued to follow the Lord 
in keeping with their Caswell commitments. Now, many years later, 
they were on the mission field in the Caribbean. They wanted Dr. Allred 
to know that his service as pastor, in the Junior Building, had made a 
difference in their lives, and they wanted to thank him. 

No doubt there are many untold stories of how God used those weeks 
to carry out His purposes. 

Attendance at World Missions Week grew from 400 the first year, plus 
drive-ins, to 1,100 in 1960, 1,200 in 1962 and 1,000 in 1963. No World 
Missions Conference week was held in 1965 in order to encourage 
North Carolina Baptists to attend the meeting of the Baptist World 
Alliance in Miami. The program was resumed the following year with 
700 in attendance, and continued for several years. 

YWA Growth 

In 1958 Sara Ann Hobbs, the first YWA director, initiated additional 
requirements beyond the YWA Citation for the young women who 
wanted to continue their progress in missions education. The first three 
girls awarded the new Honor Citation were: Phyllis Austin, Johnson 
Association, Cornelia Sumner and Peggy Babb Vaughan, both from 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


West Chowan Association. The Honor Citation was adopted in 1960 by 
WMU, SBC. North Carolina led the way. 

YWA Houseparties at Chowan College and Mars Hill College were held 
with maximum capacity at each location. In 1959 a state-sponsored tour 
was authorized for attendance at YWA week at Glorieta, New Mexico. The 
Young Woman's Auxiliary was a mission force to be reckoned with. The 
young women grew in Christian graces and with an increasing aware- 
ness that God had purpose for each of their lives. The organization made 
a difference in the lives of many young women who have served in the 
local church and around the world, and still does. 

First WMS Director 

In 1959 Kathryn Bullard, from Gibson, North Carolina (see chapter 13), 
became the first director of work for the Woman's Missionary Societies. 
She would work specifically with the age-level group for adult women. 

North American Baptist Women's Meeting 

The executive board authorized, in April 1957, the sending of the sec- 
retary and president of North Carolina Woman's Missionary Union to 
the meeting in Toronto, Canada of the North American Baptist 
Women's Union (NABU), part of the Baptist World Alliance. The meet- 
ing was held in 1958 with forty women from North Carolina attending. 
This was a significant meeting for cooperation and participation in this 
organization along with other Baptist groups throughout North 
America. This relationship has been maintained through the years, with 
North Carolina being represented at each meeting since that time. 

Promotion of Four Fundamentals 

The plan of work for the age-level organizations was built around the 
Four Fundamentals: Prayer, Mission Study, Stewardship, and 
Community Missions. Committees were named and a chairman for 
each committee was elected by the executive board. The organization in 
the local church followed the same format. Work throughout the state 
was strengthened by these dedicated, gifted and talented chairmen and 
their committees. This structure enabled training to be more focused. 
In some years the training provided by state leadership (professional, 
employed and volunteer) was offered to regional leadership, other times 
it was held in each region for local church leadership. 


And So Much More 

Each arrangement was designed to meet the needs of the women in 
the best way with the goal of strengthening the work in the local church. 

By 1960 provision had been made for a full professional (later called 
program) staff. Working with the elected officers of WMU and the exec- 
utive board, the staff began planning, training, and implementing the 
programs and actions that fulfilled the purposes of Woman's Missionary 
Union. This cooperative leadership team approach has proved to be 
most effective. The direction and plan of work could be designed, agreed 
upon and carried out, usually with involvement of the whole leadership 
team, including the executive board. 

Priority was given to training all associational leaders, with a focus 
on age-level training that would help them carry out the desired aims 
and goals for their organization, following leadership given from WMU, 
SBC, with adaptations and innovations that North Carolina wanted to 
make. The associational leaders, in turn, provided a similar confer- 
ence^ the highest possible quality, for both new and first time leaders 
of the organizations in the local church. 

The excellent training offered to WMU leadership throughout the state 
inspired other women to train for leadership positions with the confi- 
dence they would be trained to equip them for their responsibilities. 

The women did not mind working if they knew what to do. If there 
is a secret to the success of Woman's Missionary Union in North 
Carolina, it is in the training of their leadership. 

Training has been provided each year to help the women fulfill their 
commitment to the Lord and their personal and collective response to 
the Great Commission. 

The networking of trained WMU leaders throughout the state has been 
the envy of other church-related and secular organizations. It is not a rea- 
son for boasting. Rather, it is recognizing it is just the way God has led 
and women have been willing to follow. Leadership in every generation is 
quick to acknowledge it is not in their own strength but in His that there 
have been successes. Programs and conference themes give witness to 
their recognition of the real Source of Power. 

Anna Mae Locklear 

God continued to raise up leaders in every area of the state. He knew 
exactly who was needed in working with the women in Burnt Swamp 
Association. God chose "Miss Anna Mae" Locklear. God prepared her as 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


a teacher and leader among the Lumbee, Native American women. A 
public school teacher, she served for 26 years as director of the associa- 
tional Woman's Missionary Union, and was also in charge of the associ- 
ational GA camping from 1947 until 1966. She worked full time during 
the summer in camps, rallies, Vacation Bible School, and mission study 
groups, although she received no direct aid to support her efforts. 
Locklear demonstrated with her life the many ways God could use 
women. She attended the training meetings with state leadership and 
enthusiastically returned to her people to share her excitement and joy 
at what God was doing. 

Today's leaders in Burnt Swamp Association benefit from the 
remarkable growth that has come to missionary work there since 1947. 
This growth is in itself a tribute to the spirit with which Miss Anna Mae 
served and with which she inspired the service of others. 

Gifts to Missionaries 

In July of 1960 the executive board amended the bylaws "to provide 
a Christmas gift for each woman in active service under the home or 
foreign mission board and who claims North Carolina as her home 
state — this gift to consist of one book and one magazine selected by a 
special committee." (minutes, executive board, July 19, 1960) 

Mrs. John Wacastcr 

Mrs. John Wacaster of Cherryville resigned December 31, 1960, after 
having served so faithfully and so well in several capacities, including 
field worker and Mission Study Chairman. On recommendation of Mrs. 
W. K. Redwine, chairman of the personnel committee, Mrs. Hoyle Allred 
of Albemarle was elected as Mission Study Chairman. 

WMU Fundamentals 

Mrs. McGee said the most meaningful part of her tenure as president, 
personally, was "the eager women, wanting to learn and to do, organiz- 
ing new unions, getting to know state and southwide leaders... the asso- 
ciational and state meetings and the missionary speakers; the WMU 
Fundamentals — the Christian spiritual growth they stimulated as we 
studied and taught them." (from handwritten response to writer) 

Mrs. McGee reflected further on this period of WMU history: 


And So Much More 

I remember the emphasis on making the mission of WMU felt 
in the total church life, informing the church, making the 
offerings churchwide, the mission study classes planned for 
the men and the women, and the transfer of Royal 
Ambassadors to leadership of the Brotherhood. 

Sara Parker 

Mrs. A. L. (Sara) Parker of Greensboro was elected president in 
March 1961. Two years of service as assistant recording secretary and 
five years as first vice-president preceded her election. She was active in 
the missions organizations throughout her life, encouraged by her 
mother, Mrs. W. C. Kanoy, and her pastor's wife, Mrs. J. Clyde Turner. 

After receiving her degree from the University of North Carolina in 
1938, Sara helped her mother with the GAs in First Baptist Church, 
Greensboro. In 1941 she was asked to accompany the GAs from her 
church to a GA Houseparty at Meredith College. During that weekend, 
as she prayed for the girls to make life-changing decisions, it was she, 
Sara Kanoy, who went to the altar, making her commitment to go wher- 
ever God wanted her to go. The following fall she began studying at the 
Woman's Missionary Union Training School in Louisville, Ky. 

After her first year at the school she became the first recipient of the 
Edna R. Harris scholarship to the Woman's Missionary Union Training 
School. The scholarship was based on leadership and scholarship. She 
marveled at how God had moved so 
quickly and wonderfully in her life. It 
was there she was to meet Leroy Parker 
whom God had led to leave his studies 
in the medical field to prepare to be a 
pastor. Sara says today, "So God had so 
much more in mind than I did. WMU 
even helped me get my wonderful hus- 

WMU of North Carolina was continu- 
ing to actively give leadership in mission 
endeavors with its multi-faceted efforts 
to reach and meet the needs of people of 
all kinds. One example took place in 
October 1961, when the executive board, 
at the request of Mrs. E. N. Gardner, 

Sara Parker (Mrs. A.L.), President, 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


chairman of the finance committee, authorized the purchase of a 
Japanese typewriter for use at Southeastern Seminary by pastor-stu- 
dents working among the 3,000 Japanese in the state. 

Miss Robinson was successful in providing and implementing a 
Seminary Extension Course on WMU in the state. According to a report 
given in 1961, in three Seminary Extension Centers in the western part 
of the state, ninety-five people had been enrolled for the course and 
fifty-two certificates had been given. Ministerial students appreciated 
getting first hand information about what the women were able to con- 
tribute to the churches through the organizations for adults, youth and 
children. This course was offered for the next several years. 

Each January, chairmen for the executive board committees were 
named. In 1962 these were: Mrs. Hoyle Allred, mission study, 
Albemarle; Mrs. Norfleet Gardner, prayer, Laurinburg; Mrs. Robert 
Costner, community missions, Raleigh; Mrs. Harry Wood, stewardship, 
Leaksville (Eden). Mrs. W. A. Mitchiner had resigned as stewardship 
chairman in order to spend more time visiting the mission fields and 
reporting to the churches. Bill and Lena Mitchiner were among the first 
volunteer missionaries responding in a unique way to a called-out min- 
istry which is remembered throughout the state. (See chapter 13.) 

World Missions Year 

In 1814 the Triennial Convention of Baptists had been held in 
Philadelphia, the first national organization of Baptists in America. In 
order to celebrate the 150th anniversary of this significant meeting, and 
to give extra effort to strengthening the work of Baptists, six major 
Baptist fellowships of North America worked together in making plans 
to designate 1964 as World Missions Year. At this time the Southern 
Baptist Convention launched its 30,000 Movement, to cooperatively 
establish 30,000 preaching and Bible stations over the five year period 
leading up to 1964. The preaching stations could be in new communi- 
ties, homes for the aging, in prisons, fire stations, towns and villages 
without a Baptist witness. In cooperation with the Southern Baptist 
Convention the states were urged to adopt these emphases and to set 
their own advance goals. 

Woman's Missionary Union declared the five year period an Era of 
Prayer, with the strong feeling that success depended upon the under- 
girding of all efforts with concerted prayer for God's direction and 


And So Much More 

Mrs. Parker's tenure as president was to be marked with celebrations 
of what God was doing in the world. In North Carolina she had already 
been appointed by its executive board (1958) as Jubilee Advance chair- 
man. As president and chairman of this effort she helped set goals and 
make plans for the study, promotion and attainment of the goals. The 
Jubilee efforts were to permeate all other efforts, such as regional work- 
shops, leadership workshops, and Jubilee conferences across the state. 

The year 1963 also marked the 75th Anniversary of Woman's 
Missionary Union, SBC, and the 50th Anniversary of Girls' Auxiliary. 
Mrs. Henry Gamble, Waxhaw, was appointed Jubilee chairman in April 
1961 to replace Mrs. Parker who had become president. The executive 
board's action in June of that year is recorded in the minutes: 

That since 1963 is the 75th Anniversary of Woman's 
Missionary Union, Auxiliary to the Southern Baptist 
Convention, we recommend that the days July 15-October 1, 
1962 be emphasized as a period of prayer and preparation that 
our Jubilee Conferences be prayer retreats and that half of the 
time given to the associational workshops be used as prayer 
retreats, the other half be used for methods. 

The local, associational, state and convention wide 75th Anniversary 
goals were set as follows: 

75 percent of the members receiving WMU magazines 

75 percent of the members reading a missions book 

15 percent increase in Lottie Moon Christmas Offering for 

foreign missions 
15 percent increase in Annie Armstrong Offerings for home 

15 percent increase in tithers 
A five-day observance of Week of Payer for home and 

foreign missions 
Study of the book World Awareness (spring of 1963) 
Special Cooperative program presentation in each Woman's 

Missionary Union 
Organize or participate in the work of one mission 
WMU Prayer Retreat in each church and in each associational 


An Offering in the Hand of God 


Cooperate in promotion of World Missions Week 

WMU, SBC had a book written for each year of the emphases to help 
the women to grow in their own understanding of God's purposes in the 
world and to help them find their place in it. The books were: 

Christian Witnessing, by Floy M. Barnard 

Educating Youth in Missions, by Mrs. William McMurry 

Christian Sharing of Possession, by Annie U. Wright 

Enlistment for Missions, by Helen Fling 

World Awareness, by Sadie Crawley 

Spiritual Life Development, by Mrs. William McMurry 

The books were studied in group meetings, church-wide, and some- 
times association-wide, classes. In some instances two or three church- 
es came together for the study of the books. Although the books were 
prepared to help the women fulfill goals for their local churches, in 
some instances men joined and shared in the studies, and some pastors 
did the teaching. 

During the anniversary years many of the WMU goals were met in the 
local churches and in the state, but not all of them. However, in every 
instance there was a new surge of growth in numbers and participation, 
with increased offerings, involvement with establishing new missions, 
and more. There is every reason to believe the increased effort on the 
part of the women in being involved with the 30,000 Movement of the 
Southern Baptist Convention made a difference, with their direct 
involvement being more evident in some areas than in others. But 
throughout, the women encouraged and helped to strengthen mission 
endeavors through the local church, often giving leadership to the 
establishment of new mission points and ministries. 

The 50th Anniversary of Girls' Auxiliary, in 1963, was significant in 
the state's efforts to develop missions awareness, support, and involve- 
ment in the churches. The 72nd annual session of WMU of North 
Carolina featured the GA organization, its members and leaders. Willa 
Dean Freeman, GA director, with the assistance of the executive secre- 
tary, Miriam Robinson, wrote a pageant portraying the 50-year history 
of Girls' Auxiliary. It was presented on the opening night of the annual 
meeting. It was a resplendent presentation, with the latest in lighting 
technology available. It was the first time the women could not pick up 


And So Much More 

chairs and arrange the platform for themselves. Union employees at the 
facility had to provide this service. The time and meeting place was 
March 12-14, 1963, in Ovens Auditorium, Charlotte. A reported 3,000 
people were in attendance — the largest number ever. 

In addition, the GAs of intermediate age were honored at the North 
Carolina Queen's Court held at Meredith College, with 411 in atten- 
dance. The state WMU promoted involvement in service projects during 
April, May and June of 1963, and state WMU personnel assisted with the 
planning of Junior Queens Courts in local associations. 

The climactic event for the SBC, GA Celebration was the GA 
Convention in Memphis, Tennessee in June, 1962. The response was so 
great that instead of one convention, two additional conventions had to 
be scheduled. North Carolina had 424 girls in attendance, topping the 
goal of 300 girls. The high interest was reflected that summer in the 
975 GAs who attended camps and Queens Court in North Carolina. The 
girls contributed $500 to the new child care center at Cherokee. 

In connection with the over-all Jubilee efforts, the executive board 
and office staff at Camp Rockmont, Black Mountain attended a prayer 
retreat. Miss Robinson led the retreat, which was based on the scrip- 
tures in John 15, "I am the vine, ye are the branches." Mrs. Farmer, 
then 75 years old, attended. Getting to know Mrs. Farmer was a spe- 
cial blessing for the younger leaders who had known her only second- 
handedly before then. The days in the beautiful, but rustic setting, 
were soul stirring and powerful. God's Presence was very real. The 
time spent at the retreat left an indelible imprint on the lives of the 
participants. These women continued to live out their commitment to 
the Lord and to missions in various roles in North Carolina Baptist life 
and beyond. 

Two leadership workshops for associational leaders were planned for 
Campbell College and three for Fruitland Baptist Bible Institute. State 
promoted workshops for local leaders were discontinued. Funds allo- 
cated to them were to be used for the expenses of state personnel, 
including four chairmen, to assist with associational leadership confer- 
ences, as needed. 

In 1962 two Interracial Institutes were held with 298 in attendance, 
97 African Americans and 201 whites, according to the minutes of the 
executive board meeting of January 8. 

A tour of nursing schools in the state was led by Miss Sara Ann 
Hobbs, YWA director, accompanied by Dr. Kathleen Jones, Southern 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


Baptist missionary to Indonesia. Dr. Jones expressed the opinion that 
this was one of her most successful tours with nursing students. Miss 
Hobbs did follow-up with campus organizations, especially as they 
related to missions opportunities. 

In the spiritual climate provided by WMU organizations many 
women began to realize they were important to God. Miss Robinson 
recalled two examples: 

In Mecklenburg (Association) there is a WMU President, Mrs. Robert 
Staley, who is blind. She has been blind since she was two years old. She 
and her husband decided together she could do the job. He would read 
all the Royal Service material and any other information before her 
meetings. She is functioning effectively. Through her influence the 
entire WMU Year Book is being printed in Braille. 

Another woman, in Brevard, is 90 years old and is chairman of a mis- 
sionary society. There are four generations in her immediate family who 
are members of her missionary union. 

Increased emphasis was given to the Baptist Women's Day of Prayer. 

The Women's Department of the Baptist World Alliance sponsored 
this day each November. The European women started the prayer move- 
ment in 1948 as a means of mending hearts broken by war, through 
spiritual communion. The Women's Department officially adopted that 
day in 1950 and it has continued since that time. 

Literacy Missions Launched 

In 1963 a new emphasis was started for those who could not read 
and write. A literacy workshop to train volunteer teachers was held in 
St. John's Baptist Church in Charlotte in February of 1963, and four- 
teen attended. Kathryn Bullard, WMS director, led another workshop 
at First Baptist Church, Raleigh. Interest in the literacy program grew 
rapidly and WMU women throughout the state were involved. 

When the State Convention's department of city and metropolitan 
missions, encouraged by the Home Mission Board, began scheduling 
workshops, WMU assumed a cooperative role, and helped conduct and 
provide financial help. More importantly WMU encouraged involve- 
ment of the women. Certified volunteer teachers were trained in lit- 
eracy workshops held throughout the state. 

North Carolina became the first state in the nation to launch an all- 
out attack on illiteracy, with a program operated under the depart- 
ment of community colleges through the division of adult education. 


And So Much More 

When state government became concerned and began to design ways 
of meeting the needs, Baptist women were already there. They could 
be found in almost every area of the state before 1970, and their 
involvement continued. 

In the early days of the literacy efforts in the 1960's, WMU chose to 
use the Laubach literacy materials. As a student learned to read he 
read about God's love and His plan of salvation. Many people in North 
Carolina, through the Christian love shown to them with the literacy 
efforts, came to know the Lord and were able to read His Word for 

The state governor's goal for every adult to have the opportunity to 
learn how to read had not only the support of Baptist women, but in 
many settings they led the way. A big book could be written recording 
the miracles of the literacy movement. Four of many examples follow: 

Mrs. Olna Daves, who had always wanted to be a missionary, felt 
God's call to become involved in the literacy effort. She lived in 
Gastonia. Under the direction of the then director of missions, Hoyle 
Allred (who had already been involved in literacy efforts in Albemarle), 
she began Literacy Missions in Gaston Baptist Association, with vol- 
unteers from the churches. At her death in 1999, it was recorded that 
she had taught at least 35 individuals to read and had trained 3,000 
people to be tutors. Each one is a story in itself. She traveled to sev- 
eral states and overseas to conduct workshops for teachers. She was 
recognized in the state and nationally for her work to combat illitera- 
cy. She was featured in Newsweek Magazine in 1988. It all began 
because she was an active member of Woman's Missionary Union in 
Gaston Association. 

Mrs. Sallie Lennon, Wilmington, became involved through her 
WMU with the support of the Wilmington Baptist Association. Her 
records- indicate she has taught 25 adults to read, led 105 literacy 
workshops, with about 1600 tutors trained, 32 workshops for English 
as a Second Language (ESL), with 219 tutors trained. She continued 
to serve as an ESL tutor in Winter Park Baptist Church and in the first 
grade of a local school. 

Mrs. Mary Allred, pastor's wife living near Edenton, became 
involved in ministry to the migrants who worked seasonally in that 
part of the state. She led the WMU women to deliver assistance with 
health care, literacy, and Bible stories. Her interest in literacy in 
North Carolina paved the way for her leadership in Tennessee. When 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


she moved to that state in 1972, organized efforts had not been 
attempted. She was recognized by the governor of Tennessee after the 
work had spread, through WMU, across the state. What she considered 
little was magnified and resulted in "so much more than she could 
have dreamed or imagined." 

Mae Phillips was a homemaker in a textile community in Gastonia. 
She became involved in literacy and taught several people to read and 
write. Among her students was a man who held a very responsible 
position in a large textile company in the county. He was often sent by 
his company to Germany to help the engineers design and make 
machines that were needed. A machinist without peer, he had never 
had the opportunity to learn to read and write. He came regularly for 
many weeks to meet with Mrs. Phillips in the Flint Groves Baptist 
Church library. He expressed gratitude for at last being able to read 
his own Bible for himself. Her commitment to the Lord and his faith- 
fulness in wanting help was another literacy missions success story. 

In almost every community of North Carolina countless others 
have worked long and faithfully to enable people to read and write. 
Students have seen God's love evidenced in the lives of those who are 
giving their time and skills to tutor and encourage them. Students in 
the literacy program all receive Bibles. That Bible has special mean- 
ing to them since they can now read it for themselves. 

During the summer of 1963 there was a conference for YWAs at 
Glorieta Conference Center, New Mexico. There was also a youth con- 
ference in Europe, with a tour of the Holy Land. The YWA Director, 
Sara Ann Hobbs, attended the very significant event in Europe. 
President Sara Parker chaperoned ten YWA girls from North Carolina 
to the very meaningful conference at Glorieta. 

Sandra Parker was serving as president of the state YWA organiza- 
tion at that time and the mother/daughter presidents had the unique 
experience of hosting the trip. Since North Carolina did not have 
enough participants to fill a bus, the North Carolina group rode the 
train to Birmingham and joined the group there to travel to Glorieta 
by bus. Mrs. Parker remembers the trip. 'The bus was so filled that 
several took turns sitting on bags which were placed in the center 
aisle. There was no air conditioning. Physically, it was a miserable 
experience, but spiritually, it was a mountain top experience. Even in 
the heat and discomfort the girls sang, made friends, wrote songs and 
enjoyed the trip and the conference." 


And So Much More 

Mildred McMurry 

At the annual session in 1964, in Durham, Mrs. Mildred McMurry, 
author of Spiritual Life Development, led the devotional periods. It was 
the last meeting for the former wife of a pastor and much loved and 
appreciated leader of national WMU. She left the meeting to go to Israel 
at the invitation of the Israeli government. From there she returned 
home to Birmingham where she died after a brief illness. North 
Carolina women felt singly blessed to have had her with them such a 
short time before her promotion to heaven. 

Training School Update 

North Carolina benefited from the establishment and growth of the 
WMU Training School in Louisville. Many of NC WMU's staff members 
had studied there. Many wives of pastors had study opportunities 
which would not have been available except for the Training School for 
the women. Mrs. James Heaton, seminary representative, reported to 
the executive board January 1964, on the changes taking place on that 

The original building erected by WMU for the Training School 
has been named WMU Hall, a residence hall for single women. 
The administration building of Carver School continues to 
bear the name of M. T. Rankin Hall and is now used as admin- 
istration offices and studios of the seminary's School of 
Church Music. The entire campus is called The W. 0. Carver 
Campus. The new social work program of the seminary, with 
23 students, is an outgrowth of the merger of Carver School 
with Southern Seminary. Dr. Louise Foreman Blount, direc- 
tor of women's activities, reported 570 student wives enrolled. 
Of these, 311 were employed outside the home. Currently, six 
are single women from North Carolina. 

The importance of mission study continued to be emphasized. Miss 
Robinson recommended that eight Mission Study Institutes be held: two 
each at Williamston, Fayetteville, Lexington and Asheville. These were 
for local and associational mission study chairmen, associational mis- 
sionaries, pastors and lay people who would be teaching one or more of 
the books in local churches. A total of 702 teachers were trained. 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


Since Mrs. Parker lived in Greensboro, she was able to respond to 
invitations from the east and from the west for associational and region- 
al meetings, Baptist State Convention meetings and assignments, and 
local churches. She enjoyed the full support of her husband, Dr. A. 
Leroy Parker, himself a leader among North Carolina Baptists. She 
recalls the days being filled with much travel. It was a time of joy 
because of the people she met and with whom she worked. She was in 
demand as a Sunday morning speaker in the churches and was always 
able to deliver well God's claims on the lives of people. She encouraged 
men and women to discover and carry out God's purposes for their lives 
wherever he might lead them. 

Mrs. Parker enjoyed responding to opportunities to speak and work 
with youth, often taking along a missionary. She was known as a hard 
worker who did whatever was necessary to afford opportunities for peo- 
ple to learn about missions and their personal responsibility. Her repu- 
tation for hard work was gained from the hours spent mopping and 
cleaning, and cooking for camps for GAs and RAs in the Piedmont 
Association and elsewhere. 

Importance of Professional Staff 

Reflecting on her years as president, Mrs. Parker said she depended 
on the fine professional staff, the executive director, age-level directors, 
and others who came to the staff for various periods of time to provide 
ideas for their areas of responsibility. These were always women with a 
deep commitment to the Lord and the cause of missions. She saw her 
role as supporting them and helping them implement plans which they 
felt would meet needs and strengthen the work. Her ideas were always 
welcomed and they became a part of the planning process. Consensus on 
direction and specific programs and events meant the associations and 
local churches received strong leadership training for implementation 
where the work is actually carried out — in the local church. 

North Carolina WMU continued to support and encourage staff and 
others to share their leadership skills with women in other areas. One 
example, Sara Ann Hobbs participated in a Christian Service Corps 
effort in Alaska for three weeks in 1967, using her vacation time. 

While vice president of WMU, SBC, Sara Parker served one year as 
chairman of the committee to select, plan and prepare the theme and 
materials for the Home Mission Week of Prayer which were used 
throughout the Southern Baptist Convention. The responsibility was so 


And So Much More 

awesome she said she probably prayed more about that assignment 
than anything else she did. 

As a pastor's wife, Sara Parker was a role model for many young 
women. She was a mother and WMU officer, and at the same time was 
giving focused attention to work in the local church. She had earlier 
served as Young People's Director for WMU in the Piedmont Association, 
directing camps and retreats, while still teaching a Sunday School class 
and being involved in Church Training. All was done with a ready smile 
and a sense of sheer joy at being a part of such endeavors. On one occa- 
sion, when outstanding ministers' wives were being recognized, she was 
referred to as having "dancing eyes." That attitude and spirit of enthusi- 
asm were contagious as her influence reached throughout the state. 

Emma Benfield 

Emma (Mrs. Knolan) Benfield of Morganton was elected president in 
1966. Her interest and involvement in her own church and association 
and her experience as State Stewardship Chairman prepared her for the 
challenges that lay before her. As the wife of a pastor, a mother, and 
experience as a public school teacher, she brought valuable talents and 
gifts that were used far beyond her own expectations. 

Emma Benfield's understanding of the relationship of stewardship 
and missions was expressed in an early speech. 

The love of Christ and the desire to 
tell others of His love should be our 
basic motive for giving. An offering 
has a long reach because it is placed 
in the hand of God and His arms 
encircle the world. (Biblical 
Recorder, November 9, 1957) 

For several years WMU continued to 
join Brotherhood in sponsoring World 
Missions Week at Caswell, with good 
response. Families came from the 
mountains to the sea for this special 
week. A large number of missionaries 

spent time with youth groups in fellow- Emma Benfield (Mrs. Knolan), 
ship and updating their mission work on President, 1966-1971 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


the many fields represented. There was no one week available anywhere 
else to families where there were so many opportunities to learn about 
what God was doing through Southern Baptists. Juniors and interme- 
diates responded to God's call to be on mission wherever He might lead. 
Adult leaders and staff members were confronted with their own prior- 
ities as they related to God's purposes for the whole world. 

77th Annual Meeting 

Mrs. Benfield presided over the 77th session for WMU of NC, held in 
the City Auditorium in Asheville, March 12-14, 1968. Instructions in 
the printed programs stated ushers were not to seat or allow anyone to 
enter the auditorium during designated times such as worship, call to 
prayer and special music. 

On Monday night a fierce, wind driven rain storm descended on the 
city. Everything loose on the streets blew away and people had great dif- 
ficulty keeping their footing as they tried to exit the auditorium and 
travel short distances to nearby hotels and cars. The powerful, drench- 
ing storm commanded everyone's attention. 

On Tuesday morning Emma Benfield walked to the podium and, 
without announcement, began quoting William L. Stidger's poem, "I 
Saw God Wash the World Last Night." 

I saw God wash the world last night 
With His sweet showers on high, 
And then, when morning came, I saw 
Him hang it out to dry. 

He washed each tiny blade of grass 

And every trembling tree, 

He flung His showers against the hill, 

And swept the billowing sea. 

The white rose is a cleaner white, 

The red rose is more red, 

Since God washed every fragrant face 

And put them all to bed. 

There's not a bird, there's not a bee 

That wings along the way 

But is a cleaner bird and bee 

Than it was yesterday. 


And So Much More 

I saw God wash the world last night. 
Ah, would He had washed me 
As clean of all my dust and dirt 
As that old white birch tree. 

The audience was spellbound. It was a powerful worship experience. 
One wondered how she could have been so prepared for that moment, 
when everyone had just experienced the storm that had not spared anyone 
or anything. It was an "Only God. . ." experience. 

In 1968 Miriam Robinson ended her service as executive secretary in 
order to re-enter the teaching field at Belmont College in Nashville, 
Tennessee. Miss Robinson will be remembered for her outstanding leader- 
ship capabilities, but perhaps, more importantly, for the awareness those 
close to her, who walked alongside her, had of her deep and abiding prayer 
life, her source of strength and direction, and her daily walk with the 
Master. One said, 'To hear her pray is to move with her into the powerful 
presence of God." 

Miss Robinson helped the women not only to develop and fine tune 
their own leadership skills but also to press toward a vital and ever-grow- 
ing relationship with the Lord. 

New Executive Director 

Sara Ann Hobbs, a native of Alabama, came to the position of execu- 
tive secretary in October 1968. She was well known to the women of 

North Carolina WMU having served eight 
years as YWA director and two years as GA 
director. She received her undergraduate 
degree from Judson College in Marion 
Alabama, and her Master of Religious 
Education degree from the Carver School 
of Missions and Social Work in Louisville, 
Kentucky. She was later award a Doctor of 
Humane Letters degree from Judson 
College and the Doctor of Divinity degree 
from Gardner-Webb University in Boiling 
Springs, NC. While a student at the Carver 
School of Missions, Sara Ann had studied 

under Miriam Robinson. S ara Ann Hobbs, Executive 

As executive secretary, Sara Ann gave Secretary, 1968-1977 

An Offering in the Hand of God 


priority to leadership training. She developed the strategy that the staff 
would train the associational WMU leadership and then the associa- 
tional leaders would train the church leadership. This model for train- 
ing has been used through the years and continues to give NC WMU 
some of the best trained leaders in WMU. 

Sara Ann was creative, courageous and effective in inspiring the 
women for greater involvement in missions at every level. Her sensi- 
tivity to their needs was evident in her planning. She was a risk taker 
and was always leading WMU to be on the cutting edge of missions edu- 
cation, support and involvement. 

She delivered an excellent speech, usually without notes. She was 
well respected by state and national WMU. Sara Ann became a role 
model for many women across the state. 


In May 1970, on recommendation of Betty Gilreath, vice president, a 
committee was appointed to secure a writer and work out details, 
including honorarium and date, for a history of North Carolina 
Woman's Missionary Union. She stated the history would be brought up 
to date, beginning with the closing of the period covered by Hitherto, 
by Mrs. Foy J. Farmer. This would give a written history through 1970. 
In January of 1971 Mrs. Gilreath reported that Mrs. Perry (Kate C. 
Maddry) Crouch had been secured to write the history. 

President Emma Benfield, with her gracious spirit and well-thought 
out messages, was in much demand to speak in the associations and in 
local churches, as well as to teach the regularly published mission study 

In her message to the women meeting in annual session, March 
1971, Mrs. Benfield said, 

Now it is our time to stand for Christ and to make our contri- 
bution to the future... We have a wonderful heritage or we 
might not be here, What we do NOW will make a difference in 
the world of tomorrow. God needs women with strong reli- 
gious faith. 

Emma Benfield always spoke with a sense of urgency. This continued 
even after she left office. As Nancy Curtis was speaking for an associa- 
tional meeting later in the 70's, where Mrs. Benfield was in attendance, 


And So Much More 

Nancy noticed Mrs. Benfield was quietly weeping throughout Nancy's 
message. As she stood alongside Emma after the meeting, Emma said, "It 
is just that I have so little time left." A hurting heart for missions. She 
made a difference. This was evidenced in the lives of her children, Bonita 
Leary, who would later serve as president for WMU of New York, and 
Knolan, Jr., through his photography skills for missions magazines. It 
was also evident in the lives of the many, who because of her influence, 
had a commitment to missions which could never be passive again. 

Shaping The 70's 

"Shaping the 70's" was a denominational theme that will long be 
remembered for the intensive training and the far-reaching effect of 
new concepts for Woman's Missionary Union. WMU was recognized as 
one of the five church programs, along with Sunday School, Church 
Training, Music, and Brotherhood. Each organization assumed respon- 
sibility for specific tasks in helping the church fulfill her mission of 
spreading the gospel. The specific tasks of WMU were: 

• Teach Missions 

• Engage in Mission Action and Personal Witnessing 

• Support Missions Through Praying and Giving 

• Promote and Interpret the Work of the Church and Denomination 

The new concept of correlating church programs resulted in new 
organizational names, and periodicals with an age-level plan of four 
divisions, and more uniform church practices. 

North Carolina experienced other changes in addition to those initi- 
ated by WMU, SBC. A total revision of the By-Laws reduced executive 
board meetings to three a year, and provided for Approved Workers to 
assist with leadership training. The Approved Workers would also pro- 
vide an extra presence and availability for assistance in the associations. 
Changes were accepted, albeit with some resistance, but with coopera- 
tion, nonetheless. The women have continued to follow plans initiated 
then for fulfilling the purposes of Woman's Missionary Union. 

Chapter Six 


Bernice Cross 

Bernice (Mrs. Gilmer) Cross of Lexington was elected president in 
March 1971. She had previously served as state prayer chairman 
and as first vice president. In response to her election she made 
the following remarks: 

Last night Dr. Edward B. Lindaman said, "The past gives man 

his possibility." 
Little did the Sunbeam Band leader who instilled in me an 

interest in missions... 
Little did the preacher's wife who saw a potential in me and 

worked at developing that potential... 
Little did they realize that I would stand here today. 
Little did I realize when it seemed that all doors had slammed 

shut (following the death of my husband) and I had to find a 

new life for me, that this door would open to me. 

I mention the past now only to see, as Dr. Lindaman said, the 

possibility for the future. 
As we begin this new relationship, let's look at the possibilities 

you have: 

• Instilling an interest in missions in the heart of a child. 

• Recognizing the potential in a young person and working at 

developing it. 

• Meeting every situation as an opportunity from God for 

unbelievable possibilities. 

• Every possibility God will make a reality, if we let Him use 

us — "No, you can't, but God can, through you." 
So what I would say to you and to myself, now, is that God 



And So Much More 

wants what we have to give (from 
Minutes on file in state WMU office). 

On the Sunday before Mrs. Cross's elec- 
tion as state president, First Baptist 
Church, Lexington, gave a reception in her 
honor as an expression of their love and 
their commitment to support her in the 
new, expanded, and awesome responsibility 
as state president. In her report at the first 
executive board meeting over which she 
presided, she said, "This assurance of their 
support brings much encouragement to Bernice Cross (Mrs. Gilmer), 
my heart." Shortly after that, her church President, 1971-1976 
hosted a Mission Action Workshop for 

women in the state who were interested in a variety of ministries. It 
provided "know-how" and inspiration for the women. The workshop, 
with others to follow, made a difference for the participating women 
and their churches. They not only had a willingness and a commitment 
to ministry and witness, but were provided training to give them the 
confidence they needed. 

Mrs. Cross reminded the executive board: "...the call of the Gospel is 
a call to Christ, a call to commitment, a call to service, and a call to 
prayer" (President's report for September-December 1971). 

Mrs. Cross continued to implement the plan of work that had been 
adopted by North Carolina WMU and Woman's Missionary Union, SBC. 
Activities of far-reaching value were carried out under the joint leader- 
ship of the executive director and the age-level program staff members. 

Overnight Baptist Women Retreats were held at Mundo Vista, begin- 
ning with two in 1972 and continuing until 1975, when five were held. 
Kathryn Bullard, Baptist Women Director, felt these retreats were espe- 
cially significant at a time when women were ready and longing for spir- 
itual nourishment. She said, ' in God's timing, He sent one to be His 
voice to lead us in spiritual growth. Martha Franks was sent by God to 
touch many, many hearts and women's lives were changed as they had 
never been changed before." 

At the retreats women were introduced to Camp Mundo Vista, which, 
until then, had only been a GA camp for girls. It became the women's 
camp, too. 

Not Idle Strollers 


A three-bus-tour was sponsored by NC WMU to the North American 
Baptist Women's Union meeting in Toronto, Canada, in October 1972. 

A MAT (Mission Action Team) composed of ten Acteens and two 
adults worked in Cherokee in 1971 and in Gastonia in 1972. Leaders 
and girls were challenged to live and work in settings that were differ- 
ent from those they had known. It was a growth experience for the 
teams and God used their efforts to accomplish more than they had 
even imagined. 

A team of twelve members from the Mundo Vista summer staff con- 
ducted camp leadership training in Barbados. 

Two-day camp workshops for leaders from the associations were held 
in 1972 and 1973 in an effort to increase the number of associational 
camps offered. 

The first Baptist Young Women's Convention was held in Charlotte, 
October 1-2, 1971, under the direction of Linda Warren, BYW director. 
It was reported the meeting was "well-attended" and "highly inspira- 
tional." These conventions were held annually. They provided training 
conferences, symposiums, panel discussions, and many missionary 
speakers, impacting the spiritual lives of the young women. They were 
a lively group, excited about what Baptist Young Women were doing in 
their own churches and communities. 

WMU leadership trained local leaders in Pennsylvania in October 
1973, with three teams of six persons each. A team was assigned to each 
of the three associations in the state. 

Mission Friends leadership workshops were held in 1975 as part of a 
continuing emphasis on the importance of children. 

Ministry at the Correctional Center For Women 

A significant relationship for ministry began in 1974 when Kathryn 
Bullard, Baptist Women's Director, was elected to represent WMU on 
the Advisory Committee to the Commission of Corrections in North 
Carolina. When she resigned in 1975, Nancy Curtis, Baptist Young 
Women's Director, was elected May 14 to succeed her on the Advisory 
Committee. Women in the state donated Christmas gifts for residents at 
the Correctional Center for Women in Raleigh, the only facility for 
women at that time. This became an annual project. 

This ministry was enlarged as the trust level grew between the 
women of WMU and the staff at the Women's Correctional Center. 
Nancy Curtis, Jan High, Carolyn Hopkins, Suthell Walker and other 


And So Much More 

Pina and Bob Maynard, Marcia McQueen, and others packing red Christmas boxes 

staff members were allowed to work one-on-one with inmates, usually 
those who were being prepared to go back out into work places and the 

In addition, extensive training was given to a group of interested vol- 
unteers for work with the incarcerated and soon-to-be-released women. 
Training was provided at the Baptist Building and also inside the 
Correctional Center, a first ever cooperative relationship with an out- 
side organization. This reflected the high regard and trust placed in the 
WMU staff members who were involved in this ministry as well as the 
genuine concern of the women to show Christian love where many had 
never experienced it before. 

Women in the state became involved in helping those who were 
released back into their communities to choose not to return to the 
relationships that had caused their incarceration. Baptist women 
reported- varying degrees of success in such things as getting the 
women into church relationships, jobs, and places to live. Women in 
Raleigh, including some staff members, became sponsors. This meant 
that from time to time they were allowed to take carefully selected 
honor grade inmates, with whom they had built a visiting relationship, 
away from the facility for some special activity, such as going out to eat, 
or going into a grocery store — maybe for the first time in many years. 

Witnessing in this ministry was challenging as it provided the first 
Christian witness and expression of caring some of the women had ever 

Not Idle Strollers 


known. This has been an ongoing ministry with different emphases for 
ministry at different times and with varying degrees of participation of 
program staff people, board members and others. There have been 
many success stories of changed and reclaimed lives as Baptist women 
have given of themselves in Christian love and shared the Good News of 
Jesus with these special women. 

WMU Leaders at Work 

Known and respected in ever widening circles, Mrs. Cross and Sara 
Ann Hobbs usually led the training for associational WMU directors and 
associates. They, along with other program staff, also led conferences at 
Ridgecrest for WMU, SBC. All of the program staff members led confer- 
ences for their associational counterparts, as well as some specialized 
conferences in North Carolina, and in other states. 

The president and executive director received many invitations to be a 
part of the annual meetings in the associations throughout the state. 
Wherever they went they always expressed appreciation to the women for 
their help in meeting the goal for the Heck-Jones Memorial Offering. The 
ongoing work of the state organization was dependent on the success of 
this offering. 

Mrs. Cross became a valuable member of Baptist State Convention and 
WMU, SBC committees while she served as state president. These oppor- 
tunities increased as her spiritual depth, knowledge of Baptist life, and 
commitment to the Lord and His purposes were soon clear to everyone 
in Baptist life. 

As a vice president of WMU, SBC, she served on a committee to plan 
for the Week of Prayer for Foreign Missions in 1973 and for Home 
Missions in 1974. Nine state presidents from Arizona to Florida to 
Pennsylvania worked long days and nights to present plans for these two 
history-changing happenings in the churches throughout the Southern 
Baptist Convention. 

Mrs. Cross had the distinction of serving on the Executive Committee 
of the Southern Baptist Convention and on the Committee on Order of 
Business for the SBC's annual meeting. She led conferences near and far 
for different groups including WMU and general associational meetings, 
meetings in other states, meetings for deacons, and meetings for minis- 
ters' wives. Many who attended the Baptist Women's Retreats will 
remember her leadership at vesper times and morning devotions. 

The officers and staff members received many invitations to lead 


And So Much More 

prayer retreats in associations and local churches. One retreat was held 
in Swannsboro on a porch overlooking the beautiful water. Mrs. Cross led 
a morning and afternoon prayer retreat and a second retreat beginning 
with a covered dish supper. More than one hundred people attended. 

During these years Baptist Young Women's organizations under the 
direction of Linda Warren and Nancy Curtis continued to grow rapidly. 
There were 750 organizations in the state. This was encouraging to those 
committed to helping develop leaders for tomorrow, as well as helping 
young women find their places in God's plan for the world. The young 
women being reached were among the finest anywhere and had deep, 
abiding relationships with the Lord. 

Before the annual meeting in Winston-Salem in 1974, Mrs. Thurman 
Fox arranged for a television appearance for Mrs. Cross, the presiding offi- 
cer for the upcoming meeting. It was a first experience for Mrs. Cross and 
was great publicity for the meeting with her explanation of the purposes 
of Woman's Missionary Union. She used an acrostic to be better under- 
stood and remembered. 

At the annual meeting in Charlotte, March 11-13, 1975, Miss June 
Whitlow, assistant to the executive secretary of WMU, SBC, represented 
the national staff and brought a memorable message in which she 
recalled the early beginnings of the organization of Woman's Missionary 
Union, May 14, 1888. "But," she continued, "we have the same message 
today as we did then. Today's Baptist Women are not idle strollers watch- 
ing the world go by, but are active Christians involved in the affairs of the 
world" (Biblical Recorder, March 22, 1975). 

Sara Ann Hobbs, as executive director, continued to use her myriad 
leadership skills in challenging and inspiring ways. 

One of the first things Sara Ann did as executive director was to visit 
Dr. Perry Crouch, then executive secretary-treasurer of the Baptist 
State Convention, to endeavor to get salaries for WMU staff members on 
an equal basis with the men in comparable positions. It did not happen 
immediately but some progress was made from that time forward. 

The program committee for the 1975 North Carolina Baptist State 
Convention Annual Meeting in Charlotte asked Miss Hobbs to bring one 
of the major addresses of the convention. Her subject was, "Sharing in My 
Day." She declared "that we have moved forward because of the divine 
command of Christ, but that historic necessity was also thrust upon us 
through the Baptist position being accepted by Adoniram Judson and 
Luther Rice following the twenty years of work of William Carey in India." 

Not Idle Strollers 


Miss Hobbs called attention to the many opportunities open to 
women today. She cited Miss Emma Cooke, retired school teacher who 
had already spoken on the convention program. Miss Cooke had 
become an associate with the Foreign Mission Board, assigned to 
Lebanon, and was teaching English in a mission school attended by 
Muslims, Catholics and Protestants. She had reported that "many learn 
to love Jesus through the school while they are there." 

Miss Hobbs used her own life to show how God leads women today into 
new and exciting fields. She cited her experiences of "chopping cotton" in 
a southern Georgia cotton patch as a child, watching an occasional air- 
plane overhead, and wondering where it might be going. "At that time," 
she said, "I never dreamed I'd someday be in Raleigh, North Carolina, 
much less have the privilege of visiting Tokyo or Jakarta." She challenged 
the women to consider short term mission opportunities, no matter what 
period of life they might be in, as well as to consider career mission 
opportunities. She said, "We have the opportunities, not because we are 
better, but because we are sensitive to missions... we have more to give, 
more time to give, and more knowledge of the world. If Baptist women 
would give $290 a year to missions, we could finance the entire Foreign 
Mission Board for a year... And if every NC Baptist would give $150 per 
year, we could finance the entire SBC program" {Biblical Recorder, March 
22, 1975, p. 5). 

Another "first" came during this period with the employment of the 
first resident manager at Camp Mundo Vista. Tommy and Peggy Bridges 
began work at Mundo Vista January 1, 1976 (see chapter 10). Prior to 
their coming, Jason and Margie Lee had lived in a small apartment 
under the dining hall. Their responsibilities related to improvement 
and maintenance of the grounds and facilities. They worked hard to be 
ready for each program event until January 1976. 

At the last annual meeting over which Mrs. Cross presided she 
expressed appreciation for the unsung heroes who really accomplish 
the progress in WMU - those who labor quietly and faithfully. She also 
expressed concern about enthusiasm and commitment and warned that 
"we are always just one generation away from missionary unconcern." 
She reminded the women that with "every possibility God will make a 
reality if we let Him use us." 

God still calls us — each one of us. 

We know the love of God and the saving power of Christ. 


And So Much More 

Wherever there is a need, that need becomes our opportunity. 
I have felt what WMU can do. 
I have seen what WMU can do. 

I shall continue to serve God through WMU with all my heart 
(from Mrs. Cross' handwritten notes). 
And she did! 

With the spiritual gift of hospitality, Bernice Cross continued to 
express deep appreciation for the WMU staff as she insisted her house be 
"the" lunch break on their long trips from east to west, Raleigh to 
Fruitland. Good food and good fellowship was always there for all. 

Betty Gilrcath 

Betty Gilreath (Mrs. J. Frank, Jr), of Charlotte, was elected president 
at the annual session held in Greensboro March 16-17, 1976. She went 
to her new responsibilities with the strong support of the Saint John's 
Baptist Church of Charlotte, where, with her family, she had long been 
involved with the education of youth and missions efforts. This was 
good preparation for her continuing leadership role in the state where 
she had been serving through Woman's Missionary Union as communi- 
ty missions chairman. She had served earlier in that capacity in the 
Charlotte region. 

As president, Betty attended the regular meetings of the General 
Board of the Baptist State Convention and WMU, SBC, meetings, along 
with committees of many different kinds in 
Baptist life. She also attended the North 
American Baptist Women's Union 
Assembly in October 1977, in Freeport, 
Grand Bahama. North Carolina women had 
served as participants and encouragers to 
this expanded organization of Baptist 
women under the Baptist World Alliance, 
attending meetings held every five years. 

Betty Gilreath emphasized the need to 
support missions by praying and giving, and 
also to do missions, with hands-on involve- 
ment in ministry and witness in the local 

church and association, and beyond state Betty Gilreath (Mrs. J. Frank), 
borders. As community missions chairman President, 1976-1981 

Not Idle Strollers 


she led the women of the state in a fight against pornography and its 
availability to children. She encouraged the women to be actively 
involved in their communities by having such damaging literature 
removed from the shelves of grocery and drug stores. 

In 1977 Executive Director Sara Ann Hobbs was named as associate 
for estate planning for the Baptist Foundation of North Carolina. She 
continued as a consultant, without pay, to the WMU until a new execu- 
tive director could be secured. She had long had an interest in what 
women, who were faithful stewards, had the potential for doing for the 
cause of missions. Using this position, Sara Ann would be able to work 
with women in assisting them in planning their estates in such a way as 
to conserve their resources through income tax savings, estate tax sav- 
ings, and charitable giving. Her major goal was to save women money 
so that they had more money to give to missions! Sara Ann was the first 
person to hold the position of director of estate planning with the 
Foundation.On March 8, 1978, WMU gave a reception to honor Sara 
Ann Hobbs on her twentieth anniversary with the Baptist State 
Convention, nineteen of which had been spent with Woman's 
Missionary Union. Miss Hobbs had recently been named director for the 
Missions Division of the Baptist State Convention, the first woman to be 
named to such a position in any state. WMU took pride in Hobbs' new 
assignment and felt her years with WMU had been God's way of prepar- 
ing her for the new challenge of leading men and women in the church- 
es into greater support for and involvement in missions. She had gone 
to her new responsibilities with the full support of the WMU organiza- 
tion she had served so well for so long. 

As a result of her work with the Baptist Foundation of North 
Carolina, Sara Ann recommended to WMU, SBC, that they consider the 
possibility of establishing a foundation or other financial structure to 
make it possible for the women of the South to begin contributing to 
the ongoing work of WMU even after they are gone. This advice was fol- 

From February to April 1977, Betty traveled one to two days a week 
to the WMU office in Raleigh to work alongside the professional staff 
until a new executive director was in place. Betty commended the staff 
for the fine way in which they continued to carry out their responsi- 


And So Much More 

Nancy Curtis, Executive 
Director, 1977-1993 

Nancy Curtis 

On August 16, 1977 Nancy Curtis, then 
serving as director of Baptist Young Women, 
was elected executive director. Curtis was 
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Curtis. 
Although born in Santa Ana, California, she 
said, "I am really a New Mexican." She 
received her education at Oklahoma Baptist 
University, New Mexico Highland University 
and Southwestern Baptist Theological 
Seminary. She taught public school in New 
Mexico for ten years (1959-69), in Texas pub- 
lic schools for two years and served as direc- 
tor of youth ministries in Dallas, Texas. She 
joined the North Carolina staff in 1973. 
Nancy Curtis was uniquely gifted for her new role as executive direc- 
tor. She brought to that position a keen, analytical mind, and a deep 
personal commitment to missions, WMU-style. 

It did not take Betty Gilreath, president, and the new executive direc- 
tor, Nancy Curtis, long to identify each other's strengths as they worked 
together. Using their individual, God-given gifts, they moved ahead with 
the challenge to train the children, support missions, and involve 
women in missions. 

Nona Kay Bickerstaff succeeded Nancy Curtis as BYW director. Nona 
Kay had been a missionary with the Foreign Mission Board and on the 
staff of two North Carolina churches before coming to this position. She 
demonstrated her love for all kinds of people by the ways in which she 
became involved in ministries beyond her daily staff responsibilities. 

The WMU staff worked closely with and identified the needs of the 
women in the local church who were involved in missions. A good exam- 
ple was the work of Suthell Walker who joined the staff in December 
1975 as director for Baptist Women. She saw the need to create an 
organization between Baptist Young Women (BYW) and Baptist Women. 

So Young Baptist Women (ages 30-45) came into being for those who 
were not comfortable being in the same group with their mothers and 
grandmothers. Both age groups continued to function well and to grow 
in many churches in North Carolina. WMU, SBC, did not use this plan, 
but did increase the age for Baptist Young Women to 35. 

Young Baptist Women's Retreats were held under the direction of 

Not Idle Strollers 


Suthell Walker. Each event for the groups, which were repeated from 
the previous year, showed growth in attendance and enthusiasm. 

Continuing on the cutting edge of Baptist life, officers and staff spon- 
sored, or participated in, various seminars and conferences. Among 
these were: 

• An Ecumenical Institute at Lake Junaluska in December 
1977, for dialogue involving Methodists, Catholics and 
Baptists. This was in cooperation with the City and 
Metropolitan Missions Department of the Baptist State 

• A conference held in Raleigh on Changing Roles of Women, 
sponsored jointly by WMU and the Department of Christian 
Life and Public Affairs of the Baptist State Convention. This 
was a first and was considered very worthwhile. 

• Leadership conference conducted by Dr. Bruce Powers, pro- 
fessor of Christian Education at Southeastern Seminary. 

• North Carolina Christian Life Conference, entitled "'Tis a 
Gift to be Simple-Developing a Responsible Lifestyle." This 
was held at Knollwood Baptist Church, Winston-Salem. 

In an effort to meet the needs of the wide range of women's groups 
in the state, retreats and conferences were held for specific target 
groups including: 

• GA/Mission Friends leaders (where enthusiasm and excite- 
ment were evident related to the groups with which they 
worked in the local church and/or association) 

• Couples (where conference leaders sensed the deepening 
spiritual commitment and joy of meeting with other couples 
with like interests.) Their horizons were lifted to see mission 
opportunities and challenges as couples. 

• Retreat for Career and Professional Women at Ridgecrest. 

• Churchmanship Seminar in cooperation with the Baptist 
State Convention to encourage women to participate in the 
total effort of their churches. The biblical message related to 
the church was studied and commitments made for greater 
involvement in helping the church to grow and become 


And So Much More 

On October 9, 1979, WMU honored Marse Grant, editor of the 
Biblical Recorder, and his staff, expressing appreciation for the ongo- 
ing, supportive relationship between the state paper and Woman's 
Missionary Union. The Biblical Recorder had given encouragement and 
support to the women from the earliest days of their efforts to organize 
women for missions. Marian Grant (Mrs. Marse) served WMU on the 
executive board and as recording secretary. 

North Carolina WMU leadership led in providing opportunities for 
North Carolina women to assist leadership in other states. As a part of 
Bold Mission Thrust, and in particular the North Central Missions 
Thrust, North Carolina WMU sent teams of staff and volunteer mem- 
bers to help with leadership training in Ohio. Leading the three teams 
for the three weeks, along with members of the staff, were Betty 
Gilreath, president, Bernice Cross, former president, (both of whom 
spent three weeks), Norma Lewis, Wilmington (for two weeks), Patsy 
Campbell, Belmont, Anne Carter, Greensboro, state GA approved work- 
er (for one week). 

The Convention of Ohio had 456 churches and 100 missions. In 
reporting to the executive board the president said she had driven 2,742 
miles. She commented, "We may never know the results of our efforts 
in Ohio, but working with the people in their churches has made an 
impact on the lives of those of us who participated." 

Another hands-on missions effort was providing a team to go to New 
York to train WMU leadership in and around New York City. The team 
members learned the churches there were small. There were long dis- 
tances between churches and traffic was a factor in getting from one 
place to another. There were few Baptist churches, and there were mil- 
lions of people in the area indifferent to the Christian church. On their 
return the team issued a call to prayer and continued concern for the 
work in New York. 

Always trying to be sensitive to changing conditions for women, and 
in order to determine the feasibility of a different schedule, the execu- 
tive board authorized the January 1981 executive board meeting to be 
held on Friday and Saturday. The response was positive, making it pos- 
sible for working women and women with young children to serve on 
the board. This proved to be a significant change. 

At the January 1981, Executive Board meeting of WMU, SBC, Betty 
Gilreath was named to chair the Relocation Committee for the national 
offices of Woman's Missionary Union. This included the sale of the down- 

Not Idle Strollers 


town office building in Birmingham. The women continued to pray for 
just the right location. Some of the most desirable property in the 
Birmingham area became available to them. 

The property, located on a mountain top that was renamed Missionary 
Ridge, was designed to be a beautiful and functional office building. It 
included offices for the national WMU organization. Its functional space 
provided for committees, planning groups, executive board meetings, 
denominational functions and other meetings hosted by WMU. Its setting 
reminds those who enter of the purpose of the building and WMU. In the 
center foyer is a large copper globe which reaches into the second story 
of the building. It beautifully states the purpose: World Missions. 

From this place, with each room highlighting some state or mission 
area, a walk through the building is a walk through what Baptists are 
doing around the world. North Carolina furnished a large, beautifully 
decorated conference room, known as the Fannie E. S. Heck Conference 
Room. Miss Heck's picture is on one of the walls and furniture for the 
room was made in North Carolina. 

Although many artifacts from the past have found a home in this 
building, those who visit are aware this is a place where wonderful, God- 
honoring, God-empowered events are planned and shared with a mighty 
army of women who are seeking to hear God's voice and to heed His guid- 
ance in claiming a struggling world for Jesus Christ today. No one can 
visit this $6,000,000 building completed and dedicated on June 1, 1984, 
without feeling God's presence and power. (Author's note: Each person 
who has the opportunity to visit the building should do so. Tours are con- 
ducted, as needed.) 

Betty Gilreath continued to serve on the WMU, SBC committee beyond 
her service as president in North Carolina, and did North Carolina women 
proud as she worked long and hard alongside Carolyn Weatherford, exec- 
utive director of WMU, SBC, Catherine Allen, and the entire hard-work- 
ing staff in Birmingham to bring about the prayed for, carefully planned 
and completed building. It is a lighthouse lighting the way for Woman's 
Missionary Union around the world. 

Chapter Seven 


Bca McRae 

In March 1981, Beatrice McNeill McRae (Mrs. Horace), was elected 
president. She had been groomed and nurtured well to lead women 
of North Carolina to continue the good work they had begun in 
Woman's Missionary Union and to lead in the celebration of the first one 
hundred years of their existence as an organization. 

It was at the knee of her Sunbeam leader-grandmother that Bea 
McNeill first saw pictures and heard stories from the Bible and from 
missionaries. Her early memories include going with her mother to 
WMS meetings; then, as a young adult, being enlisted by other young 
adults to become involved in Woman's 
Missionary Union. 

After becoming a Christian at the age of 
twelve, Bea became aware of God's leader- 
ship in her life as she grew up in the Holly 
Springs Baptist Church in Broadway. That 
awareness continued as she went to college 
to prepare to teach. 

Through her teaching years she contin- 
ued to have an awareness of God's leader- 
ship and His continual unfolding of new 
dimensions for her as He brought Horace 
McRae into her life. Horace had grown up 
with the same kind of nurturing and Bea McRae (Mrs. Horace), 
Christian background as Bea. God blessed President, 1981-1986 


Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


their lives, sending two beautiful children, Bradford Lawrence and 
Alisa Ann. 

For ten years prior to being elected president of North Carolina's 
Woman's Missionary Union McRae was actively involved in WMU work 
in First Baptist Church, Lumberton, and as WMU director of Robeson 
Baptist Association (1973-1978). She served as first vice president of 
the state WMU from 1980-1981. She later served as co-chairman 
WMU, SBC for the Dated Plan Work Group from 1987-1989. 

Bea had become excited about convention-wide plans for Bold 
Missions Thrust and realized if the goal to share the love of God with 
all the people in the world was to become a reality, "it was up to me 
and up to each believer. I wanted to be a part of that," she said (from 
personal interview and written testimony). 

In a quiet time with God she said, "Lord, you know my situation, 
my family responsibilities, my limitations, my hang-ups, and oh, yes, 
you know my potential. In light of this if you can use me, Lord, I am 
available. Use me in any way you choose to share your love." 

She recalled a quotation she had heard: "Always welcome the 
opportunity to go beyond yourself." When she was asked to serve as 
president, she said, "Lord, isn't that a bit ridiculous?" His Spirit 
responded, "Are you still available?" 

The phrase "make yourself available" became something of a theme 
song during Bea McRae's presidency. In almost every setting where 
she had opportunity to speak, formally or informally, God used her 
words to challenge women to make themselves available to God, to 
the end "that He might be glorified and His name proclaimed 
throughout the earth." 

As she served, along with the executive director and other called 
out and committed to missions women who served on the state WMU 
staff and executive board, she realized she was part of something 
much bigger than the local church's involvement in missions. 

Associating with women across the state made me realize I 
was a part of a sisterhood that spread throughout the 
state... Involvement with WMU, SBC, led me to understand 
that the sisterhood of missions involvement spread through- 
out our country. In visiting in Togo and Panama and in 1980 
attending the Baptist World Alliance meeting, I came to real- 
ize that this sisterhood encircles the world. I have gathered 


And So Much More 

inspiration and encouragement from realizing we are all 
seeking to be "Laborers together with God" in our local set- 
ting and in doing so are a part of helping to share the gospel 
with the whole world! That's exciting! 

When asked about her leadership style, Bea said it could be identi- 
fied as "together we do it." She was a visionary leader but realized oth- 
ers had to buy into ideas. She was a planner, and also one who recog- 
nized the importance of details. 

The age-level directors on the staff had the prime responsibility for 
originating and developing ideas for helping their organization 
accomplish its own goals as well as the goals of all the women who 
made up Woman's Missionary Union. Most of the employed directors 
were single women who had made lifetime commitments to missions. 
Their work was all consuming and they held nothing back while using 
their very special spiritual gifts, talents and time. 

Suthell Walker, Baptist Women Director/Consultant, was just one 
example as she led a major mission action thrust to reach unchurched 
children using Big A Clubs. To be able to train leaders over the state 
to start Big A Clubs she felt she needed to see one in action. She met 
with men and women from Crabtree Valley Baptist Church. Raleigh, 
across the street from her apartment complex. After spending several 
weeks training and planning with the team, Charlene Ray (Mrs. Cecil) 
and her daughter, Susan, agreed to direct the club each Saturday. This 
was a challenging but rewarding effort. Suthell coordinated Big A 
Club training for Southeastern Seminary students, summer mission- 
aries, associations and local churches. 

One of the many Big A Clubs started over the state grew into a 
church. Sybil Williams, Hollister, heard Suthell talk about the results 
of Big A Clubs and decided to start one in her home which was next 
door to her church. Three children accepted Christ and were baptized 
by her pastor in her backyard pool. Sybil felt the children needed to be 
in the church activities. These children were Native Americans and 
African Americans. 

Several members of the church quoted the church constitution 
which said "no blacks allowed" so Sybil and several other members 
decided to start a church in Sybil's home. In a short time so many 
were attending that the house, garage and patio could no longer hold 
them. A piece of land was donated and a church was built. 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


Southeastern Seminary provided a preacher, minister of music and 
Sunday School teachers. 

North Carolina was often commended by leadership of other states 
for the superior staff which it always seemed to have. Through the 
years that has been one of the evidences of God's continued blessing 
upon the women involved in missions in North Carolina. He has 
raised up and called out so many who have been nurtured through the 
youth missions organizations of the state and/or other states. The suc- 
cess of the longtime focus on working with our children has borne 
fruit in continually providing and strengthening ongoing leadership. 

Age-level counterparts in the churches were trained in the latest 
teaching and leadership skills. Many of the women in the churches 
were already teachers or leaders in the secular world as well as the 
local churches. What took place across the state, from the smallest 
church to the largest, was phenomenal. 

Evidence of the success of missions education through monthly 
programs, Bible studies, missions literature and inspirational meet- 
ings of the WMU organizations, could be seen as God led individuals, 
mission groups and churches to respond to specific needs that had not 
been recognized before this increased awareness. Here is one example 
of how God was moving through WMU to accomplish His purposes in 
the world: 

Saralyn Collins, a homemaker and concerned Baptist 
woman, felt impressed to make tapes in her home of Royal 
Service programs and information, devotional thoughts, 
sometimes music and news of North Carolina WMU, for dis- 
tribution to the legally blind in the state. She made the tapes 
each month and sent them to Suthell Walker, Baptist 
Women's director in North Carolina, for reproduction and 
mailing. This was a ministry that lasted for a number of 
years and had over 100 people on the mailing list. 

Partnership missions were introduced: one state or association 
becoming a partner with another state or another country or people's 
group. Jim Greene, of the Baptist State Convention, often presented 
the challenge for volunteers to participate in partnership missions. 
On one occasion, after speaking in a WMU meeting, he met Corinne 
Harris coming forward to make her commitment to be a volunteer. 


And So Much More 

She was weeping and crying, saying, "But I have never left Billy (her 
husband)." And that was true. They had never been apart a single 
night since their marriage many years before. It was also difficult for 
Billy to say "okay," but he did. In response to God's call to partnership 
missions, Corinne Harris teamed with Mary Rowe, then chairman of 
the Camp Committee, and went to Togo, West Africa. This was the first 
of many volunteer experiences for these two. Many other volunteers 
followed them. 

The age-level directors, president, and executive director were all 
called upon throughout the year to speak in associations and local 
churches. Much time was spent in travel. 

An example of their travel and speaking opportunities was the 
report of Bea McRae to the executive board for the year 1982. 
Traveling from her home in Lumberton she had filled speaking 
engagements from Murfreesboro in the east to Weaverville in the 
west, in 31 different churches or associations. These engagements 
were in addition to the state planned leadership conferences. 

In connection with the WMU, SBC, executive board meeting, and 
annual session in New Orleans, Bea McRae served as convener for a 
Missions Concern Conference on "Opening the Door for Women in 

At this same 1982 annual session Bea McRae was appointed as 
Centennial Chairman for WMU, SBC, looking to the 1988 Celebration 
in Richmond, Virginia. 

At the Southern Baptist Convention annual, meeting immediately 
following the WMU annual session, Bea McRae had the prayer of bene- 
diction at the conclusion of the Thursday morning session. 

Nancy Curtis' 11th Anniversary 

The WMU of NC executive board recognized Nancy Curtis as they 
marked her eleventh year of service with WMU, first as BYW director 
and then for six years as executive director. Bea McRae said, "Nancy 
has shown a commitment you can't buy, living her work 24 hours a 
day" (Board minutes). 

Baptist Nursing Fellowship 

At the annual session in 1983 at Ridgecrest, 22 nurses met with Dr. 
Ellen Tabor, former foreign missionary. Their stated purpose was to go 
to the mission field to help when extra nursing is needed for one, two, 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


or three weeks. Barbara Spangler, from the group, said, "Let us go 
under the sponsorship of Woman's Missionary Union, not for finances 
but for prayer support." This was approved (see chapter 8). 

In September 1983, the North Carolina Acteens Advisory Panel was 
established. Six girls would be selected each year, two each from three 
areas: mountains, Piedmont and coast. The girls who served on this 
strategic, decision making panel made a difference in the organization 
and were forever changed in their own commitments to missions. 

At the request of the Foreign Mission Board, two WMU staff mem- 
bers were provided to assist in responding to specific requests from 
the field: Leland Bingham, Mundo Vista resident manager, to Chile 
and Pat Ritchie, GA director, to Venezuela. 

With Mrs. McRae's last year of service the first 100 years of organ- 
ized existence for Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina was 
completed. Tremendous effort was put into the planning for the year 
of celebration, 1986. Many people were involved. The elected presi- 
dent and the executive director carried heavy responsibilities. The 
entire WMU staff and the executive board members (elected from 
every region of the state) spent many hours praying, planning and 
working for the special year of celebration. 

A special Centennial Committee was named: Bernice Cross, chair- 
man, along with Emma Benfield, Saralyn Collins, Elsie Davis, Helene 
Davis, Mary Lily Gaddy, Velma McGee, Frances Riley and Corinne 

As chairman of the Centennial Celebration Committee, Mrs. Cross 
presented plans for the observance: 
Anniversary goals were: 

1. To create an awareness of our WMU heritage; to create opportu- 
nities for numerical growth through enlistment and enlargement; 
faith, and wisdom of courageous women whose devoted service laid an 
enduring foundation. 

2. To look forward, discerning our work for the years ahead, and 
committing ourselves to wise planning and faithful performance in 
the continuing missionary task. 

3. To look upward to God, admitting our need, wanting to do His 
will, seeking to follow where He leads. 

A Centennial logo was designed and interpreted by Judy Graves 
LeCroy of Lexington. 


And So Much More 

J Whatsoever. . 

Whatsoever. . 
in His name 

1,01. ; 

Just as the cross is central to the Christian 
faith, so it is the focus of the Woman's 
Missionary Union of North Carolina 
Centennial logo. 

In this logo, a cross is formed by 
the scriptural theme, "Whatso- 
ever ... in His Name" (Col. 3:17), 
as the horizontal piece and the 
torch as the upright. The torch 
exemplifies Jesus, the light of the 
world. He has given us this torch, 
and our response is to do faithfully NC Centennial Logo 

"whatsoever ... in His name." 

Together the two pieces of the cross reach horizontally into 
every area of North Carolina and vertically to the very poles of 
the earth. 

The double fish head identifies us to the world as followers of 
Christ. Surrounding the whole is a large circle symbolic of the 
all-encompassing love of God which has been proclaimed by 
Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina with dedication 
and integrity for a century. 

As a part of the celebration, Corinne Thorud, Edenton, prepared a 
one-half hour presentation containing facts and figures of North 
Carolina WMU's first 100 years. The suggested program was entitled 
"A WMU Fashion Sketch." The fashion outlines which could be copied 
for dresses, or used as a projected visual, were done by Mrs. Edward G. 
Bond of Edenton. 

The manuscript was filled with historical facts related to the times, 
the fashions, and the movement of God's hand upon the women across 
the 100 years. It was widely used and was presented in almost every 
association for the annual meeting and in many churches. Usually it 
was a churchwide experience. More people, men and women, became 
aware of and had a deepened appreciation for what God was doing 
through the simple beginnings of a few women, girls and preschool- 
ers. The combined membership grew to 141,545 in 10,568 organiza- 
tions in 1986. 

It was fitting that the annual meeting in 1986 be held in Raleigh, 
the city in which the organization was born. Growth over the years 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 109 

had made such a difference in the amount of housing needed for those 
attending and the size of the place to meet. 

The meeting was held April 17-19, 1986 in the recently completed 
Civic Center in downtown Raleigh. The hotels were bustling. Many 
women drove themselves, and others from their churches. Some came 
for specific sessions, but most settled in for the entire length of the 
meetings. They did not want to miss any of it. 

Tours were planned to places of historical significance, including 
the placing of flowers on the graves of Fannie E. S. Heck and Sallie 
Bailey Jones in Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh. Plaques were placed on 
their markers commemorating the Centennial year of the beginning of 
the organization. The markers were identical except for the wording: 

"Centennial Memorial to Fannie E. S. Heck, First President, NC 
Woman's Missionary Union 1986" 

"Centennial Memorial to Sallie Bailey Jones, First Corresponding 
Secretary, NC Woman's Missionary Union 1986" 

Another tour went to the campus of Meredith College where the 
fountain given by WMU many years before had been repaired and 
refurbished for the Celebration. Prayers of thanksgiving and celebra- 
tion were heard at these, and other, stops on the tours as groups of 
women gathered. 

Attendance for the three-day meeting reached 3,056 registrants 
(minutes of Baptist State Convention, 1986). Every area of the state 
was well represented. A banquet was held for associational leadership. 

Mrs. Beatrice McRae presided over the historic meeting. Opening 
night featured a Flag Processional, with flags representing the nations 
of the world — a colorful and emotional presentation as the women 
were reminded that what had begun in Raleigh one hundred years ago 
had impacted the whole world. 

"Those Were the Days" were recalled by former staff members: Sara 
Ann Hobbs, Nona Kay Bickerstaff, Maxine Bumgarner, Kathryn 
Bullard, Ruth Provence and Pat Ritchie. "Those Were the Days" was 
also featured on Friday afternoon with remembrances of earlier years 
by former presidents: Betty Gilreath, Mabel Claire Maddrey, Velma 
McGee, Sara Parker and Bernice Cross. 

Focus was placed on the importance of age-level organizations: on 
Thursday night, Young Woman's Auxiliary and Acteens, with Carolyn 
Hopkins and Michele Moore; Friday morning, Girls Auxiliary and Girls 
in Action, with Jan High and Ann and Nesha Bartholomew; Friday after- 


And So Much More 

noon, Sunbeams and Mission Friends, with Melinda Spencer, and WMS, 
Baptist Women with Suthell Walker and Kathryn Bullard. 

Dr. Roy Smith, executive director of the Baptist State Convention, 
gave a "Challenge for the Future." Suedell Bedsaul, president of the 
North Carolina Baptist Nursing Fellowship reported on this ministry 
organization. Bertie Ann Baggett Yates, North Carolina missionary to 
Kenya, led the prayer time each session. 

Other program speakers were Charles McMillan, director of mis- 
sions for Raleigh Association, Thelma Horton and Luella Edwards 
from the Woman's Baptist Home and Foreign Missionary Convention, 
and Dr. Gene Puckett, editor of the Biblical Recorder. 

The "Contribution of Woman's Missionary Union to Home Missions" 
was presented in a moving and memorable way by one who always 
seemed to have a special place in the hearts of North Carolina WMU 
members, Wendell Belew. Dorothy Sample, president of WMU, SBC, 
spoke on "Meeting Today's Challenge," a thought-provoking message. 

The Friday night session will long be remembered by the capacity 
crowd in the Civic Center. The drama, "And Here Begins the Day," was 
a phenomenal experience for everyone. Written by Carolyn Robinson, 
Raleigh, and directed by Saralyn Collins, Greensboro, it was a spec- 
tacular, professional-quality event. Unforgettable. 

The celebration closed Saturday morning with Dr. Carolyn 
Weatherford, executive director, WMU, SBC, speaking on the subject 
of "WMU in the Second Century." 

The newly elected president, Dorothy (Dot) Allred, and Nancy 
Curtis, executive director, joined in a responsive reading of their com- 
mitment in joint leadership roles to lead the Woman's Missionary 
Union of North Carolina into the next century. 

Celebrating and giving thanks for a century begun by Fannie E. S. 
Heck and other foremothers was indeed a special privilege and bless- 
ing for North Carolina WMU. This occasion provided the stimulus for 
renewed commitment by women all across the state to take seriously 
their responsibility and choice opportunity to be "laborers together 
with God" in the second century. 

North Carolina's Centennial Celebration was observed two years 
before the celebration of the organization of WMU, SBC. That histor- 
ical event would be held in Richmond, Virginia in 1988 under the 
direction of North Carolina's Bea McRae, chairman of the Centennial 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


Dot Allrcd (1986-1991) 

At the close of 100 days of prayer and a 
spectacular, unforgettable, three-day cele- 
bration of the One Hundredth Anniversary 
of Woman's Missionary Union of North 
Carolina, held appropriately in the city of 
Raleigh, April 17-19, 1986, Dorothy (Dot) 
Allred (Mrs. Hoyle T.), of Gastonia, was 
elected president. 

The president was the elected leader but 
had a full staff of people whom God had 
prepared for full-time Christian service by 
reason of personal commitment and educa- 
tion. Leadership in North Carolina, at its Dorothy Alfred (Mrs.Hoyle), 
best, was team leadership. Team identified President, 1986-1991 
the leadership style of Nancy Curtis, execu- 
tive director, and the new president. This would be evident in the goal 
setting, events scheduled for various age groups, training of church and 
associational leaders, relationships with other women's groups, the 
Baptist State Convention, and support of North Carolina missionaries 
under appointment. 

The momentum of the days was not lost on this new president as she 
marveled at how God could take a very ordinary woman and place her in 
such an awesome, strategic place of leadership. She was often heard to 
say, "I am an ordinary woman, but I do have an extraordinary God." 

Dot Allred had served for five years as mission study chairman, as sec- 
ond vice president 1971-74, and as first vice president 1976-80 and 1985- 
86. At the time of her election as president she was serving as a member 
of the executive committee of the General Board of the Baptist State 
Convention, and had served on the search committee to secure a new 
executive director-treasurer for the Convention. Her pastor-director of 
missions-husband had been her greatest encourager and source of inspi- 
ration through the years. He received his promotion to heaven in 1984. 

In tracing her Christian pilgrimage, Dot said God had chosen to 
"grow her up" in the missions organizations of Asheboro Street Baptist 
Church (now Friendly Avenue Baptist Church) in Greensboro. Taken to 
church in the arms of her parents, Ernest and Lillie Powers Purvis, she 
became involved in GAs at the age of nine. There she memorized scrip- 
ture verses so she could tell someone else how to become a Christian. 


And So Much More 

She soon realized that was not good enough. She had to respond to the 
work of the Holy Spirit in her own life. This led to her personal accept- 
ance of Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. In GAs she learned to pray for 
people she did not know, who lived in places she could not spell and, 
often, could not pronounce, and that God expected her to do that. 

As an intermediate GA and then as a YWA she was increasingly aware 
of how God had purpose for every life, including her own. She partici- 
pated in drama in the church, on two occasions playing the role of a 
woman missionary going out to the mission field with her husband, 
Henrietta Hall Shuck and Ann Judson. The commitment evidenced by 
those women impacted her life. On her first trip to Ridgecrest 
Conference Center (YWA Week 1938), she made a commitment to God 
to go through doors He opened for her. Her prayer, still sustained today, 
was, "Lord, make it real plain. . .so I know it is You opening the door. . .so 
I don't make a mistake." Her testimony is she has spent a lifetime doing 
just that... walking through His doors. 

The story of her lifetime journey would not be believable without 
acknowledging the truth of North Carolina WMU's inspired permanent 
motto: "For ye serve the Lord Christ." Dot said, "I came to see that in 
my inadequacies God's power was going to be seen more clearly, just as 
He had promised in His Word. Can you imagine that!" 

Also elected at the centennial meeting in 1986 were Ann (Mrs. 
Sanford) Smith, Greensboro, first vice president; Donice (Mrs. J. D.) 
Harrod, High Point, second vice president; Mary (Mrs. Alfred) Stancil, 
Rocky Mount, recording secretary, and Shannon Wyrick, Greensboro, 
assistant recording secretary. 

Composing the staff were: 

Executive Director, Nancy Curtis 

Baptist Women Consultant, Suthell Walker 

Mission Friends/BYW Consultant, (position vacant) 

Acteens Consultant, Carolyn Hopkins 

Girls in Action Consultant, Jan High 

Camp Resident Manager, Leland Bingham 

Camp Director/Consultant, Tammy Herring 

Administrative Assistant, Kay Bissette 

Secretary/Receptionist, Belle Wilson 

Financial Secretary, Diane Hurlbut 

Secretary, Violet Matthews 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


The state leadership met with the events, messages and drama of the 
centennial meeting still fresh and penetrating in their minds and 
hearts. They had heard Dr. William O'Brien, executive vice president of 
the Southern Baptist Foreign Mission Board, call on Baptist women to 
lead the Southern Baptist Convention from controversy and division to 
new levels of commitment and unity. He asserted: 

The North Carolina attempt to create a Woman's Central 
Committee was aborted because there was dissension among 
the men. And now, one hundred years later, what's new? I call 
on you again, ladies, rise to the lofty position of servanthood 
and lead us out of this mess. We have lost our way. . .Christ did 
not call us to build an ecclesiastical empire. He mandated us 
to help extend the Kingdom... Women must get a 'God's eye 
view of the world.' He said that such a view comes from get- 
ting back to basics and the Word of God. . . "God is up to some- 
thing bigger than all of us put together." He pointed out that 
Miss Heck had said we were to be prayerful and joyful. 

O'Brien paraphrased some words of Miss Heck: 

As you enter your second century, women of North Carolina, 
make sure the Union is in the Master's hand and not yours. 
That is the only place it is safe. And if you do, when we come 
to the end of our time we'll be able to say to Him, '0, King and 
Master, it was not for the Union's sake we served but it was for 
Your sake that we placed the Union in your hands and we were 
willing to make whatever change necessary, whatever sacri- 
fice... to be berated, persecuted, relegated as second class citi- 
zens in the Kingdom of God... whatever it takes to enable 
every person in the world to know that You love them and You 
are not dead.' 

"Rise up, women of God, have done with lesser things, with 
heart and mind and soul and voice, serve the King of Kings and lead 
us out. . . " O'Brien challenged as the final session drew to a close and 
applause reverberated from the audience of more than 3,000 people 
(Minutes from annual meeting 1986). 

Dot Allred commented that the celebration was such an awesome 


And So Much More 

experience that no one could have entered fully into those days and 
ever be the same again. Using terminology of the electronic/informa- 
tion age, she said, "We were fast forwarded into the next one hundred 

The responsibilities of the presidency were well known to the new 
president. She had watched other presidents since 1953 when, just 
back from Carver School of Missions and Social Work and Southern 
Seminary with her pastor husband, she attended her first annual WMU 
meeting, in Asheville. 

Dot Allred already realized North Carolina had long been the envy of 
some other states because of its full, uniquely gifted staff with their 
willingness to live out their commitment to missions through 
Woman's Missionary Union in North Carolina. It had always seemed 
clear that no staff member served without the unmistakable awareness 
she was exactly where God wanted her to be, with the sense of a divine 
call. Dot said, "I felt that together we could be a strong, fast-forward- 
ing team, with each participant bringing her own ideas and spiritual 
gifts to the table for consideration, and with all of us realizing our 
dependence on the strong, continual leading of the Holy Spirit as an 
absolute essential." 

It came as something of a surprise to each president when she was 
newly elected to realize how highly respected she and her staff were, 
and how they were sought for consultation and encouragement by 
leadership from other states and national WMU. North Carolina 
women had continued to be out front in giving leadership in many 
areas of the work, first meeting their own needs as they understood 
them, then realizing it was a need others also had. They continued to 
freely give and share ideas, plans, and time to strengthen the work and 
assist beyond their own geographical boundaries. 

At the 1986 annual meeting of Woman's Missionary Union, 
Southern Baptist Convention, North Carolina was presented a plaque 
for the most growth in the number of organizations, a distinct honor. 
It reflected the emphasis and efforts toward growth by women 
throughout the state. The total membership, according to 1985 statis- 
tics, was 141,545, and 10,568 organizations. 

For the most part, North Carolina followed the themes and 
emphases developed by state elected officers and staff and the national 
officers and staff. SBC plans were adopted at the Executive Board meet- 
ing in Birmingham each January. With their own ideas and sugges- 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


tions already a part of formulating anything that was being promoted, 
state staffs returned to their states to implement plans in keeping with 
their own needs and, often, resources. It was an almost unbelievable, 
workable, process, with such spiritual power moving it along that Dot 
Allred coined the phrase, "Only God." 

1988 WMU SBC Centennial 

With the year 1988 marking the 100th anniversary of WMU, SBC, 
North Carolina women were involved in the early planning stages, 
along with leadership from all of the other states, for the celebration 
of this historic milestone. The meeting would be held in Richmond, 
Virginia, May 13-14, 1988. North Carolina's Bea McRae had been 
elected to chair the Centennial Committee. 

The theme for the 1988 year was "A Century to Celebrate — A 
Future to Fulfill." The Second Century Fund, established on May 14 
at the meeting, was an endowment fund. The earnings were to help 
foster WMU leadership development in the United States and abroad, 
including assistance to WMU-type organizations on mission fields and 
WMU emphasis at Southern Baptist seminaries. Dot Allred from North 
Carolina was named to chair the Second Century Fund Committee. 
National goals for the celebration meshed well with those already a 
part of North Carolina's 1986 centennial commitments. 

In 1987 Bea McRae visited Panama and spoke at the Panama WMU 
annual meeting and in some churches. In 1988 Bea served as Bible 
teacher at the Panama WMU Baptist Women Seminar. During these 
sessions with the Panamanian women she challenged them to save 
their money and join other Baptist Women in the United States cele- 
brating the WMU Centennial in Richmond, VA, in May 1988. 

Betty Jo (Mrs. Bob) Hensley, a North Carolina missionary, and 
other missionaries, picked up the challenge and encouraged the 
women to attend the celebration. 

1988 brought political unrest in Panama. In early spring President, 
Manuel Noriega, closed the banks and the women could not get to their 
savings for the trip. North Carolina Baptist Women began praying for 
the situation. By the grace of God, sixty women, including some mis- 
sionaries, were able to borrow money from family and friends for their 
airline tickets. Women in churches in Richmond opened their hearts 
and homes to these ladies. NC WMU gave each lady a bag containing 
food and other needed items. 


And So Much More 

The Panamanian ladies added much to the celebration. Their color- 
ful dresses and just their presence reminded us of God's goodness and 
the fact that with God all things are possible. Letters were received after 
they returned home telling of the life changing experiences for many 
who had attended the historic celebration. God again had enabled 
women to do what He wanted them to do and we celebrated His good- 
ness. We trust the impact of this Centennial Celebration will be passed 
on to the next generation. 

Leadership Training 

In North Carolina "Only God" could do what was happening when 
state leadership went to the leadership conferences held for associa- 
tional leadership teams in the late summer each year. Between 500 and 
600 associational leaders came for training. Locations varied from year 
to year, but usually the locations were either Fruitland Bible Institute 
in Hendersonville, Caraway Conference Center at Asheboro, or North 
Carolina Baptist Assembly at Caswell. Those attending returned to their 
respective associations and duplicated, sometimes expanding with their 
own ideas, the training they had received. This provided training for the 
leadership teams in the local churches. 

Over a ten year period this translated into about 5,500 trained asso- 
ciational leaders. This number was further multiplied as the associa- 
tional leaders trained leaders for the churches. Both experienced and 
new leaders attended. Everyone received current information, new 
ideas, and methods for involving more women, children, families and 
churches in the total mission effort. 

Meeting of North American Baptist Women 

In 1987 a bus was chartered for North Carolina women to attend the 
North American Baptist Women's Meeting in Niagara Falls, Canada. Tour 
hostesses were Bernice Cross, Suthell Walker and Dot Allred. Meeting 
within sight and sound of the mighty Niagara Falls, the meeting itself was 
overwhelming. Baptist women were there from throughout the hemi- 
sphere speaking many different languages. Hearing about their interest 
in studying missions, their sacrifices to give to missions and to be 
involved in missions with other women, made the North Carolina women 
search their own hearts for the quality of their commitments. 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


Mission Study 

In North Carolina there was a continuing effort to prepare teachers for 
teaching mission study books in the local churches. There was encour- 
agement to make the studies church-wide for men and women, with age- 
level studies provided for all the age-levels, including Mission Friends. 
Sometimes separate Mission Study Institutes were held in one or more 
locations in the state to train teachers. Sometimes the teaching helps and 
promotion were given as a part of the annual training of associational lead- 
ership. Some churches invited other churches to join them for a study. If 
more classes were provided in more churches, more people attended. It 
appears more teachers were equipped to teach in the years when the 
Mission Study Institutes were held. 

Some churches resisted giving prime time for church-wide mission 
study and other mission events. Other churches joined in whole-hearted- 
ly with total church support. Many pastors volunteered to teach a mission 
study, when invited. In addition, a number of laymen in the state have 
been involved for many years in teaching missions, sometimes teaching 
the same book more than 20 times in different churches. One successful 
approach for presenting mission information from a book has been to use 
several people, instead of just one teacher, in the presentation,and to use 
drama and role playing. Sometimes many people have been involved in 
providing a setting for the particular area of the world to be studied. For 
instance:, a large tent erected for a study of the beginning of mission work 
among early Americans; the erection of the nose of an airplane, with those 
attending showing passports as they "boarded" the plane for their trip to a 
mission field. Such extra effort enabled more people to learn what God was 
and is doing through Southern Baptists. 

In almost every association there are willing, outstanding women who 
have felt teaching is their area of giftedness and their special missions 
ministry. With good, prepared teachers, some churches have continued 
church-wide studies for more than 35 years. No better method has been 
devised to keep people informed about what God is doing in the world. 

Spiritual Life Development 

A focus on spiritual development continued during these years with 
the issuance of a revised edition of Spiritual Live Development, a book 
by Mildred McMurray. Women knew they could not go beyond their 
own personal relationship with Jesus Christ in ministering to others. 


And So Much More 

Emphasis was placed on Bible Study, personal devotional time, prayer 
and worship. Teaching this book, and prayer retreats, helped women 
deepen and strengthen their relationship with the Lord. 

Efforts were made to identify spiritual gifts and help women find 
God's will for their lives as they lived out their faith. Yours for the 
Giving, a book by Barbara Joiner, challenged and enabled women to rec- 
ognize the spiritual gifts God had given them individually, and how 
these were a part of the whole of God's purposes for the world. Women 
learned the difference between talents and gifts and that no one was 
without at least one spiritual gift, something eye-opening and exciting. 

The theme for the WMU year was "Empowered." Esther Burroughs 
wrote Empowered — Reclaiming the Meaning of Missions Through the 
Power of the Holy Spirit, a book which was studied in Baptist Women's 
group meetings, in prayer retreats and individually. 

Partnership Missions 

North Carolina WMU continued to cooperate with all the efforts of 
the Baptist State Convention in partnership missions, many times 
alongside Baptist Men. In every setting women have been a part of the 
teams: in Togo, West Africa, in Europe, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in South 
Africa, in the Ukraine, in New York, in Ohio, in West Virginia, in 
Pennsylvania. New partnerships were being formed every year. 

In the partnership efforts North Carolina WMU would send two or 
more women to the country ahead of time, meet with missionaries on 
the field and with Baptist leadership among the women. It was an effort 
to determine the best way for North Carolina to help the women of that 
country to do what they felt God wanted them to do. NC WMU leader- 
ship has always believed that just moving in with an American idea that 
met needs in North Carolina would not be the best use of resources. 
Such efforts probably would not be effective, nor appreciated. The help 
given has taken many forms: 

How to enlist other women for missions 
How to start Bible classes for women 
How to plan and conduct a day camp for children 
Teaching skills that could provide a cottage-type source of 

How to tell someone else about Jesus 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


Each year and each new partnership brings new challenges. 

Representing North Carolina WMU, Dot Allred went to Sao Paulo, 
Brazil for the annual meeting of the state executive board of the 
Woman's Missionary Society and a meeting of the Ministers' Wives from 
the state of Sao Paulo. She visited numerous Baptist churches in 
Campinas and visited and spoke at a hilltop mission where missionaries 
Paul and Peggy Stouffer attended. Twelve GA girls met before the night 
service. It was a treasured experience. 

Although Dot had participated in another overseas partnership earli- 
er, the work in Brazil was very different. She learned so much from the 
missionaries by observing them at work, being in their homes, and talk- 
ing with them. She also learned from being in the homes of some 
American lay people who work with corporations in that country but 
also actively align themselves with what Baptists are doing. Also attend- 
ing the Sao Paulo state meetings, and representing the North Carolina 
partnership, were Dr. Roy Smith, executive director-treasurer of the 
Baptist State Convention, and 0. D. Martin, North Carolina's coordina- 
tor for the Brazilian partnership, along with Barbara, his wife and 
Priscila, their daughter. The Martins had served as missionaries to Sao 
Paulo before returning to work in North Carolina. 

Another one of Dot's "Only God" experiences occurred as she traveled 
from Miami to Rio. Traveling alone, she had already questioned her san- 
ity when she could not understand what was being said in the airport in 
Miami. What would she do in Rio and Sao Paulo? Not to worry. God was 
already there. Seated on the plane for the night long flight she learned 
the fine looking young man sitting beside her was an exchange student 
from Sao Paulo, returning home after a year in Canada. He could speak 
fluent English, Portuguese and French. The tall, athletic young man 
took Dot by the arm and guided her through all the lines in Rio, sup- 
ported her with his presence during a six-hour delay, and through all 
the backed-up lines in Sao Paulo. "Only God." 

The interest in far away partnership missions continued but did not 
detract from the importance of every individual being on mission wher- 
ever God placed him or her. An increased emphasis was given to Family 
Missions, with efforts to involve whole family units in one or more mis- 
sion efforts. This took on new meaning in church communities as fam- 
ilies prayed for their own mission opportunity and responded as God led 
through the years. Many women were making personal commitments 
to a missions lifestyle. Chapter 15 has stories, which are examples of 


And So Much More 

what God has done and is doing beyond anything that could have been 
imagined or dreamed. 

There was a continuing challenge to total stewardship of life. It con- 
tinued to manifest itself in the lives of singles, couples, families, and 
retirees, with the goal that every Christian, at home, in the market 
place and wherever their daily walks led them, would be sharing Christ 
by the way they lived as well as by their conversation. 

Expanding Ministries 

North Carolina Baptist women continued to give encouragement, 
insight and foresight to expanding ministries. They began to see more 
opportunities for missions near home. Rest homes, being built in every 
community, became not just places to deliver a fruit basket, but an 
opportunity to make life more meaningful and to share the importance 
of Jesus in a life, no matter the age. It was recognized many people in 
nursing homes and retirement centers were not Christians. Through 
WMU conferences, and other ways, North Carolina women began to 
help Christians living in senior adult settings to carry on ministries 
they had not had time to do earlier in life. God still had purpose and 
meaning for their lives. 

Ethnic groups were settling in almost every area of the state, but 
more heavily in and near the larger cities. Former foreign mission 
groups had become neighbors. This was a challenge for concerned 
Christians. To reach these new neighbors called for a fresh commitment 
to missions since providing funds for someone far away was sometimes 
easier than ministering and witnessing close at hand. But God just 
touched a mission group here, another one there and Bible studies 
began, mothers were helped with the language and new church groups 
were started. 

The women of North Carolina have never lost sight of the responsi- 
bility to care for children. A statewide project was planned in 1991 for 
the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina. WMU's concern for this 
ministry dates back to 1887. A shower of needed items for the different 
campuses was planned, with the contributions to be brought to 
Ridgecrest at the Missions Extravaganza (annual session) that year. The 
response was overwhelming. Trucks had to be sent to pick up the show- 
er gifts. An abundance of school and other supplies was sent to the 
Homes as an expression of love and concern of the women of North 
Carolina. The shower was repeated a second year, with different items 

Ordinary People, Extraordinary God 


requested. Once again the women gave in abundance. The Homes asked 
that it not be repeated the next year — they were out of storage space for 
supplies, even after sharing with other agencies and institutions. 

In reflecting on her years with North Carolina WMU, Dot Allred said, 
"To me, the genius of Woman's Missionary Union is that it is made up 
of, and is representative of, the grassroots women in North Carolina. 
Women in rural North Carolina as well as women in every community, 
town and hamlet, and women from the largest churches in our cities, 
are an integral part of all we are. Through the years they have followed 
good, strong, focused-on-missions leadership in the state. They take the 
good ideas and put arms and feet to them in missions education and 
involvement. Everybody is somebody! That ownership is taken serious- 
ly.. .There really is no limit to what God can do through the women who 
are Woman's Missionary Union in North Carolina... and He does so 
much more than they can even dream or imagine." 

Chapter Eight 

Nancy Curtis, perhaps more than any other one person, saw the 
potential for strengthening missions through the many Baptist 
women who were living out their faith as teachers, college pro- 
fessors, school administrators, lawyers, doctors, nurses, government 
officials, corporate leaders, ministers' wives, and the like. Women from 
all walks of life were attending the many retreats, spiritual growth con- 
ferences, BYW conventions, Baptist Women's events and age-level lead- 
ership conferences being held to meet the identified needs of women in 
today's world. Through the years the organization had maintained an 
executive board of some of the finest, most committed, Christian women 
to be found anywhere. With unwavering commitments to homes and 
families, the women were aware God continued to open doors in their 
lives. Coming from their myriad walks of daily life, the board represent- 
ed almost every field of endeavor. They came to the board after first serv- 
ing effectively in the local church and often, in the association. 

Baptist Nursing Fellowship 

Nurses made up one of the professional groups. With the encourage- 
ment and support of NC WMU, and with the enthusiastic, persistent 
efforts of Dr. Ellen Tabor, a former foreign missionary to Korea, the 
North Carolina Baptist Nursing Fellowship was organized February 12, 
1983 as interested nurses met at Caraway Conference Center. Inez 
Arant, Charlotte, was elected the first president. Suedel Bedsaul suc- 
ceeded her. Nancy Curtis served as executive director. 


Women, Learning to Lean on Jesus and Each Other 


Nancy Curtis, Ellen Tabor (Mrs. Charles), June Whitlow, NC Baptist Nursing Fellowship 

Later that year, November 3-5, 1983, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 
the national Baptist Nursing Fellowship was organized with North 
Carolinian Dr. Ellen Tabor serving as founding president. Later, June 
Whitlow, from the national WMU staff, was named the BNF executive 
director for the national organization. 

The BNF published The Lamplighter a national publication. In North 
Carolina the state publication to keep nurses informed was named The 

Objectives and Purposes of the organization are; 

• To provide opportunities for sharing, worshipping, minister- 
ing and witnessing through Christian professional fellowship. 

• To provide opportunities for learning and educational expe- 
riences through Bible study, ethical study, and evaluation of 
denominational work and professional education. 

• To provide opportunities for expanded Christian service and 
witness through mission support with local, state, home and 
foreign ministries, disaster relief, and personal involvement in 
mission service individually or collectively, as led by the Holy 


And So Much More 

Since its early beginnings in North Carolina, and nationally, the BNF 
has enthusiastically responded to training opportunities. Some 11.5 
hours of accreditation training was given at Ridgecrest Conference 
Center one year. There have been countless other training opportuni- 
ties. Membership has continued to grow even though the number of 
people entering the nursing field declines each year. 

The ministry of Parish Nursing has been encouraged and advanced 
through the organization. The concept of Parish Nursing was pio- 
neered by Hospital Chaplain/Professor Granger Westburg. It is gener- 
ally felt a nurse is the best suited health professional to serve as a min- 
istry team member in the church. Some churches have been working 
with this program for several years, others are inquiring about it. BNF 
is there to help. 

North Carolina BNF volunteers have responded to mission needs in 
numerous settings, including South Africa, Togo, Ukraine, New York, 
and Bosnia. The first medical/dental team went to Bosnia in 1990 and 
went again in March 2000. Nurses have been provided for the hundreds 
of girls who attend Camp Mundo Vista each summer. In cooperation 
with North Carolina Baptist Men, nurses have responded to disaster 
calls in almost ever area of our country where tornadoes, floods, hurri- 
canes, and other disasters, have struck. They've also provided medical 
assistance with the medical/dental van as it has traveled to many church 
sites and communities in North Carolina. It is impossible to count the 
number of those who have participated as they have focused on min- 
istry, not on taking credit for what is being done. There are between 20 
to 25 local BNF organizations in the state with approximately 250 mem- 
bers enrolled. 

BNF members have experienced the reality of God's promise that He 
will do abundantly more than we can even dream or imagine. One 
example-, is what nurses in the Stoneville area, under the sponsorship of 
First Baptist Church of Eden, are doing in providing an ongoing min- 
istry to a community known as "Little Mexico." They immediately 
responded to help when a devastating tornado struck the area. The ini- 
tial assistance was followed with ongoing efforts to meet the needs of 
this community. Medical/health needs are being met through a health 
fair and health and nutrition classes. 

BNF leaders have joined other Christian nursing organizations to 
promote observance of "Nurse Appreciation Week" in May each year. 
They encourage churches to honor nurses in their congregations, to 

Women, Learning to Lean on Jesus and Each Other 


give ongoing prayer support for their ministry wherever their work 
takes them, and to pray for more young people to consider the field of 
nursing as a mission assignment — whether at home or abroad. 

Women in Ministry 

In 1978 WMU and ten SBC agencies co-sponsored a Consultation on 
Women in Church-Related Vocations. This grew out of a concern for 
the slowdown of the number of women going into missions. The result 
was a plan of action by WMU to encourage women in church-related 
vocations. Increased attention was given through articles in publica- 
tions. Dinners for women in church-related vocations were held in 
connection with annual meetings in 1979, 1982 and 1986 (History of 
Woman's Missionary Union, A Century to Celebrate, by Catherine B. 
Allen, Woman's Missionary Union, Birmingham, AL). 

After the 1986 meeting some of the participants laid plans to form a 
permanent Women in Ministry organization. WMU assisted this group 
each year by arranging a meeting place prior to the WMU, SBC annu- 
al meeting, and with clerical work. 

The WMU SBC received several letters of criticism for their support 
of the new Women in Ministry group. In 1985 the Southern Baptist 
Convention passed a resolution encouraging support of women in all 
aspects of Christian work "other than pastoral functions involving 
ordination" (1985 Southern Baptist Convention Annual). 

Carolyn Weatherford, then executive director for WMU SBC, said, 
'The word minister doesn't mean ordination. Each church decides 
whether to ordain its staff members.... One of WMU's important jobs is 
'to create an environment through which persons can hear and 
respond to God's call to missions.' If WMU is to be honest with girls 
about listening to God's call, we must be informed and concerned 
about the problems they encounter" (A Century to Celebrate, by Allen, 

In North Carolina there had been growing concern about the slow- 
ing response by women to God's call to career missions, at home and 
abroad. Through camps, age-level meetings, and the regular meetings 
for children and youth in the churches, an environment was created in 
which participants could recognize how God had gifted them and had 
purpose for each of their lives. No life was unimportant to God and His 
purposes for the world. 

It became clear God was calling out some of the finest young women 


And So Much More 

in North Carolina for ministry and witness. They were being encour- 
aged and educated, with the help of parents and churches, to be all God 
wanted them to be. 

WMU stood alongside young women in college and seminary as they 
yielded themselves to the leading of God's Holy Spirit. Strong YWA 
and/or BYW organizations on some college campuses provided addi- 
tional support and an entree for state WMU personnel and furloughing 
missionaries to get to know these young women, and for some, to 
develop a mentor relationship. 

When Women in Ministry organized in North Carolina, WMU gave 
encouragement and support to individuals and to the group, partici- 
pating on programs, helping with publicity and promotion. Young 
women in the churches, colleges and seminaries turned to WMU lead- 
ership for encouragement, prayer support, and help as they pursued 
the area of service to which God was calling them, especially if they 
were being called into non-traditional roles of ministry. The motto 
adopted by NCWMU shortly after its organization often came to mind: 
"For Ye Serve the Lord Christ.... Colossians 3:14." 

Some of the finest young women who have come from North 
Carolina Baptist homes and churches, discipled and nurtured in the 
church and missions organizations, and educated in Baptist schools 
and seminaries, now serve effectively and successfully as pastors in 
Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian and other evangelical churches. A 
few serve Southern Baptist churches. 

Ministers' Wives 

WMU leadership in North Carolina has always considered the role of 
the wife of a minister (pastor, education, music.) to be a very chal- 
lenging one, and have made efforts to stand alongside her in whatever 
ways they could. Although the pastor's wife was the primary leader in 
organizing, encouraging, and otherwise giving leadership to WMU 
organizations in some churches (as evidenced earlier in this history), it 
was never the intent of the state WMU leadership to assume that was the 
only calling for the wife of a church staff member. However, some 
churches, because of their specific needs, have assumed a particular 
role belonged to the minister's wife, perhaps serving in Sunday School, 
music, youth, or missions organizations. 

WMU in North Carolina has made concerted efforts to affirm women 
in whatever way they felt God had gifted them to live out their faith. 

Women, Learning to Lean on Jesus and Each Other 


Conferences and retreats have been held to include professional 
women, women who had never assumed any responsibility outside the 
home, the young, the middle-aged, the upper-aged, women from the 
cities and women from the farms. 

In the early 1960's a group of ministers' wives from the Edenton area 
of the state realized they, along with other ministers' wives, needed 
each other. They recognized some young ministers' wives were strug- 
gling with pressures, responsibilities, families, husbands, and feeling 
they had nowhere to turn for help. The Edenton group contacted Dr. 
Olin Binkley, then at Southern Seminary in Louisville, for assistance. 
The consultations and planning resulted in the first Retreat for 
Ministers' Wives. It was held on the campus of Southeastern Seminary. 

WMU provided some of the conference leaders at the first retreat and 
have done it many more times during the years. This is not a WMU 
organization. The very able officers and program people for the 
Ministers' Wives organization have consistently encouraged and pro- 
vided support and fellowship opportunities to meet the identified needs 
of this extremely important group of uniquely gifted women. 

The annual summer retreat for Ministers' Wives is now held at 
Caraway Conference Center. Churches are encouraged to send their 
minister's wife, providing the cost of the three-day retreat. WMU feels 
its role for these women is to be their "cheerleader," always affirming 
and assisting them when they have opportunity to do so. A meeting of 
ministers' wives is also held each year preceding the annual meeting of 
the Baptist State Convention. 

In 1997 Betsy McSwain, a pastor's wife, was contracted by WMU as a 
staff assistant, leading out in the ministries for ministers' spouses. 

Chapter Nine 

By Pat Ritchie Liles/Dot Allred 

During the 1960's, interest in summer camps continued to grow 
and the need for camp facilities became apparent. In a WMU 
executive board meeting in January 1967 Emma Benfield, presi- 
dent, appointed a camp committee and named Sara (Mrs. A. Leroy) 
Parker, immediate past president, as chairperson. Their assignment was 
to bring recommendations regarding camps to the board. 

The camp committee visited facilities at Fruitland Bible Institute and 
Camp, located near Hendersonville, and Camp Caraway near Asheboro. 
After much prayer, many long meetings, and hikes up and down undevel- 
oped terrains, the committee concluded the land adjoining Camp Caraway 
was best suited to WMU's needs. In accordance with earlier action, a com- 
munication was sent to the executive committee of the General Board of 
the Baptist State Convention requesting permission to build a state WMU 
Camp on 130 acres of land in the southwest portion of the area owned by 
the Baptist State Convention, across the road from Camp Caraway. Ed 
Bullock, Brotherhood director, was in agreement with the request. 

As chairperson of the camp committee, Mrs. Parker made the fol- 
lowing recommendation for presentation to the General Board on July 
10, 1967: 

"(1) that the North Carolina Baptist Convention be requested to pur- 
chase one acre of land adjoining the southwest corner of the previous- 
ly requested 130 acres in order to provide a safer and more convenient 
access to the proposed camp site, and 

"(2) that Woman's Missionary Union be given permission to borrow 
$250,000 to build on the proposed property." 

At the January 5, 1968 executive board meeting consideration was 
given to a name for the proposed camp near Asheboro. After several 
castings of ballots, the name "Mundo Vista" was chosen. The Rev. Hoyle 
Allred had suggested the name after talking with Iris (Gigi) Garcia 


Camp Mundo Vista 


Gonzolas, a Cuban student. It is a loose Spanish translation for "World 

In January 1969, Sara Ann Hobbs, executive director, and the finance 
committee recommended a plan for paying off the indebtedness on 
Camp Mundo Vista in two years. Each church was asked to set a goal of 
$1.00 per member for the Heck-Jones Memorial Offering for WMU pro- 
motion for two consecutive years. 

On a very hot June 26, 1969 Camp Mundo Vista was dedicated. The 
dream, acquisition and development of the facility provide a rich histo- 
ry of how the women, husbands, and families became involved in mak- 
ing it happen. 

Janet Wilson, former Young People's Secretary for North Carolina, 
composed the official song for Mundo Vista. 

When His hunger haunts our hearts 

It is time for us to start for Mundo Vista. 

Templed woods, God set apart 

As altars for our questing hearts to share. 

High in the hills of Carolina 

Like warm sun shining 

He sends his glorious presence. 

Heaven speaks through nature's sounds, 
And sparkling laughter's found at Mundo Vista. 
Cherished days are clearly crowned 
With visions high to send us on our way. 

We cannot stay at Mundo Vista. 

A hungry world is waiting to be shown 

How much our Saviour cares. 

Sara Ann Hobbs, in her message at the dedication, said: "It is not sur- 
prising to us that the majority of women appointed as missionaries 
came to this decision while at a camp such as this. We do not aim to call 
all girls to mission fields, but we do aim to develop that heart sensitiv- 
ity to the voice of God that makes it easy for Him to be heard and makes 
it imperative that He be followed." 

A decoupage plaque of the litany of dedication, written by Emma 
Benfield and used at the dedication of the camp, hangs in the lobby of 


And So Much More 

the activity building at Mundo Vista. Sybil Warren (Mrs. C. C.) made and 
presented it to Mundo Vista at the executive board meeting held at the 
camp on May 12, 1971. 

Camp Mundo Vista opened for its first summer season in 1969. It was 
directed by Jolene Ivey, the North Carolina state Acteens director. 
Staffers were a contingent of carefully chosen young women, college 
students or college graduates, who would work directly with the 
campers in this new setting. The dogwoods, oaks, maples, poplars, and 
other native trees, were pushed back on the hilltop to make room for 
the cabins and unit lodges. The camp design made the most of the nat- 
ural setting, creating a place where it would be easy to focus on the 
world God had created, an environment where campers see themselves 
in God's great plan for all of His creation. It was easy to hear His voice 
in quiet times, in small groups, and in vespers, away from the daily dis- 
tractions of the busy, industrialized towns and cities and the busy farms 
of the state where they lived. 

A camp committee was named by the executive board to give atten- 
tion to needs of the camp facility and its overall use. It became a work- 
ing committee as the members began to see ways they could help. They 
were really laborers together with God and with each other. They made 
reports and recommendations to the executive board. Years later the 
chairman of the camp committee was made a member of the executive 
board. The camp committee did not provide programming. Program 
planning was done by the appropriate staff member/s or group sched- 
uled to use the camp facilities. 

It was obvious that keeping Mundo Vista clean, available and sched- 
uled for use during the "off season," when there were no GA camps, 
would require fulltime attention. The camp committee, in 1971, rec- 
ommended the employment of Rev. Jason Lee as the first fulltime main- 
tenance .superintendent. Rev. Lee and his wife, Margie, worked at 
Mundo Vista until 1976. They lived in an apartment in the basement of 
the dining hall. 

Prayer Retreats of the 1970's, planned by Kathryn Bullard and led 
by Martha Franks, along with many home and foreign missionaries, 
gave adult women the opportunity to spend time in the "templed" 
woods known as Mundo Vista. These special weekends were followed 
in later years by Baptist Young Women's Retreats, Mother/Daughter 
Camps, as well as retreats and training weekends for leaders of WMU 
age-level organizations. Mundo Vista was no longer just the GA Camp, 

Camp Mundo Vista 


it was the North Carolina WMU 

In 1973 the outdoor chapel was 
landscaped and remodeled as a 
memorial to Fran Gilreath, Camp 
Mundo Vista's first camp nurse. Deep 
sadness had fallen on the WMU fam- 
ily with news of the tragic early 
morning death of Fran Gilreath, 
killed April 6, 1973, when the driver 
of another car was blinded by the 
early morning sun. The daughter of 
Betty (WMU vice president) and 
Frank Gilreath, Fran was a nurse at 
Duke Hospital who the preceding 
Martha Franks, retired missionary to summer had served as camp nurse at 
China at Mundo Vista Camp Mundo Vista. Earlier she had 

specialized in nursing care for termi- 
nally ill children at Emory University Medical Center. Her memorial 
service reflected the influence on her life of her years in GAs and other 
mission organizations in Saint John's Baptist Church in Charlotte. 

Jolene Ivey served as camp director until 1975, followed by Pat 
Ritchie 1976 and 1978. In 1978 Tommy Bridges was employed as the 
first resident manager for Camp Mundo Vista. The apartment under the 
dining hall proved to be inadequate for the couple who had two daugh- 
ters, Missy and Andrea. The Camp Committee made building a home for 
the resident manager the number one building priority. 

That bicentennial year was the beginning of several years of the CYO 
(Committed Youthful Offenders) Retreats. These retreats, staffed by the 
Mundo Vista summer camp staffs, were held for a small group of youth- 
ful offenders from Cameron Morrison Youth Center. 

In the fall of 1976 Carolyn Hopkins was employed as Acteens 
Director for NC WMU. As such she became the director of Camp 
Mundo Vista for 1977. Caroline McManus was the Mundo Vista Camp 
director in 1979. 

In the summer of 1978 North Carolina WMU began providing a lim- 
ited number of scholarships for girls recommended by the county 
departments of social services. These scholarships allowed girls, who 
otherwise would never have been able to attend a camp, to have their 


And So Much More 

Beth McDonald, Camp Committee Chairman and Nancy Curtis, WMU Executive 
Director, with Pat and Leland Bingham 

first opportunity to learn about the love of Jesus Christ and accept Him 
as their personal Saviour. 

Mundo Vista also became a place to minister to prisoners. Because of 
WMU's good relationship with the staff of the North Carolina 
Correctional Center for Women, and the existence of the tall fence sur- 
rounding the camp, North Carolina WMU was granted the privilege of 
hosting a weekend camp retreat at Mundo Vista for fifteen to eighteen 
long term inmates (15-18) and staff members from NCCCW. These spe- 
cial retreats were, and are, staffed by members of the NC WMU staff, the 
executive board, and other volunteers. 

Tommy Bridges accomplished much during his years at Mundo Vista, 
including painting all the main buildings, lodges and cabins. He also 
developed a painting schedule for all of the camp buildings. WMU was 
saddened in 1978 by the resignation of Tommy and Peggy Bridges. 

In 1979 Leland Bingham was employed to be the Mundo Vista resi- 
dent manager. That year Leland and Pat Bingham moved into the new 
resident manager's home with their daughter Heather. 

After the 1979 summer camps, the camp committee decided to 
employ a young woman each year to direct the camps at Mundo Vista. 
This decision came in part because of WMU's decision to begin using 
various camps around the state to hold GA and Acteens Camps, giving 
more girls the opportunity to attend a camp. WMU also held the 

Camp Mundo Vista 


Associational Leadership Team Workshops during the summer months. 
This meant age-level directors could not lead workshops in the east and 
in the west during the summer camp season at Mundo. The age-level 
workshops were essential to the training and promotion of what each 
organization would be doing during the coming year. So a separate 
camp director was needed, one who was not also serving as an age-level 

In addition to the weeks of camps at Mundo Vista, traveling camp 
teams were formed and led by Pat Ritchie and Carolyn Hopkins. The 
teams took the program staff, missionaries and program materials 
needed for a full camp experience to several locations, using whatever 
facility the associations could provide. Local leaders assisted. It was a 
long, hot, summer but the camps proved effective and well worth the 

In 1981 Debra McGuire was employed as the first Mundo Vista Camp 
Director and remained in that position through 1984. Others were: 
Tammy Herring, 1985-87; Linda Todd, 1988-1991; Paula O'Briant, 1992 
and 1993; 1994 was shared by Paula O'Briant and Jennifer Long. 
Camilla Hatch directed the 1995 camp season; Teresa Russell 1996; 
Tammy Tate 1997 and 1998, and Laura Pendleton 1999 and 2000. 

From 1979 through 1989 many improvements were made at Mundo 
Vista. Ceiling fans were installed in the guest lodge; the dining hall 
began using a food service; Bill Jackson rebuilt the platform at the 
Outdoor Chapel and repaired many of the chapel benches. Many camp 
paths were repaired, including the terracing of the Outdoor Chapel 
path. Several camp buildings were re-roofed and painted. 

The Centennial Building was built in 1985, with substantial funds 
being provided by Friendly Avenue Baptist Church, Greensboro, to 
honor Sara Kanoy Parker, former president. 

Following the retirement of Leland Bingham in 1992, Bob Navey was 
employed as the Mundo Vista resident manager. Working alongside him 
has been his wife, Julie, and their four daughters who have grown up 

After study the executive committee decided to renovate Mundo 
Vista. Earlier a dream team studying renovations for Camp Mundo Vista 
had worked and planned long and diligently, spending time at the camp 
and developing promotional materials. However, with the resignation of 
the campaign chairman, Nancy Hunter, the campaign did not move as 
hoped. The women finally admitted they could encourage themselves 


And So Much More 

and others to give to state, home and foreign missions, but they were 
not good at raising money for what was considered very much a WMU 
missions effort. 

Woman's Missionary Union signed a forty-nine year lease with the 
Baptist State Convention for Camp Mundo Vista which includes an 
option to renew for another forty-nine years. New plans were being 
considered to fund the extensive work needed to update these special 
facilities where so many young people had heard and responded to 
God's call to missions around the world. Bea and Horace McRae, 
because of their long time commitment to Mundo Vista, agreed to 
lead the effort. 

With the help of consultant Herb Kennedy, a Master Plan for Camp 
Mundo Vista was adopted in 1992. With this new Master Plan came 
more dreams of what Mundo Vista could be. A dream team was appoint- 
ed and Kathryn Bullard, retired WMU executive director from Virginia, 
graciously responded to the invitation to share her expertise in plan- 
ning and successfully providing funds for the recently completed WMU 
camp in Virginia. 

WMU President Ann Smith, the McRaes, and others worked diligent- 
ly to raise money that would be needed. As stated earlier, many people 
have given much time and hard work toward securing the needed 
funds. It is an ongoing effort. To help the money secured go further it 
was decided to use volunteers to do much of the work under the super- 
vision of a project coordinator. 

Sanford (Sandy) Smith, retired director of administrative services for 
the City of Greensboro, and husband of WMU President Ann Smith, was 
knowledgeable and loved Mundo Vista. He was asked to be the first proj- 
ect coordinator for Mundo Vista Renovations. Hundreds of men and 
women worked thousands of hours cleaning, repairing and building to 
help move toward the dreams of the Master Plan. 

Sandy had for many years been closely involved with the volunteer 
programs of Baptist Men, so when North Carolina Baptists agreed to 
help relocate the European Seminary in Ruschlikon, Switzerland to 
Prague, Czech Republic, he wanted to be involved. Sandy suggested to 
the WMU executive board that one of his faithful volunteers, Bob 
Wainwright, a retired director of missions, be asked to replace him as 
project manager. 

Camp Mundo Vista 


Anniversary Celebrated 

On May 21, 1994, the Camp Mundo Vista 25th Anniversary 
Celebration was held at Mundo Vista. Participants heard Bernice Cross 
and Sarah Parker, members of the original camp committee, share their 
first experiences at Mundo Vista. Speakers included former executive 
directors Sara Ann Hobbs and Nancy Curtis, along with Diane Daniels, 
Becki Kellam, Paula O'Briant, Jan High, and Beth McDonald. 

In connection with the anniversary celebration, Theresa and David 
Thomas, staff musicians at First Baptist Church, wrote two songs, the 
"Mundo Vista Hymn" and the "Mundo Vista Camp Song." 

Mundo Vista Hymn 
Words: Theresa Thomas 
Tune: Austrian Hymn 

Quiet mornings in God's presence 

Underneath these lofty trees; 

Wonderment at His creation, 

God speaks to me on the breeze. 

He has called me. He has changed me. 

I must hasten and arise! 

Mundo Vista you have shown me: 

To view the world through God's own eyes. 

Sunset glows in mountain splendor, 

Worship comes with hallowed ease. 

Eager minds and hearts responding 

For our lands and 'cross the seas. 

Glad contentment bids me stay here, 

Yet, I hasten and arise! 

Mundo Vista you have shown me: 

To view the world through God's own eyes. 


Words and Music. Theresa Thomas 
Arranged by David Thomas 
I remember the rock, 
I remember the tree, 
Where God spoke to me. 


And So Much More 

I remember with ease 
The breeze in the leaves 
Where God spoke to me. 

When I experienced His Word, 
His voice clearly heard, 
Calling oh so tenderly. 

I remember the place, 
Where I glimpsed to see 
God's plan for eternity. 

Mundo Vista! "Continuing a legacy 
Thru changed lives." 
Mundo Vista! View of the world 
Thru God's eyes. 

I remember the rills, 
The sun dappled hills, 
Where God spoke to me. 

Where I answered His call 

Gave Him my all, 

Said I'll follow willingly. 

I remember the place, 

Where I began to see 

"Go Ye!" included me. 

Mundo Vista, "Continuing a legacy 

Thru changed lives," 

Mundo Vista! View of the world 

Thru God's eyes.* 

*music is the property of WMU NC, to be used only with the words of 
the Camp Mundo Vista camp song as here given. © 1994. 

Inspiration for the camp song came from Dianne Keck Daniels, for- 
mer missionary to Colombia, who spoke of remembering the rock at 
Mundo Vista where God spoke to her about a commitment to missions. 

Camp Mundo Vista 


Dreaming and Working Toward Goals 

Since 1995 Bob Wainwright has followed the lead of Sandy Smith and 
has used volunteer laborers on most of the projects to improve Camp 
Mundo Vista. He has worked with his own hands as well as supervising 
the volunteers who come in, day after day and week after week. Over the 
years, more than 1,500 volunteers have helped to make the Mundo Vista 
renovation dreams become realities. 

In 1998 the ongoing need for funds for the renovations, and other 
efforts of WMU, led to the addition of Edna Walters as the first 
Development Director for NC WMU. She focused on securing extra funds 
to continue to upgrade the cabins and lodges, including installation of 
bathroom facilities in each cabin. The original rustic facilities began to be 
modernized. The unit bath houses were replaced with in-cabin baths. 

The development director initiated several pilot projects for securing 
additional funds. She challenged the associational WMU leadership to 
enlist all of the women in their association with the goal of securing 
enough money to pay for the total renovation of one cabin. At least thir- 
teen associations were enlisted to be pilot projects. 

When North Roanoke Association was asked to be one of the associa- 
tions to raise $35 per WMU member, including all age-level members, 
their immediate reaction was, "No way!" However, they voted to accept 
the challenge at their annual WMU meeting in April, 1998. The women 
and girls, and even whole families, began to work. They made and sold 
cookbooks, made and sold personalized note cards; suggested the church- 
es honor a "Woman of the Century" from their membership by making a 
gift in her name to the effort. The women did not have the money. They 
had to generate new money. The goal was $105,245. 

Ruby and Wilbur Batchelor were co-chairs of the effort. This dedicated 
team led the people of North Roanoke Association to work hard, and work 
hard they did. Their creativity took many forms: yard sales, spaghetti sup- 
pers, family night dinners, fish fries, pancake suppers, and watermelon 
sales. At their annual meeting in April, 2000, they celebrated exceeding 
the "impossible goal." $106,000 had been given! As a result, two cabins 
could be completely renovated and winterized, with indoor baths added. 

One cabin would be identified as "Ruby and Wilbur Batchelor and 
WMU members of North Roanoke Association Cabin," and the other 
would be the "Donice and J. D. Harrod Cabin." Donice was serving as 
state WMU president when the effort was begun and J. D. was actively 
involved as the director of missions who went beyond the call of duty 


And So Much More 

by designing such things as note cards for resale, and supporting the 
project through articles, the spoken word, and at associational meet- 
ings. He made a photograph of each of the 62 churches in the associa- 
tion and designed note cards for each church to sell. He also supported 
the project of a special Mundo Vista Cookbook. The effort was a unify- 
ing experience and gave the association a sense of joy and satisfaction. 

In the Raleigh Association, Director Hannah Hills asked the WMU to 
accept the challenge of raising $25,000 to renovate a cabin over a three- 
year period. Hannah and Nancy McLean, treasurer, used the associa- 
tional WMU newsletter to promote the need for a cabin renovation and 
the women in the churches responded. Members of the leadership team 
also collected offerings at their events that went to the cabin fund. In 
less than three years the goal was reached. A cabin would be renovated 
in honor of the "WMU of the Raleigh Association." 

Having completed the fund raising efforts for one cabin, the leader- 
ship team knew there were still other cabins not yet adopted for renova- 
tion. Under the leadership of new WMU director, Kay Bissette, and Nancy 
McLean, treasurer, the team voted to adopt another cabin. They agreed 
to raise the funds in honor of Eunice Bland, former WMU director in the 
association and missionary to Nigeria. Again, the team members used 
offerings and promotions in the newsletter to promote the fund. Donna 
Pernell, secretary, made replicas of the cabin to use as table decorations 
and offering collection boxes at meetings. Letters were written to 
Eunice's friends giving them an opportunity to participate in this event. 
Again, in less time than expected, the money was given. Hannah Hills 
and Eunice Bland were honored to cut the ribbons on the newly reno- 
vated cabins during the dedication service at Mundo Vista. 

In 1998-99 Sandy Smith returned as project coordinator to lead vol- 
unteers in building another beautiful and useful building. This build- 
ing, to be used as a unit lodge and multi-purpose building, would be 
named The Bill and Ruth Jackson Building. 

Bill and Ruth Jackson had long been associated with North Carolina 
WMU. Bill was elected secretary of Royal Ambassadors in 1946 when RAs 
were under the supervision of WMU. One of Bill Jackson's primary inter- 
ests was making summer camps available to boys and girls across the 
state. On October 1, 1957, when RA sponsorship was transferred to 
Brotherhood, Bill's involvement and commitment to WMU continued. In 
1967 he was named building supervisor for Camp Mundo Vista. He loved 
Mundo Vista and some felt he knew and protected every tree and shrub 

Camp Mundo Vista 


Ground Breaking Ceremony for the Bill and Ruth Jackson building, Camp Mundo 
Vista, 1998 

on its grounds. The camp committee, executive director, and executive 
board leaned heavily on his wisdom and expertise throughout the years. 

Under his watchful eye, construction had begun in February, 1968, 
and because of his perseverance, the dedication for the camp was held 
on June 26, 1969. It was only fitting that this important building on the 
grounds be dedicated to the Jacksons. 

The printed program for the dedication of the Bill and Ruth Jackson 
Building on February 7, 1998, carried the following: "Bill and Ruth have 
touched the lives of thousands of men, women and children through 
their tireless service. Baptists are indebted to this couple for the sacri- 
fices they have made, the joy they have given to others, and the bless- 
ings received by many." 

Pictures, scrapbooks and formal minutes of meetings give evidence 
that Camp Mundo Vista has touched the lives of thousands of girls over 
the years. Many girls have made their profession of faith in Jesus Christ 
while at camp while others have accepted God's call to His service. Many 
girls have learned of God's love through the daily personal contact with 
loving staffers who took time to listen to them, to answer questions, 
play with them, pray and learn with them, or just to spend time with 
them. We know that multitudes of young women, touched by Christ's 
love while at Mundo Vista, are now mission-minded mothers and lead- 


And So Much More 

ers of WMU organizations and stronger, more effective Christians 
because of their experiences while at camp. 

God has used those who have served on the staff at Mundo Vista and 
even while they served He spoke to them concerning His plan for their 
lives. This is evident in the number of former staffers who are now mis- 
sionaries and who serve in other full time Christian vocations. 

Following is a list of those who have served on camp staff, known to 
the present WMU staff, who are or have been under appointment as mis- 
sionaries or are in what is considered a full time Christian vocation. (If 
you know of others, please write a note to the state WMU office and give 
the name of the former staff member, the year on staff if this is known, 
and where they are now serving.) 

Caroline McManus Jones, Chile 

Dianne Keck Daniels, Japan 

Marcia McQueen, Hospital Chaplain, Eden 

Deborah Duncan Lockey, Minister of Music, pianist, 

Newport, N.C. 
Gloria Grogan, US-2, Chicago; Baptist Women/Special 

Ministries, District of Columbia Baptist Convention 
Pat Ritchie Liles, NC WMU; WMU, SBC 
Bert Baggett Yates, Kenya 
Jolene Ivey, Alabama WMU 
Debra McGuire, Chaplain, USN 

Marsha Spradlin, Christian Writer and Speaker; WMU, SBC 
Jan Rutledge, The Czech Republic 

Mundo Vista has also been the place where several couples met and 
fell in love. 

Bert Baggett was working at Mundo Vista the summer that Jack Yates 
was on staff at Caraway's RA camp. During the several opportunities for 
fellowship between the staffs at Mundo Vista and Caraway, Bert and Jack 
met and a friendship developed that grew over the following years at 
school. Bert and Jack were married in the Outdoor Chapel at Mundo Vista. 

Jan Rutledge related that during the summer of 1984 while she was 
serving on the Mundo Vista staff, she met Kevin Rutledge, a young 
Journeyman who had been serving in Austria. They became friends and 
fell in love. 

Caroline McManus was a camper at Mundo Vista in 1970 and 

Camp Mundo Vista 


returned eight years later to work on the staff. In 1979 she was 
employed by NC WMU as the camp coordinator and director of Mundo 
Vista. While recruiting missionaries for the summer camps, she met 
Archie Jones, a widower and former career missionary to Ecuador. She 
invited him to serve for one week at camp. By the time the camp season 
was over that summer they were engaged to be married. 

Multitudes of young women who were touched by Christ's love while 
at Mundo Vista are now living out a missions lifestyle as career women, 
mothers and leaders in their churches and associations — and wherever 
God leads them in their daily lives. 

Chapter Ten 


Ann Smith 

Ann (Mrs. Sanford) Smith, Greensboro, was elected president in 
1991 in annual session held in Winston-Salem. Ann Melvin was a 
native of Harnett County where her first WMU related experiences 
came through Sunbeams at the Chalybeate Springs Baptist Church. The 
name of Mrs. Annie Andrews stands out in her mind as being the woman 
who kept everything in WMU moving in her church. GAs and state GA 
houseparties at Meredith College, as well as work on her Forward Steps 
to become Queen Regent, led her into 

During Ann's teen years she felt a 
sense of call to missions, but did not 
respond to the call at that time. From 
the time of her GA weekends on the 
campus of Meredith College she had 
wanted to go to school at Meredith. 
That dream was realized and it was 
there she became increasingly aware 
God had a purpose for her life. 

Those were war years. She married a 
young man by the name of Sanford 
Smith who had grown up in her com- 
munity. He served in the Air Force. 
After their military years the couple Ann smith (Mrs. Sanford), President, 
went to Greensboro to live. There Ann 1991-1995 


In Christ's Name; Love, Give, Serve, Go 


became involved in a WMU circle at the Florida Street Baptist Church 
and served as Sunbeams leader. Sara Parker, a pastor's wife in the 
Piedmont association, was serving as president of Woman's Missionary 
Union of North Carolina. She became Ann's mentor, and Ann would 
always be involved with Woman's Missionary Union. 

The Smiths helped establish a new church in Greensboro, the Rolling 
Road Baptist Church. Sanford Smith gave lay leadership and Ann did not 
stop until there was an organized WMU in the church, with all the age- 
level organizations. She became president of the Piedmont Association 
WMU and led twelve of the women in leadership to attend the national 
conventions, WMU, SBC and Southern Baptist Convention, in Norfolk, 
Virginia in 1976. The WMU, under her leadership, adopted a Vietnamese 
family. It was a step of faith and commitment to nurture this family as 
the members established themselves in the United States. 

The years of service through WMU became years of spiritual growth 
and development for Ann Smith. Her focus on the source of strength and 
direction, her Lord, increased through participation in NC WMU prayer 
retreats. Martha Franks, former missionary to China, was often a part of 
these. Ann learned more about her spiritual gifts and how God equips us 
to do what He has for us to do. 

The Smith family built a new house outside of Greensboro, in the 
country, and became members of Pleasant Garden Baptist Church. They 
then realized a responsibility for using their gifts of hospitality to reach 
out to international students and students with special needs. Most of 
the internationals were in the United States to get their education at one 
of the several educational institutions in the Greensboro area. 

Short-term and long-term residents came to the Smith home: a girl 
from Bermuda who had been on drugs, a young man from El Salvador 
in the Interlink program of Guilford County. The Smiths became substi- 
tute "Mom" and "Dad" for a continuing stream of internationals through 
the Piedmont association's Friend-Family program. So they came - black 
and yellow, brown and white. Their ministry would continue as students 
married and their children became the Smith's adopted grandchildren 
with relationships lasting a lifetime. 

After the two Smith sons were grown and gone and aging parents no 
longer needed their attention, the Smiths began to see a place for them 
in volunteer missions. They became one of the first couples to volunteer 
for the Christian Service Corps of the Home Mission Board, working 
with a group of college students in West Virginia. Other opportunities 


And So Much More 

came as Sanford became Homeland Coordinator for Volunteers through 
North Carolina Baptist Men. Their hands-on involvement took them to 
Ohio, New York, West Virginia and Indiana. 

The Smith's world expanded. There was the venture into foreign mis- 
sions. They went to Ecuador with North Carolina missionary Archie 
Jones, Barbados, Costa Rica, Togo, Poland, the Ukraine, the Czech 
Republic, and an exploratory trip to Albania and Germany to determine 
needs that could be met by volunteers. In most instances these mission 
trips meant taking vacation time and paying all or part of their own 

Doors of opportunity for wider influence and responsibility contin- 
ued. Ann was asked to serve on the strategic Executive Committee of the 
Southern Baptist Convention. This was at a time when she really ques- 
tioned God's will. She came to realize that in her own strength she could 
not do it, but with the grace gift that was God-given, she could and 
should. She served with great courage through many difficult sessions 
during this period of great unrest and change in the Southern Baptist 
Convention. She did her best to make a difference. After her term as 
president she remained active in Baptist life, serving as first vice presi- 
dent of the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina. 

Nancy Curtis had lived out her calling to missions through North 
Carolina WMU for over twenty years, seventeen of them as executive 
director. The Baptist conflict had been raging for twelve years and 
women were being challenged about their role in God's plan for the ages 
even as they had been 100 years earlier. Nancy could see the need for 
ongoing, strong, energetic leadership for the years just ahead. She knew 
what needed to be done. She felt WMU would endure and prevail but that 
a new, fresh, leader would be needed. If she had shared this feeling with 
those around her, they would not have agreed with her. Across several 
months, God had made it very clear to her, in several different ways, that 
it was time for her to retire. Many tributes were paid to Nancy as her 
retirement approached. Dellanna O'Brien, national WMU executive 
director, said, "Nancy has provided able leadership in her state, but per- 
haps her influence in WMU, SBC has been even more significant. We 
have benefited greatly from her dynamic leadership over the past 20 
years." During Nancy's tenure as executive director, NC WMU provided 
financial and other support for WMU in "pioneer" or developing states. 
She traveled to the European Baptist Convention and Brazil during the 
partnership emphases. Her love of children led her to be a GA leader in 

In Christ's Name; Love, Give, Serve, Go 


her church. Nancy Curtis led NC WMU with integrity, commitment and 
dedication. She was a mentor, a confidante, and a role model for many 
women across the state. 

The executive board, upon the recommendation of Ann Smith, asked 
Dot Allred to serve as the interim executive director. After much prayer, 
Dot felt God wanted her to be willing to do this. 

The interim period was marked with a heightened awareness of the 
need for a concert of prayer on the part of the staff in the Cary office and 
women throughout the state. Those in close proximity to what was hap- 
pening in WMU plans and events, were very conscious of ongoing sup- 
port from prayers throughout the state, from missionaries at home and 
on far away fields, from Mission Friends and GA groups in local church- 
es, youth groups on college campuses, the Baptist Nursing Fellowship, 
and friends of missions around the world. God heard and answered 
prayers day by day and the work was blessed. 

A search committee was named to fill the position of executive direc- 
tor. Chaired by Donice Harrod, Nashville, it included Eunice Bland, 
Wake Forest, Cathy Brooks, Gastonia, Charlotte Cook, Lexington, 
Beverly Hamblen, Winston-Salem, Corinne Harris, Pendelton, Rebecca 
Nance, Fayetteville, Ruby Fulbright, Taylorsville, Tana Hartsell, 
Concord, Ann Smith, Greensboro, president, and Dot Allred, Belmont, 
interim executive director. 

A full schedule of training and plans for other events were already in 
place and were successfully implemented during the interim period. 
Efforts to strengthen and further develop the spiritual gifts of all those 
on staff, both program personnel and support staff, became a focus for 
the interim period. Dot Allred secured the services of Dr. John Savage, 
internationally known figure in the development of leadership skills, for 
a weekend seminar. The entire executive board participated, along with 
the staff. Also a retreat was held to strengthen team building. Dr. Jim 
Toole led the staff. 

Dot Allred's leadership was accepted by the excellent, cooperating 
WMU staff, and by the Baptist State Convention staff at large. She had 
already served two terms on the general board and executive committee 
of the Baptist State Convention. This enabled her to be much more 
familiar with relationships and common purposes without having to 
spend time establishing and cultivating them. Ann Smith said, "Dot 
Allred provided a steadying influence during those days of change." 

Ann felt strongly that North Carolina Baptist women should have 


And So Much More 

opportunities to work with their sisters in the partnerships between the 
Baptist State Convention and specific mission fields. In a trip to Poland 
and two trips to Ukraine, Ann met with her counterparts in women's 
work to determine how best to help them. Money was sent to buy a copy 
machine for the women of Poland who had no means of duplicating cor- 
respondence or teaching materials. Bed sheets were purchased for the 
new seminary in Warsaw. 

The trips to Ukraine led Ann to invite Hope Kommendant, leader of 
Ukranian Baptist women, and her husband, Dr. Gregory Kommendant, 
General Secretary of Ukraine Baptist Union, to the 1994 North Carolina 
WMU annual meeting at Ridgecrest. Alex Goncharov, a student at 
Fruitland Baptist Bible Institute, was the translator. Hope Kommendant 
expressed gratitude for prayers, for the support of missionaries and for 
the new seminary being built by North Carolina Baptists. She explained 
some of the conditions under which Christianity existed, largely among 
the women, and the new freedom permitting it to spread through 
schools, homes for aging, orphanages, and new churches. 

Missions Extravaganza 

During Ann Smith's presidency the annual meeting name was changed 
to Missions Extravaganza. At the Ridgecrest meeting North Carolina 
women had opportunity to see, hear and talk with Hope Kommendant, 
the passionate Christian woman from the Ukraine. The women learned so 
much about the suffering of her people for their faith. President Ann 
Smith said, "God used this kyros of time for our state to reach out to 
those women." Among other things, they were sent money through per- 
sonal efforts of Eunice Bland, first vice president, and Ann Smith, to 
enable them to print a Christian magazine. The women of the Ukraine 
had requested Bible studies on the women of the Bible. These requests 
were also met. 

Mrs. Kommendant, in her concluding remarks, expressed gratitude 
for being in the North Carolina WMU meeting. She said she was looking 
forward to the day of the Lord's coming when translators would not be 
required. It was a high moment on top of many other "highs" of the 1994 

Paula O'Briant, Acteens consultant and Camp Mundo Vista director, 
reported on successful efforts of local leadership with Acteens in the 
churches. This brought another reason for praise and intercession as 

In Christ's Name; Love, Give, Serve, Go 


seven Acteens Activators Teams from throughout the state were com- 
missioned and sent forth, with renewed commitments being made by 
the Acteens, and also by the many parents and leaders in the audience. 
Hope was renewed that many of the finest young people are in our 
churches and just need our continued nurturing and support to be all 
that God would have them to be. 

Mrs. Carolyn Miller, WMU, SBC president, and Alma Hunt, executive 
director of national WMU for 26 years, and retired for twenty years, along 
with several home and foreign missionaries, spoke to the theme: "In 
Christ's Name: Love... Give... Serve... Go." 

Two language groups — Hearing Impaired and Hispanic — were in 
attendance and interpreters were provided for all sessions. 

Significant action was taken to limit the term of office of elected offi- 
cers to four consecutive years, with one year elapsing before they 
become eligible for election to the previously held office (Article 5, 
Section 4 of the By-Laws). 

Another amendment was approved related to the WMU Camp 
Committee. Previously the chairman of this committee had not been an 
automatic member of the executive board. The change provided for the 
chairman of the camp committee to also serve on the executive board. 
Term of service for camp committee members was limited to no more 
than five consecutive years. 

Plans were announced for the observance of the 25th Anniversary of 
Camp Mundo Vista on May 21, 1994. It was reported some 50,000 
woman and children had experienced God through summer camps, 
prayer retreats, prison retreats, and other events at the camp (see 
chapter 9). 

To the joy of long time WMU women and younger women, leadership 
roles in many of the churches and on the leadership teams of the asso- 
ciations were increasingly being filled by enthusiastic, missions-com- 
mitted, spiritually-gifted, young women. Many of these were the prod- 
ucts of the age-level organizations and the mentoring and role models 
provided by much older women. Fannie E. S. Heck had been so right 
when she reportedly admonished the women who would follow her, to 
"Train the children." 

New Executive Director Irma C. Duke 

The women of the state marveled at how God had led North Carolina 
WMU to Irma C. Duke to become the new executive director. 


And So Much More 

A native of Martinsville, Virginia, Irma was born April 22, 1951. While 
growing up she lived in Lakeland, Florida and worked her way through 
Southern College in Lakeland. She received her degree in journalism. 
Irma had been nurtured in the home and in the local church, was rec- 
ognized as a GA Queen. After her marriage to James Duke she worked 
while her husband completed his degree at Southern Baptist Theological 
Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. 

In 1975 the Dukes moved to Richmond, Virginia, where Jim became 
minister of education and youth at Broadus Memorial Baptist Church. 
Irma became a staff writer for the Foreign Mission Board's news and 
information services department, with a concentration on news in East 
and Southeast Asia. In 1988 she was named associate vice president for 
communications and public relations. 

Irma Duke served in leadership positions in the local church and asso- 
ciation for several WMU age-level organizations, including RAs. The 
Dukes had two sons, Jonathan Lee and Jason Linwood. 

Irma C. Duke was elected to the position of Executive Director by the 
Executive Board of NC WMU on March 19, 1994, and was presented to 
the women of North Carolina at their meeting in Ridgecrest, April 8-10, 

In the annual report to the Baptist 
State Convention in 1994, Irma Duke 
reviewed the functioning of the state 
organization. She explained it was 
administered by an executive board 
comprised of the officers, age-level and 
camp committee chairmen, and 15 
members-at-large from the ten state 

Ministries were growing in every 
area of the state as the women and 
youth organizations went about pro- 
viding hope for hurting humanity. 
Women from 52 associations provided 
Christmas boxes for more than 700 
women inmates at the four largest 
women's correctional facilities. 

Scripture portions and whole Bibles 

, , , Irma Duke (Mrs. James) Executive 

were distributed. Director 1994-2000 

In Christ's Name; Love, Give, Serve, Go 


Ministries of North Carolina women reached beyond the state bound- 
aries as they worked among the Baptists of New York and with people in 
the Ukraine as a part of the partnership efforts with the Baptist State 
Convention. WMU worked primarily with women in those locations. 

At Christmas time North Carolina Baptist women continued to 
remember missionaries under appointment with magazines, books and 
other gifts. They ministered to MKs (missionary kids) who were in the 
United States going to college. 

Ann said of her years as president: "What a joy to serve the Master, to 
follow in the footsteps of so many capable, devoted women, to feel the 
love of the women in North Carolina, and yes, those in other parts of the 
world. It was a serendipity that I could never have imagined, but God had 
planned all along. I was blessed and honored as well as humbled by the 
faith and dedication of staff and leadership across the state." 

Chapter Eleven 


Donice McCormick Harrod 

On April 1, 1995 Donice McCormick Harrod (Mrs. J.D.) was elect- 
ed sixteenth president of Woman's Missionary Union of North 
Carolina at the three day Annual Session/Missions Extravaganza 
at Ridgecrest Conference Center. A native of Rock Hill, South Carolina, 
she was on the WMU Executive Board for eleven years, and served as 
second vice president and first vice presi- 
dent. She served alongside her husband 
in the church pastorate and on the mis- 
sion fields of Brazil and a North Carolina 
Baptist association. 

The new president recalled her 
involvement in Woman's Missionary 
Union. She had vivid memories of being a 
Sunbeam in the Northside Baptist 
Church in Rock Hill, singing a Sunbeam 
song about "carrying the light to make 
the world bright." She also remembered 
the GA organization and her mother 
attaching great importance to her mem- 
orizing scripture, reading about mission- 
aries, and listening to missionaries speak. 
She was impressed that her mother 
thought this was important training for 
her daughters. It was so important she Donice Harrod (Mrs. J.D.) , 
would often leave a long day of work at President, 1995-1999 


For I Know the Plans I Have for You 


her beauty shop and go straight to the church to meet with the GAs to 
encourage them to do good work on their Forward Steps. The mother's 
expectations were high and the memory work was hard. Yet God had so 
much more in store for those two girls in the family than their mother 
could have ever dreamed. Both girls married ministers and served 
alongside their husbands as foreign missionaries. 

Donice loved music and after college she taught public school music. 
As a YWA in college, and then as an adult, she became aware that God 
really wanted her for some kind of church-related work. She felt she 
would need to go to a seminary to further prepare herself but she did 
not know how this would be possible. She applied for the South 
Carolina WMU scholarship, and to her surprise, she received a scholar- 
ship for Southern Seminary in Louisville where she studied in the 
school of church music. 

While at the Seminary, Donice discovered God had something more 
in mind for her. She met J. D. Harrod, a seminary student studying for 
the ministry and a missions volunteer. His proposal of marriage con- 
tained the question of whether she would be willing to be a foreign mis- 
sionary. She told him she guessed if God called him to the mission field 
she would be willing to go, also. They were married in 1961. 

After seminary days, J. D. was called to a church in South Carolina. At 
an associational WMU meeting held in the church the missionary speak- 
er was Sophia Nichols, missionary to Brazil. At that time both J. D. and 
Donice felt clearly God's call to missions. Together they made their 
commitment to Him. They were appointed in 1966 to Brazil. Their only 
child, Roberta Lynn, was then five months old. 

Because WMU had been so vital in her life, Donice felt the avenue of 
ministry open to her through this organization could fulfill her call- 
ing as a missionary through spiritual development, mission opportuni- 
ties and prayer support. 

The missionary prayer calendar provided an indescribable experience 
for each of them on the dates their birthdays were listed. At the same 
time they were praying on the other side of mission support from their 
assignment in Brazil. The couple prayed through the difficult experi- 
ence of having to leave the field and return home because of the health 
of their daughter, Roberta. They faced dark days with many unknowns. 

The Harrods left their much-loved work in Brazil in 1974, and in that 
year J. D. Harrod became director of missions for the Central Baptist 
Association in High Point. Through North Carolina WMU Donice began 


And So Much More 

to speak in local churches around the state on behalf of foreign mis- 
sions. Not long after coming to North Carolina she was invited to attend 
training sessions provided by WMU for those willing to lead prayer 
retreats. The training proved to be a rewarding experience. It met her 
personal needs and helped her to grow, to study, and to pray and then 
to provide opportunities to lead others. Challenges which had seemed 
impossible were lifted by a God who helped her to do things she never 
imagined she would do when she was singing her Sunbeam song as a 

In 1991 the Harrods were called to serve the North Roanoke 
Association, he as director of missions and she as the second staff mem- 
ber in the office. 

The stateside years opened doors of opportunity for Donice to serve 
as church music director in several churches in the area in which they 
lived, as well as to do ministry, working as associational secretary with 
her husband for almost two decades. 

Her commitment to missions had not changed — only the place of 
doing missions had changed. She recognized she was on mission every 
day, no matter the setting or how varied the opportunities. Her focus 
was on being in word and deed, a missionary, constantly pointing peo- 
ple to Jesus. Amidst all the clamor of a busy office doing mundane 
things, her purpose for being there was always clear. 

Donice Harrod served fifteen consecutive years on the WMU execu- 
tive board (including her service as an officer). As a woman intent on an 
ever-deepening relationship with the Lord, and with the wealth of 
preparation which her own Christian pilgrimage had provided, she had 
much to give to decisions that had to be made as a leader in NC WMU. 
She became well known and loved in the state through the many prayer 
retreats she led and mission studies she taught. Her husband often 
shared the teaching assignments. 

While she was first vice president Donice was named to chair the 
search committee to secure a new executive director. She considered 
that as perhaps her greatest contribution to the state organization, feel- 
ing after much prayer, hard work, and many interviews, that God had 
led them to Irma Duke. 

When Donice was elected president the bond had already been estab- 
lished with the new executive director, and they worked together effec- 
tively to lead NC WMU, to go forward. There were changes in the organ- 
ization on the national level, in the state and in the denomination. 

For I Know the Plans I Have for You 


Jan High, Carolyn Hopkins, Ann Smith, Marcia McQueen pose with the new Women 
on Mission Logo 

There were changes in leadership style and in relationships. The only 
thing that was constant was change. 

The executive director and president, and the entire WMU staff, 
worked together to explore ideas for the forward movement of the 
organizations and the thousands of women who were living out their 
faith in these organizations in North Carolina. They listened intently to 
the ideas of others in leadership workshops and, where feasible, tried to 
incorporate those grass roots ideas in future planning. Age-level direc- 
tors/consultants were especially close to the leadership in the associa- 
tions and local churches as that leadership related to specific events, 
and training. 

Listening to the associational and local church leadership was an 
integral part of the process since this helped state staff customize and 
design programs and events to meet the identified needs in the local 
church. The staff realized it took the whole team from the state to suc- 
cessfully identify and meet the needs of the women in the churches. It 
was essential that associational and local leaders in the WMU organiza- 
tions work together to set directions and goals for the state. They rec- 
ognized that after the best training possible had been provided at the 
top level, the key people were the leaders in the associations who in 
turn trained and encouraged the leaders in the local churches. These 
key people were the real heroes in training and ministry. 

This approach to strengthening and helping leadership was not new. 
It required diligence and commitment of leaders, who each year con- 


And So Much More 

tinued giving their best. Otherwise the work would not grow and be 
sustained. Leaders in the associations and churches depended on such 
leadership. Each year new ideas and successes could be seen as God 
continued to raise up quality leaders in each arena of leadership who 
were committed to missions. 

Visioning for North Carolina WMU 

At the May 20, 1995 meeting of the executive board, Charlotte Cook, 
chairman of the finance committee, reported that "much discussion 
and consideration has been given to visioning in the area of Woman's 
Missionary Union." She noted this was in response to the Southern 
Baptist Convention Executive Committee's "Brister Report" (report of 
the SBC Executive Committee's Program and Structure Committee). 
They felt the actions taken following the report would definitely affect 
WMU work at state and local levels. 

Simply put, WMU had not been included in the SBC program of 

At the Missions Extravaganza held in March at Ridgecrest, mission- 
aries gave their testimonies relating their initial commitment to mis- 
sions due to the influence of WMU organizations and leadership. There 
was an underlying concern for the future of WMU indicated by many 
comments made during the three day meeting attended by nearly 3,000 
North Carolina women. 

The finance committee presented the following recommendations: 

That study and investigation of creative funding and finance 
to secure the future of North Carolina WMU and to provide 
increased missions funding be made, and that the president 
appoint a Development Council (ad hoc committee) to pres- 
ent its recommendations to this board. 

The recommendations were unanimously adopted and the finance 
committee commended for its work (Minutes of May 19-20, 1995 meet- 

Staff retreats were held to evaluate staff assignments in light of new 
organizational structures in the Baptist State Convention as they affect- 
ed Woman's Missionary Union. A Convention sponsored seminar, led by 
Ken Callahan, concentrated on enhancing their strengths rather than 
trying to improve their weaknesses. Floyd Craig, marketing research 

For I Know the Plans I Have for You 


specialist, and Bill Boatwright from North Carolina convention staff, 
assisted in determining the kinds of information WMU members want- 
ed and how to get it. Members and non-members participated in focus 

At the March executive board meeting in 1996 it was necessary for 
the following staff members to again be voted on, in keeping with 
requirements of the legal incorporation procedures. Approved at that 
time were: 

Irma Duke, Executive Director/Treasurer 
Carolyn Hopkins, Mission Development Consultant 
Jan High, Mission Education Consultant 
Jeanette Walters, Mission Ministries Consultant 
Cara Lynn Croom, Mission Support Consultant 

Missions Extravaganza 1996 

Theme for this annual gathering/training meeting was "Journey of a 
Lifetime." Dr. Anne Davis, Bible scholar and past dean of Carver School 
of Missions, Louisville, Kentucky, led the Bible study for the sessions, 
beginning with Exodus 13:17-22 and 40:34-38. 

Dr. Davis likened WMU to the journey of the Israelites. She said in 
her journey of a lifetime the only group that always held her up was 
WMU, who educated her, taught her and opened her eyes to missions. 
She concluded, "Yes, in the journey of a lifetime, God is always with us. 
He has something for us to do just as He did for the children of Israel 
in the wilderness. He probably will not lead you in a straight way, but a 
round about way. He will always be with you and will let you know when 
to move ahead and when to stand still." Her message was followed by 
the exuberant singing of "We Are Marching in the Light of God." 

Other scriptures used during the Bible studies at the beginning of 
each session included the passages in Ruth about Elijah running for his 
life and God reminding Elijah he was not in control, but that "I am." 

At this annual session and Missions Extravaganza three language 
groups were present: Spanish, Korean and Hearing Impaired. Joyce 
Smith was recognized and presented a plaque for her ministry of sign- 
ing for the deaf at WMU annual meetings for 25 years. 

Other recognitions at the meeting included Shamrock Drive Baptist 
Church, Charlotte, for 25 years of distinguished work. 

Carolyn Hopkins introduced a first: recognition of associations for 


And So Much More 

their attendance at the annual meetings. Eunice Bland, first vice presi- 
dent, presented certificates to Gaston Baptist Association which had 86 
registered in attendance, and Stoney Fork Association for the largest 
percentage of members present, 15 of 49 (30%). 

Jeanette Walters reported 320 boxes of food had been sent to the 
North Korea Famine Relief effort and expressed appreciation to the 
churches and associations participating. Irma Duke called attention to 
Governor James Hunt's plan for enlisting WMU women as volunteers to 
work with children. She pointed out this seemed perfect timing for 
WMU. Project Help: Child Advocacy, was already planned as a primary 
thrust for ministry and included mentoring children and giving other 
needed help to children in the schools of the state. 

A major highlight at each annual gathering of North Carolina WMU 
is hearing missionaries, often North Carolina ones, who have been, or 
are, under appointment of the mission boards. At the 1996 meeting 
Rebecca Knott McKinley and Rosalind Knott Harrell, twins, used dia- 
logue to share their life journeys. Each journey was similar. The two 
had been nurtured by parents with a deep faith in God. They shared 
experiences and teachings in Sunbeam Band, Girls' Auxiliary, and God's 
call to serve with their husband-partner in different countries in Africa. 
They emphasized the undergirding sense of the reality of God's pres- 
ence and assurance that He is always there. Because He is always there, 
we are empowered. 

In a July 1996 memorandum to the development council and NC 
WMU officers, Irma Duke gave the rationale and encouragement to 
strengthen financial support for NC WMU, and ultimately, missions 
around the world. She referred to Jeremiah 29:11: "For I know the plans 
I have for you, says the Lord, plans for welfare and not for evil, to give 
you a future and a hope." 

Excerpts from Irma's memo: 

Our past uniquely positioned us to impact the needs of women 
and children across our state as no other Christian women's 
organization can. We are the strongest statewide network of 
Christian women's organization in the world. In addition to 
our network, we have that unparalleled capacity to raise 
money for missions. Woman's Missionary Union, during its 
110 years, has been on the cutting edge of missions financing. 
Its initial purpose was to raise money to send new missionar- 

For I Know the Plans I Have for You 


ies to China. Since that time, we have led Southern Baptists 
in giving more than $2 billion for home and foreign missions 

We have been innovators in stewardship. WMU started the 
special missions offerings for foreign and home missions and 
a pension plan for pastors. On more than one occasion, we 
have pulled our mission boards out of debt. We were instru- 
mental in starting the Cooperative Program. We've taught 
millions of Southern Baptists the biblical basis of stewardship 
of our time, money and being. 

New giving patterns and multiplied needs call for new meth- 
ods. Giving patterns have changed and now it's time to look at 
new ways to undergird missions causes, and once again, WMU 
wants to be on the cutting edge. As we move into the 21st 
Century, this current generation will be passing on trillions of 
dollars to children and their favorite causes. We want to be 
there to give them the satisfaction that they can live on 
through their estates by giving to the causes they lived for. 

It's time to re-invent missions stewardship. It's time to teach 
people to give more productively. It's time to reclaim our lead 
as a pacesetter in missions giving and confront our women 
with new opportunities to make a financial difference. 

In answer to our prayers, we feel that God sent Edna Walters 
our way, a woman with more than thirty years' experience in 
fund-raising for nonprofit organizations. But more than that, 
a woman who says she wants to use her fund-raising gift for 
the greatest cause of all, to reach people for Jesus Christ. 

At the September 22-23 executive board meeting, the finance com- 
mittee reported that a Revocable Trust had been established with the 
North Carolina Baptist Foundation for the receipt of funds for an 
endowment. Charlotte Cook, chairman, reported on some of the legal 
ramifications in establishing an endowment in perpetuity with only the 
income from the fund being used as is set out in the legal instrument. 
She pointed out the immediate need for a good brochure to be distrib- 


And So Much More 

uted at the Baptist State Convention in November. Baptists of North 
Carolina needed to be educated before any major campaign could be 

The finance committee recommended that the name for the endow- 
ment be "North Carolina Woman's Missionary , Union Missions and 
Ministries Endowment." Approval was given. 

Edna Walters, who already lived in the Raleigh area, had been 
employed several years by state and nationally known non-profit 
organizations in their efforts to develop support and increase giving. 
Her ongoing personal involvement with WMU led her to be willing to 
come on staff in an official capacity as Development Director for 
North Carolina Woman's Missionary Union, beginning November 1, 
1996. Irma Duke had consulted with Dr. Roy Smith, executive direc- 
tor-treasurer, and other Baptist State Convention leadership, regard- 
ing Edna Walters and the new staff position. Information was supplied 
regarding others who inquired about the position. Since there was no 
budget provision for the position, Edna had to generate her own salary 
and initial set-up expenses even as she began to work in an area some- 
what unfamiliar to many of the women. Edna brought her vision of 
what the women could do if given the challenge and the process for 
doing it. As the necessary educational ground work was laid she began 
to launch pilot projects which could then be expanded across the 

A strong, hard working, Development Advisory Committee was 
enlisted to give their expertise to the new development efforts. The 
committee met monthly at Meredith College to forge this new 
approach for support for North Carolina WMU. The committee was 
composed of: Kenneth Tutterow, Greensboro; Jack Causey, Statesville; 
Frances Cooke, Raleigh; Cheryl Cruickshank, Cary; Irma Duke, Cary; 
Mary Lily Gaddy, Raleigh; Donice Harrod, Rocky Mount; Alex Holmes, 
Raleigh; Linda Kreiter, Cary; George McCotter, Garner; Murphy 
Osborne, Raleigh; Ann Smith, Greensboro; Janelle Snider, 
Greensboro; Ed Vick, Raleigh; and Edna Walters, Cary. 

The women of North Carolina were informed of the ways they could 
help assure the continuance and strengthening of Woman's 
Missionary Union in the present and in the future, even after they are 
gone. Money began to come in, slowly but surely, through various 
processes and opportunities. Living legacies became realities. 

For I Know the Plans I Have for You 


Growth Emphases 

Always there was an emphasis on involving more and more women 
in missions. But the emphasis was greater in some years than in others. 
In 1997 it was noted the greatest numerical growth came in the coed 
organizations: Children in Action, Youth on Mission, Adults on Mission. 
These organizations became options primarily in small, new churches, 
or in churches where there was not sufficient leadership or children for 
separate RA and GA organizations. It was also noted churches with 
youth ministers often wanted to include all activities in their planning, 
choosing to have the boys and girls meet together. WMU offered mate- 
rials and help for missions to be included in the activities for youth. For 
adults, where there was no active Baptist Men's organization, there 
were men who wanted to be included in the mission efforts. Materials 
and help were also provided for this type organization. 

SBC Political Waves 

Disappointing and frustrating news came from WMU, SBC in the 
mid-90's. Dr. Jerry Rankin of the Foreign Mission Board objected to the 
WMU, SBC producing missions education supplements for the 
Cooperative Baptist Fellowship, an organization of Baptist moderates 
opposed to the Southern Baptist Convention's conservative leadership. 
The decision of WMU to produce some CBF mission materials was not 
seen by WMU as taking away from, but adding to, support of missionar- 
ies and their ministries. After all, it was well known the Sunday School 
Board had published Sunday School materials for several para-denom- 
inational groups and other small denominational groups (non-Baptist) 
for many years. 

SBC WMU leadership stated they were simply responding to a request 
from churches for materials which include information about what the 
CBF was doing in missions . . . and it was their desire and purpose to 
equip all Southern Baptists to fulfill the Great Commission. 

Much earlier in North Carolina, the wise and courageous executive 
director, Nancy Curtis, along with Marcia McQueen, Jan High, Suthell 
Walker and other staff members began to recognize the increasing pos- 
sibility that some people in the political melee might not want WMU of 
NC to continue to give help to all the churches and to all the women. 
Leaders at all levels prayed about and discussed the matter. There was 
clear consensus that leadership should continue to help in whatever 


And So Much More 

ways they could, to promote missions, distribute information about 
what was happening on the mission fields, and respond to requests to 
provide leadership assistance. 

Scarcely any attention and wasted energy was given to arguing about 
who was promoting missions and the political furor surrounding the 
day to day ministry of the women. They continued to train... to 
meet... to give... to share... Christ's love in ever-growing dimensions. 
The underlying truth, "For ye serve the Lord Christ" enabled them to 
keep their focus. 

1999 Missions Extravaganza 

The 108th Annual Meeting/Missions Extravaganza was held April 23- 
25, 1999, at the Conference Center at Ridgecrest with President Donice 
Harrod presiding. 

Programming for this annual event has embraced a general theme 
and included an emphasis on Bible study, worship, concerted prayer, 
training conferences, messages and conferences with missionaries, and 
inspirational messages. Over 100 conferences for information and 
training were available, with each participant choosing two or three 
most in keeping with her needs and interests. Everyone met together 
for the scheduled plenary sessions. 

The theme for 1999 was "Transformed." Before the beginning of each 
of the larger, plenary sessions, Sherri McNeill, a potter, was positioned 
on left stage, where she quietly, deftly, patiently shaped and reshaped a 
beautiful piece of pottery. There was a quieting of the audience as they 
witnessed the powerful demonstration of transforming a piece of com- 
mon clay into a beautiful vessel. The significance of this became more 
profound with the passing of the days at this event. 

A significant part of Missions Extravaganza is the business session. 
Each year, the Nominating Committee submits the names for officers, 
executive board and nominating committee members. The Finance 
Committee recommends a budget and the Policy Committee recom- 
mends updates and revisions to the By-Laws. 

Approximately 3,000 women participated in all or part of the ses- 
sions, with no count taken of those who drove in from their homes. For 
those who have attended year after year, there have been changes in 
the faces, but never a change in the focus of the gatherings. The focus 
has always been and is — MISSIONS. 

During the 1999 sessions, one former president said, "It was such a 

For I Know the Plans I Have for You 


joy to be on the platform today and to realize that the number of black 
and blonde heads in the audience at least equaled or maybe even sur- 
passed the number of white and gray heads!" That was a clear indica- 
tion to her that more young women were becoming leaders and being 
involved for missions in their churches. 

Music for the annual sessions has always been outstanding. The 
theme interpretation gave evidence of many ways in which God trans- 
forms the lives of the women and the lives of the people to whom they are 
ministering, and telling the Good News of Jesus Christ. The theme was 
interpreted through drama, music, personal testimonies, readings and 
visual demonstrations. 

In glimpses of WMU history, three monologues were given: 
"Catharine Campbell White" was presented by Lynn Odom. "Fannie E. 
S. Heck" was presented by Glendora Epperson and "Sally Bailey Jones" 
was presented by Joyce Love. 

This historical emphasis was entitled "Shoe Filling" and each 
woman closed her remarks with the question, "Who will fill my shoes?" 
Response to the question was given by a modern day woman on mis- 
sion, Martha McDowell. She closed her remarks with the prayer, "May 
Jesus bless the steps we take!" 

Irma Duke read from Matthew 5:14-16, which challenges Christians 
to be "light" and "salt." She gave examples of ways women throughout 
the state are doing this. 

• A GA in Wilmington who shared her most precious posses- 
sion with a 100-year old woman. 

• Sandra Harrison and 400 Women on Mission in her associ- 
ation who have helped more than 5,000 people through their 
Christmas ministry and have seen many come to a personal 
relationship with Jesus Christ through that ministry. 

• South African women who are now receiving Missions 
Mosaic because of NC Women on Mission's generosity. 

• More than 160 GAs and leaders in Raleigh Association who 
chose to emphasize the Project HELP: Violence emphasis by 
highlighting the peace of God in letting loose 100 doves — an 
international symbol of peace. 

• Bernice Smith who had helped dozens of young children by 
tutoring them, teaching them moral values, and now at 80 
plus years is continuing to teach two young boys. 


And So Much More 

• Becky Daves, who lost a granddaughter twelve years ago and 
today leads her church to help children through the 
Samantha Project in which they make and share dolls which 
have no hair on them for children going through cancer treat- 
ment. On each doll's chest is written, "Jesus loves you." 

• Nine WMU women in a small church who raised more than 
$140 a person for Camp Mundo Vista and the Christian 
Women's Job Corps. They also started three new mission 

Irma Duke noted these people embody missions. 

Mary Ashe, NC WMU Resource Team member, led in prayer thanking 
God for the Burnt Swamp Association's Women on Mission and the NC 
WMU staff members who are going to build a habitat house for a moth- 
er with six children. She thanked God for the Christian Women's Job 
Corps and the mentors and proteges as they are transformed by God's 
mighty power at work in them. 

Bert Yates, home on furlough with her family from Kenya, shared 
how she and her family had experienced many difficult times, such as 
leaving a child in the states following their last furlough, having a total- 
ly new assignment on their return to the field, and the writing of a book 
for leaders of WMU and Baptist Men. She realized that what was impor- 
tant was that she have a willing heart to be used as God directed. She 
referred to II Chronicles 20:15, which had ministered to her. She had to 
realize God was responsible for the outcome, not Bert. Her responsibil- 
ity was to be available to Him. 

"This One Thing— Missions" 

This was the last session Donice Harrod, president and Eunice Bland, 
first vice- president, would serve in such capacities as their terms of 
service expired with this meeting. The two former foreign missionaries 
had leaned heavily on each other: Donice usually in the forefront, but 
Eunice providing behind the scenes support with her wisdom, prayers, 
and encouragement. 

For Eunice Bland's life, has been, and continues to be lived in a mis- 
sions lifestyle. This lifestyle began when she was a Sunbeam under the 
leadership of her mother. It was in GA camps that missions touched her 
life in a special way. She went as many years as she was allowed to 
attend as a camper, then was permitted to attend as the camp bugler. 

For I Know the Plans I Have for You 


Connell Smith, an older RA, taught the book, So This Is Africa, to the 
RAs and GAs in her church. He told about the medical needs there and 
that he felt God calling him to meet those needs. 

Fourteen years later, now a missionary surgeon, Dr. Loy Connell 
Smith, and his wife, Eunice, were appointed to Nigeria by the Foreign 
Mission Board. When Dr. Smith was killed in an auto accident on the 
mission field, God was not through with Eunice. He relocated her to the 
Foreign Mission Board offices in Richmond, VA. It was there some years 
later she met Dr. Tom Bland, professor of Christian Ethics and 
Sociology at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary. After her mar- 
riage to Dr. Bland, she found herself back in local church ministry as 
the pastor's wife in the many interims and church starts that Dr. Bland 
participated in. 

In sharing her testimony with the executive board she said, "We can- 
not always understand why things happen but we can always trust God." 
Her value to North Carolina WMU cannot be measured here. With her 
quiet, stately, elegant manner she brought strength to every situation. 

Donice Harrod addressed the meeting from her perspective as out- 
going president. Her service had been from 1995 to 1999. She noted a 
poet had remarked that the dates of one's birth and death are separated 
by a dash. What mattered most was how we spent our "dash" — the peri- 
od of our lifetime. 

Donice shared how she had experienced great joy in her visits to the 
many churches and associations in the state where she had been privi- 
leged to speak. She also said there had been many painful times when 
she had been driven to her knees. She recalled the first national board 
meeting which she attended and heard a leader of one of the mission 
boards say: "That which holds us together as Southern Baptists is no 
longer missions." Donice said she wept much over that statement, and 
in talking with God asked Him what hope was there if missions were not 
our driving force? 

She exclaimed that the urgency of missions must supersede the dif- 
ferences that exist among Southern Baptists! She said the good news is 
that WMU is weathering the storm of controversy in the SBC because 
we have maintained our focus on "This one thing — Missions." She chal- 
lenged the women to stay focused and to use the tools God has given 
them to lead WMU boldly into the next century. 

Chapter Twelve 


U/^ome Go With Me" was the national — and state — theme for the 
V-/year 1997-98. It focused on God's call to everyone to be on mis- 
sion for Him. In keeping with that theme, North Carolina WMU adopt- 
ed the following mission statement: 

'To motivate and mobilize North Carolina Christians to be on mis- 
sion with God" 

The ongoing emphasis was the biblical basis of missions because so 
few church members seemed to understand their responsibility and 
obligation to be on mission with God. 

In response to the continuing popularity and helpfulness of 
Missions Extravaganza weekends each year, plans were made for the 
years 2000 and 2001 to have two weekends for this business, training 
and inspirational event. The dates were set for March 21-April 2 and 
May 5-7, 2000 (both at Ridgecrest). In 2001, the dates would be March 
23-25 and March 30-April 1 (both at Ridgecrest). 

Ruby Jones Fulbright 

The Christian pilgrimage of Ruby Jones Fulbright (Mrs. Ellis G., 
Sr.), elected president April 24, 1999, was evidence of God's guiding 
presence in her life and of her commitment to Him. 

Born in Kinston, North Carolina, Ruby was a graduate of Harding 
High School in Charlotte and attended Mars Hill College and 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. The 
Fulbrights had three children: Patricia Ann Harrell, Gadsen, AL, Ellis 
Grady, Jr., Hickory, and Amelia Kay Fulbright, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

For twelve years Ruby and her family called Zambia, Africa, home. 
They served as Southern Baptist missionaries. Since that time she 
served as a volunteer missionary to Brazil in August 1989, to East 


Top of the Millennium 


Africa in October 1989, and to 
South Africa in 1998. On these trips 
she focused on work with Acteens 
and encouragement and training 
for leadership with women and chil- 
dren. She served from 1995 to 1999 
as second vice president of NC 
WMU. During this period she repre- 
sented NC WMU in mission partner- 
ships in South Africa, Alaska and 
New York. 

The new president was chal- 
lenged by her new responsibilities 

which had to mesh with her part- tt * 

time employment as director of dis- 
cipleship and missions at Immanuel 
Baptist Church in Greenville. Her 

director of missions husband, Ellis, Ruby Fulbright (Mrs. Ellis G., Sr.) 
served the South Roanoke Baptist President > 1999 ~ 
Association where Ruby was also an 
active participant. 

Following the Missions Extravaganza at Ridgecrest and the election 
of officers and board members, the executive board held a brief break- 
fast meeting in Rhododendron Hall, April 25, 1999. Five members 
were elected from the members at large to serve with the officers to 
form the executive committee, to act when necessary between board 
meetings. Elected were Joan Ayscue, Ann Bryant, Caroline Jones, 
Sharon Kephart and Robbie Sneed. 

Preparing for 2000 

The new president called attention to a handout listing 1999-2000 
WMU Executive Board "Sisters." The sense of family on the executive 
board had prompted the idea of constant concern and prayer support 
for one other. 

During orientation for new board members Ruby and Irma 
reviewed the difference in the roles of board members and those of the 
WMU staff. 

Prayer leaflets were distributed encouraging the board to pray for 
Dr. Jim Royston, executive director-treasurer of the Baptist State 


And So Much More 

Convention, and Dr. Tony Cartledge, editor of the Biblical Recorder. 
They were reminded to pray for them every day. Both of these leaders 
serve in strategic capacities in the life of North Carolina Baptists, and 
have been strong supporters and encouragers of the efforts of 
Woman's Missionary Union. 

Plans were put in place for Missions Extravaganza 2000. The theme 
would be "Be the One," chosen in keeping with a Missions Growth 
Plan beginning in the year 2000. It was to be a five year focus on "A 
Place for You... in WMU." Reports from the churches and attendance 
at training events showed more and more younger women were find- 
ing WMU a place to live out their faith and ministry, beginning in the 
local church. 

The year 2000 was the first time this important event was held on 
two weekends instead of one. 

Missions Extravaganza II (second weekend) did not include an offi- 
cial business session, but in other ways was similar to the first week- 
end. A plus was it provided an Acteens track, with approximately 325 
Acteens and advisors present. It was refreshing to see the Acteens on 
campus at the same time as the Women on Mission. There were some 
joint sessions. 

The Acteens had Missions Live from the North American Mission 
Board to do music/drama, along with missionaries Beth Perkins, 
International Mission Board, and Dottie Williamson, South Carolina. 
Five state Acteens panel members assisted with the program. They 
reported Acteens Day on college campuses is growing. 

Campbell University hosted Acteens Day in February 2000. More 
than 300 Acteens and advisors attended. Meredith College had Acteens 
Day on October 14 with good attendance. North Carolina provided a 
National Acteens Panelist, Tera Hayes, from Dudley Shoals Church, 
Caldwell Association. She represented North Carolina well at the 
WMU Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida. North Carolina also had a 
National Acteens Top Teen, Erin Thacker, also from Dudley Shoals 

Year-end records indicate six Acteens Activators groups served dur- 
ing the summer ministering and witnessing across the country. They 

Caldwell Association Team — Alaska 

Enon Church, Catawba River Association — Charleston, SC 

Top of the Millennium 


Poovey's Chapel, Caldwell Association — Charleston, SC 
NC State Acteens Team— Charleston, SC 
Dudley Shoals Church, Caldwell Association — Surf City, NC 
Jonesboro Heights Church, Sandy Creek Association — 
Goldsboro, NC. 

In Charleston more than 167 Acteens and advisors assisted the 
association in multi-housing, beach, seamen's, migrant and vendor 
ministries. They made more than 2,300 contacts, witnessed 153 pro- 
fessions of faith, and gave $600 to aid in migrant ministry. 

Irma Duke submitted her resignation as executive director-treasur- 
er for WMU of North Carolina, effective July 5, 2000, to become direc- 
tor of student services and church relations at the Divinity School, 
Campbell University. While attending Campbell University Divinity 
School, she had become impressed with the school's desire to be on 
the cutting edge of missions. She felt there were tremendous oppor- 
tunities to nurture students in missions and other areas. 

On behalf of the executive board, Ruby Fulbright, president, 
expressed appreciation for the work the Lord had accomplished 
through Irma's leadership, particularly in development, language 
work, Christian Women's Job Corps, ministers' wives and women's 
ministries. A reception was held for her at the Baptist Building. 

Ruby Fulbright, president, agreed to spend two or three days in the 
WMU office, while also handling some of the administrative matters 
from her home until an interim director could be secured. 

Language Missions 

With the increasing in-migration and growth of the ethnic population 
in North Carolina, a milestone was reached when Linda Hicks was added 
to the WMU staff as full-time language coordinator. For several years inter- 
preters had aided those attending WMU meetings from the language 
churches or those from language groups within other churches. This 
number grew each year. In 2000 almost 200 registered for Missions 
Extravaganza from six different language/culture groups. Wives of 
Hispanic pastors formed a support group and scheduled their first Pastors' 
Wives Retreat at Mundo Vista. Their primary interests were in the areas of 
hands-on missions and family issues. Women from Hispanic, Korean, 
Vietnamese and Hmong, and Japanese churches attended state and/or 


And So Much More 

national WMU training in order to assist other churches in their language 
group in organizing and strengthening WMU mission organizations. 

God called out leaders from the language groups. Maria Aldridge, 
from Cuba, was elected WMU director for Avery Association, 
Alejandria Oviedo, from Argentina, was a new .board member from 
Hendersonville. Several ethnics were members of the statewide WMU 
Resource Team. 

Christian Women's 

Job Corps ill 

The CWJC was developed Christian Women's 

by the national Woman's Job ^ orps 

Missionary Union and training ^ 

was offered for state leaders. ^■^JL^' of North Carolina 

The program was identified P^l A Ministry 

by President Bill Clinton and % of WMU 

Vice President Al Gore as a model for % 
impacting one of our nation's most chal- 
lenging problems. The program challenged Christian women to help 
change the lives of women who were struggling to find a better life for 
themselves and their children. It helped welfare recipients find and keep 
jobs and make successful transitions from welfare to work, a complicat- 
ed process. 

Without a support system, simple problems become major obstacles. 
Women on Mission could help with such things as health care, child 
care, transportation, education, development skills, knowing how to 
interview for a job, how to dress, and more. 

In 1999 the North Carolina CWJC became a free-standing non-profit 
corporation. The initial board members were Eunice Bland, president, 
Kay Bissette, secretary, Shirley Kool, Irma Duke, and Fletcher Hartsell, 
members-at-large. Following the receipt of a state grant available for this 
purpose, Elizabeth Edwards of Whitakers was employed as state director. 
She was well-qualified by training and experience for the challenge. 

Ministry sites at the end of the year 2000, were located in Raleigh, 
Durham, Charlotte, Alexander County, Gaston County, Cleveland 
County and Haywood County. Nine other sites had work in process. 

The ministry of North Carolina's CWJC expanded to the Convention's 
partnership with South Africa. GAs, Acteens and Women on Mission 

Top of the Millennium 


groups raised over $4,000 to send Bibles to the new CWJC site in 
Kimberley, South Africa. 

Training For Missions 

Throughout this history there are references to training opportu- 
nities provided the women who served as leaders in the associations 
and/or churches. Training was a basic task of Woman's Missionary 
Union from its beginning. Miss Fannie E. S. Heck, the first president, 
was persistent in getting missions information out to the women and 
to the churches. Without benefit of technology now available for com- 
munication purposes, those early leaders found ways of staying in 
touch with the women in the churches by handwriting information 
received from missionaries and making suggestions for their pro- 

In the year 2000, more than 600 associational WMU leaders were 
trained in Associational Leadership Team Training (ALTT) held in four 
locations across the state. They, in turn, led a conference in their 
respective associations to train leaders in the local churches. A con- 
servative estimate would suggest another 4,000 women received lead- 
ership training in the associations. 

The WMU Resource Team consisted of approximately 150 women 
trained and available to help any church or association. The Resource 
Team was trained each fall, ready to meet the requests that came to 
the state office asking for help in all categories of leadership — age- 
level, prayer leaders, enlistment, and more. Those team members had 
already proved themselves as leaders in the state. Most also used their 
expertise serving in other organizations in their churches. 

Women's Enrichment Ministries 

North Carolina WMU added Women's Enrichment Ministry to the 
role of the Missions Ministries Consultant, Margaret Harding. Training 
was offered and assistance given to churches with Women's Ministries. 

Project Help 

Beginning in 1994, the national WMU social/moral issue had been 
identified as Project Help, with a different focus each year. For the 
year 2000, it was Project Help: Violence. Appreciation events were 
held for law enforcement officers and seminars on violence prevention 


And So Much More 

were scheduled. Missions fairs in some areas exhibited various pro- 
grams and resources for dealing with violence. Sometimes the whole 
church was involved in the effort. 

Camp Mundo Vista 

This was an ongoing development effort and facilities were used 
almost year-round. It was not a static work: Cabins continued to be 
renovated and funds received for furnishing the new Bill and Ruth 
Jackson building. Plans were underway for a lodge renovation and the 
building of an infirmary. A staff of approximately fifty young women, 
mostly college students or recent graduates, served as counselors for 
hundreds of girls each summer. Special groups, who otherwise would 
never be able to attend camp, were provided scholarships. GAs and 
Acteens came for full weeks or weekends. Mother-daughter weekends 
were held. Many who attended were confronted with the gospel for the 
first time. Many were won to Christ while others found direction for 
their lives, developed life-long friendships and prayer partners. Only 
heaven can give an accurate account of what has been accomplished 
in this place year after year (see chapter 9). 

WMU Development 

North Carolina became the first state to have a WMU development 
director when Edna Walters joined the staff. Women had opportunity 
to learn how they could continue on mission even after they were 
gone, through endowments, trusts, and wills. Conferences and con- 
sultations were made available as requested in the state. A campaign 
for NC WMU Development was launched — a dime today for WMU 
tomorrow — capitalizing on what could be accomplished if every NC 
WMU member gave just ten cents a day ($36.50 a year) to NC WMU 
development. The women would have money for unlimited ministries, 
training conferences, prayer retreats, interest groups, age-level con- 
ventions, and more. 

Prison Ministries 

Ministry continued at the Women's Correctional Center in Raleigh. 
Women on Mission also included prison ministries in their ongoing 
efforts when women were incarcerated in nearby facilities. The entire 

Top of the Millennium 


state participated in the annual Christmas "Red Boxes," packing boxes 
with needed and permitted personal items for women in prison. The 
boxes were distributed by local groups. Christmas was the only time 
in the year when those incarcerated were allowed to receive such gifts. 
Each association selected items to collect and send to the WMU office 
where "Red Boxes" were packed by volunteers for delivery. 

Working through the state Department of Social Services, and 
Camp Angel Tree, WMU scholarships to spend a week at camp were 
provided for 61 girls who had a parent in prison. One event allowed 
the incarcerated mother and a daughter to attend a weekend retreat. 

At the end of the millennium Baptist women continued to sponsor 
a three day retreat for a carefully chosen group of incarcerated 
women, some of them long-timers. Programming, mentoring and fel- 
lowship were directed by the staff, the executive board, and volun- 

Special Ministries 

NC WMU provided networking, training and involvement in all 
kinds of missions ministries across the state, including: 

Prayer ministries 

Food pantries 

Prison ministries 

Clothes closets 

Personal witnessing training 

Nursing home ministries 


Crisis pregnancy ministries 
English as a second language 
Project Help: Violence 
Habitat for Humanity 
Project Hannah 
Samaritan's Purse 

Mothers and Their Children (MATCH) 

Camp Angel Tree 
Volunteer Connection 


And So Much More 

Communication Lines 

Tarheel Talk was the quarterly newsletter sent to all WMU leader- 
ship, containing special missions features, details of meetings, 
upcoming emphases and much more. Each church was requested to 
send the names and addresses of each of their WMU leaders to the 
WMU office. Church secretaries, pastors, directors of missions, and 
others who requested it also received this publication. 

The Branch was the newsletter for ministers' spouses. The Pulse 
was the newsletter for members of Baptist Nursing Fellowship. The 
Mission was the newsletter for ethnic pastors and women's leaders. 
Highlights was the newsletter for donors and special friends of Camp 
Mundo Vista. 

A website, in connection with the Baptist State Convention, was a 
work in process. The website address is 

Discovering Spiritual Gifts 

After years of programs and book studies focused on each person 
discovering her spiritual gifts, (everyone has at least one gift); after 
hearing and studying about what our missionaries do on home and 
foreign fields; after studying and preparing to share personal testi- 
monies on becoming a Christian; and after focusing on stewardship of 
life and what God expects of His followers; women, men, families and 
churches were responding to the tug of the Holy Spirit in their lives. 
He was prompting them to become involved in unique and wonderful 
ways for sharing the gospel. Partnering through the Baptist State 
Convention and with Baptist Men in North Carolina, WMU was a vital 
part of an army of volunteers ready to go anywhere to do anything 
that would point people to Jesus Christ. When there was an emer- 
gency or other needs, God drew out the people to meet the needs, 
whether in the United States or in other parts of the world. 

Staff at 2000 Year End 

In connection with the September 2000, executive board meeting, 
the personnel committee had secured Dr. Katharine Bryan, retired 
executive-director for WMU of Tennessee, to spend some extended 
time helping the board look at its present situation, where it was and 
where it needed to go. She was also asked to lead a retreat for program 

Top of the Millennium 


Dot Allred, a former president, was asked to lead the board in prayer 
times at this important juncture in their history, realizing that apart 
from God they could do nothing. 

The personnel committee recommended that Dr. Bryan be called to 
serve as a consultant and interim executive director. Dr. Bryan had 
served as the WMU executive director in Tennessee for 12 years. 

The staff members serving NC WMU at the end of 2000 were: 

Dr. Katharine Bryan, Interim Executive Director 
Jan High, Missions Education Consultant 
Carolyn Hopkins, Missions Growth Consultant 
Cara Lynn Croom, Missions Support Consultant 
Margaret Harding, Missions Ministries Consultant 
Linda Hicks, WMU Language Coordinator 
Edna Walters, Director of Development 
Bob Navey, Camp Mundo Vista Resident Manager 
Michelle Norman, Project Coordinator/Administrative 

Ramona Whaley, Receptionist-Secretary 

Laura Davis, Secretary/Camp Mundo Vista Director 

Julie Keith, Acteens Staff Assistant 

Bob Wainwright, Camp Mundo Vista Project Manager 

Betsy McSwain, Ministers' Spouse Support Coordinator 

Pat Liles, Part-time Clerical Support 

Judy Branch, Interim Project Coordinator 

Numerous volunteers, sometimes working many hours a week, 
assisted with many special efforts. Each staff person had the support 
of each other and together, as a team, they accomplished the work. 

Baptist State Convention 

A cause to celebrate was the special time allocated to WMU for pres- 
entation of their work at the Monday night session of the Baptist State 
Convention in November 2000 at Lawrence Joel Coliseum in Winston- 
Salem. Ruby Fulbright, president, assisted by Elizabeth Edwards, 
Melanie Edwards and others, led the memorable presentation. It was 
a poignant example of how God was using Baptist women to meet the 
needs of hurting women today — caring, helping, loving — showing 
Christ's love in word and deed. 


And So Much More 

North Carolina WMU Statistics For 2000 

(from the Annual Church Profiles recorded in Nashville, Tennessee) 

Total WMU Enrollment 1 1 7,660 

Preschool: (Mission Friends) v 14,525 

Children: (Girls in Action, Children in Action) 19,636 
Youth: (Acteens, Youth on Mission) 12,473 
Adults: (Women on Mission, Adults on Mission) 60,447 
Leadership Team: 10,554 

Chapter Thirteen 

Like a fine piano with many keys needed to produce all the sounds 
and melodies the master pianist wants to bring out of the fine 
instrument, an organization like Woman's Missionary Union must 
have all the right components to provide the Master Teacher with 
human hands, minds and feet, all rightly gifted, tuned, and available for 
His purposes. The years have proved it is awesome when each woman 
finds her place in God's plan for the ages. 

The records show that leadership in the organizations, and even in 
the churches, has come from those who were nurtured and trained in 
the missions organizations. In talking with many leaders in local 
churches, from the east to the west, whether they are Sunday School 
directors and teachers, discipleship leaders, or church staff members, 
with few exceptions they refer to training they received in the mission 
organizations. This is where they realized God had a plan for their lives 
and that they wanted to follow that plan. God continues to do so much 
more than even the most faithful leaders fully realize. 

Executive Directors 

In North Carolina the early women leaders gave almost full time to 
their responsibilities as officers, even though they did not receive pay. 
As the work grew, they knew there would have to be an employed per- 
son to give leadership. Thus, the first executive position came into 
being in 1947. In this record of the work of the organization, which you 
are now reading, these leaders have been introduced in the chronolog- 
ical period of their service. Those who have served and are serving as 
executive director are listed in Appendix 1. 

Kathryn Bullard, who served as the first state Woman's Missionary 
Society director from 1959-1975, reflected on the work of the executive 
directors from her vantage point as a staff member: 



And So Much More 

"Each executive director I served with brought distinct leadership: 
Robinson... spiritual development and programming; Hobbs... broke 
barriers in a man's world. By working with men in leadership positions, 
they saw, by her example, that women are smart and can lead in a 'man's 

"Although I did not serve under Curtis, I observed that she led the women 
to be more actively involved in social issues that made a difference." 

"K. B.," as she was affectionately called, also had the experience of 
working with Mrs. Foy Farmer. She said of her, "Although she was 
advancing in age, she never lost sight of the future. She was ready to 
change and support change if it advanced the cause of Christ through 
missions. To me, she never got older... just wiser!" (Excerpts from 
September 3, 1996 letter to Dorothy Allred, on file in NC WMU office.) 

Staff Members 

A strong contingent of age-level specialists have served along with 
the executive directors. These specialists added an extra dimension to 
the cause of missions through their collective efforts. Most of these fully 
trained professionals, who had felt God's call to live out their commit- 
ment to missions through WMU, were themselves products of the 
organizations in diverse churches across North Carolina and in other 

A complete listing of the staff can be found in Appendix 1. 

To many women in North Carolina, the staff members were and are 
WMU. These are the people up front, planning with the officers and 
executive board, then returning to their offices and the field to imple- 
ment and bring to fruition the dreams and goals to be achieved. Apart 
from a sense of Divine call, they could not have had the top priority of 
a lifetime centered on their responsibilities in the state WMU organiza- 
tion. "Only God..." could bring all the people together with such a con- 
certed, single purpose. 

If the total work of Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina 
could be likened to a giant tapestry, we would see these are the people 
who have given pattern and encouragement to the thousands of 
weavers who daily carry out their work in local churches, working end- 
lessly on the underneath side of the ongoing, developing work of the 
Master Weaver. 

In the main body of our text we have covered in some detail the back- 

Dreamers and Weavers 


ground and work of those who have served as executive directors for the 
state WMU organization. Here we will profile only those staff members 
who served ten years or more, without any intention of minimizing the 
work of those who served for shorter periods of time. Each person's 
missions lifestyle impacted those under her leadership. 

Kathryn Bullard (1959-1975) 

Kathryn Bullard was born in Gibson (Scotland County), North 
Carolina. She received her education at Mars Hill College and at a 
Charlotte business school. Prior to coming to the newly created posi- 
tion of WMS Director for WMU of NC, she served on the staff of First 
Baptist Church, Kannapolis. She served in that church for more than 
ten years, first as church secretary, then educational director. Under 
pastor Charles Coffey she was promotional director for the entire 
church program. She brought her commitment to missions to work in 
the local church and this was evident from her involvement in visita- 
tion and evangelism, in the promotion of local and associational mis- 
sions, and in the promotion she gave to weeks of prayer and mission 
offerings. She joined the state WMU staff in September 1959. 

With her own creativity, Kathryn was able to develop many ways in 
which the work in the local churches and associations could be helped 
and strengthened by the state organization, and she worked diligently 
at it. 

Participation in the World Missions Conferences at Caswell 
Conference Center was an important part of WMU and Brotherhood, 
offering missions information, encouragement and inspiration to whole 
families. Kathryn was an important part of the planning and making the 
most of this annual opportunity to impact the state for missions. She 
enlisted program people and handled many of the logistics for a suc- 
cessful missions week for the hundreds of people who included this spe- 
cial week in their plans for the summer. Children and young people 
made first time commitments to Christ and others made commitments 
to missions, and to following God's will wherever that might lead. This 
annual emphasis made a difference for missions in North Carolina. 

Kathryn Bullard is remembered by many for her leadership in provid- 
ing prayer retreats for women. She felt God sent Martha Franks, a South 
Carolinian and former missionary to China, to retire in Laurens, South 
Carolina, with easy access to North Carolina. Martha took advantage of 
every opportunity to share her experiences of how God works in the lives 


And So Much More 

of women on foreign mission fields, but also every day wherever God has 
placed them. The state planned retreats were held primarily at Camp 
Mundo Vista. There Martha used simple illustrations in the outdoor set- 
tings, such as rocks picked up from the mountainside. Wherever state 
staff and leadership would go for the next 30-plus years, they would hear 
reports of fresh commitments that had been made by women who par- 
ticipated in one of the prayer retreats. 

Kathryn Bullard and the WMU staff saw the need for the women to 
deepen their spiritual lives and the retreats were one powerful way 
God caused it to happen. Some churches and some associations have 
had prayer retreats every year since their first experience at Camp 
Mundo Vista. 

Kathryn Bullard was a dreamer for North Carolina women, a dream- 
er who leaned heavily on the leading of the Holy Spirit and was unre- 
lenting in her all-out efforts to lead where she felt God wanted her to 
go. She made a difference. She resigned in 1975 to become executive 
director for WMU of Virginia. 

Suthell Walker (1975-1986) 

Suthell Walker was a native of Spindale, Rutherford County, North 
Carolina. She was a graduate of Central High School, Rutherfordton, 
Gardner Webb College, Boiling Springs, Carson Newman College, 
Jefferson City, Tennessee, New Orleans Theological Seminary, and did 
graduate studies in social work at University of Kentucky. 

Suthell served two years as minister of education at her home church 
in Spindale, 22 years with the Home Mission Board in Shreveport, 
Louisiana, and Lexington, Kentucky, and eleven years as Baptist 
Women Director/Consultant for NC WMU. She gave creative leadership 
in every area of her responsibilities. Her extended service meant she 
served as' coordinator for Christian Service Corps of the Home Mission 
Board with North Carolina volunteers, held responsibilities in the 
Raleigh Association WMU, was the director of several missions tours for 
a variety of groups composed of adult women. She participated in World 
Missions Conferences, was a writer for WMU, SBC publications and a 
sought after conference leader by state and national WMU leadership. 
She led WMU workshops in New York, New Jersey, Virginia, Ohio and 
West Virginia. 

As was true of other staff members, she felt it was important to be a 
vital part of a local church. She belonged to St. John's Baptist Church 

Dreamers and Weavers 


in Raleigh, serving as WMU director, deacon, and as a member of sever- 
al committees. 

In addition to retreats, special conferences and seminars for Baptist 
Women, she led a major mission action thrust to reach unchurched 
children called Big A Clubs. 

Suthell retired at the end of 1986 and returned to her home in 
Spindale. She had felt God's call to missions when she was active in 
YWA and Church Training at Spencer Baptist Church in Spindale. While 
working for WMU, her office was near the Church Training offices. She 
and the director of Church Training, Maurice Cooper, talked at length 
about the five church programs, and especially WMU and Church 
Training. They discussed reaching out to the associations with a plan to 
start new work if one or more of these church programs did not exist in 
a church. They also discussed ways to strengthen the existing work and 
to introduce leaders to the many resources available to meet their 
needs. In 1987 the idea was discussed with Robert Stewart, Sunday 
School director, and Nancy Curtis, WMU executive director. 

Arrangements were made for Suthell to spend a week in different asso- 
ciations to hold two hour consultations with the Church Program leaders, 
helping them discover their needs, promoting teamwork and presenting 
new approaches to enhance church growth. This ministry, approved by the 
Baptist State Convention, developed so fast and was so worthwhile that 
other volunteers, who were trained in WMU, Church Training and Sunday 
School, were enlisted. The state was divided into areas with a leader for 
each area and given the name Church Growth Multipliers. 

She not only served with Church Growth Multipliers but has served 
in the Green River Association as Baptist Women director, Women on 
Mission consultant, Discipleship Training director and a member of the 
Missions Development Council. Her special interest was senior adults. 
Her aim was to encourage seniors in assisted living homes to know God 
was not through with them yet. There were so many ministries they can 
do "right where they live." 

Patsy (Pat) Ritchie Liles (1972-1986; 1996-) 

A native of North Carolina she was born into the home of Wade and 
Pauline Ritchie in New London, North Carolina. Pat grew up in the 
Prospect Baptist Church in New London where she was involved in 
Sunbeams, Girls Auxiliary (attaining rank of Queen-Regent-In-Service) 
and in Young Woman's Auxiliary. 


And So Much More 

Pat Ritchie received her formal education at Appalachian State 
University (B.S. in elementary education) and Southwestern Baptist 
Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas (Masters in Religious 

With her commitment to missions, she responded to the invitation 
to assist with state WMU camps held at Fruitland Baptist Assembly in 
the west and Caswell Baptist Assembly in the east. This was before 
WMU's Camp Mundo Vista came into being. 

During years of acquiring her higher education she spent summers 
with NC WMU, serving as a camp unit leader in 1969, as music and 
drama director in 1970 and assistant camp director 1971-74. 

After teaching in an elementary school for a year she joined the staff 
of North Carolina WMU as Girls in Action/Missions Friends Director, 
and directed Camp Mundo Vista in 1976. Her assignment on staff later 
changed to Mission Friends/Baptist Young Women Director. 

In 1978 Pat took a team of camp staffers to Puerto Rico to provide a 
camp experience for GAs there. Her involvement in missions efforts 
overseas included: Assisting Virginia Wood, North Carolinian and for- 
mer WMU president for the European convention, in providing leader- 
ship training for the women across Europe. Assisting missionary Patsy 
Davis in conducting a camp for Missionary Kids in Venezuela while 
their parents attended the missions conference. 

In 1986 Pat joined the staff of WMU, SBC, as Manager of the Training 
Design Group. In 1988 she led one of the Lottie Moon of China Tours 
sponsored by WMU, SBC as a part of the 100th anniversary of the 
national organization. 

An unanticipated turn in Pat's life came in 1989 when she experi- 
enced a disabling stroke. With great faith, determination and hard 
work, she returned to the WMU, SBC staff as research assistant in the 
library. ■ 

Pat became Mrs. Barney R. Liles, Jr., in 1993. In 1994 the couple 
moved to Cary, North Carolina, to be nearer to her aging parents. In 
1996, with WMU and missions being so much a part of her life, Pat 
began working in a part time position in the NC WMU office, assisting 
with the phones and light secretarial work. As this was written, Pat 
continued to serve NC WMU in this manner. 

As a member of Forest Hills Baptist Church in Raleigh, she contin- 
ued to be involved in missions, with the ongoing support of husband 
Barney. She was an international Sunday School teacher, taught 

Dreamers and Weavers 


WMU Staff of 1983: Carolyn Hopkins, Pat Ritchie, Pina Maynard, Jan High, Nancy 
Curtis, Kay Bissette, Diane Hurlbut, Suthell Walker 

English as a second language, and was the Women on Mission coordi- 
nator for the church. She also served as the teaching/training consult- 
ant for the Raleigh Baptist Association. 

Carolyn Hopkins (1976- ) 

Carolyn Hopkins came to North Carolina in 1976 and has served on 
the staff in various capacities since that time. She came as Acteens 
Consultant, and May 1, 1987, she became the Baptist Young Women 
and Baptist Women Consultant. In March of 1995 she became the 
Mission Development Consultant (which included the adult age-level 
organization of Women on Mission). In 1999 she became Missions 
Growth Consultant with the responsibilities of helping churches look at 
ways to strengthen the mission education organizations and to help 
begin new ones. 

Her responsibilities have included the coed mission education organ- 
izations of WMU. She gave supervision to the work of the Camp Mundo 
Vista summer camp director and worked with the WMU staff assistant 
in the area of Acteens and Youth on Missions. 

She was born in California and grew up in New Mexico. She gradu- 


And So Much More 

ated from Dallas Baptist University, Dallas, Texas, and Southwestern 
Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas. Before coming to North 
Carolina she served for two years with Oklahoma's Woman's Missionary 

Ministry is a family affair. Twin sister, Marilyn, is the Missions 
Ministry Director and Woman's Missionary Union Executive Director 
for the state of Michigan. A younger sister is a minister's wife in Texas, 
and has two grown children. 

Her long time commitment to missions education through Woman's 
Missionary Union could be seen through her dedication and zeal for the 
tasks which were her responsibility at any given time. 

When the doors of opportunity to minister in the North Carolina 
Correctional Center for Women began to open up (first, to WMU staff 
members), among the first to respond was Carolyn. She felt if she was 
involved it would help her to do a better job of enlisting, training and 
encouraging women in the churches. 

Carolyn provided the following story, not using the subject's real name: 

"The more I knew about 'Sandra,' talked and visited with her, 
the more I wanted to do all that I could to help her find hope 
and direction for her life. How could I do this? 

"After I was recognized by the penal authorities as someone 
who could be trusted with some time with this specific 
inmate, we began to do a number of different things. Always 
with permission, I took her to dinner, took her to church with 
me and we sometimes went to a shopping mall. All of these 
were freedoms that Sandra had not had for a very long time. 

"Sandra was already a Christian when she made some bad 
decisions and did some bad things which had resulted in her 
incarceration. In the weeks and months that followed the ini- 
tial meeting, Sandra sought forgiveness and received it. 
Although skeptical of people for a while, little by little she 
began to let go and let God do His work in her life. 

"The years have passed. Sandra is serving her second term as 
a deacon in her Baptist church, sharing the Christ-like love 
that had given her hope." 

Dreamers and Weavers 


This is just one example of a WMU woman (representing staff mem- 
bers and many WMU members throughout the state) who had enough 
compassion and Christ-like love to embrace and pick up a woman who 
had fallen. 

One of Carolyn's longtime responsibilities was to serve as liaison 
between WMU of NC and missionaries on the field, as well as furlough- 
ing missionaries. She was a link between MKs (Missionary Kids) in this 
country while their parents were serving in some other country. She 
planned and led retreats for MKs on holidays from school when others 
had homes to go to but the MKs' homes were too far away. Carolyn 
found these young people had so much in common no matter how dif- 
ferent the places they had lived; they enjoyed and needed each other. 

Carolyn's hobbies include golf, biking, and wood working. Her ongo- 
ing love for the Southwest was evidenced by the southwestern orna- 
ments she made for her Christmas tree. 

Jan High (1983- ) 

Jan (Everett) High was born in Clovis, New Mexico, graduated from 
Muleshoe High School, Texas, attended Hardin-Simmons University in 
Abilene, Texas, graduated from Texas Tech University with a major in 
elementary education and a minor in music; graduated from Southern 
Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville KY, with a Masters of Religious 
Education degree and attended Towson State University in Baltimore, 
Maryland for courses in early childhood education. 

Before coming to North Carolina she worked with Kentucky 
Woman's Missionary Union, with Girls in Action, Missions Friends, and 
Camp Director; and with Maryland Woman's Missionary Union, with 
Acteens, Girls in Action, Mission Friends and Camp Director. 

Jan High came to the staff of Woman's Missionary Union in North 
Carolina as Girls in Action Consultant and served in that capacity 1983- 
1986. From 1986-1995 she served as WMU Consultant, and from 1995 
to the present as Missions Education Consultant. 

Recognized as a capable leader with many original and creative ideas 
for reaching goals, she served with WMU, SBC as Missions Friends 
chairman, Girls in Action chairman, general chairman and general 
administration chairman from time to time, and as Training Task Force 
chairman in 1997. 

She felt she should not ask others to carry out plans in the associa- 
tion and local church that she was not willing to carry out in her set- 


And So Much More 

ting. She led age-level organizations in the local church and gave lead- 
ership in the Raleigh association. Jan knew the importance of those 
organizations because she had grown up in Sunbeams, Girls Auxiliary 
(attained Queen Regent in Service), and Young Woman's Auxiliary 
(attained State Citation). 

As a WMU participant she served with Baptist State Convention part- 
nerships, including the New York Partnership and the Brazil 
Partnership. She excelled in organizational and planning skills and in 
structuring and leading conferences. 

Jan High's fine leadership skills were used through WMU to provide 
the wide network of training leadership that exists in the churches of 
North Carolina today. The yearly planning and securing of quality per- 
sonnel, who are on the cutting edge of leadership trends and skills to 
assist with conferences, and giving unity to accomplish goals for the 
associations and churches has developed leadership that cannot likely 
be found anywhere else. There is no pride in this except for the larger 
picture of what God makes possible when His people are available to 
Him and are prepared for the tasks at hand. 

A Resource Team of 122 people has been trained in their areas of 
expertise, and updated each fall as they meet for two days of training, 
usually at Caraway Conference Center or Mundo Vista. These are people 
who have excelled in their own churches and associations and are avail- 
able to respond to invitations from any church or association. These 
people conduct training sessions, teach mission books, speak for cele- 
bration meetings, rallies, church missions emphases for Sunday servic- 
es, and more. 

These people are also called on by other states that do not have this 
kind of almost unlimited leadership pool. The enlistment of team mem- 
bers, and the planning and implementing of training, was under Jan's 

Jan does find time to pursue her ongoing interest in music, puzzles, 
hiking, yard work and classic movies. 

Marcia J. McQueen (1986-1995) 

Marcia Jayne McQueen is a native of Rockingham and the daughter 
of a Baptist minister. Always active in the local church, she continued 
her education at Campbell University where she received a degree in 
early childhood education, and at Southeastern Baptist Theological 
Seminary, where she received a degree in religious education. 

Dreamers and Weavers 


From June 1979 to June 1981 Marcia served as a Journeyman with 
the Foreign Mission Board in Panama. She also served as Mission 
Friends leader in First Baptist Church, Balboa, Panama. For the sum- 
mer of 1983 she served as missionary in residence at Camp Mundo 
Vista. In the summer of 1985 she was traveling camp director (holding 
camps in several associations) and leading a variety of training events 
and day camps for NC WMU. 

In October 1986, Marcia McQueen joined the state WMU staff as 
Mission Friends/Girls in Action Consultant. In that capacity she 
planned, secured personnel, wrote materials, and conducted statewide 
activities for Mission Friends and Girls in Action leaders and for GA mem- 
bers. She was the staff contact with leaders of those organizations in the 
local churches and associations and spoke for such special emphases as 
WMU Focus Week and mother-daughter events. She conducted on-site 
consultations with leaders throughout the state. 

Marcia wrote for and edited Tarheel Talk, the quarterly publication 
of the state WMU, wrote curriculum materials for national WMU mag- 
azines Start and Aware; wrote the 1992 Preschool Foreign Mission 
studies for preschoolers and children, and assisted the camp director 
in planning, programming and implementing summer camp at 
Mundo Vista. 

In keeping with WMU's cooperation with other state convention pro- 
grams she led and taught in conferences for leadership for Sunday 
School and Discipleship Training. 

People throughout the state benefited from her wisdom and creativ- 
ity as she shared the best and most effective ways for working with 
preschoolers and young children. 

As Marcia McQueen continued to follow God's leading she entered 
the North Carolina Baptist Hospitals' clinical pastoral education pro- 
gram (1995-1996). In 1998, she received training from the American 
Academy of Bereavement, and became a "Nationally Certified 
Bereavement Facilitator." 

Ordained by Woodhaven Baptist Church, Apex, Marcia was endorsed 
to the healthcare chaplaincy April 16, 1996, by the Home Mission 
Board, SBC, Atlanta, Georgia. She served as chaplain^ereavement 
coordinator for Hospice of Rockingham County, Wentworth, NC, 
February 1997 to December 2000. She left to become director of chap- 
laincy services, Morehead Memorial Hospital, Eden. 


And So Much More 

Leland Bingham (1978-1992) 

Leland Bingham was employed as the resident manager for Camp 
Mundo Vista in 1978 and was the first to occupy the new residence 
built on the grounds for the resident manager. 

A Corbin, Kentucky native, Leland joined the United States Air 
Force at nineteen years of age, and served three years in Germany and 
England. Graduating from Corbin High School, he also graduated 
from Cumberland Jr. College and Union College. In 1963 he married 
a North Carolinian, Pat Peeks. 

Following his college years he worked three years with the Internal 
Revenue Service and also in construction work. In 1964 he became a 
vocational school teacher in northern Kentucky. In 1969 he decided 
to leave the farm and moved to North Carolina to work with the com- 
munity college system. Since he and Pat were committed to staying in 
God's will for their lives, this led to his enrollment at Southeastern 
Baptist Theological Seminary. He graduated in 1980. 

While still studying at the seminary he began working at Mundo 
Vista. He was responsible for every aspect of the camp's daily opera- 
tion, except for regular programming. He also had full responsibility 
for scheduling and meeting the needs of off-season events by various 
groups, readying facilities and providing food services. Much depend- 
ed on the work this family did. Pat's knowledge of nursing brought 
reassurance to her own family and to guests on the campus. Pat pro- 
vided care and referral whenever it was needed. Her services could 
never have been compensated for adequately. She just gave and gave. 

The Bingham's already had Heather in their family when they came 
to Mundo Vista. In 1979 another daughter, Elizabeth, was also adopt- 
ed. The family attended First Baptist Church, Asheboro and worked 
with Cedar Grove Mission. 

The Bingham family was involved in missions on a daily basis. 
Additional opportunities continued to come as Leland went to Chile as 
a missions volunteer. He returned a second time to assist with Baptist 
mission efforts there. 

In North America the Binghams worked with the North Carolina 
Disaster Ministry in a number of settings, including Columbus, Ohio. 
After Leland's early retirement both he and Pat continued to respond 
to specific overseas missions needs. Two mission trips took the 
Bingham's to Mexico in an area near Guadalupe. A building was 
remodeled to provide room for a deaf congregation to meet. They 

Dreamers and Weavers 


conducted backyard Bible studies in several apartment areas. Leland 
assisted with the painting of Grace Church in Guadalupe. One of the 
backyard Bible studies led to the planting of a new church. Daughter, 
Heather, was a two year Journeyman to Mexico. Because of an ongo- 
ing interest in an orphanage for babies in Mexico the Bingham's are 
considering returning to that ministry for a two year period. 

Support Staff 

The corporate world has long known that many of their successes, 
although not always acknowledged, could be traced to the faithfulness 
of secretaries, clerks, assistants and associates whose names never 
appeared in newspaper headlines. This is true in the office of an 
organization like Woman's Missionary Union. As Kay Bissette, admin- 
istrative assistant, said to Dot Allred when she went to the office to 
serve in an interim capacity in 1993, "My job is to make you look 
good. You just tell me how to do that." 

This kind of cooperative spirit was evidenced by the various mem- 
bers of the support staff across the years. All of these cannot be 
named, but two with long tenure who worked so closely with their 
executive directors were Pina Powell Maynard and Kay Bissette, sec- 
retary/administrative assistants. Also, with lengthy tenure were Violet 
Matthews, secretary, and Belle Wilson, receptionist. 

Violet, the one with the quiet voice and personality, more often 
than not worked in the back office. She was responsible for getting out 
the WMU mailings to the women, churches and associations. She was 
the one who took orders by telephone for materials requested by local 
leaders. She then filled those orders as quickly as possible, sending 
special offering envelopes, teaching materials, maps, and more. 

Belle Wilson was the woman with the warm, resonant voice who 
answered the telephone, directing the caller to the person or persons 
they needed. She was also a missions encyclopedia, providing answers 
to every kind of question related to the missions programs, and mis- 
sions in general. She was the woman with the answers who made you 
feel good about calling the office to have your needs met. She was also 
the very effective greeter who sat near the Fannie E. S. Heck portrait, 
and by her presence and manner tied together the past and the present. 

Helping to meticulously keep records were Vivian Nowell, Sandra 
Arscot, Diane Hurlbut and Cheryl Cruickshank. These were all 
focused on accountability and contributed in many different ways. 


And So Much More 

Vivian Nowel served 22 years as a missionary in Africa, under the 
Foreign Mission Board. Then she worked until retirement with WMU 
of NC. She had attended Meredith College, NC and Carver School of 
Missions in Louisville, KY. WMU remembered Vivian as one of their 
own missionaries for whom they provided a station wagon to help 
with her work in Africa. From her home community and church in 
Wendell, she lived out her life in missions, whatever her assignment 
might be. She made a difference. 

Diane Hurlbut was alert to changing interest rates and how they 
could affect WMU finances. She pointed out any monies not current- 
ly in use could draw interest if placed in the proper account. Even 
small deposits for camp registrations, conference fees, and the like, 
were deposited to earn interest. Diligence in handling even small 
amounts of money, almost daily at times, provided some income that 
otherwise would not have been available. These funds were used to 
meet additional ministry needs. Careful money management enabled 
North Carolina WMU to assist WMUs in sister states where their 
organization had become a part of their state convention. As conven- 
tion leadership changed in some states, funding for WMU was drasti- 
cally reduced or deleted. North Carolina WMU, and some other states, 
trimmed their programs. They used the extra monies to help retain 
the position of WMU executive, giving the director time to develop 
support from women in her own state. 

Cheryl Cruickshank quietly gained the confidence of the executive 
board. She was smart, knowledgeable and skilled in her area of 
responsibility. With great integrity she handled the necessary records 
for all financial matters, carrying out directions of the executive direc- 
tor and executive board. She often suggested better ways of doing spe- 
cific things related to finances. Her responsibilities increased steadily 
with the handling of registrations for the many weeks of camps, spe- 
cial conventions and weekend events. After her resignation from 
WMU, Cheryl became the treasurer for the state Christian Women's 
Job Corps. 

Secretary/Administrative Assistant 

Pina Powell Maynard (Mrs. Robert) served under three executive 
directors, Miriam Robinson, Sara Ann Hobbs and Nancy Curtis. With 
her quiet spirit she was able to strengthen the arm of the executives 
in so many ways and she was relied on heavily by each. She was high- 

Dreamers and Weavers 


ly skilled and knowledgeable and lived out her personal commitment 
to missions through WMU. Pina was a ready source of help for other 
staff members, relieving the executive of many detail matters. After 
retirement she served on the nominating committee and on several 
committees, including the history committee. 

Kay Bissette, (Mrs. David) a graduate of Campbell University and 
Southeastern Seminary, felt her calling was to be in a support capac- 
ity, using secretarial and management skills to strengthen the total 
effort. With the arrival of computers and new technology she worked 
at discovering new possibilities for their use by WMU. She became 
proficient using the computer, designing computer programs for 
keeping WMU records, and designing creative promotional materials. 
Her value to executive directors Nancy Curtis and Irma Duke was 

In 1988, the Foreign Mission Board asked the Baptist State 
Convention to participate in a Pilot Project for the Lottie Moon 
Christmas Offering. Kay Bissette, WMU administrative assistant, and 
Lynn Tharrington, Baptist Men administrative assistant, gave leader- 
ship to this project. It involved contacting every church and mailing 
more than 14,000 personalized letters to pastors and lay leaders 
across the state. Much was learned about the promotion of the offer- 
ing and the week of prayer from this project. Kay remembers this as 
a significant accomplishment during her tenure. Following her resig- 
nation, she was asked to serve on the history committee. 

Among other things, the annual minutes prepared by the elected 
secretary and assistant secretary, were included in a publication dis- 
tributed after the annual meeting each year. This publication not only 
reported on actions taken but included a listing of current officers and 
personnel, dates, recognitions and other valuable information. This 
annual publication was distributed to WMU leadership throughout 
North Carolina, providing information not available in any other one 
place. The administrative assistants worked closely with the officers 
and executive director to compile this annual publication, called The 
Minute Book. 

Titles and responsibilities for all staff members changed many 
times during the years, depending on identified needs at the time. 

It needs to be said that all other personnel served with the same 
sense of call to missions, even if they worked for shorter periods of 
time. Without exception, each contributed much to the total work as 


And So Much More 

they brought with them their love and commitment to missions, their 
training and expertise in the areas in which they worked, and their 
unique spiritual gifts and talents. 

See listing of the support staff in Appendix 1. 

Chapter Fourteen 

he book Hitherto, by Foy Johnson Farmer, provided helpful 
information about the relationship of the women's organization 
and the North Carolina Baptist State Convention. 

In the beginning the Central Committee was appointed by the State 
Board of Missions, which in turn was appointed by the North Carolina 
Baptist State Convention. The Central Committee was thus a 
Committee of the Convention, and as such reported to it {Hitherto, p. 

In 1906 this was changed, and in accord with its auxiliary relation- 
ship the Union elected the members of its Executive Committee. It 
was noted: "All these ladies serve without compensation, the only 
expense of the Committee being for postage, printing, and stationery." 

In a later reference in Hitherto (p. 56), Mrs. Farmer referred to the 
continuing relationship to the Baptist State Convention. "The rela- 
tionship of the Union and the Baptist State Convention to which it is 
auxiliary has been pleasant and profitable. The secretaries, John E. 
Ray, Columbus Durham, John F. White, Livingston Johnson, Walt N. 
Johnson, Charles E. Maddrey and M. A. Huggins have all heartily co- 
operated with the officers. They have added to the richness of annual 
meeting programs with stirring messages; they have always given 
cheerfully their counsel and encouragement." 

In her book, North Carolina Baptists Working Together, Susan Ray 
included the following information related to Woman's Missionary 
Union and the Southern Baptist Convention. 

"Women began praying and raising money for missions as soon as 
there were missionaries to support. ...Women of some other denomi- 



And So Much More 

nations had set up their own boards to appoint and support their own 
missionary force. Southern Baptist women wanted to be helpers — 
'auxiliary' to the Convention's foreign and home mission work. It 
must be added that leaders of the two mission boards and other mis- 
sion-minded men gave their support to the women and sought the 
help of the women in many activities.... In 1959 — The Southern 
Baptist Convention officially recognized Woman's Missionary Union 
as an auxiliary, signaling a closer relationship between WMU and the 
denomination at all levels." 

Each of North Carolina's state convention's executive secretary- 
treasurers/executive director treasurers continued to encourage, sup- 
port and rely on the women for their efforts in training children, giv- 
ing prayer support, promoting stewardship, and teaching missions. 
Following Dr. M. A. Huggins in 1959 were Dr. Douglas Branch, Dr. W. 
Perry Crouch, Dr. Cecil A. Ray, Dr. Roy J. Smith and Dr. James 

The executive director, president, and officers of North Carolina 
WMU had discussed the desire to affirm the ongoing relationship with 
the North Carolina Baptist State Convention. This relationship each 
executive director-treasurer of the Baptist State Convention and WMU 
officers and leaders had through the years was often considered a 
model by other states. The mutual concern for missions, the purpos- 
es of the local church, association and state convention, were all 
blended in the goals and purposes of Woman's Missionary Union and 
the Baptist State Convention. 

Each entity gave strength to the other. There was great freedom to 
propose new ideas, work through them together, and carry out those 
worthy of support. There was little concern for who got the credit. 
Personnel from both groups contributed to planning — both short 
range and long range, the setting of goals, and the implementation of 
those goals for a common purpose. Each group respected the contri- 
bution of the other. The Baptist State Convention never mandated 
specific actions. The relationship worked like it was supposed to work 
with an organization that wanted to help the cause of missions and 
was allowed to do so. 

In the fall of 1995, and again in 1996, under the direction of Jan 
High, staff consultant, and Wendy Case, WMU chairman, a "See the 
Baptist Building Day" was held. Members of associational WMU coun- 
cils and directors of missions were invited to spend the day at the 

They Celebrate Missions 


Baptist Building in Cary to become better acquainted with the state 
WMU office, and also the total operation of the Baptist State 
Convention. Many convention staff members participated. This 
appeared to be a helpful effort. For many WMU members it was their 
first time to visit the state convention offices and to learn how the 
money given in the local church made the combined effort of the state 
convention possible. 

In the April 26, 1997, Biblical Recorder, Dr. Smith in his "As I See 
It" column, reported on his attendance at two outstanding Baptist 
conventions dedicated to learning about and celebrating missions. He 
said, "I wish every North Carolina Baptist could attend these meetings 
each year. Our state convention would indeed be stronger." 

The two conventions in 1997 were the North Carolina Baptist Men's 
Convention held January 31-February 2, at First Baptist Church, 
Greensboro, and the North Carolina Woman's Missionary Union 
Convention held at Ridgecrest, March 21-23. Smith wrote: 'They 
know how to do it right... Both groups come with a single agenda — 
missions — and stay focused throughout the entire meeting." 

He also noted, 'The vast majority of the people stayed for the entire 
meeting. Both meetings begin on Friday night, with Baptist Men end- 
ing Saturday evening and WMU concluding with a worship service on 
Sunday morning... People did not just attend certain sessions... those 
featuring well known speakers or the business sessions or the election 
of officers... Very few were 'outstanding' in other places. At the WMU 
meeting exhibit areas were closed during the sessions." 

Dr. Smith observed at both conventions "the sessions could be 
characterized by an atmosphere of worship and celebration." 

"I came away from the Baptist Men and WMU meetings encouraged 
about our future work together as a state denomination. As I see it, 
those two groups will help us stay focused on missions if we will let 
them. I hope we will follow their leadership." 

Donice Harrod and Irma Duke, along with state WMU officers and 
board members, discussed for some time the possibility of having a 
Mutual Covenant with the Baptist State Convention. The matter was 
discussed with Dr. Roy J. Smith, executive director-treasurer of the 
Baptist State Convention, and other convention leadership. The draft- 
ed document reflected the relationship which already existed. It was 
amended and adjusted to be in keeping with the understanding of 
WMU and the Baptist State Convention, with some final changes 


And So Much More 

made for necessary legal phrasing requested by the Convention. 

The Mutual Covenant was approved by the WMU Executive Board 
on Saturday, May 3, 1997, and by the Executive Board of the Baptist 
State Convention on May 19, 1997. (See Appendix 2.) 

Chapter Fifteen 

By His mighty power at work within us, He is able to accomplish infinitely 
more than we would ever dare to ask or hope. Ephesians 3:20 (NLT) 

T ocal churches and their missions organizations have provided a 

springboard for the involvement of every Christian in carrying 

I ^out the Great Commission. The importance of being a volunteer 
has taken on unlimited dimensions, just as Jesus tried to teach His 

Only eternity will tell the significance of the work done by volunteers 
and the myriad of talented skills they bring to missions. 

One dictionary says to volunteer is to offer one's self for or into any 
service or undertaking on the basis of free will. The Bible makes it clear 
that a voluntary, free will response is the only way God desires one to 
worship, serve, or relate to Him. 

Each individual must freely choose, or volunteer, to receive Christ in 
his life. The lifestyle of the Christian is to be one of voluntarily choos- 
ing to do the will of the Father. It is an ongoing, continuous growing 

Jesus in essence was a volunteer. He possessed a will of His own, but 
Jesus determined to do the will of the Father, even when it meant the 
cross. Therefore, the attitude of the Christian should be that of Paul, 
"What would you have me to do, Lord?" Those who studied the progress 
of missions in the Bible, and grasped God's expectations of them as indi- 
viduals, began to recognize a missions lifestyle was not restricted to 
what was done inside the walls of their homes and churches. 

In the very mobile twentieth century, Christians realized they could 
go out to work and engage in many varied mission efforts. They could 



And So Much More 

travel beyond their places of residence to the uttermost part of the 
earth. The ministry of no two Christians would be exactly the same. In 
biblical studies, and through preached messages, emphasis had been 
placed on helping Christians identify their spiritual gifts and talents. 
How every Christian would minister would relate directly to the 
empowering of the Holy Spirit. The question for more and more 
Christians was not "should he or she be a volunteer in missions," but 
"where, how, and to whom?" 

Career missionaries, under appointment by a sponsoring mission 
board, continue to be an essential part of reaching a lost world for 
Christ. They provide an anchor and spend lifetimes preparing the way, 
establishing relationships that make the expanded volunteer programs 
possible, and so successful. Volunteerism only gives an extra hand to 
help full time missionaries strengthen the ongoing work. 

In this history we identify only a few who have volunteered for short- 
term ministry in response to God's call. Usually they went at their own 
expense, to work in an association, or on a North American or interna- 
tional mission field. The testimony of any one of these hundreds of vol- 
unteers is a story about how he or she experienced God's call and was 
empowered to do what God called him or her to do. Some stories of vol- 
unteerism have already been recorded in this history. 

Bill and Lena Mitchincr 

What appeared to be an ordinary couple, living ordinary lives, in an 
ordinary North Carolina town, with God's power at work in them, 
became anything but ordinary. Bill and Lena Mitchiner became stellar 
examples of what God can do when people make themselves available to 

Bill held the franchise for an auto parts store in Oxford, North 
Carolina and Lena was a public school teacher. Long time members of 
First Baptist Church in that town, they were active in the life of the 
church in many ways. Specifically, Bill was involved in work with the 
Baptist Brotherhood (North Carolina Baptist Men) and Lena with 
Woman's Missionary Union. She served in the state organization as 
stewardship chairman. 

They realized for some time that since God had not given them chil- 
dren He must have something else in mind for their lives. One Sunday 
morning their pastor preached on the need for every Christian to be on 
mission. God led them to make a commitment to go and do whatever 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


God called on them to do. They made themselves available to Him. 

The Mitchiners had always enjoyed hearing and talking with mis- 
sionaries. From them they gained some understanding of what life was 
like for those serving as missionaries in many different countries and 
cultures of the world. They realized what it would mean for church 
members to get a better understanding of the world and its needs. Then 
more people could pray for the work of the missionaries, there would be 
commitments from others to go serve in unexpected places, and finan- 
cial support would be greater for those who did go. The Mitchiners 
began to see their calling was to help inform church members about 
missionaries and the mission field. 

Beginning in the mid-1950's, and continuing for 22 years, the couple 
logged over 600,000 miles in travels viewing mission work overseas and 
home mission ministries in the United States. On each foreign mission 
field Lena would secure a typical dress of the country to bring home 
with her. 

To accomplish what they dreamed of doing, the couple made them- 
selves available to the churches in North Carolina. They would come 
and speak about the missionaries on the field, their experiences with 
the people and the kinds of needs they saw. This enabled church 
members to pray more effectively and consider what God wanted them 
to do about missions. Increased financial support for missions was 
another result. 

The Mitchiners were in a different church almost every week. The 
story of missions was shared in personal testimony, by slides, and tapes 
of music. Lena had the unusual ability to call the name of each young 
person in the churches who volunteered to wear the national dress of 
the countries being described. No matter if there were fifteen dresses to 
be worn in a church, she was able to introduce each girl or boy by name 
as she presented them to the audience. Those young people have never 
forgotten this. 

The Mitchiners did all their travel at their own expense and didn't 
even accept an honorarium from the churches where they spoke. This 
meant they could go to little churches as well as large ones without any 
expense to the church. It was their way of responding to the Great 
Commission. Their presentations on stateside were unforgettable and 
only heaven can fully reflect the impact of these two missions volun- 

Before any overseas travel, the Mitchiners always talked with the 


And So Much More 

then Foreign Mission Board and the area secretaries, who in turn alert- 
ed the missionaries of the schedule of the Mitchiners. Bill had earlier 
served as a member of the Home Mission Board and Lena on the 
Foreign Mission Board. 

On a trip in 1977 the couple made stops in Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, 
Kenya, Ghana, Upper Volta and Senegal. Bill reported, "The work has 
no limits, it seems, in Kenya. Where the gospel is preached, they have 
a revival." Lena added, "One of the strong points is the national is 
being trained to be a leader now" (Biblical Recorder, April 16, 1977). 

This couple provided a good livelihood for themselves, but they 
were not wealthy. They had to discipline themselves to have enough 
money to make each trip. When either was away from the other for 
missions or business meetings, they would not even treat themselves 
to a call back home. They realized foregoing the telephone call meant 
more money for missions travel. 

In like fashion, when they traveled in the United Sates they seldom 
stopped at restaurants for meals. Rather, they took along a folding 
hibachi which could be fueled with balls of news paper, and stopped at 
rest stops or picnic tables along the highway to cook their hamburg- 
er or prepare other food. The savings freed more money for missions 

Alma (Suzi) Helton 

"Be careful how you pray because God might answer and your life 
will be changed forever." These were the words of Suzi Helton of 

A sharecropper's daughter, she had grown up in a family of twelve 
children. They were very poor. She didn't get to go to church until she 
was a teenager and a church bus came by their house. Her mother 
said the children could go if it didn't cost more than ten cents a trip. 
The bus was free! She became a Christian at age sixteen. 

After World War II she met and married a handsome young soldier. 
Church became a focus of their family life. They had five children and 
adopted two others. Life was good. 

After surviving a serious illness, Suzi felt God had some special pur- 
pose for her life. Through WMU she had learned about missions and 
the importance of prayer. She began to pray, asking God to show her 
what He wanted her to do because she thought she really didn't know 
how to do anything. 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


Suzie had read in the Biblical Recorder that workers were needed 
in Honduras. So she called Jim Marchman, a volunteer working with 
the Brotherhood's volunteer ministries. She told him to call her hus- 
band. Instead of her husband being asked to go, Suzie was asked. A 
cook was needed. Suzi said she couldn't possibly go. Her husband 
said, "Sure you can. I will be housewife and mother while you are 

Her husband continued to feel God also wanted him to be a part of 
what was happening in missions. Shortly after the Honduras trip, 
both responded to a call for help in Guadaloupe. That was only the 
beginning. They went to Costa Rica, to Guadeloupe multiple times, to 
Spain, and to Alaska. Suzi's husband went with her when she went 
back to Honduras. She said, "We always left a part of our hearts in the 
places wherever we went." 

The calls continued to come. Suzi's husband became very tired and 
told her she must go for the whole family. Then she heard there was 
a need for child care workers. Surely, being a mother of seven, that 
was something she could do. 

She began to take teams for a week, sometimes a month, to work 
wherever they were needed. She felt so blessed. She said, "It would 
take volumes to tell about the wonderful children we worked with. 
The fun times. Climbing the Great Wall of China, helping break down 
the Berlin wall, riding a dog sled with my children in Alaska." 

Although assured she was doing what she was supposed to do, and 
with insistence from her husband, the family was not spared difficul- 
ties. Her husband developed cancer. Hurricane Hugo came through 
Hickory and they experienced great losses not covered by insurance. 
"I sold my dinner ring. We sold our cows. Whatever it took, that is 
what we did. One time we sold three cows and came home to find we 
had four baby calves. 

"My kids said we got more than we gave!" 

The husband's health continued to worsen. He still insisted that 
Suzie go on the mission trips — for the whole family. One daughter, a 
nurse, gave him special attention until he died. 

Their youngest son graduated from North Carolina State University 
two weeks after his father's death. Again, Suzie, almost in desperation, 
wondered, "What am I to do?" A trip to Mexico was already planned. 
Her ticket was already purchased. Midst her indecision she said she 
could almost hear her husband saying, "You've got to go for all of us." 


And So Much More 

Realizing she had traveled almost around the world she knew the God 
who was calling her to go would take care of her just as He had prom- 
ised 21 years earlier. 

Mary Webb Rowe 

Mary Rowe believes she is a woman who has had "two fabulous lives." 
She admits there have been many times when this was beyond her 
imagination. After 35 years in the role of a wife and mother of three 
children, her world was turned upside down as she found herself facing 
an unwanted divorce. Mary's Sunday School teacher, a WMU leader, 
showed concern for Mary and encouraged her to claim God's promises. 
She claimed God's promise in Psalm 40 and Psalm 55:12-23. 

Mary was asked to work at Camp Mundo Vista for four summers, with 
multiple assignments. There she was drawn to Baptist missionaries who 
came to teach and speak to the campers. She became increasingly inter- 
ested in their ministries. She was asked if she would like to go to Panama 
to help the women develop skills in making crafts which could then be 
sold. Without any reason not to go, she jumped at the chance. It would 
give her opportunity to be with other Christian women and missionaries. 
That was the beginning of her volunteer mission work. 

Mary had thought there was nothing productive that she could do. 
But she found God was continuing to open doors and show her what her 
capabilities really were. 

The words of a poem (author unknown), helped her to thank God for 
the life He was giving her: 

You really learn that you can endure 
That you really are strong 
And you really do have worth. 
And you learn 
And learn 
And you learn 

With every goodbye you learn. 

Over the twenty years she has spent time in at least a dozen coun- 
tries, visiting several of them as many as four times, for a total of 21 
trips. Her role varied from cooking for teams of missionaries and vol- 
unteers who were building churches and seminary dormitories, to 
teaching sewing and crafts to women in third world countries, and 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


teaching the Bible and crafts to children. Trips lasted from one week to 
as long as a month. 

Mary's favorite trip was to Botswana, Africa, where she spent a month 
cooking for a team of missionaries there to build the first church in the 
area. In an account given in the Mount Airy News , August 13, 2000, she 

"Up until that time church had been held under a Banyan tree, or any- 
where they could find some shade and shelter... I enjoyed it because we 
were in the "wilds" of Africa. There were a few old hotels, built by the 
English, still there, where people would have afternoon tea. But most of 
the people around us were living in mud huts. Many people go to South 
Africa and say they have seen Africa, but they don't really know what 
Africa is until they go north, into the poor countries." 

Mary was deeply impressed by the Polish people. She cherished 
memories of the month spent in Poland. Her responsibilities were to 
cook for a volunteer missions team while they built a seminary dormi- 
tory where pastors and church leaders could stay when they came to 
study. She said she found the Polish people to be enterprising and 
thrifty. What had been done to rebuild the country after it was totally 
destroyed in World War II was a credit to the Polish people. 

Her plans for future volunteer mission trips? Mary has no planned 
trips now but is still available for whatever door God opens where her 
particular gifts and skills are needed. She continues to praise the God 
who blessed her with a good life and then gave her the second blessing 
of another fabulous life as a volunteer missionary. 

Clarence and Wanda Collier 

On a snowy January 1, 1989, a Baptist couple from Eastern North 
Carolina arrived in the cold state of Montana as mission volunteers 
under the (then) Home Mission Board of the Southern Baptist 
Convention. Clarence and Wanda Collier had sold their house, packed 
their belongings, loaded them in a U-haul truck, and pulled their car 
behind them. When they passed through Nashville, Tennessee, and vis- 
ited with a niece, the niece asked, "When are you two going to grow 
up?" As viewed by some family and friends, it was a rash move. 

How could this be? Clarence worked for the telephone company and 
Wanda taught piano. The children were grown and settled. Living in 
Laurinburg for twenty years and then in Wilmington, they had been 
active in the local Baptist churches. In Woman's Missionary Union and 


And So Much More 

Baptist Men they had read about the need for volunteers in states where 
Southern Baptist work was new and where churches were being plant- 
ed. Reports of the new work in WMU's Royal Service magazine caught 
their attention. Wanda attended state leadership conferences, WMU 
annual meetings, mission action workshops, and prayer retreats. 

When Clarence's company wanted to transfer him to another city in 
North Carolina, they decided it was time to carefully consider what God 
might want them to do at that point in their lives. Because they were 
both informed through the mission organizations about the needs, the 
Holy Spirit had continually brought to mind that God just might want 
them to do volunteer mission work somewhere. 

Wanda considered Sara Ann Hobbs and Nancy Curtis her mentors. 
The Colliers had traveled with their children on a mission trip to 
Montana in 1961, but when they decided to fill out an application with 
the Home Mission Board they did not limit their assignment to any one 
place, saying, "wherever we are needed." The assignment in God's plan 
of things was in Montana. Montana was to be home for the next eleven 

In their assignment as state directors for Woman's Missionary Union 
and Brotherhood their job was to visit the churches. When they began 
work there were 83 churches in the state. When they left there were 
140. The work was growing and they stayed busy visiting to help organ- 
ize the new churches for missions, starting WMU organizations for 
women and children, and Brotherhood organizations for men and boys. 

Virginia Lambert Wood 

Virginia Wood was a product of the Piedmont area of North Carolina, 
growing up with caring, loving Christian parents. Her earliest memory 
of participating in an event in the church was at age four when she sang 
"Jesus Wants Me for a Sunbeam." She knew then Jesus did love her 
because the Bible told her so. At age eleven she made her profession of 
faith in Christ. Her growing up years were spent in First Baptist 
Church, Asheboro. 

Early in her Christian experience she became aware of a larger world 
out there and from Sunbeam days forward she began to be aware of the 
Great Commission and its claim on her life. There was an ongoing 
awareness, although not fully understood, that she might be a part of 
that larger world. God's plan was being worked out all along. 

After high school she enrolled at Meredith College and a larger area 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


of Christian service opened to her. During the summer months she 
worked with one of the North Carolina Baptist State Convention teams 
in the mountains of western North Carolina, under the auspices of the 
Sunday School department. It was there she participated in "missions 
one on one." She felt real joy in her heart as God was able to use her tal- 
ents, though small and undeveloped, to glorify Him. 

God had a nice surprise for Virginia when He brought into her life a 
young seminary student from Southern Seminary in Louisville. The 
commitment of Harry D. Wood, Jr., from Raleigh, to serve the Lord 
wherever He might lead touched her heart and soul. They were married 
in June, 1940, and began work with the Alabama Baptist State 
Convention. Living in Montgomery, they were happy to get to know and 
sit under the preaching of Dr. Herschel Hobbs. 

God opened yet another door for the Woods which brought them 
back to North Carolina. Harry was called as pastor of Angier Baptist 
Church in Angier, NC, where numerous opportunities for service came. 
Mrs. Mable Claire Maddrey, active in the work of Woman's Missionary 
Union in the state, became Virginia's mentor. She encouraged her 
greater involvement in the WMU in the association. Many doors opened 
and the love for all facets of missions continued to grow in her heart. 

In 1949 Harry Wood became pastor of First Baptist Church, 
Leaksville, (now Eden) North Carolina. Virginia focused on reaching 
the young adult women in the church and association. These women 
were rearing their families and some were also entering a variety of pro- 
fessional and career fields. Through Bible studies, mission programs 
and personal efforts a strong contingent of outstanding women in that 
area of the state was developed. 

The church reflected this growing, vibrant emphasis on missions. 

Virginia served five years as stewardship chairman for North Carolina 
WMU, sharing biblical mandates and living out the larger meaning of 
stewardship in her own life as she led conferences for leadership and as 
she often spoke in the churches. 

Responding out of their own commitment to missions, the Woods 
took their first real mission venture outside the state in 1959. Some of 
their missionary friends invited and encouraged them to visit their 
fields of service where Harry could preach and Virginia could share her 
wonderful musical talents and work with the children. This effort to 
witness to people in different cultures took them to Brazil, Chile, Peru 
and other countries. 


And So Much More 

Virginia said, "My joy was boundless." God blessed their efforts and 
when they came home they went everywhere they were given opportu- 
nity to share what God was doing in those countries. Harry was equal- 
ly committed to telling the need for more missionaries to share the love 
of the Lord with so many who had never heard. 

God was full of surprises for the Woods. When he took early retire- 
ment at age 62, Harry was called to be pastor of Bethel International 
Baptist Church in Frankfurt, Germany. Their work there afforded 
opportunities they could never have imagined. The European Baptist 
Convention was, and is, made up of English speaking Baptist churches 
in some thirty countries in Europe. 

The Woods had gone to Europe to stay possibly two years. They 
stayed ten. Harry was elected president of the European Baptist 
Convention and Virginia was elected president of the WMU of the 
European Convention. They led conferences, Bible studies, preached 
and witnessed all over Europe, even to some who lived behind the Iron 

Virginia said, "Our Lord led us, watched over us and provided for our 
needs in ways too wonderful to try to explain. We grew in faith, in wis- 
dom and in love. He blessed our efforts and we praised His Holy Name." 

Harry died in 1992 and Virginia returned to the home given them by 
the First Baptist Church of Eden, a church community they had served 
for 27 years. God had blessed their home with a son and a daughter, and 
grandchildren who now were not far away. What is she doing? The same 
thing she has tried to do ever since she realized God has purpose for 
every life, no matter the changing circumstances. She teaches, speaks, 
witnesses and with great joy continues to give God the glory for all that 
is done. 

Juanita and Charles Meares 

It was through involvement in a Baptist Women's organization that 
Juanita Meares learned for the first time what the verses in Matthew 
28:19-20 and Acts 1:8 really meant. "Through a program in Royal 
Service on 'Voluntary Missions' I understood the message of the scrip- 
tures to say 'Go' and make disciples — a direct command. It was not an 
option to go if I felt like it, or do if I wanted to. He said 'Go,'" recalled 
Juanita. "Then, through studying the book Experiencing God by 
Henry Blackaby, God impressed upon me to... come... join Him... in 
His work." 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


Living with a very enthusiastic WMU wife, Charles soon responded to 
God's call to join her in volunteer missions. She was a housewife and den- 
tal assistant. He was the superintendent for a state correctional center. 

The whole family, including their two daughters, Lisa and Wanda, 
and six other people, took their first mission trip in June, 1980. They 
worked in an inner city setting in Indiana leading backyard Bible clubs 
and working with many boys and girls. It was easy since they had done 
that at home. But living there was different, it meant sleeping in a 
church basement on fold up cots, taking showers with an outside hose 
in bathing suits, and cooking in 103 degree weather. For ten days they 
learned how to live and appreciate the convenience of home, and how 
to be pleasant no matter the circumstances. It was a growth experience 
for all of them. Other trips followed: 

1981: West Virginia — pioneer missions with Backyard Bible Clubs for 
boys and girls during the day and revival services at night. 

1982: Pennsylvania — provided basic leadership training for Sunday 
School, missions, music, and lifestyle evangelism in a small church. 

1983: New York — in a mission church, Vacation Bible School, odd jobs. 

1986: Ohio — led VBS training conferences. 

1995-96: Two times to help a struggling mission pastor — painting, 
revival services, backyard clubs. Their church helped sponsor the pas- 
tor for several years. 

1988, 1990, 1992, 1994: Sao Paulo, Brazil— evangelism, revivals, home 
Bible studies. 70 people attended one home Bible study. Eleven people 
accepted Christ. In a report on their work in Brazil, Juanita said, 

"God moved in a mighty way. It was a very tiring, draining experience 
but a very spiritual, uplifting one. Acts 15-36: 'Let us go back and visit 
our brothers, where we preached.' We went back three times to Sao 
Paulo, working with different churches, sharing Jesus in schools, the 
work place, and up and down the streets." 

1997 and 1999: Dental missions in Romania — Dr. Cooper, the dentist 
for whom Juanita worked, and his family also went. They worked with 
missionaries Larry and Peggy Carnes. Long lines formed as news spread 
that this doctor had Novocain which doctors there did not have. They 
had many opportunities to share Christ's love. 

When the Meares are invited to churches to report on their work, 
Juanita says, "If I had not been involved in WMU, learning and praying 
about missions, I would never have heard God's Call." 

The Meares are quick to say they are not the same people as they 


And So Much More 

were before volunteering for missions. They are more aware of what the 
missionaries are doing; they have more concern for people and their 
needs; their attitudes and priorities have changed; their faith has 
increased as they have seen God answer prayers and work through them 
when they make themselves available. 

Miller and Peggy Garrison 

Miller Garrison of Stanley, North Carolina, is a multi-talented and 
skilled man who earned a good livelihood as a result of his training 
and experience as an employee of Duke Power Company. His wife, 
Peggy, was always involved with Woman's Missionary Union in First 
Baptist Church, Stanley, and the Greater Gaston Baptist Association. 
As satisfying and effective as their lives were, God had other plans for 
them. Without children still to be educated — and one daughter 
already grown — they began to evaluate their lives in the light of what 
they were coming to understand as their purpose for being in the 

Like some of their friends reaching early retirement age, they could 
afford to sell their home and build a better one. But they felt God had 
something more for them to do. When Miller took early retirement 
they, together, decided they would go and do whatever God wanted, 
wherever He wanted them. Already active with North Carolina Baptist 
Men, Peggy and Miller were ready to respond to emergency needs 
where floods, tornadoes and hurricanes had hit. They just went to give 
a hand to the victims and do whatever was needed, no matter the con- 
ditions that existed. It was a way to express Christian love and con- 

The first out of country trip for Miller was in 1979 to Brazil to do 
welding on an irrigation system for the missionaries. 

In 1980 Miller and Peggy went to Tok, Alaska, to build a home for a 

From 1984 to 1987 they made 35 trips to Caswell Baptist Assembly 
to scrape paint, repair, and renovate houses and dorms. Thousands of 
Baptist dollars were saved because of the Garrisons and other volun- 
teers who donated labor, and often materials. Peggy climbed ladders 
and strapped on her tool belt like others on the job. 

In 1986 Miller traveled to Togo, West Africa to help build a much 
needed bridge. The duo, Peggy and Miller, traveled often: New Windsor, 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


New York, to renovate a church; St. Maartens, Caribbean, to build a 
home for the pastor; Ramey, Pennsylvania, to renovate a church; and 
New York City, on a graffiti mission, to clean the apartment of a sick, eld- 
erly church member and to work on the roof of a church in Queens. In 
1988 Miller returned to Togo, Africa, to build a house. 

Then, together Miller and Peggy were on the road again: to Mars Hill 
College to build a chapel, to Brazil to build a church, Pittsburgh, New 
York, to build a church, Zaparozha, Ukraine, to build a church, Fastov, 
Ukraine, to build a church, Prague, Czech Republic, to renovate a semi- 
nary, to Holosno, Ukraine, to Shackleford, London, England, to repair a 
sewer line for a seminary, and two trips to Obukhov, Ukraine. 

In response to disaster needs, Miller and Peggy made four trips to 
Richmond Heights, Florida, repairing damage from hurricane Andrew. 
Miller returned alone to work with a group of Methodist volunteers. 
Other disaster work was done in Hannibal, Missouri, following a devas- 
tating flood. They made five trips to work with World Changers in 
Murphy, North Carolina, and Miller to work with World Changers in 
Puerto Rico. Renovations were underway on the cabins at Camp Mundo 
Vista and Miller and Peggy made some seventeen trips, from 1993 to 
1997, to the WMU camps to help with renovations. 

Miller made fifteen trips to the Ukraine to work on churches and 
helped build churches across this country, including Montana, New 
York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and North Carolina. Every mission 
effort cannot be listed here, but the records indicate Miller and/or Peggy 
Garrison carried out a total of 99 mission assignments from 1979 
through 2000. They are still serving. 

Actcens Activators Team 

Woman's Missionary Union encourages a missions lifestyle for indi- 
viduals and families as is evident in the stories recorded in this chapter. 

The age-level organizations provided opportunities for missions 
involvement for adults, and for children and youth, as well, both in the 
local church and through associations. Sometimes planning is done 
through the state organization. One instance was the first North 
Carolina Acteens Activators Abroad team which served in the state of 
Sao Paulo, Brazil, April 11-22, 1990. 

The team of six Acteens was selected by the Acteens committee of the 
WMU executive board in January. These girls were already leaders in 
their churches and/or associations. After accepting the invitation to be 


And So Much More 

on this team they immediately began using weekends to train for the 
ministry they would have in Brazil. The team was commissioned at the 
WMU annual meeting at Ridgecrest on March 31. 

On the team were Heather Bingham, Angie Bost, Nickie Bounds, 
Janina Cauley, Kelli Hopkins, and Korena Huneycutt. The team was led 
by Kathie Aiken, chairman of the Acteens committee, and Linda Todd, 
state Acteens director. 

The dates for the mission trip took advantage of Easter holidays from 
school. During the Easter weekend the girls shared their personal tes- 
timonies at a missions camp and shared what working on Studiact had 
meant in their lives. Kathie Aiken and Linda Todd led conferences for 
leaders. The theme for the weekend was "Standing Firm in a World of 

Here are some of the favorite memories of the girl's eleven days on 
mission in Brazil. 

Korena Huneycutt: "The mission trip to Brazil was one of the best 
experiences of my life. During Linda's message the girls at camp were 
listing crises they face at home, school, church and with friends. I real- 
ized they were listing the exact crises teenagers in America face. It hit 
me that people are people everywhere.... 

"It was a blessing to see how readily the Brazilians accepted us even 
though we didn't speak the same language. The day we arrived at camp, 
after the opening ceremonies, we were walking back to the 
cabin... when a group of the girls came up to us talking in Portuguese. 
We wanted to talk to them so we pulled out our Portuguese-English 
sheets. Finally we had to give up and say, "chow." 

"Even though we didn't speak the same language, we spoke the uni- 
versal language of love." 

Kelli Hopkins: "One experience that meant a lot was when I met 
Cynthia. She became very special to me. She spoke very little English 
and I spoke no Portuguese, but we didn't let the language barrier get in 
the way. We spent a lot of time talking and getting to know each other. 

"The second night we were at camp we had a campfire. When the 
invitation was given, Cynthia came down and accepted Jesus Christ as 
her Savior. That touched my heart. I thought maybe I had a little influ- 
ence in her decision." 

Heather Bingham: "My most meaningful experiences took place at 
the Friendship House in Sao Paulo (where we were for three 
days).... There was a class with three- and four-year-olds. Each one was 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


pretty but there was one little girl with a special gleam in her eye. When 
our class time ended, we played. I wanted her to know I wanted to be 
her friend. Even though we couldn't speak the same language we could 
understand each other's need for the love that we showed for each 
other. The gleam in her eye was my sign that God wants me to become 
a missionary and work with children her age, perhaps in Brazil." 

Kathie Aiken: "Those eyes, those beautiful piercing Brazilian eyes. 
I've seen them some nights as I've gone to sleep. I don't think I will ever 
forget the long, searching looks of the children as I shared the Bible sto- 
ries. I also can see Sonja's eyes as we waved goodbye, eyes of thankful- 
ness and sisterhood. (Sonja was the director of the Friendship House.) 

Linda Todd: "I was so proud of this team. They worked hard and gave 
so much of themselves. 

"Acteens Activators leaders have shared how much the Acteens they 
have taken on teams have grown as a result, but the same leaders never 
told me what could or would happen to the team leaders! 

"One of the most satisfying experiences of the eleven days for me per- 
sonally was being able to use my baby-talk Portuguese to communicate. 
Over ten years ago, I served as a Journeyman to Brazil so I understand 
and can speak some Portuguese, like a baby!.... At the Friendship House 
I had to instruct the children as they made a craft. It really pleased me 
to see the children understand." 

Janina Cauley: "When did I realize I was in Brazil? It was not when: 

• I had to travel over 4,000 miles, by plane. 

• I had to eat rice and beans almost everyday and sometimes 
twice a day. 

• I prayed every minute I was riding in an automobile because 
of the 'interesting' way Brazilians drive. 

When did I realize I was in Brazil? It was when: 

• We were able to stand in front of about 120 Brazilian girls and 
leaders at Camp Sumare and hear them sing their national 
anthem for us and then we sang ours for them. 

• On Saturday night, I was able to share at the campfire what 
prayer means to me and what God has done for me. During the 
invitation a girl came forward and received Jesus into her heart. 
She was joined by others who made different commitments 

• We were lying in bed and were serenaded by Brazilian voices 


And So Much More 

outside our window, singing in English. 

• We were able to stay with missionaries a couple of nights and 
got to talk with them about their work. 

• On Tuesday afternoon we were able to visit in a lady's home 
and I shared, with the help of an interpreter, my testimony of 
what God is doing in my life. 

• We were able to visit in some of the children's homes and meet 
their parents and see the situations they are living in. 

• On the last day of our assigned task at Friendship House, 
Sonja, the director, asked us, "How many of you are thinking 
about being missionaries?" Each one of us raised a hand." 

Christian Service Corps 

From the beginning of volunteer missions, whatever the form, 
women in North Carolina have been there. Already mentioned is the 
Teachers' Volunteer Corps formed in North Carolina to provide teach- 
ers for six months in the summer in those areas of the state where 
schools were not readily available for the children, mostly in the moun- 
tain areas. They taught Bible and basic elementary school subjects. 
They were not paid for their services, stayed in the homes in the com- 
munities, and received only travel expenses. 

Helping to secure volunteers and getting the project organized were 
Mrs. Walter Clark, Fannie Heck and Sallie Bailey Jones. In North 
Carolina the Sunday School department was also involved. The teach- 
ers were often sent to different areas in response to requests by con- 
cerned pastors. 

In 1962, in response to a message on pioneer missions by Wendell 
Belew of the Home Mission Board, Susie Nabb Illingworth of 
Birmingham told Mr. Belew she would like to work in pioneer missions. 
She responded to a call to work in Colorado with WMU camps and 
leader training. At her own expense this WMU woman spent the sum- 
mer working in Colorado, North and South Dakota, Montana and 

President Jimmy Carter was interested in Christians volunteering 
and invited Mrs. Christine Gregory, WMU SBC president, along with 
other Southern Baptist Convention leadership, to the White House to 
hear his ideas of recruiting Christians to volunteer for a year at their 
own expense. This created interest in the Southern Baptist Convention. 
Evelyn Blount represented WMU on a missions agencies team to coor- 

By His Power: Infinitely More 


dinate recruiting, training and placing volunteers. This resulted in the 
Christian Service Corps. 

In North Carolina most of the work with the CSC was done with the 
Home Mission Board, focusing on mission assignments in the United 
States. Volunteers were enlisted, trained and encouraged through 
annual weekend seminars attended by those who already were volun- 
teers and those who were interested in volunteering. The seminars were 
planned by Suthell Walker of the NC WMU staff. She was a CSC volun- 
teer herself, using her vacation time to serve. 

The seminars brought representatives from the Home Mission Board 
who explained the process, gave an up to date look at needs, and assist- 
ed in handling specific assignments. 

Among the early volunteers for the CSC were Ann and Sandy Smith 
of Greensboro. In 1966 they served in West Virginia, holding Bible stud- 
ies, conducting surveys and worship services and doing evangelistic 

Bernice Smith, from Eastern North Carolina, accepted numerous 
assignments, usually a different one every summer. A school teacher in 
the winter, she was a CSC volunteer in the only months she had free, 
serving in many locations in the homeland — and later taking some for- 
eign mission assignments. 

Suthell Walker, and later Thelma Goode, of Spindale, spent their 
vacation time several summers as CSC volunteers at the Mission Center 
in Knoxville, Tennessee. 

When the CSC volunteers gathered for the annual seminar weekend 
in North Carolina they shared what they had done in the past year and 
often got new assignments for their next available volunteer time. The 
meetings were always exciting for the participants and those who assist- 
ed with planning and implementing the seminars. 

These volunteers were forerunners for the thousands of volunteers 
who served since those days in the 1960's. 

In my finite understanding of what God is about in the world, I do not 
believe this book has a conclusion or ending. We are all a part of 
something bigger than ourselves. Wonder of wonders, God allows 
each one of us to be a part of what He is doing as we allow His power to 
work in and through us. 

Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina can be seen as more 
than a structured organization. It has provided the means through 
which women, preschoolers, children and youth have learned about 
missions in God's plan for the world (past and present); they have been 
able to study God's Word and identify their own spiritual gifts; they have 
deepened their own commitment to respond to the commands of Christ 
in Matthew 28, realizing each person has been commanded to go and 
each has a responsibility to do so. The result is that Woman's Missionary 
Union's challenge through the years has fostered a missions lifestyle for 
many women, and often for their families. 

It is clear a missions oriented and committed Christian woman adds 
strength to her church through stewardship, prayer and ministry. Like 
our first president, Fannie Heck, she carries the witness of the church 
to the "up and outs" and the "down and outs;" to those who look like us 
and those who don't; to eager, energetic young children; to searching 
youth — all because Jesus said, "Go ye. . . " This woman gives time to 
meet with wiggly, giggly adolescents in order to tell them what God is 
doing in the world and because she sees the potential in their lives. She 
does not focus on her own worth but on the worth of another person 
who does not know Jesus and what He can do in his or her life 

In closing, I recall one of the first things I read about writing a his- 
tory, that the historian needed to have the back of an armadillo. I rec- 
ognized that when I started and I am even more aware of it now. Some 
may not agree with what I have done. Certainly they would have done 
it differently. However, I proceeded, realizing that each person must tell 
the story from her own perspective and as she understands it after 




research and personal experience — 71 years in a WMU organization. 
Others will need to do the same. 

This is my humble offering with the earnest prayer God will use it to 
strengthen and encourage all who are presently involved in Woman's 
Missionary Union in North Carolina, and all those who will follow us, 
stirring and keeping alive the missions motivation in all that we do 
through the denomination, association, and church, and as our indi- 
vidual lives flow out into the even larger world. 

My unwavering awareness is that Woman's Missionary Union is of the 
Lord and will continue to be a channel in some form through which He 
accomplishes His purposes until He comes again. 

— Dorothy Allred 




Fannie E. S. Heck 



oame Dciiiey Jones (Mrs. w. in .j 



Benna lurner (Mrs. j. Liyae) 



Foy J. Farmer (Mrs. James) 


Derma luriier (i v irs. j. \^\y\xC) 



Foy J. Farmer (Mrs. James S.) 



Mabel Claire Maddrey (Mrs. C. Gordon) 



Velma McGee (Mrs. W. K.) 



Sarah Parker (Mrs. A. L. ) 



Emma Benfield (Mrs. R. Knolan) 



Bernice Cross (Mrs. Gilmer) 



Betty Gilreath (Mrs. J. Frank) 



Bea McRae (Mrs. Horace) 



Dorothy P. Allred (Mrs. Hoyle) 



Ann Smith (Mrs. Sanford) 



Donice Harrod (Mrs. J. D.) 


Ruby Fulbright (Mrs. Ellis) 

Corresponding Secretaries, Executive Secretaries, 
Executive Directors 


Sallie Bailey, 


Mrs. J. A. Briggs 


Sallie Bailey Jones (Mrs. W. N.) 


Mrs. Hight C. Moore 


Elizabeth Briggs 


Blanche Barrus 


Bertha Carroll 


Mrs. W. H. Reddish 


Mary Warren 


Mrs. Enda R. Harris 


Mrs. W. D. Briggs 


Mary Currin 


Appendix 1 


Executive Secretaries, Executive Directors (continued) 

1945- 1946 Mrs. Foy J. Farmer (acting) 

1946- 1955 Ruth Provence 
1955-1968 Miriam J. Robinson 
1968-1977 Sara Ann Hobbs 

1977 Betty Gilreath (Mrs. Frank Jr.), interim 

1977-1993 Nancy Curtis 

1993- 1994 Dorothy P. Allred (Mrs. Hoyle), interim 

1994- 2000 Irma C. Duke (Mrs. James) 
2000- Dr. Katharine Bryan, interim 

YWA Leaders 

1907-1912 Mary K. Applewhite 

1913- 1914 Ellen Graham 

1914- 1915 Mrs. J. W. Bunn 

1915- 1918 Mrs. C. E. Mason 
1919-1924 Mrs. R. N. Simms 

Band Superintendent 

1897-1907 Elizabeth Briggs 

Junior Superintendent 

1907-1910 Elizabeth Briggs 

1910- 1911 Mrs. Myrtle H. Farmer 

1911- 1924 Elizabeth Briggs 

Young People's Secretaries 

1924-1929 Dorothy Kellam 

1929-1934 Alva Lawrence 

1935-1943 Mary Currin 

1943-1946 Kathryn Abee 

1947-1951 Hilda Mayo 

1952-1953 Marie Epley 

1954-1957 Janet Wilson 

Royal Ambassador Secretaries 

1944- 1945 A. T. Greene, Jr. 

1945- 1957 B. W. Jackson 


And So Much More 

YWA Directors 

1958- 1966 Sara Ann Hobbs 
1966-1970 Linda Warren 

Girls Auxiliary Directors 

1955-1959 Barbara Rodman 
1960-1964 Willa Dean Freeman 
1964-1966 Nancy Belle Cousins 
1966-1969 Sara Ann Hobbs 
1969-1970 Jolene Ivey 

Sunbeam Band Directors 

1957-1959 Beverly Nelson 

1960-1963 Delois Hamrick 

1963-1966 Mrs. Louise Burgess 

1966-1970 Bernice Popham 

Woman's Missionary Societies Director 

1959- 1970 Kathryn Bullard 

Baptist Women's Directors/Consultants 

1970-1975 Kathryn Bullard 
1975-1986 Suthell Walker 
1985-1995 Carolyn Hopkins 

Baptist Young Women Directors 

1970-1972 Linda Warren 

1973-1977 Nancy Curtis 

1977-1982 Nona Kay Bickerstaff 

1982-1985 Pat Ritchie 

1987-1995 Carolyn Hopkins 

Mission Friends Directors/Consultants 

1970-1972 Bernice Popham 
1973-1985 Pat Ritchie 
1986-1995 Marcia McQueen 

Appendix 1 

Girls in Action Directors/Consultants 

1970-1976 Jolene Ivey 

1976-1982 Pat Ritchie 

1983-1986 Jan High 

1986- 1995 Marcia McQueen 

Actcens Directors/Consultants 

1970-1976 Jolene Ivey 

1976-1986 Carolyn Hopkins 

1987- 1991 Linda Todd 
1992-1994 Paula O'Briant 
1995 Jeanette Walters 

WMU Consultant 

1986-1995 Jan High 

Missions Growth Consultant 

1995- Carolyn Hopkins 

Missions Education Consultant 

1995- Jan High 

Missions Ministries Consultant 

1995- 1999 Jeanette Walters (Mrs. Larry) 
1999- Margaret Harding (Mrs. William) 

Missions Support Consultant 

1995 Marcia McQueen 

1996- Cara Lynn Croom 

Camp Mundo Vista Resident Manager 

1976-1978 Tommy Bridges 
1978-1992 Leland Bingham 
1992- Bob Navey 

Language Missions Consultant 

1998- Linda Hicks 

Development Director 

1996- Edna Walters 


And So Much More 

Camp Directors 


Jolene Ivey 


Carolyn Hopkins 


Pat Ritchie 


Caroline McManus 


Debra McGuire 


Tammy Herring 


Linda Todd 


Paula O'Briant (Mrs. Thad) 


Carolyn Hopkins/Jennifer Long 


Jeanette Walters/Camille Hatch 


Teresa Russell 


Tammy Tate 


Laura Pendleton 

National Actcens Panelists from North Carolina 


Michele Cherry-Washington, NC 


Janet Harris-Cary, NC 


Cynthia Teague-Bennett, NC 


Leigh Sneed-Raleigh, NC 


Audra Chambers-Greensboro, NC 


Twyla Taylor-Bladenboro, NC 


Tonia Wheeler-High Point, NC 


Shawna Byrd-McLeansville, NC 


Adrienne Henderson-Asheboro, NC 


Tera Hayes-Granite Falls, NC 

Support Staff 


1948 Miss Mabel Baucom, Miss Josephine Wood 

(Records were not available from 1949-1962) 

1963 Mrs. Robert Philyaw, Mrs. John Miller 

1965 Mrs. James T. Parker 

1966- 1971 Mrs. Pina Powell 

1967- 1968 Mrs. Christine Magoun 
1969 Mrs. Pat Grose 
1970-1974 Maxine Bumgarner 

Appendix 1 

Secretaries (continued) 


Patricia Thompson 


Janet Poole 


Linda Love 


Kay Abbott Bissette 


Belle Wilson 


Violet Matthews 


Cheryl Cruickshank 


Linda Kreiter 


Ramona Whaley 


Erica Gleva 


Laura Pendleton Davis 

Literature Secretary 

1963 Eva Jones 

1964-1968 Beulah Mae Gill 

1969 Mrs. Jackie Craycraft 

1970 Avenelle King 

1971 Gloria Whitehurst 
(title not used again until 1979) 
1979-1982 Pam Harris 

1982 Kay Abbott 

(title not used after 1982) 

Financial Secretary 

1963- 1973 Vivian Nowell 
1974-1978 Sandra Dillard Arscott 
1979-1986 Diane Hurlbut 
1987-1988 Janie Jeans 
1989-1998 Cheryl Cruickshank 
1998-2000 Paige Perry 

Administrative Assistant 

1964- 1966 Eva Jones 

(the title was not used again until 1972) 
1972-1986 Pina Powell Maynard 
1986-1998 Kay Abbott Bissette 
1998-1999 Judy King 
2000- Michelle Norman 

2000- Judy Branch 


Approved vhs tMitfk? Csnjmiftee. 

Mutual GobtaMg*? 2 - 

Whereas, for more than a century North Carolina Baptist women haver worked in an 
auxiliary status under the banner of the Woman's Missionary Union of rrorth Carolina to 
advance the work and the support of the Baptist churches of North Carolina; state, 
home and foreign missions; and God's Kingdom as a whole; and 

Whereas, God has blessed beyond measure the work of the Woman's Missionary 

Whereas, the Constitution and Bylaws of the Baptist State Convention of North 
Carolina provide for auxiliary status for Woman's Missionary Union with respect to the 
Baptist State Convention of North Carolina and provide Woman's Missionary Union an 
important role in the governance of the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina; and 

Whereas, since its inception, Woman's Missionary Union has been responsible for the 
promotion of missions involvement, education and support of the Baptist State 
Convention of North Carolina and the Baptist churches of North Carolina and has 
promoted giving through the Cooperative Program; and 

Whereas, Woman's Missionary Union has been included in the Baptist State 
Convention budget whiie governing itself autonomously; and 

Whereas, the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina and Woman's Missionary 
Union desire hereby to memorialize and covenant to continue their existing relationship 
for the glory of God and the advancement of His Kingdom; 

Now therefore, the Woman's Missionary Union and Baptist State Convention of North 
Carolina do hereby mutually covenant as follows: 

1 . Woman's Missionary Union shall continue to promote the state, home and foreign 
missions causes and financial support of the Baptist State Convention of North 
Carolina and the purposes thereof in missions support, missions education, 
missions involvement and-spiritual development toward a missions lifestyle. 

2. The Baptist State Convention shall continue to provide the reasonable budgetary 
requirements of the Woman's Missionary Union as in past years, subject to its own 
budgetary restraints. 

3. The Woman's Missionary Union shall continue to govern itself autonomously, 
including but not limited to, election of its officers, board of directors and staff, and 
budget administration. 

t (hh - 

Roy J. Srafth, Executive Director, BSC Irma C. Duke, Executive Director, WMU 

Ma/7, 1997 May 7, 1997 

Mutual Covenant of North Carolina WMU and Baptist State Convention 



North Carolina Foreign Missionaries 

Name Appointed 

Yates, Matthew Tyson, China 1846 

Yates, Eliza E. Moring (Mrs. M.T.), China 1846 

James, Frederick S., Africa 1847 

Lacy, Olivia Barkley (Mrs. J.H.), Africa 1853 

Phillips, A.D., Africa 1854 

Bryan, Robert Thomas, China 1855 

Bryan, Lula Freeland (Mrs. R.T. #1), China 1855 

Herring, David Wells, China 1855 

Herring, Maggie Nutt (Mrs. D.W. #1), China 1855 

Chappell, Leroy Norcross, China 1888 

Chappell, Mary Ella Moore, China 1888 

Britton, Thomas C, China 1888 

Britton, Nannie Sessoms (Mrs. T.C.), China 1888 

Tatum, Ezra Frank, China 1888 

Bostick, George P., China 1889 

Knight, Fannie E., China 1889 

Duggan, Jane Pritchard (Mrs. J.R.), Mexico 1889 

Newton, Christopher Columbus, Africa 1889 

Newton, Cornelia Herring (Mrs. C.C.), Africa 1889 

Newton, Alberta, Africa 1889 

Entzminger, Maggie Griffith (Mrs. W.E.), Brazil 1891 

Greene, George Washington, China 1891 

Greene, Valeria Page (Mrs. G.W), China 1891 

Porter, S.J., Brazil 1893 

Greene, Anna M., China 1898 

Owen, Jesse Colman, China 1899 

Crocker, William Elwyn, China 1899 

Anderson, Mary Jordan (Mrs. C.J.F.), Italy 1900 

Newton, William Carey, China 1902 

Dozier, Maude Burke (Mrs. C.K.), Japan-Hawaii 1906 

Abernathy, Gertrude Inez, China 1908 

King, Mary L. Barrow (Mrs. W.D.), China 1908 

Justice, James M., Argentina 1908 

Bowden, Beulah, Mexico 1908 

Mclntyre, Lila, China 1908 

Tipton, Mary Greenlee Bryson (Mrs. W.H.), China 1909 

Cox, Laura, Mexico 1910 


222 And So Much More 


Leonard, Charles A., China-Hawaii 1910 

Anderson, Pansy Greene (Mrs. P.H.), China 1910 

Bostick, Wade D., China 1910 

Bostick, Flora Holloway (Mrs. W.D.), China 1910 

Willingham (Mrs. Foy Johnson Willingham Farmer), Japan 1911 

Hipps, John Burder, China 1913 

McMillan, Henry Hudson, China-Bahamas 1913 

McMillan, Leila Memory (Mrs. H.H.), China-Bahamas 1913 

Johnson, Roberta Pearle, China 1915 

Anderson, Mimie Middleton (Mrs. J.T.), China 1915 

Bostick, Addie, China 1916 

Gallimore, Arthur Raymond, China 1918 

Caudle, Cora, Africa 1918 

Powell, Julius Carlyle, Nigeria 1919 

Powell, Roas Hocutt (Mrs. J.C.), Nigeria 1919 

McGuire, Victor V., China 1919 

Olive, Lucius Bunyan, China 1920 

Olive, Nell Fowler (Mrs. L.B.), China 1920 

Moore, James Walton, China 1920 

Middleton, Gordon K., China 1920 

Middleton, Celia Herring (Mrs. G.K.), China 1920 

Herring, George Nutt, China 1920 

Grayson, Alda, China-Hawaii 1921 

Schell, Naomi E., Japan 1921 

Nix, Willard Voniver, Japan 1921 

Boone, Clarence Dixon, Mexico 1921 

Phillips, Albert Rufus, Argentina 1921 

Blackman, Lonnie Elwood, China-Hawaii 1922 

Blackman, Gladys Yates (Mrs. L.E.), China-Hawaii 1922 

Murray, Katie, China-Hawaii 1922 

Newton, Rachel Steeves, China 1922 

Hines, William Earle, China 1922 

Bostick, Nell Lawrence (Mrs. E.M.), China 1923 

Hurley, Dan T., Romania 1923 

Hurley, Ida Flake (Mrs. D.T.), Romania 1923 

Norwood, Emma Wilson (Mrs. E.W.) China 1923 

Johnson, Belle Tyner (Mrs. T.N.), China 1923 

White, Philip E., China 1924 

White, Mattie Norman (Mrs. P.E.), China 1924 

Woodward, Frank T.N., Hawaii 1924 

Abernathy, John A., China-Korea-Philippines 1924 

Johnson, William B., China-Indonesia 1925 

Appendix 3 223 


Spence, Marjorie, Chile 1925 

Gillespie, Arthur S., China 1931 

Gillespie, Pauline Pittard (Mrs. A.S.), China 1931 

Lake, Virginia (Mrs. John #3), China 1933 

Dozier, Mary E. Wiley (Mrs. E.B.), Japan 1933 

Hale, Elizabeth Neal, Malaya 1934 

Vance, Shelby William, M.D., China 1934 

Daniel, Ruby Inez, Hungary 1935 

Moore, William Dewey, Italy 1937 

Nowell, Vivian Estelle, Nigeria 1938 

Dyer, Mary Mills (Mrs. R.A.), Japan 1940 

Campbell, Viola Dee, El Paso, Texas 1942 

Councilman, Bessie Estelle, Argentina 1943 

Coleman, Inabelle Graves, China-Taiwan 1943 

Ingram, Ray P., Nigeria 1944 

McGee, Doris Thompson (Mrs. J.S.), Nigeria 1945 

McGee, John Sydney, Nigeria 1945 

Kendrick, Bertie Lee, Hawaii 1945 

Eddinger, Sarah Rebecca, Chile 1945 

Talley, Frances, Japan 1946 

Lawton, Benjamin Ray, Italy 1947 

Kirk, James Palmer, Brazil 1947 

Deal, Barbara Williams (Mrs. Z.J.), Colombia 1947 

Brooks, Luck Ernelle, Nigeria 1947 

Moore, W. Donald, China 1947 

Humphrey, James Edward, Nigeria 1948 

Humphrey, Rachel Thompson (Mrs. J.E.), Nigeria 1948 

Miles, Julia Virginia, Indonesia 1948 

Morgan, Quinn Pert, Gold Coast, Africa 1948 

Austin, Stella Asalee, Nigeria 1949 

Scoggin, Blainard Elmo, Pastestine 1949 

Peacock, Edith Baucom (Mrs. H.F.), Europe (Switzerland) 1950 

Grant, Worth C, Japan 1950 

Highfill, Virginia, Japan 1950 

Swann, Ada Ruth, Arabia 1950 

Compton, Betsy Dunning (Mrs. C.E.), Brazil 1950 

Page, Mary Frances, Nigeria 1950 

Harris, Robert Lawson, Peru 1950 

Middleton, Jean Anthony (Mrs. H.K.), Chile 1950 

Middleton, Hurbert Kinson, Chile 1950 

Andrews, William Parker, Chile 1950 

Oliver, John Samuel, Brazil 1950 

224 And So Much More 


Cader, Ulena DeWeese (Mrs. B.E.), Brazil 1951 

Humphries, Carol Leigh, Nigeria 1951 

Spencer, Doris Louis Scalf (Mrs. A.E.), Okinawa 1952 

Satterwhite, James Pumphrey, Japan 1952 

Satterwhite, Altha Smith (Mrs. J.P.), Japan * 1952 

Hill, Ronald Callahan, Thailand 1952 

Hill, Evelyn Pittman (Mrs. R.C.), Thailand 1952 

Cowsert, Hilda Bean (Mrs. G. B.), Brazil 1952 

Gordon, Audrey Jolly (Mrs. E.E.), Philippines 1952 

Burch, Vella Jane, Switzerland 1953 

Clark, Pauline Watts (Mrs. C.F.), Japan 1953 

Brock, Jr., Lonnie Ross, Brazil 1953 

Carroll, Betty Cowan (Mrs. D.M.), Argentina 1953 

Davis, Ruby Fletcher (Mrs. H.V.), Brazil 1953 

Hern, Nancy Hunter (Mrs. W.O.), Jordan 1954 

Hawkins, Fred Lee, Jr., Brazil 1955 

Lennon, Samuel Judson, Thailand 1955 

Lennon, Harriet Orr (Mrs. S.J.), Thailand 1955 

McCall, Louis Edmond, Thailand 1955 

Cline, Jr., Perry Augustus, Thailand 1955 

Snow, Laura Frances, Chile 1955 

High, Katherine Younts (Mrs. Thomas), Nigeria 1955 

Glass, Ernest Wilson, Singapore 1956 

Phillips, Etta Jarvis (Mrs. G.D.), Rhodesia 1956 

Brady, Martha Frances Yates (Mrs. O.W), Br. Guiana 1956 

Goodwin, Jr., James Garland, Korea 1956 

Bennett, Troy Carson, Pakistan 1956 

Turnmire, Faye Virginia, Philippines 1956 

Cooper, Nell June, Japan 1956 

Poe, Eleanor Ostwalt (Mrs. J.T.), El Paso, Texas 1956 

Thompson, Cecil Lavon, Argentina 1956 

Clark, Gene Austin, Japan 1956 

Poe, John Alexander, Brazil 1956 

Wilson, Sarah Georgia, Argentina 1957 

Edwards, Alice Blankenship (Mrs. T.K.), Nigeria 1957 

Tabor, Charles Gordon, M.D., Korea 1957 

Hix, Glenn Luther, Taiwan 1957 

McKinley, Rebecca Knott (Mrs. H.T.), Rhodesia 1957 

Smith, Loy Connell, M.D., Nigeria 1958 

Smith, Eunice Andrews (Mrs. L. C), Nigeria 1958 

Harrell, Ralph Webster, Kenya 1958 

Harrell, Rosalind Knott (Mrs. R.W.), Kenya 1958 

Appendix 3 225 


Johnson, Daniel Calhoun, Chile 1958 

Johnson, Sarah Kennedy (Mrs. D.C.), Chile 1958 

Perryman, Maurine Tate, Jordan 1958 

Allen, Jr., Charles Aubrey, Guatemala 1958 

Allen, Mildred Short (Mrs. C.A.), Guatemala 1958 

Godwin, Colon Leo, Ghana 1958 

Godwin, Carolyn Smith (Mrs. C.L.), Ghana 1958 

Favell, Clay Hudson, Ghana 1958 

Lockridge, Mary Manuel (Mrs. J.T.), Philippines 1958 

Cannon, Mary Dunning, Japan 1959 

Hooper, Dale Grey, Kenya 1959 

Jones, Archie Valejo, Ecuador 1959 

Jones, Julia Hough (Mrs. A.V.), Ecuador 1959 

Moss, Jebedee Vance, Zambia 1959 

Moss, Evelyn Krause (Mrs. Z.V.), Zambia 1959 

Reece, Zemery Don, Nigeria 1959 

Roberson, William Thomas, Vietnam 1959 

Roberson, Audrey Hanes (Mrs. W.T.), Vietnam 1959 

Knight, Howard Carsie, Argentina 1959 

Wiggs, Charles William, Korea 1960 

Wiggs, Bonnie Belle Johnson (Mrs. C.W.), Korea 1960 

Phillips, Marian Hazel, Nigeria 1960 

Farthing, Earl Davis, Japan 1960 

Farthing, Lovie Cashwell (Mrs. E.D.), Japan 1960 

Goble, Harry Anderson, Guam 1960 

Goble, Doria A. Cash (Mrs. H.A.), Japan 1960 

Nations, Lois Sheffield (Mrs. Archie L.), Japan 1960 

Griffin, Doris Putnam (Mrs. CP.), Indonesia 1960 

Starnes, Howard Cloyes, Korea 1960 

Starnes, Mary Bumgarner (Mrs. H.C.), Korea 1960 

Compton, Alan Wesley, Chile-Mexico 1960 

Compton, Jane Carter Luther (Mrs. A.W.), Chile-Mexico 1960 

Greene, James Young, Korea 1961 

Greene, Judith Church (Mrs. J.Y.), Korea 1961 

Pennell, Wayne Arthur, Indonesia 1961 

Cain, Violet Sharpe (Mrs. W.H.), W. Indies 1961 

Beckett, Charles Austin, Pakistan 1961 

James, Samuel McFall, Vietnam 1962 

James, Rachel Jean Kerr (Mrs. S.M.), Vietnam 1962 

Faw, Geneva Willis (Mrs. W.B.), Nigeria 1962 

Roberts, Hoyt Mason, Honduras 1962 

Ledbetter, Ethel Trivett (Mrs. M.J.), Guatemala-Mexico 1962 


And So Much More 


Ledbetter, Michael J., Guatemala-Mexico 1962 

Calhoun, Lois Lynnett Valetos (Mrs. J.C.), Singapore-Thailand . . .1963 

Rogers, Carol Ray, Indonesia 1963 

Palmer, Grace Powell (Mrs. H.J.), Nigeria 1963 

Brincefield, Clara Mae, Chile . v 1963 

Hensley, Robert Carroll, Brazil 1963 

Hensley, Betty Jo Carroll (Mrs. R.C.), Brazil 1963 

Tyner, Libby Alexander (Mrs. G.F.), Philippines 1963 

Henson, Exie Vee (Mrs. L.G.), Brazil 1963 

Holloway, Evelyn Strauss (Mrs. B.W.), Uguanda- Kenya 1963 

Snell, Roy Edgar, Korea 1963 

Snell, Sarah Brooks (Mrs. R.E.), Korea 1963 

Tribble, Sarah Watkins (Mrs. C.L.), Chile 1963 

Davenport, Bonnie Pearce (Mrs. S.W.), Argentina 1963 

Poovey, Harrey Emmett, Taiwan 1963 

Morphis, Luther H., Germany 1963 

Morphis, Mary Frances (Mrs. L.H.), Germany 1963 

McElrath, Elizabeth (Mrs. W.M.), Indonesia 1964 

Travis, Robert Felts, Kenya 1964 

Lineberger, Sr., Marion Thomas, Argentina 1964 

Miller, Paul Henderson, Nigeria 1964 

Clark, Mary Louise, Rhodesia 1964 

Hood, Alton Lee, M.D., Thailand 1964 

Gentry, Jack Leonard, Taiwan .1964 

Gentry, Ruby Hickman (Mrs. J.L.), Taiwan 1964 

Harlan, Mrs. Ronald Dean, Venezuela 1964 

Ballard, James Harold, S. Brazil 1965 

Divers, Mary Evelyn Hensley (Mrs. John Daniel), Argentina 1965 

Stocks, Jr., Rozier Lee, Zambia 1965 

Ailard, Joseph Charles, Brazil 1966 

Allard, Gloria Little (Mrs. J.C.), Brazil 1966 

Byrd, Harry Emerson, Guatemala 1966 

Byrd, Jean Farrell (Mrs. H.E.), Guatemala 1966 

Faris, Sarah Jo Bullock (Mrs. Alvin), Brazil 1966 

Walters, Doris Lavonne, Japan 1966 

Lewis, Dorothy Cuthrell (Mrs. T.L.), Brazil 1966 

Frye, Charles Ray, Malaysia 1966 

Frye, Kathy Bradley (Mrs. C.R.), Malaysia 1966 

Cole, Roger W., Brazil 1966 

Owensby, Ronell L., Venezuela 1966 

Owensby, Annie Pack (Mrs. R.L.), Venezuela 1966 

Compton, Bobbie Dale, Colombia 1966 

Appendix 3 227 


Nowell, Grady, Honduras 1966 

Nowell, Barbara Short (Mrs. Grady), Honduras 1966 

Stephens, Jr., Thomas, Indonesia 1966 

Stephens, Yvonne Yoder (Mrs. Thomas, Jr.), Indonesia 1966 

Bragg, Faye Grace Helms (Mrs. K.R.), Japan 1967 

Buckner, Charles Edward, Indonesia 1967 

Braswell, Margaret Joan Owen (Mrs. G.W., Jr.), Lebanon 1967 

Furr, Max Taylor, Peru 1967 

Barron, Linda Ann Pierson (Mrs. J.R.), Ghana 1968 

Johnson, Vera Laura Rose (Mrs. Paul Burke), Philippines 1968 

Elmore, Lanny Monroe, Uganda 1968 

Elmore, Brenda Jane Clay (Mrs. L.M.), Uganda 1968 

Teems, Bob Aaron, French West Indies 1968 

Rice, Herbert W., Indonesia 1968 

Hoglen, Wilbur C, Venezuela 1969 

Sorrells, Wayne Everett, N. Brazil 1969 

Sorrells, Virgie Elizabeth Kirby (Mrs. W.E.), N. Brazil 1969 

Parker, Gerald Keith, Switzerland 1969 

Rowland, Wade Russell, Tanzania 1969 

Greene, Robert Francis, Taiwan 1969 

Yoars, Betty Catherine Alexander (Mrs. R.A.), East Asia 1969 

Burnes, Ila Kathryn Batten (Mrs. Norman Norwood, III), Israel . .1972 
Waddill, Blanche Lucille Howard (Mrs. Thomas Albert), Zambia .1972 

Harmon, Peggy, N. Brazil 1973 

Staton, Jr., R. Clifford, Ethiopia 1973 

Staton, Philecta Clarke (Mrs. R.C.), Ethiopia 1973 

Seele, Lounelle, Taiwan 1973 

Duncan, Ned L., Uruguay 1973 

Elliott, Dorothy, Japan 1973 

Fulbright, Ellis Grady, Zambia 1974 

Fulbright, Ruby Ann Jones (Mrs. Ellis G.), Zambia 1974 

Early, Paul D., Bahamas 1974 

Gardner, C.K., Taiwan 1974 

Gardner, Betty Little (Mrs. C.K.), Taiwan 1974 

Gunn, Shirley Ann, Nigeria 1975 

Steele, Craige A, South Brazil 1975 

Steele, Ellen Barlow (Mrs. Craige A), South Brazil 1975 

McAlister, Martha A, Tanzania 1975 

Hill, (Mrs. J. Allen), Philippines 1975 

Reynolds, (Mrs. W. Ronnie), Argentina 1975 

Colvin, James Robert, Madagascar 1975 

Harthcock, (Mrs. Edward Gary), Antigua 1975 


And So Much Mo 

Thomas, Phyllis Dianne, Chile, Antofagasta 1976 

Barrett, Lynn Madison (Mrs. J.W.), Hong Kong 1976 

Boyd, Lester Charles, Tortola 1976 

Teague, Jean McSwain, Jordan 1976 

Miller, Sarah Hilda Herndon (Mrs. James, Jr.), Ecuador" 1977 

Tuttle, Robert Neil, Japan 1977 

Adams, Martha Jean Morris (Mrs. John Hines), Panama 1977 

Bridges, Tilden William, Taiwan 1977 

Canady, Pride Thomas, Honduras 1977 

Canady, Mary Susan Carr (Mrs. Pride Thomas), Honduras 1977 

Barrow, Clifton Joe, Kenya 1977 

Barrow, Faye Hardy (Mrs. Clifton Joe), Kenya 1977 

Bizzell, Ginger, Nigeria 1977 

Burleson, Charles D., British West Indies 1977 

Davis, Patsy K. Venezuela 1977 

Jones, Robert E. Honduras 1977 

Kitts, Iva Nell, Japan 1977 

McCoy, Larry R., Panama 1977 

McCoy, Chariot Fox (Mrs. Larry R.), Panama 1977 

Mincey, Betty Anne, Nigeria 1977 

Oldham, Larry E., Dominican Republic 1977 

Oldham, Elizabeth McCarthy (Mrs. Larry), Dominican Republic .1977 

Reynolds, Charles E., Austria 1977 

Smith, John W, Tanzania 1977 

Smith, Christine Smith (Mrs. John W.), Tanzania 1977 

Bates, Robert Keith, Chile 1978 

Bates, Joyce Nell Sellers (Mrs. Robert Keith), Chile 1978 

Brendle, Timothy Truette, French West Indies 1978 

Brendle, Ava Abernethy (Mrs. Timothy T), French West Indies . .1978 

Smith, Thomas L., Liberia 1978 

Callis, Jr., Fred Daniel, North Brazil 1978 

Callis, Nancy Bennett (Mrs. Fred D., Jr.), North Brazil 1978 

Coker, Ronald Wayne, Belgium .1978 

Elliott, Donna Jean (Mrs. Larry Thomas), Honduras 1978 

Fisher, Charles Lonell, Philippines 1978 

Herman, Michael Dennis, Colombia 1978 

Herman, Betsy Newton (Mrs. M. Dennis), Colombia 1978 

Holden, Gregory Brian, Philippines 1978 

Howell, Charles Herbert, Peru 1978 

Howell, Gail (Mrs. Charles H.), Peru 1978 

Hunter, Barbara Barnes (Mrs. Robert Cordell), Tanzania 1978 

Huneycutt, Thomas, Austria 1978 

Appendix 3 229 


Huneycutt, Sandy (Mrs. Thomas), Austria 1978 

Law, Linda Roberts (Mrs. Thomas Lee, III), Paraquay 1978 

Wellmon, Wayne Kenneth, Grenada 1978 

Wellmon, Sylvia Polk (Mrs. Wayne K.), Grenada 1978 

Ellis, Janie, Japan 1978 

Long, David C, North Brazil 1978 

Leagans, C. Ellis, Colombia 1978 

Bane, III, John G., Italy 1979 

Bane, Celia (Mrs. John G.), Italy 1979 

Brisson, E. Carson, Israel 1979 

Brisson, Lou Ann (Mrs. E. Carson), Israel 1979 

Dunn, H. Wayne, Barbados 1979 

Dunn, Peggy (Mrs. H. Wayne), Barbados 1979 

Daniel, W. Amis, Kenya 1979 

Daniel, Frances (Mrs. W. Amis), Kenya 1979 

Fink, Mary W, Jordan 1979 

Watts, R. Victor, Bophuthatswana 1979 

Dallas, Fred Wayne, Spain 1980 

Doyle, Rebekah Jane Hill (Mrs. Larry Stephen), Ecuador 1980 

Honbarrier, Judy Kay, Ghana 1980 

Ollis, Jack Edward, India 1980 

Wood, Rufus Daniel, Philippines 1980 

Benfield, Ray William, Austria 1980 

Benfield, Evelyn York (Mrs. Ray William), Austria 1980 

Senter, Mary Elizabeth (Mrs. Jesse George), Liberia 1980 

Nowell, Charles Grady, Honduras 1981 

Nowell, Barbara Ann Short (Mrs. Charles Grady), Honduras . . . .1981 

Charlton, Collis Deen Hill, North Brazil 1981 

Corbitt, Vickie Lee Crotts, Kenya 1981 

Ellington, Phillip Ward, South Brazil 1981 

Ellington, Lois Holderman (Mrs. Phillip Ward), South Brazil 1981 

Jones, Janet Carolina McManus (Mrs. Archie Valejo), Chile 1981 

Kennedy, Donald Earl, Mexico 1981 

Lopez, Dorothy Ann Elliott (Mrs. Michael Julian), Taiwan 1981 

Phillips, Katherine Ann Lippard, Peru 1981 

Yates, John Harvey, Kenya 1981 

Yates, Bertie Ann Baggett (Mrs. John Harvey), Kenya 1981 

Bailey, Diann E., Chile 1982 

Easley, Dale H., Kenya 1982 

Harris, M. Lynne, Japan 1982 

Hiott, Marie A., Belgium 1982 

Hipps, Richard S., South Brazil 1982 

230 And So Much More 


Hipps, Patricia Ann Mcintosh (Mrs. Richard S.), South Brazil 1982 

Johnson, Dorothy Elizabeth Wells (Mrs. Hershel £), Japan 1982 

Maltsberger, David C, Peru 1982 

McEntire, Mark H., Zambia 1982 

Morrison, Charles P., Ivory Coast . v 1982 

Morrison, Mary Kaye Barden (Mrs. Charles P.), Ivory Coast 1982 

Poole, David B., Taiwan 1982 

Summey, Keith L., Honduras 1982 

Sweatman, Deen D. Walker (Mrs. Clinton W, Jr.), Zambia 1982 

York, Ted E., Ivory Coast 1982 

York, Carla Frances Andrews (Mrs. Ted E.), Ivory Coast 1982 

Mills, Kenneth E., Philippines 1982 

Mills, Jeanne M. Gulledge (Mrs. K.E.), Philippines 1982 

Branscome, Michael W., Venezuela 1983 

Branscome, Linda P. O'Bryant (Mrs. Michael W), Venezuela 1983 

Campbell, Vida G. Potts (Mrs. Charles G.), Philippines 1983 

Greene, Dexter E., South Africa 1983 

Larson, Maria A. Clark (Mrs. J. Franklin), Belgium 1983 

Oakley, Phillip S., Benin 1983 

Oakley, Elizabeth Clayton (Mrs. Phillip S.), Benin 1983 

Sutherland, Kandy Maria Queen (Mrs. Donald D.), Switzerland . .1983 

Goss, B. Stephenson (Steve), Japan 1983 

Goss, Phyllis J. Johnson (Mrs. B. Stephenson), Japan 1983 

Thorpe, Patricia S. Chamberlain (Mrs. B. Wayne), Nepal 1983 

Bennett, Troy Carson, Tanzania 1984 

Broughton, Durwood L., Ivory Coast 1984 

Knight, Jr., Fletcher H., Yemen 1984 

Knight, Judy M. Lawrence (Mrs. Fletcher H., Jr.), Yemen 1984 

Swanner, Charles P., Uruguay 1984 

Vick, Beverly D. Hawkins (Mrs. Clifford R.), Belgium 1984 

Jones, Robert E., Senegal 1984 

Boyd, Lester C, Surinam 1984 

Helms, Jr., Kenneth D., Spain 1984 

Helms, Martha J. Culp (Mrs. Kenneth D., Jr.), Spain 1984 

Key, Elena C. Cowsert (Mrs. J. Guy), South Brazil 1984 

Norman, Mickie J. Wilkinson (Mrs. Robert), Uganda 1984 

Kirk, J. Thomas, Portugal 1984 

Buchanan, Regina D., Uruguay 1984 

Smith, Janice M. Rowland (Mrs. David B.), Ecuador 1984 

Joseph, Anita Kaye Marshburn (Mrs. James Edwin), Brazil 1984 

Parks, James Walter, Chile 1984 

Appendix 3 231 


Parks, Wanda Jeannette Connell (Mrs. James Walter), Chile 1984 

Smith, Francis Gurley, Chile 1984 

Smith, Bonnie Frances Lunsford 

(Mrs. Francis Gurley), Chile 1984 

Russell, Herman Wright, Malawi 1984 

Russell, Patricia Joye Chrissman (Mrs. Herman Wright), Malawi .1984 

Newton, Roger Everette, Norway 1984 

Lane, Evelyn Ruth, Tanzania 1984 

Threatt, Gary H., Botswana 1985 

Andrews, Sue Page (Mrs. Carl Frank), Burkina Faso 1985 

Collins, Debra Y., BSPH, El Paso, Texas 1985 

Connell, Dennis W, Japan 1985 

Connell, Deborah C. Spence (Mrs. Dennis W.), Japan 1985 

Gambill, Christopher R., Taiwan 1985 

Gambill, Joy D. Martin (Mrs. Christopher R.), Japan 1985 

Hodges, Jr., Jack R., Gaza 1985 

Hodges, C. Shawn Patton (Mrs. Jack R., Jr.), Gaza 1985 

Roberts, Debra L. Pety (Mrs. Robert E.), Uruguay 1985 

Childress, Roger, Zimbabwe 1985 

Childress, Rose Ann Barringer (Mrs. Roger), Zimbabwe 1985 

Blount, Linda Ann Powers (Mrs. Richard Edward), Thailand 1985 

Hensley, Robert C, Panama 1985 

Hensley, Betty Jo Carroll (Mrs. Robert C), Panama 1985 

Reynolds, Lonnie Austin, Spain 1985 

Davis, Cynthia Anne Crisp (Mrs. Earnest Cleburne, Jr.), 

Hong Kong/Macao 1985 

Hefner, Robert Christopher, Equatorial Brazil 1985 

Hefner, Phyllis Jo Hardin (Mrs. Robert Christopher) Equatorial 

Brazil 1985 

Carothers, Ronald, Guatemala 1985 

Carothers, Margie L. Williams (Mrs. Ronald) Guatemala 1985 

Plummer, Robert J., Dominican Republic 1985 

Plummer, Linda H. Brown (Mrs. Robert), Dominican Republic . . .1985 

Russell, James D., Japan 1985 

Russell, Dale Woodside (Mrs. James), Japan 1985 

Ward, Zollie Franklin, South Africa 1986 

Ward, Patricia Ann Brown (Mrs. Zollie), South Africa 1986 

McCracken, Ronald Wayne, Dominican Republic . . , 1986 

McCracken, Angelia Meg Beane, Dominican Republic 1986 

Alexander, Mark Steven, Argentina 1986 

Bradley, Karen Denise Clayton (Mrs. Randy Dean), Argentina . . .1986 


And So Much More 


Cook, Frances Elizabeth, Paraguay 1986 

Howard, Cynthia Ruth, India 1986 

Ingram, Chris Alan, Uruguay 1987 

Brinkley, Matthew Wayne, Bolivia v . 1987 

Pruitt, John Wesley, Trinidad 1987 

Pruitt, John, Caribbean Basin 1987 

Schmidt, Martha Jones (Mrs. Bruce), Kenya 1987 

Smith, Mark Hoyle, Dominican Republic 1987 

Hatfield, Menda Sue Godfrey (Mrs. Daniel), Panama 1988 

Angus, Vickie Johnson (Mrs. Eugene), Brazil 1988 

Summey, Keith L., Jordan 1988 

Wall, Roger C, Jordan 1988 

Wall, Trudie Reid (Mrs. Roger), Jordan 1988 

Valerio, Lee Ann Garland (Mrs. Raul), Mexico 1988 

Childers, Marty Keith, Bolivia 1988 

Childers, Melissa Vaugh (Mrs. Marty), Bolivia 1988 

Forrester, Clifton, Peru 1988 

King, Paula (Mrs. Steven), Argentina 1988 

Vaughn, Kim Davis (Mrs. Timothy), West Germany 1988 

Copple, John Thomas, Nigeria 1988 

Copple, Kathryn (Mrs. John), Nigeria 1988 

Kuykendall, Debra Lynn McNeely (Mrs. Duane), Korea 1988 

Harvey, Connie Turpin (Mrs. Donald), Chile 1989 

Key, Ronald Ray, Gambia 1989 

McWhite, David Allen, Ecuador 1989 

Rhodes, Linda Pamela, Zambia 1989 

Smith, Randall, Philippines 1990 

Smith, Debra (Mrs. Randall), Philippines 1990 

Tomlin, Charles Joseph, Germany 1990 

Tomlin, Teresa (Mrs. Charles Joseph), Germany 1990 

Sprouse, Benjamin, Brazil 1990 

Sharpe, Cecelia Ann, Yemen 1990 

James, Stephen Samuel, North Asia 1991 

Bodenheimer, David Gorrell, Hungary 1991 

Lethco, Jerry Donald, South Brazil 1991 

Ford, Walter, Zambia 1991 

Ford, Jacquelyn Napier (Mrs. Walter), Zambia 1991 

Ellison, Janet Carson (Mrs. Robert), Nigeria 1991 

Pratt, Catherine Howell (Mrs. Zane), Central Asia 1991 

McCracken, Lynn, East Asia 1991 

Baker, Anita Lynn Powell, Ivory Coast 1991 

Appendix 3 233 


Rutledge, Kevin Dwayne, Eastern Europe 1991 

Cocila, Jr., Benedict John (B.J.), Europe 1992 

Crawford, William Louis, Brazil 1992 

Crawford, Grace Faye Hoyle (Mrs. William), Brazil 1992 

Feild, Ellen Ashley Powell (Mrs. Stephen), Paraquay 1992 

McCurry, Judith Eileen Home (Mrs. James), Central Asia 1992 

McNeill, Darlene Mac Craig (Mrs. Joseph), Brazil 1992 

Kitchin, Phillip Edgar, Belgium 1992 

Kitchin, Myra Lynn Carlisle (Mrs. Phillip), Belgium 1992 

Brady, John Thomas, North Africa 1993 

Brady, Jenny Lee Farrar (Mrs. John), North Africa 1993 

McNiel, Mark Lee, Germany 1993 

Crane, Renee Ritchie Adams (Mrs. David), Kenya 1993 

White, Carmen Hood (Mrs. Frank), Indonesia 1993 

Taw, Roby Lee Vest (Mrs. Raymond), East Asia 1993 

Bullington, Karen Patricia William (Mrs. Phillip), Dominican 

Republic 1993 

Baker, Charles Alan, Central Asia 1993 

McElrath, Elizabeth Ann Mills, Morocco 1993 

Sweatman, Deen Walker (Mrs. C.W), Swaziland 1993 

Mclntyre, Roy Clarence, Bangladesh (SBC) 1994 

Collins, John Stephen, Hong Kong (SBC) 1994 

Stocks, Ralph, Europe (SBC) 1994 

William, Sharon Kay, Taiwan (SBC) 1994 

Gullis, Jr., Wesley Gene, Southern Asia and the Pacific (SBC) 1994 

Cline, Jr., Robert Edward, Central Asia (SBC) 1994 

Wester, Karen Annette, East Asia (SBC) 1994 

Blanton, David, Taiwan (SBC) 1994 

Burnette, Richard, Thailand (CBF) 1994 

Ogburn, Beth (Mrs. Tom), Thailand (CBF) 1994 

Gribble, Benjamen Wesley, Philippines 1995 

Brooks, Randal Keith, East Asia 1995 

Springle, Robert Marion, Central Europe 1995 

Springle, Barbara Carlyle (Mrs. Robert), Central Europe 1995 

Springer, Karen Allene, Burkina Faso 1995 

Millar, Keith Douglas, Mexico 1995 

Travis, Pamilia Lynn Cockman (Mrs. Keith), Costa Rica 1995 

Cearley, Thomas Wayne, Chad 1995 

Cearley, Carol Faye Rierson (Mrs. Thomas), Chad 1995 

Southern, Daniel Ray, East Asia 1995 

Southern, Donna Beth Cooke (Mrs. Daniel), East Asia 1995 

Ward, Ronald Mark, CSI-Central 1995 



And So Much Mo 

Reynolds, Lonnie Austin, Spain (reappointed) 1995 

Bentley, Thomas, International Service Corp 1996 

Bentley, Muriel (Mrs. Thomas), International Service Corp 1996 

Booth, James, Cooperative Services International . . . . v 1996 

McCrary, Beverly, East Asia 1996 

Proctor, David, South Korea 1996 

Wyatt, Marc, Thailand 1996 

Wyatt, Kim (Mrs. Marc), Thailand 1996 

Mauney, Richard Steadman, Romania 1997 

Allen, Todd Fitzgerald, Central & Southern Asia 1997 

Allen, Mrs. Todd Fitzgerald, Central & Southern Asia 1997 

Bennett, Sharon Peek (Mrs. James David), Central & Southern 

Asia 1997 

Boone, Amy, Southern Africa 1997 

Brinkley, Matthew Wayne, Peru (reappointed) 1997 

Johnson, Philip Howard, Honduras 1997 

Powell, Mark Nelson, Uganda 1997 

Powell, Kathy Miranda Craddock (Mrs. Mark), Uganda 1997 

Stamey, James Bradley, Russia 1997 

Stamey, Lori Anne McSwain, Russia 1997 

Witmore, Myron Lynn, Southern Asia 1997 

Walker, James D., Northern Africa & Middle East 1997 

Walker, Rebecca (Mrs. James), Northern Africa & Middle East . . . .1997 

Beddingfield, Aaron, West Africa 1998 

Beddingfield, Dorothy (Mrs. Aaron), West Africa 1998 

Bingham, Heather, Mexico 1998 

Brannon, Stephen J., Central & Southern Asia 1998 

Burns, Jack, South Korea 1998 

Burns, Janet (Mrs. Jack), South Korea 1998 

Clemmons, Thomas, Middle America 1998 

Cox, David, Eastern Africa 1998 

Cox, Joy (Mrs. David), Eastern Africa 1998 

Edwards, Melanie, Western Republics 1998 

Flowers, C. Scott, South Africa 1998 

Hardin, David, Tanzania 1998 

Hendrix, Ashley, Mexico 1998 

Hill, Barry, South Africa 1998 

Hill, Linda (Mrs. Barry), South Africa 1998 

Hoopes, Diana (Mrs. Albert), Philippines-Luzon 1998 

Malpass, Sarah, Western Europe 1998 

Parker, Christopher, Phiippines-Luzon 1998 

Appendix 3 235 


Poe, Gregory, South Africa 1998 

Perry, Lisa R., Asia 1998 

Poe, Hannah (Mrs. Gregory), South Africa 1998 

Porter, Alberta (Mrs. Lawrence), Uganda 1998 

Shipman, Michael, Southeast Asia & Oceania 1998 

Smith, Roy A., South Africa 1998 

Smith, Shirley (Mrs. Roy), South Africa 1998 

Willett, Terry, Western Europe 1998 

Collins, Audrey, Central & Southern Asia 1999 

Fisher, Lee Carol (Mrs. Kenneth), Central & Southern Asia 1999 

Hall, Lawrence W., Central & Southern Asia 1999 

Harrell, Clarence, Southeast Asia & Oceania 1999 

Harrell, Brenda, Southeast Asia & Oceania 1999 

Henry, Nathan L., Sr., Southeast Asia & Oceania 1999 

Holbrook, Paul H., Northern Africa & Middle East 1999 

Hofecker, Melinda Sue (Mrs. Glen), Central & Southern Asia 1999 

Lovin, Jeffrey C, Central & Southern Asia 1999 

Webb, Misty Dawn, Asia 1999 

Young, Terry W, Southeast Asia & Oceania 1999 

Sherrill, Jon Derek, Central and Southern Asia 2000 

Troxler, Richard Douglas, Central Southern Asia 2000 

Maness, Katherine (Mrs. Richard Douglas), Central and Southern 

Asia 2000 

Miller, Ricky Gene, Western Pacific 2000 

Pieper, Thomas Allen, Middle America 2000 

Wagner, Lisa Hunter (Mrs. Willare Keith), Caribbean Basin .... .2000 

Pfister, William Emil, Argentina 2000 

Taylor, Lisa Renee, South America 2000 

Rutland, James Kevin, Central and Eastern Europe 2000 

Brockett, Christopher Eric, Southeast Asia & Oceania 2000 

Rodgers, Kevin Wade, Southern Africa 2000 

Rogers, Mary Suzanne Mann (Mrs. Kevin Wade), Southern Africa .2000 
Ringer, Crystal Crinkley (Mrs. Joshua Jason), Southeast Asia 

and Oceania 2000 

Hoopes, Sybil Diana Bryan Hoopes (Mrs. Charles Albert), 

Western Pacific 2000 

Allen, Catherine. A Century to Celebrate. Woman's Missionary JJnion, Auxiliary to 
the Southern Baptist Convention, Birmingham, Alabama, 1987. 

Cox, Ethlene Boone. Following In His Train. Broadman Press, Nashville, 1938. 

Crouch, Kate C. Maddry. The Magnificent Nobility: History of NC WMU 1952-1972. 
Edwards & Broughton Co., Raleigh, 1977. 

Farmer, Foy Johnson. Sallie Bailey Jones. Edwards & Broughton Co., Raleigh, 1949. 

Farmer, Foy Johnson. Hitherto: History of NC WMU, Edwards & Broughton Co., 
Raleigh, 1952. 

Heck, Fannie E. S. In Royal Service. Published by Educational Department, Foreign 
Mission Board, Southern Baptist Convention, Richmond, Va. 1928 

Heck, Mattie A. Cloud and Sunshine. Raleigh, 1900. Unpublished manuscript on file 
in office of North Carolina WMU. 

James, Mrs. W. C. Fannie E. S. Heck. Broadman Press, Nashville, 1939. 

Johnson, Mary Lynch. A History of Meredith College. Edwards & Broughton Co., 
Raleigh, 1956 

McMurry, Mildred. Spiritual Life Development, Convention Press, Nashville, 1964. 

Paschal, George Washington. History of North Carolina Baptists, Volume 2. Edwards 
& Broughton, Raleigh, 1955. 

Field, James. Where the New World Begins. Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, New 
York/Nashville, 1947 (Copyright by Stone and Pierce) 

Susan Ray/Frances Riley, North Carolina Baptists Working Together. Division of 
Stewardship, Baptist State Convention, 1980. 


Executive Board Minutes, North Carolina Woman's Missionary Union, on file in NC 
WMU office. 

NC WMU staff-reports to WMU Executive Board, on file in NC WMU office. 
Annual reports of the Baptist State Convention 
News Releases 

Histories of church and associational WMU organizations (on file in WMU office) 
Personal interviews and written correspondence from many individuals. 
Verbal conversations and on-sight participation in many events. 
Recorded interviews with former presidents. 

Interviews with those who came to WMU conferences at Ridgecrest and shared their 
stories with the author. Regrettably, all could not be included in the book, but this 
process was valuable. 


An index of selected names and subjects that does not include appendices. 

Abee, Miss Kathryn, 47 

Acteens Activator Team, 147, 167, 207 

Allen, Catherine, 35, 101 

Allred, Dorothy (Dot) (Mrs. Hoyle T.), 
1, 10, 65, 70, 73, 75, 80-81, 110- 
111, 113-116, 119, 121, 128, 145- 
146, 173, 176, 187, 213, 240 

Allred, Hoyle T., 9, 80, 129 

Arscot, Sandra, 188 

Ashe, Mary, 162 

Bailey, Dr. C. T., 22-23, 39 

Bailey, Sallie (Mrs. Walter N. Jones), 
22, 24, 39, 42, 46, 47, 50, 56, 109, 

161, 210 

Baptist Children's Homes of North 

Carolina, 120 
Baptist Female University (Meredith 

College), 28-29, 55 
Baptist Nursing Fellowship, 106, 110, 

122,-123, 145, 172 
Barrus, Miss Blanche, 33, 35 
Batchelor, Ruby (Mrs. Wilbur), 137- 


Batchelor, Wilbur, 137-138 

Benfield, Emma (Mrs. Knolan), 84-85, 

87, 107, 128-129 
Bickerstaff, Nona Kay, 98, 109 
Bingham, Leland, 107, 112, 132-133, 

186-187, 208 
Bingham, Pat (Mrs. Leland), 132 
Bissette, Kay, 10, 112, 138, 168, 181, 

187, 189 

Bland, Eunice, 138, 145-146, 156, 

162, 168 
Bland, Tom, 162 
Branch, Dr. Douglas, 192 
Branch, Judy, 10, 173 

Branch, The, 172 
Bridges, Peggy (Mrs. Tommy), 95 
Bridges, Tommy, 95, 131-132 
Briggs, Miss Lizzie (Elizabeth), 27-28 
Briggs, Mrs. J. A., 25 
Briggs, Mrs. T. H., 22, 25 
Bryan, Katharine, 11, 173 
Bryant, Ann, 165 

Bullard, Kathryn, 71, 79, 90-91, 109- 
110, 130, 134, 175, 177-178 

Bumgarner, Maxine, 109 

Burroughs, Esther, 118 

Camp Angel Tree, 171-172 

Camp Mundo Vista, 5, 90, 95, 124, 
128-141, 147, 162, 165, 170, 172- 
173, 178, 180-181, 185-186, 200 

Carey, William, 13-14, 16, 27, 33, 94 

Cartledge, Dr. Tony, 166 

Christian Service Corps, 84, 143, 178, 

Christian Women's Job Corps, 162, 

167-168, 172 
clothes closets, 171 
Collier, Clarence, 201-202 
Collier, Wanda, 201-202 
Collins, Saralyn, 105, 107, 110 
Cox, Miss Mary, 48 
Cox, Mrs. W. J., 38 
crisis pregnancy ministries, 171 
Croom, Cara Lynn, 155, 173 
Cross, Bernice A. (Mrs. Gilmer), 10, 

26, 28, 89-90, 93-96, 100, 107, 109, 

116, 135 
Crouch, Dr. W. Perry, 94, 192 
Crouch, Kate C. Maddry (Mrs. Perry), 


Cruickshank, Cheryl, 158, 188 



And So Much More 

Currin, Miss Mary, 47, 49, 51, 60 
Curtis, Nancy, 87, 91, 94, 97-98, 106, 

110-112, 122-123, 135, 144, 159, 

176, 179, 181, 189 
Davis, Dr. Anne, 154 
Davis, Laura, 172 

Duke, Irma C. (Mrs. James), 148-149, 
152, 155-156, 159, 161-162, 167, 
169, 189, 193, 206 
Edwards, Elizabeth, 169-174 
English as a second language, 80, 
171, 181 

Farmer, Foy Johnson (Mrs. J. S.), 16, 
26-27, 29, 31, 33-34, 36-37, 39, 40- 
44, 47, 49-51, 55-59, 61-62, 65, 79, 
97, 176, 191 

Fling, Helen, 77 

food pantries, 171 

Franks, Martha, 90, 130-131, 143, 

Fulbright, Ruby Jones (Mrs. Ellis G., 

Sr.), 11, 145, 163-164, 167, 174 
Gardner, Mrs. Norfleet, 74-75 
Garrison, Miller, 206-207 
Garrison, Peggy, 206-207 
Gilreath, Betty (Mrs. J. Frank, Jr.), 

10, 87, 96, 98, 100, 109 
Grant, Marian (Mrs. Marse), 100 
Grant, Marse, 100 
Habitat for Humanity, 171 
Harding, Margaret, 166, 170, 173 
Harris, Corinne, 105, 106 
Harris, Edna R., 49, 51, 63, 74 
Harrod, Donice (Mrs. J. D.), 112, 

138, 145, 150-152, 158, 160, 162- 

163, 193 

Heck, Fannie E. S., 14-15, 19-20, 22- 
41, 44, 48, 51-52, 59, 101, 109, 
113, 149, 161 170, 189,210,212 
Heck, Mattie, 18-19, 23, 37 
Heck-Jones Memorial Offering, 51, 

93, 129 
Helton, Alma (Suzi), 198 
Hensley, Betty Jo (Mrs. Bob), 115 

Hicks, Linda, 168, 173 

High, Jan (Everett), 91, 109, 112, 

135, 153, 155, 159, 173, 181, 183- 

184, 192 
Highlights, 172 
Hills, Hannah, 138 v 
Hobbs, Sara Ann, 69, 70, 78-79, 81, 

84, 86,-87, 93-95, 97-98, 109, 129, 

135, 176, 189, 202 
Hopkins, Carolyn, 91, 109, 112, 
Hurlbut, Diane, 188 
Ivey, Jolene, 130, 131, 140 
Jackson, B. W. (Bill), 48, 69, 133, 139, 


Jackson, Ruth (Mrs. B. W.), 138-139 
Johnson, Mrs. Livingston (Fannie 

Memory), 44 
Joiner, Barbara, 118 
Jones, Sallie Bailey (Mrs. Walter N.) 

22, 24, 39, 40, 42, 46-47, 50, 56, 

109, 161, 210, 131, 133, 153, 155, 

173, 181, 207 
Judson, Adoniram, 15, 94 
Judson, Ann Hasseltine, 15 
Keith, Julie, 165, 173 
Kellam, Miss Dorothy, 47 
Lamplighter, The, 123 
Lee, Jason, 130 
Lee, Margie (Mrs. Jason), 95 
Liles, Patsy (Pat) Ritchie (Mrs. Barney), 

10, 129, 140, 175, 179-180 
literacy, 79-81, 171 
Locklear, Anna Mae, 72-73 
Maddrey, Mabel Claire H. (Mrs. C. 

Gordon), 26, 60, 62-63, 65, 109, 

191, 203 
Mather, Miss Juliette, 56 
Matthews, Violet, 112, 187 
Maynard, Pina Powell, 10, 56, 92, 101, 

187, 189 
Mayo, Miss Hilda, 47, 57, 60 
McGee, Velma (Mrs. W. K.), 68, 73, 


McManus, Caroline, 131, 140 



McMurry, Mildred (Mrs. William), 77, 

McQueen, Marcia, 92, 140, 153, 159, 

McRae, Beatrice (Bea) McNeill (Mrs. 

Horace), 11, 102,-103, 106-107, 

109-110, 115, 134 
McSwain, Betsy, 127, 173 
Meares, Charles, 204-205 
Meares, Juanita, 204-205 
Meares, Lisa, 204-205 
Meares, Wanda, 204-205 
Meredith College, 28-30, 33, 45, 48, 

55, 60, 62, 74, 78, 109, 142, 158, 

167, 188, 202 
Mission, The, 172 

Mitchiner, Lena (Mrs. W. A. [Bill]), 75, 

Mitchiner, W. A. (Bill), 75, 197 
Mothers and Their Children 

(MATCH), 172 
Navey, Bob, 133 
Norman, Michelle, 173 
Nowell, Vivian, 188 
nursing home ministries, 171 
O'Brien, Dr. William, 113 
Parker, Sara Kanoy (Mrs. A. L.), 10, 

50, 63, 74, 76, 81, 83-84, 109, 128, 

133, 135, 143 
personal witnessing training, 171 
prayer ministries, 171 
prison ministries, 171 
Pritchard, Dr. T. H., 18-19 
Project Help, 156, 161, 170-171 
Provence, Miss Ruth, 56-63, 65-66, 


Puckett, Dr. Gene, 110 
Pulse, The, 123, 172 
Ray, Charlene (Mrs. Cecil), 104 
Ray, Dr. Cecil A., 192 
Ray, Susan, 104, 191 
Rice, Luther, 15-18, 94 
Robinson, Miss Miriam, 30, 66-68, 75, 
77, 78-79, 83, 86, 110, 176, 189 

Rodman, Barbara, 69 

Rowe, Mary Webb, 106, 199 

Royston, Dr. Jim, 166, 192 

Rutledge, Jan, 140, 141 

Samaritan's Purse, 172 

Sample, Dorothy, 110 

Smith, Ann (Mrs. Sanford), 11 134, 

142-143, 145-146, 153, 158 
Smith, Dr. Roy, 110, 119, 158 
Smith, Sanford (Sandy), 137-138, 211 
Tabor, Dr. Ellen, 106, 122-123 
Tarheel Talk,172, 185 
Thomas, David, 135-136 
Thomas, Theresa, 135-136 
Thorud, Corinne, 107, 108 
Tupper, Dr. H. A., 18-19 
Turner, Bertha Hicks (Mrs. J. Clyde), 

25, 52-55, 74 
Volunteer Connection, 172 
Wacaster, Mrs. John, 46, 73 
Wainwright, Bob, 135, 137, 173 
Walker, Suthell, 10, 91, 98, 104-105, 

110, 112, 116, 159, 178, 181,211 
Walters, Edna, 157-158, 170, 173 
Walters, Jeanette, 155, 156 
Warren, Linda, 91, 94 
Weatherford, Dr. Carolyn, 101, 110, 


Whaley, Ramona, 165, 173 
White, Catherine Campbell, 16-17, 

Whitfield, Dr. Theodore, 22 
Whitlow, Miss June, 94, 123 
Williams, Sybil, 104 
Wilson, Belle, 112 
Wilson, Janet, 64, 69, 129 
Wood, Virginia Lambert, 202-204 
Yates, Bertie Ann Baggett, 110 
Yates, Dr. Matthew T, 29 
Yates, Eliza Mooring (Mrs. Matthew 
T), 28 

Yates, Mrs. Matthew T. (Eliza 
Mooring), 29 

Dorothy (Dot) Purvis Allred is a native of Greensboro, North 
Carolina. She grew up in the missions organizations of the 
Asheboro Street Baptist Church (now Friendly Avenue) in that city. 
She married Hoyle T. Allred, a business man whom God called back to 

Worthville, Kentucky; Albemarle, North Carolina; and Gastonia, North 
Carolina. For one year she served as a reporter and staff writer for the 
Gastonia Gazette. She was a writer for two six-month program assign- 
ments for mission action groups in Royal Service magazine. She served on 
her husband's staff when he became director of missions for the Gaston 
Association. Dr. Allred is now deceased. 

The Allreds have three daughters, six grandchildren (one deceased), and 
six great-grandchildren. 

Dot served as second and first vice president, and then president of 
Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina for five years, and as a vice 
president of Woman's Missionary Union Southern Baptist Convention 
during this period. She served two years as first vice president of the 
Baptist State Convention of North Carolina. 

Since retirement from her full-time work at the Gaston Association, 
Dot has served two interim periods as church development director for the 
association and one year as interim executive director of North Carolina 

Dot Allred considers herself a very ordinary woman with an extraordi- 
nary God. 

school to study for the ministry following Navy 
service during World War II. 

Trained as a legal secretary, Dot worked in a 
corporate law office for ten years. She attended 
Carver School of Missions and Social Work and 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in 
Louisville, Kentucky, in preparation for her role 
as a pastor's wife. 

Dot served with her husband during his pas- 
toral work in Greensboro, North Carolina; 



Fannie LS. Heck, North Carolina WMU President in 1915 wrote: 
Changes will come; new faces take the place of old; new and 
broader plans succeed those of today; but our beloved Union is 
safe in our Master's care. Endeavor to see the needs of the world 
from Cod's standpoint. 

Changes have come — new faces have taken the place of 
old — however, eighty-seven years later Woman's Missionary 
Union of North Carolina stands as a testimony to the 
Master's care. 

As you read And So Much More, it is our hope you will be 
reminded of how God has blessed this organization as 
women have "endeavored to see the world from God's 

Today, you will continue to see new organizations, new 
leaders and new models of ministry-— each challenged by the 
need "to prepare and equip Christian believers to be radically 
involved in the fulfillment of the Great Commission." (WMU 
of NC purpose statement, 2002) 

Read with a heart sensitive to the potential of your person- 
al acceptance of this challenge, being reminded of how the 
Father has shown "He will do so much more than all we ask 
or imagine, according to His power that is at work within us." 
(Ephesians 3:20 NIV) May it be so for you. 

Ruby Fulbright, President 

Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina (1999-2002) 

ISBN 1-57643-013-5 

781578 ll 430130 5 1 500>